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Most famous Companies from Turkey

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    1

    Republican People's Party

    The Republican People's Party (Turkish: Cumhuriyet Halk Partisi, CHP) is a centre-left Kemalist political party in Turkey. It is the oldest political party of Turkey and is currently Main Opposition in the Grand National Assembly. The Republican People's Party describes itself as "a modern social-democratic party, which is faithful to founding principles and values of the Republic [of Turkey]". Also the party is cited as "the founding party of modern Turkey". The party was established during the Congress of Sivas as a union of resistance groups against the invasion of Anatolia. The union represented Turkish people as a unified front during the Turkish War of Independence. On September 9, 1923, "People's Party" officially declared itself as a political organization and on October 29, 1923, announced the establishment of the Turkish Republic. On November 10, 1924, the People's Party renamed itself to "Republican People's Party" (CHP) as Turkey was moving into a single-party period. During the singleparty period, CHP became the major political organization of single-party state. However, CHP faced two opposition parties during this period. The first one was the Progressive Republican
    7.60
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    Democratic Left Party

    Democratic Left Party

    The Democratic Left Party (Turkish: Demokratik Sol Parti - DSP) is a Turkish political party founded on November 14, 1985, by Rahşan Ecevit. The DSP, a social democratic oriented party, was registered on November 14, 1985 by Rahşan Ecevit, wife of Bülent Ecevit, as he was banned from political life after the 1980 coup d'état. In 1986 Bülent Ecevit addressed the DSP convention in Ankara, declaring his support for the party. The address landed him in court for allegedly violating the political bans. The DSP was unable, however, to achieve a substantial showing in the 1986 by-elections even though Ecevit, despite his ban, continued to campaign at the party's rallies as a "guest speaker". The political ban on Ecevit was lifted following a referendum in 1987. Later that year, Rahşan Ecevit handed over the rule of the party to her spouse. But the party failed to pass the 10% national threshold needed for a political party to have a seat in Parliament in the 1987 elections, prompting the Ecevits to step down from their positions in the party. In 1988, Necdet Karababa was elected as the new party leader. However, the next year, Ecevit was reelected as party chairman in the party
    6.20
    5 votes
    4
    Workers' Party

    Workers' Party

    Workers' Party (Turkish: İşçi Partisi) is political party in Turkey led by Doğu Perinçek. İP has its roots in the Revolutionary Workers and Peasants Party of Turkey (TİİKP), Workers and Peasants Party of Turkey (TİKP) and Socialist Party (Turkey). They are known as "Aydınlıkçılar" (Enlighteners) due to their periodical "Aydınlık" (Enlightenment). The İP traditionally combined Maoist rhetoric with a hardline Kemalism. Although they accept scientific socialism as their main ideology, they have a more nationalistic ideology than other left-wing parties in Turkey. Their revolution strategy is based on "National Democratic Revolution", which is close to Mao Zedong's "New Democratic Revolution". İP supports Stalin's "socialism in one country" thesis, rather than Mirsäyet Soltanğäliev's "national communism" thesis. Such that, Mehmet Bedri Gültekin, deputy chairman of the party, wrote a book on Soltanğäliev's counter-revolutionary role. They admire the founder of the Turkish republic, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (who is considered a "left-wing bourgois democratic revolutionary" by most of the party members) as much as they admire Marxist revolutionary leaders such as Lenin, Mao Zedong and Fidel
    6.00
    5 votes
    5

    Party of Nation

    The Nation Party (Turkish: Millet Partisi) is a conservative and nationalistic political party in Turkey. It was formed when in 1992 the Reformist Democracy Party (Islahatçı Demokrasi Partisi), led by Aykut Edibali, renamed itself as Millet Partisi.
    7.50
    4 votes
    6

    Greens Party

    Greens Party (Turkish: Yeşiller Partisi) is the Green party in Turkey. Being the 57th political party of Turkey, it was established on June 30, 2008 after years of preparation since 2002. A green party with the same name was established in 1988, but was closed down in 1994. Greens maintain local branches and initiatives in İstanbul, Ankara, İzmir, Bursa, Tekirdağ, and Antalya. Greens were known as the Greens of Turkey (Turkish: Yeşiller Türkiye) prior to founding of the party. The party held its first general congress on June 6, 2010.
    7.00
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    7

