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The Iraqi Front for National Dialogue (al-Jabha al-Iraqia li al-Hiwar al-Watani ) also known as Hiwar is a Sunni Arab-led Iraqi political party. It is currently part of the secular Iraqiyya coalition.
Originally formed to contest the December 2005 elections, it described itself as a non-sectarian coalition that wants to end the presence of foreign troops and to rebuild government institutions.
The main components were initially:
The coalition included Arabs, Kurds, Assyrians, Yezidis and Shabaks.
The Front is distinct from the Iraqi National Dialogue Council, headed by Khalaf al-Ulayyan, which is a component of the Iraqi Accord Front.
Mutlaq campaigned against the constitution in the October 2005 referendum, and refused to join the other main Sunni Arab-led list, Iraqi Accord Front because that group's largest component, the Iraqi Islamic Party, had backed the new constitution.
The Front performed relatively well in the December 2005 election, winning 11 seats, but complained of widespread electoral fraud and called for a re-run of the poll.
Prior to the 2010 Iraqi Elections it joined the secular Iraqiyya coalition and was allocated 16 out of their 91 seats in the Council of
Since its foundation in 1934, the Iraqi Communist Party (in Arabic: الحزب الشيوعي العراقي Al-Ḥizb al-Shīūʿīy al-ʿIrāqīy, Kurdish: حزبی شیوعی عێراق) has dominated the left in Iraqi politics. It played a fundamental role in shaping the political history of Iraq between its foundation and the 1970s. The Party was involved in many of the most important national uprisings and demonstrations of the 1940s and 1950s. It suffered heavily under the repressive regimes of the Ba'ath party and Saddam Hussein, but remained an important element of the Iraqi opposition, and was a vocal opponent of the United Nations sanctions imposed on Iraq after the Kuwait War of 1991. It opposed the United States invasion of Iraq in 2003 but since then has participated in the new political institutions. It received little support in the Iraqi general elections of 2005.
The history of Marxist ideology and organization in Iraq can be traced to a single individual, Husain Al-Rahhal, a student at the Baghdad School of Law, who in 1924 formed what is now seen as the first “Marxist” study circle in Iraq. This group of young intellectuals initially began meeting in Baghdad’s Haidarkhanah Mosque (a location also
The Bet-Nahrain Democratic Party (Syriac: ܓܒܐ ܕܝܡܘܩܪܛܝܐ ܕܒܝܬ ܢܗܪܝܢ) is an Assyrian political party in Iraq led by Romeo Nissan Hakkari. One of the party's goals is to create an autonomous Assyrian Administrative Region within Iraq.
The BNDP contested the Iraqi Kurdistan legislative election of 2005 as part of the ruling Democratic Patriotic Alliance of Kurdistan and were allocated one seat for Romeo Hakkari. It also contested the Iraqi legislative election, January 2005 as part of the Kurdish alliance, and Goriel Mineso Khamis was allocated one seat in the Council of Representatives of Iraq.
It did not participate in the Iraqi legislative election of December 2005
In the Iraqi governorate elections of 2009, the BNDP allied itself with the pro-Kurdish Chaldean Syriac Assyrian Popular Council in the Ishtar Patriotic List. The list won two seats in Baghdad and Ninawa, including BNDP member Giwargis Esho Sada in Baghdad.
The party is actve among Assyrian Americans in California, where it runs the KBSV (Assyria Vision) television station, and the KBES radio station.
In 1983 the party set up the "Assyrian National Congress" with the "Assyrian American Leadership Council". In 2002 they
Popular Unity Party, a political party in Iraq led by Youssif Hamdan. Initially set-up as Communist Party of Iraq in 1995. CPI split away from the Iraqi Communist Party during the latter period of the Saddam Hussein regime. Many saw the setting up of CPI as a puppet party of the regime, whose existence would give the outside world an impression that the country was a multi-party state. CPI met with foreign delegations visiting Iraq. It seems the intentions of CPI would be to join the government as a junior partner within the National Progressive Front, similar to the coalition set-up in neighbouring Syria, but the idea was later discarded. CPI was never given possibility to register as a legal party, though its leader was in the Iraqi parliament as of 2001.
Following the fall of the Saddam regime, the party was reconstructed as the Popular Unity Party.
Kurdish Revolutionary Party (Arabic: الحزب الثوري الكردستاني) was a political party in Iraq. Originally formed in 1964, it merged into Kurdish Democratic Party in 1970. The party was revived by a group of anti-Barzani dissidents in the KDP leadership in 1974. The refounded Kurdish Revolutionary Party joined the National Progressive Front and supported the Kurdish autonomy law proposed by the Iraqi government. The party was led by Abd as-Sattar Tahir Sharif, who left Iraq in 1999.
The party obtained two seats in the national parliament in the March 24, 1996, elections.
The party held its 14th national congress on August 21, 2000.
The Federation of Workers Councils and Unions in Iraq (FWCUI) is the second largest union federation in Iraq.
The federation was formed by members of the Union of the Unemployed of Iraq, which is connected to the Worker Communist Party of Iraq as a left-wing alternative to the Iraqi Federation of Trade Unions. The latter is currently the only legally recognized union federation in Iraq; it is closely connected to the Iraqi Communist Party, an organization which opposed the US invasion of Iraq in 2003 but decided to work with the new political institutions established after the occupation.
The FWCUI opposes both the U.S.-led occupation of Iraq and the Islamist elements of the Iraqi insurgency, and it is often repressed by both the foreign and Islamist forces. Many anti-war movements around the world have provided venues for FWCUI speaker tours. A third labor formation known as the Federation of Oil Unions in Iraq also exists.
The FWCUI's members have led a number of strikes, and are particularly strong around the Basra region.
