Anatol Vieru (Romanian pronunciation: [anaˈtol viˈeru]; 1926–1998) was a music theoretician, influential pedagogue, and a leading Romanian-Jewish composer of the 20th century. A pupil of Aram Khachaturian, he composed seven symphonies, eight string quartets, numerous concertos, and much chamber music. He also wrote three operas: Iona (1976), Praznicul Calicilor (1981), and Telegrame, Tema si Variatiuni (1983). He was awarded Herder Prize in 1986.
Dramatic: Iona (op, 1, after M. Sorescu and sketches by M.C. Escher), 1972–5, concert perf. Bucharest, 31 Oct 1976; Praznicul calicilor [The Feast of the Beggars] (op, after M. Sorbul), 1978–80, Berlin, 1991; Telegrame (mini-op, after I.L. Caragiale), 1983; Tema cu variatiuni [Theme and Variations] (mini-op, after Caragiale), 1983; Ultimele zile, ultimele ore [The Last Days, the Last Hours] (op, 3, after A.S. Pushkin: Motsart i Sal'yeri and M.A. Bulgakov: Poslednie dni [The Last Days]), 1990–95
Film scores (names of dirs. in parentheses): Când primavara e fierbinte [When Spring is Hot] (M. Saucan), 1960; Ciucurencu (E. Nussbaum), 1964; Procesul alb [The White Trial] (I. Mihu), 1965; Brâncusi la Târgu-Jiu [Brâncusi at Târgu-Jiu] (Nussbaum),