    Liberal Democratic Party

    The Liberal Democratic Party (Liberal Demokrat Parti) is a liberal party in Turkey. LDP was founded in 1994 as Liberal Parti by Turkish entrepreneur Besim Tibuk. Besim Tibuk was the consultant of Turgut Özal till he died in 17 April 1993. After the death of Turgut Özal, Besim Tibuk decided to found a new party to emphasize the liberal movement in Turkey. After the failure of his party in the 2002 general elections, Tibuk resigned. Cem Toker has been the current leader of LDP since 20 June 2005.
    6.50
    4 votes
    8

    Peace and Democracy Party

    The Peace and Democracy Party (Turkish: Barış ve Demokrasi Partisi, Kurdish: Partiya Aştî û Demokrasiyê (BDP)) is a political party in the Republic of Turkey. It succeeded the Democratic Society Party (DTP) following the closure of the latter party for its connections with the PKK. The BDP has observer status in the Socialist International.
    6.25
    4 votes
    9

    Felicity Party

    The Felicity Party (Turkish: Saadet Partisi) is a Turkish political party founded in 2001. It is mainly supported by conservative Muslims in Turkey. It was founded on 20 July 2001 after the Virtue Party (FP) was banned by the Constitutional Court. While the party's reformist wing formed the Justice and Development Party (AKP), the hardliners founded the Felicity Party. Although an Islamist party, its policy platform covers the whole span of political issues in Turkey. The Felicity Party has not been particularly successful electorally, polling just 2.5% of the vote in the 3 November 2002 general elections, thereby failing to pass the 10% threshold necessary to gain representation in the Turkish Grand National Assembly. It was slightly more successful in the local elections of 29 March 2004, winning 4.1% of the vote and a number of mayoralties, although none of any particular significance. In the 2011 election they were reduced to 1.24% on the vote. During the period, Recai Kutan (20 July 2001 – 11 May 2003 and again 30 January 2004 – 29 March 2008), Necmettin Erbakan (11 May 2003 – 30 January 2004 and again from 17 October 2010 till his death on 27 February 2011) and Numan
    8.00
    3 votes
    10

    Nation Party

    The Nation Party (Turkish: Millet Partisi) was a conservative and nationalistic political party in Turkey active from 1948 until 1953, when it was outlawed. The Nation Party was founded on July 19, 1948 by former Prime Minister and Chief of Staff Fevzi Çakmak, Osman Bölükbaşı, Enis Akaygen, Yusuf Hikmet Bayur, Mustafa Kentli, Osman Nuri Köni, Kenan Öner and Sadık Aldoğan. The founders were from a conservative clique within the Democrat Party (Demokrat Parti). One of the reasons for their establishment of the party was the claim that the Democrat Party was ineffective as opposition to the Republican People's Party (CHP), the Turkish People was trapped between two political alternatives and a third alternative with a nationalistic ideology was necessary. Fevzi Çakmak was appointed as the honorary leader of the party. The Nation Party did not participate in the 1948 elections. Before the 1950 elections, on April 8, Fevzi Çakmak made an announcement claiming that Republican People's Party's oppression was getting fiercer. Two days later, on April 10, he died from complications following a prostatectomy. At the elections on May 14, 1950, at which the Democrat Party had won 55% of the
    7.67
    3 votes
    11

    Great Union Party

    The Great Union Party (Turkish: Büyük Birlik Partisi - BBP) is a nationalist political party in Turkey, created on January 29, 1993. It is considered to be close to the Grey Wolves organization, and is related to the "Alperen Ocakları" tendency, which operated a synthesis between Islamism and Turkish Nationalism, and separated itself from the Nationalist Task Party (MÇP), which was renamed into Nationalist Movement Party (MHP) in July 1992. Although it is claimed that the founder of the party Muhsin Yazıcıoğlu left the MHP for lack of religious convictions, this should be seen rather as a speculation as Muhsin Yazıcıoğlu rarely blamed the MHP or talked about the separation. The rift between Muhsin Yazıcıoğlu and Alparslan Türkeş actually had started after 1980 Turkish coup d'état. Alparslan Türkeş defended himself in the infamous speech in which he declared "My opinions and beliefs are of the same as the generals who organized the 1980 Turkish coup d'état, yet I am in prison" speech during trials after the coup. The ideological separation started then and reached the surface after Alparslan Türkeş dismissed the Ankara headquarters of the MHP after the 1992 MHP Congress. The
    10.00
    2 votes
    12
    Yandex

    Yandex

    Yandex (Russian: Я́ндекс) (NASDAQ: YNDX) is a Russian Internet company which operates the largest search engine in Russia with about 60% market share in that country . It also develops a number of Internet-based services and products. Yandex ranked as the 5th largest search engine worldwide with more than 150 million searches per day as of April 2012 and more than 25.5 millions of visitors (all company's services) daily as of May 2012 . The company's mission is to provide answers on any questions users may have (explicit or implicit). The Yandex.ru home page has been rated as the most popular web site in Russia. Yandex attracts more than 56 million users from all over the world. The web site is also present in Belarus, Kazakhstan, Ukraine and Turkey. Another company, Yandex Labs, is a wholly owned division of Yandex that is located in the San Francisco Bay Area. According to research studies conducted by TNS, FOM, and Comcon, Yandex is the largest resource and largest search engine in the Russian Internet market, based on audience size. Yandex currently has over 64% market share in search and has over 10 billion web pages indexed. The closest competitors to Yandex in the Russian
    5.75
    4 votes
    13

    Nationalist Movement Party

    The Nationalist Movement Party (also translated as 'Nationalist Action Party') (Turkish: Milliyetçi Hareket Partisi, abbreviated to MHP), is a far-right political party in Turkey. In the 2002 general elections, the party had lost its 129 seats as it had won only 8.34% of the national vote (2,619,450 votes). In the 2007 general elections, the party won 14.29% of the national vote (5,004,003 votes) with 71 seats becoming the third political group in the parliament. In the 2011 general elections, the party polled 13.01% (5,585,513 votes) and won 53 seats, remaining the third largest parliamentary group. In 1965, nationalist politician Alparslan Türkeş gained control of the conservative rural Republican Villagers National Party (Turkish: Cumhuriyetçi Köylü Millet Partisi, CKMP). During an Extraordinary Great Congress held at Adana in Turkey on 8–9 February 1969, Türkeş changed the name of the party to the Nationalist Movement Party (MHP). The MHP embraced Turkish nationalism, and under the leadership of Türkeş, militias connected to the party were responsible for assassinating numerous left-wing intellectuals and academics, including some Kurds, during the 1970s. The leader of the
    7.33
    3 votes
    14

    Justice and Development Party

    The Justice and Development Party (Turkish: Adalet ve Kalkınma Partisi), abbreviated JDP in English and AK PARTİ in Turkish, is a centre-right conservative political party in Turkey. The party is the largest in Turkey, with 327 members of parliament. Its leader, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, is Prime Minister, while fellow former party member and PM Abdullah Gül is President. Founded in 2001 by members of a number of existing parties, the party won a landslide victory in the 2002 election, winning over two-thirds of parliamentary seats. Abdullah Gül became Prime Minister, but a constitutional amendment in 2003 allowed Erdoğan to take his place. In early general elections in 2007, the AKP increased its share of the vote to 47%; its number of seats fell to 341, but Erdoğan was returned as PM, while Gül was elected President. In the general elections held on June 12, 2011, the AKP further increased its share of the popular vote to 49.8% and secured 327 parliamentary seats to form a third-consecutive majority government. The AKP portrays itself as a pro-Western party in the Turkish political spectrum that advocates a conservative social agenda and a liberal market economy that includes Turkish
    9.50
    2 votes
    15

    Progressive Republican Party

    The Progressive Republican Party (Turkish: Terakkiperver Cumhuriyet Fırkası) was the second political party after Republican People's Party in Turkey. It was established by Ali Fuat Cebesoy, Kâzım Karabekir, Refet Bele, Rauf Orbay and Adnan Adıvar on 17 October 1924. The party's political activities were banned on 5 June 1925 after the Sheikh Said Rebellion. On domestic policy, the party supported a liberal democracy, but was blamed by the government for being Islamic oriented. Leader of the party was retired General Kazım Karabekir. After Mustafa Kemal Atatürk blamed Karabekir because of the Kurdish rebellion and the assassination attempt made to himself in Izmir, the party was closed on 5 June by the government. As a consequence Karabekir and many members of the party were court-martialed and imprisoned. He was released after being found innocent. However he was kept under house arrest along with 82 members of the opposition for two decades. During the presidency of İsmet İnönü he was chosen as a member of Parliament and was elected as the Speaker of the National Assembly after the end of World War II. He did see the forced democratization of Turkey after the Truman Doctrine but
    9.50
    2 votes
    16
    Freedom and Solidarity Party

    Freedom and Solidarity Party

    Freedom and Solidarity Party (Turkish Özgürlük ve Dayanışma Partisi (ÖDP)) is a left-wing party in Turkey. The party has had limited electoral success, although it controls a number of town halls and is influential in some unions of public employees. It is one of the few political parties in the world to explicitly espouse the political ideology of libertarian socialism. Founded in 1996 as a merger of several left-wing groupings. In 1999 general election, its first major electoral outing, the party polled 0.8% of the vote, falling far behind the 10% threshold required for parliamentary representation. A deep internal crisis followed and by 2001, several of the initial groupings left. In 2002 elections, the party saw its votes further diminished to 0.3% of the national vote. In the 2004 local elections, the ÖDP gained control of two town halls in Artvin and Yozgat provinces. In these elections, the ÖDP had joined an electoral coalition with the pro-Kurdish DEHAP and the left Social Democrat SHP (Sosyaldemokrat Halk Partisi). At the next 2009 local elections, Mithat Nehir was the sole victorious ÖDP candidate in the entire republic (17,723 votes for the whole country, i.e. 0.04 %),
    7.00
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    18

    Motherland Party

    The Motherland Party, (Turkish: Anavatan Partisi, abbreviated as ANAVATAN (formerly ANAP) was a political party in Turkey. It was founded in 1983 by Turgut Özal. It was merged to Democratic Party in October 2009. The ANAP was considered a centre-right nationalist party which supported restrictions on the role that government can play in the economy, which favoured private capital and enterprise, and which allowed for some public expressions of religion. In the National Assembly on 6 November 1983, the Populist Party and the Motherland party were allowed to run for office. The ANAP won 212 of the 450 available seats and Turgut Özal, the leader of the party, became the Prime Minister . The ANAP maintained a majority in the government of Turkey from 1983 until 1991. Turgut Özal held the position of Prime Minister from 1983 to 1989, then President from 1989 to 1993. Ozal died in office, and was succeeded by the True Path Party leader, Suleyman Demirel. After the 1983 National assembly, ANAP allowed all political parties to participate in the local elections. In 1987, ANAP removed the 10 year ban on over 200 leaders of the Republican People's Party (Cumhuriyet Halk Partisi—CHP) and
    6.67
    3 votes
    19

    Scouting and Guiding Federation of Turkey

    Scouting and Guiding Federation of Turkey (Türkiye İzcilik Federasyonu, TİF) is the national Scouting and Guiding federation of Turkey. It serves 33,974 Scouts (as of 2011) and 2,883 Guides (as of 2006). The federation is a member of the World Organization of the Scout Movement since 1950, and the World Association of Girl Guides and Girl Scouts since 1987. The start of Scouting in Turkey is attributed to the brothers Ahmet and Abdurrahman Robenson, who were sports teachers at the Galatasaray and Kabataş high schools in Istanbul in 1909, and to Nafi Arif Kansu and Ethem Nejat, with first units organized at Darüşşafaka, Galatasaray, and İstanbul high schools, during the late Ottoman period. During this same period, Scouting was created independently in outlying areas of the Ottoman Empire, most notably Lebanon and Syria. In 1915 an Austro-Hungarian Scout unit in Constantinople was founded and served up to 1918. This unit was a member of the Österreichischer Pfadfinderbund This Scout Association supported the foundation of Scout groups in Damascus, Beirut and Aleppo. The Scouting efforts were put to a halt during the Balkan Wars and World War I, and again gained momentum after the
    8.50
    2 votes
    20

    Anti-capitalist

    Anti-capitalist (Turkish: Antikapitalist) was a Trotskyist organisation in Turkey. It was part of the International Socialist Tendency led by the Socialist Workers Party (UK). The antecedents of Antikapitalist can be traced back to 1982 when the origins of the Sosyalist İşçi (today's Revolutionary Socialist Workers' Party) were formed. After founding of the Revolutionary Socialist Workers' Party in 1997, internal problems emerged and led to a split in the new party in 1998 and a group named İşçi Demokrasisi (Workers Democracy) (İD) left the group. The leaderships of the British and Greek SWPs supported different sides in this dispute. Some time later some members of İD left to form Antikapitalist. Some small groups left the group; the members left in Antikapitalist was small and unable to organize. The group was abolished in 2010. The few last members of Antikapitalist joined the Equality and Democracy Party (Eşitlik ve Demokrasi Partisi, EDP).
    6.00
    3 votes
    21

    Confederation of Turkish Real Trade Unions

    The Confederation of Turkish Real Trade Unions (HAK-İŞ) is one of the four major national trade union centers in Turkey. It was founded October 22, 1976, and has a membership of 340,000. HAK-İŞ is affiliated with the International Trade Union Confederation, and the European Trade Union Confederation. HAK-İŞ has 9 affiliated unions.
    6.00
    3 votes
    22
    Turkish Volleyball Federation

    Turkish Volleyball Federation

    The Turkish Volleyball Federation (TVF) (in Turkish: Türkiye Voleybol Federasyonu) is the governing body of volleyball and beach volleyball in Turkey. Formed in 1958, it is based in Ankara. The TVF is a member of the International Volleyball Federation (FIVB) and the European Volleyball Confederation (CEV). It organizes three volleyball leagues and one Turkey cup each for men's and women's teams. The federation also organizes the Turkey men's national volleyball team and the Turkey women's national volleyball team.
    10.00
    1 votes
    23

    Socialist Democracy Party

    Socialist Democracy Party (Sosyalist Demokrasi Partisi, SDP) is a left-socialist party in Turkey. Most of its members were formerly in an opposition grouping within ÖDP, named Sosyalist Eylem Platformu (Socialist Action Platform). They defended closer ties with pro-Kurdish DEHAP and radical left and campaigned against privatisation and European Union membership. Their views were seen "too conservative" by most ÖDP affiliates and they left the party in 2001. In 2002, SDP was founded. They didn't participate in elections of 2002 and 2004 but they supported left-wing electoral alliances. In the summer of 2005, they announced a Sosyalist Forum for negotiations of a broader unification, which proved to be futile. At 2007 elections, they declared support for the independent candidates of Democratic Society Party. Akın Birdal who was elected to the Parliament in 2007 is the honorary chairman of SDP. Following a major internal strife, a number of founding members, including Mihri Belli, a prestigious name of the Turkish left, resigned in 2008. In 2009, Filiz Koçali, the only female party chairperson of Turkey at that date, declared her resignation and the party activity continues for
    7.50
    2 votes
    24

    Democrat Party

    This article is about the historical Democratic Party in Turkey. For the new party of the name founded in 2007, see Democratic Party (Turkey, current). The Democratic Party (Demokrat Parti) was a Turkish moderately right wing political party, and the country's third legal opposition party, after the Liberal Republican Party (Serbest Cumhuriyet Fırkası) established by Ali Fethi Okyar in 1930, and the National Development Party (Milli Kalkınma Partisi) established by Nuri Demirağ in 1945. Founded and led by Celal Bayar, it was the first of the opposition parties to rise to power, de-seating the Republican People’s Party during the national elections of 1950 and ending Turkey's one party era. The party facilitated the resurgence of Islam, especially at the popular level, in Turkey. The Democratic Party was founded in 1946 to oppose the ruling Republican People's Party, which had established the Turkish Republic and had remained in power from the founding of the Republic through 1950. Its founding members were all well-respected figures in the CHP before breaking off and establishing the Democratic Party (DP). For this reason, both political parties had ideologies rooted in Kemalism
    9.00
    1 votes
    25
    Communist Party of Turkey

    Communist Party of Turkey

    The Communist Party of Turkey (Türkiye Komünist Partisi, TKP) is a political party in Turkey. It is known as the TKP since changing the name of the party from the Party for Socialist Power (Sosyalist İktidar Partisi, SİP) in 2001. In the 2007 election, the party obtained its best result (by percentage) in Ardahan on the border with Georgia, where it got 787 votes (1.42%). TKP does not maintain offices in Ardahan.
    8.00
    1 votes
    26

    Confederation of Revolutionary Trade Unions of Turkey

    The Confederation of Revolutionary Trade Unions of Turkey (Turkish: Türkiye Devrimci İşçi Sendikaları Konfederasyonu, DİSK) is one of the four major national trade union centres in Turkey. It was founded in 1967 as a breakaway union from the Confederation of Turkish Trade Unions, and has a membership of 327,000. DİSK is affiliated with the International Trade Union Confederation, and the European Trade Union Confederation. DİSK was founded by Kemal Türkler, Riza Kuas, İbrahim Güzelce, Kemal Nebioğlu and Mehmet Alpdündar representing Türkiye Maden-İş, Lastik-İş, Basin-İş, Türkiye Gida-İş and Türk Maden-İş, respectively. All of these unions were until that time affiliated to Türk-İş, except Gida-İş which was independent. DİSK was born at a time when relatively broader rights and freedoms had been recognized by the Constitution of 1961. The trade union acts of 1964 accepted the right of the workers to collective bargaining and strike, and revolutionary and socialist movements gained momentum on the politic arena. In fact, with the exception of Mehmet Alpdündar, the founders of DİSK were also among the founders of the socialist Workers Party of Turkey (TİP) in 1961. The first general
    8.00
    1 votes
    27

    Young Party

    The Young Party (Turkish: Genç Parti) is a nationalist, statist, secular, republican, political party in Turkey. Cem Uzan entered politics 90 days before the 2002 elections. Young Party was not eligible to enter the elections and Yeniden Doğuş Partisi (YDP) was a small party which was eligible to enter elections. So, money was poured by Uzan to take over YDP by delegate elections. In the legislative elections on 3 November 2002, the party got 7.5% of the popular vote and no seats. It was considered as success for a political party to get 7.5% of the vote at the first election entered. After the 2002 elections TMSF assumed ownership of his companies and later sold them. This commented as a destruction of current parliament to stopping Cem Uzan and his Young Party. Young Party could only win 3.3% of the vote in Turkish general election, 2007 and its candidates could not be elected as member of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey. When it is compared with the 2002 elections, this result means a loss of 4.22% of the public vote. Cem Uzan was the owner of Star TV and Star newspaper and used his newspaper and TV station to the best of his ability to promote his party, which is why he
    4.33
    3 votes
    28

    Confederation of Public Workers' Unions

    The Confederation of Public Workers' Unions (Turkish: Kamu Emekçileri Sendikaları Konfederasyonu , KESK) is one of the four major national trade union centers in Turkey. It was formed in 1995. KESK is affiliated with the International Trade Union Confederation, and the European Trade Union Confederation.
    5.50
    2 votes
    29

    Avea

    AveA (Aria and Aycell-AandA), the sole GSM 1800 mobile operator of Turkey, was founded in 2004 and has reached a nationwide customer base of 12.8 million as of the end of 2011. TTİM İletişim Hizmetleri A.Ş. was officially established on February 19, 2004 as a consequence of the merger between Aycell, Türk Telekom's GSM Operator and İş-TİM which has been established through the partnership of İş Bankası Group with a share of 51% and TİM with a share of 49%. Following the merger, for a period Aria and Aycell brands existed under TTİM. A totally new brand "Avea", reflecting the synergy from the merger was introduced into the market on June 23, 2004. The business name "TTİM İletişim Hizmetleri A.Ş" was replaced with "Avea İletişim Hizmetleri A.Ş." as of October 15, 2004. The privatization of 55% of Türk Telekom's shares was completed in November 2005, by Oger Telecom's acquisition 55% of Türk Telekom's shares. In September 2006, Türk Telekom acquired Telecom Italia's shares of 40.6% in Avea. Turk Telekom's share is 81.37% in Avea. The remaining 18.63% of the shares belongs to İş Bankası. "Avea" is a derieved name from the names of merged two operators which are "Aycell" and
    6.00
    1 votes
    30

    Liberal Republican Party

    The Liberal Republican Party (sometimes referred to as the Free Republican Party; in Turkish: Serbest Cumhuriyet Fırkası ) was a political party founded by Ali Fethi Okyar in the early years of the Turkish Republic. Atatürk requested that Okyar create it as an opposition party to confront the ruling Republican People's Party with the aim of establishing the tradition of multi-party democracy in Turkey. However, the party was quickly embraced by the conservatives who saw it as an opportunity to reverse the reforms of Atatürk, particularly regarding secularism, and was personally dissolved in November 1930 by Okyar who himself was an ardent supporter of the reforms. The closure of the Liberal Republican Party left Turkey as a one-party state until the establishment of the National Development Party (Milli Kalkınma Partisi) in 1945 and the Democratic Party in 1946.
    4.00
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    Confederation of Turkish Trade Unions

    The Confederation of Turkish Trade Unions (TÜRK-İŞ) is one of four major national trade union centers in Turkey. It was created in 1952 and is the oldest of the four centers, having been the only trade union organization to survive the 1980 military coup. TÜRK-İŞ claims a membership of 1.75 million, and is affiliated with the International Trade Union Confederation, and the European Trade Union Confederation. It is also a member of the Trade Union Advisory Committee to the OECD.
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    Democratic Society Party

    Democratic Society Party

    The Democratic Society Party (Turkish: Demokratik Toplum Partisi, DTP, Kurdish: Partiya Civaka Demokratîk, PCD) was a Kurdish nationalist political party in Turkey. The party considered itself social democratic, and had observer status in the Socialist International. It was considered to be the successor of the Democratic People's Party (DEHAP). On December 11, 2009, the Constitutional Court of Turkey banned the DTP, ruling that the party has become "focal point of activities against the indivisible unity of the state, the country and the nation". The ban has been widely criticized both by groups within Turkey and by several international organizations. The party was succeeded by the Peace and Democracy Party. The party was founded in 2005, as the merger of the DEHAP and the Democratic Society Movement (DTH). DTH was set up by the veteran Kurdish politicians, former deputies Leyla Zana, Orhan Doğan, Hatip Dicle and Selim Sadak upon their release from prison in 2004. The latest leader of the DTP was Ahmet Türk. Ahmet Türk co-chaired the party with Aysel Tuğluk until 9 November 2007 when they were replaced by Nurettin Demirtaş and Emine Ayna. However, Nurettin Demirtaş was imprisoned
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    Social Democratic People's Party

    The current Social Democratic People's Party (Turkish: Sosyaldemokrat Halk Partisi) or SHP is a Turkish left social-democratic political party established in 2002 by Murat Karayalçın, former Ankara Metropolitan Mayor (1989-1993) and Foreign Minister (1994-1995). Following Karayalçın's resignation from the Republican People's Party (Turkey), a number of social democrats and moderate and liberal socialists came together to establish SHP. The current SHP has most of its policies in common with a former party with the same abbreviation SHP. In 2004 Turkish local elections SHP came forward in an alliance with the pro-Kurdish Democratic People's Party and the radical left Freedom and Solidarity Party. The party leader Murat Karayalçın also became a candidate for his former seat of Ankara Metropolitan Municipality in these elections, However, he lost to the incumbent mayor Melih Gökçek of AK Parti. The party did not participate in the general election of 2007 to avoid fragmenting the left vote. Until then, the party held two seats in the Grand National Assembly of Turkey, two former deputies having resigned in early August 2006 from the party in, what they claimed, was a show of reaction
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