Iraqi Revolutionary Communists was the name of a political organization in Iraq. The group was formed after a split from the Iraqi Communist Party in the wake of the break between the Communist Party and the Baath-led National Progressive Front in 1979. The Iraqi Revolutionary Communists called for complete rejection of Baathist rule and armed struggle against the regime. Moreover it questioned why the Communist Party had entered into an alliance with the Baathists in the first place, and issued criticism against perceived lack of internal democracy in the Communist Party. The Iraqi Revolutionary Communists published a periodical called al-Asas.
The Literary League Association (Arabic: جمعية الرابطة الأدبية) was a political and cultural organization in Iraq. The party was founded in Najaf in 1932. Its president was Sheikh Mohammed Ali Al-Yacubi. The Association was particularly active during the May 1941 revolution.
The Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK) (Kurdish: یەکێتیی نیشتمانیی کوردستان / Yeketî Niştîmanî Kurdistan, Arabic: الاتحاد الوطني کوردستان Al-Itihad Al-Watani Kurdistan) is a Kurdish political party in Iraqi Kurdistan. The Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK) was founded on June 1, 1975, by coordinations between Jalal Talabani and Nawshirwan Mustafa. Mustafa was the leader of an independent socialist movement that adopted Kurdish nationalism called "Komeley Renjderan," some two months after the collapse of the Kurdish rebellion of 1974–1975 created a moment of profound crisis for the Kurdish people in Iraqi Kurdistan, the organization's aim was to revitalize resistance and to rebuild and redirect Kurdish society along modern and democratic lines. Talabani, a former student leader, lawyer, journalist and resistance leader, has been the Secretary General of the PUK since its founding in 1975. The Patriotic Union of Kurdistan works for self-determination, human rights, democracy and peace for the Kurdish people of Kurdistan and Iraq. The Secretary General is Jalal Talabani, the current president of Iraq. The current Deputy Secretary General is Kosrat Rasul Ali. The PUK's policy and
The Islamic Dawa Party was formed in 1957 in the Iraqi holy City of Najaf. Their aim was to create a movement which would promote Islamic values and ethics, and which would become an instrument for political activeness. This came at a time when there was widespread ignorance about religion and politics in Iraq. Mohammad Baqir al-Sadr laid out the foundations for the party and its political ideology, based on Wilayat Al-Umma (Governance of the people).
The Islamic Dawa Party – Iraq Organisation (Arabic: Ḥizb al Daʿwa al-Islāmiyya - Tanzim al-Iraq) is a political party in Iraq which is a component of the United Iraqi Alliance. It split from the Islamic Dawa Party during the regime of Saddam Hussein when most of the leaders of Dawa were in exile. It was allocated 12 seats by the Alliance after the elections in December 2005. It is led by Hashim Al-Mosawy, who is its Secretary-General. The head of the parliamentary bloc of the party is Kasim Muhammad Taqi al-Sahlani.
The Isthar Patriotic List (Arabic: قائمة عشتار الوطنية) is an Iraqi-Assyrian political list that was formed to run in the Iraqi governorate elections, 2009.
The list's biggest party is the Chaldean Syriac Assyrian Popular Council, a party founded in 2007 whose opponents claim is financially supported by the Kurdistan Democratic Party.
In the January 2009 governorate council elections, the list included:
The list won the reserved Assyrian seats in both Baghdad and the Ninawa, electing Giwargis Esho Sada (BNDP) and Sa'ad Tanyos Jajji (SIGM) respectively.
The list was backed by Kurdistan Regional Government minister Sarkis Aghajan Mamendo.
Wahdat an-Nidal (Arabic: وحدة النضال, 'Unity of the Struggle') was a communist group in Iraq, known by the publication it issued under that name in Arabic and Kurdish. The group emerged in September 1944 through the merger of the Ila al-Aman and Shararah factions.
In 1945 the Arab section of Wahdat an-Nidal dissolved itself and its members joined the Iraqi Communist Party (the Communist Party had refused to merge with the group, instead demanding that the group dissolve, deposition its literature and printing equipment with the party and its members join the part as individuals). The Kurdish section refused to disband itself, and converted itself into the Shursh group.
The Hezbollah Movement in Iraq (Arabic: حركة حزب الله في العراق) is a Shi'a Islamist, Iraqi political party that is part of the United Iraqi Alliance coalition. It is not affiliated with the Lebanese group Hezbollah or other groups using the name. Hezbollah, or more literally Hizb Allah (حزب الله), means "Party of God" in Arabic.
The party publishes the Al-Bayyna newspaper and is led by Hassan Al-Sari. Hezbollah originated as an underground anti-Saddam network. Unlike other anti-Saddam groups it remained based in Iraq, not setting up shop in Iran or the west. The party is closely aligned to the Islamic Supreme Council of Iraq, previously known as the Supreme Council for Islamic Revolution in Iraq.
The Tribes of Iraq Coalition (List 398) also known as the Anbar Salvation Council is an Iraqi political coalition formed to contest the Al Anbar governorate election, 2009 which won 2 out of 29 seats.
The party was one of several formed out of the Awakening movements - Sunni tribal militias armed and financed by the United States Army to fight al-Qaeda in Iraq. The coalition was led by Sheikh Hamid al-Hais.
In an interview with the Washington Post prior to the election, Hais said he would kill all the Iraqi Islamic Party's candidates if anything happened to any of his candidates.
They joined the National Iraqi Alliance for the 2010 Iraqi Elections.
The Iraq Awakening and Independents National Alliance (List 239) is an Iraqi political coalition formed to contest the Al Anbar governorate election, 2009. It obtained 8 out of 29 seats - the highest of any party list.
The party was formed out of the Awakening movements - Sunni tribal militias armed and financed by the United States Army to fight al-Qaeda in Iraq. The Alliance was led by Sheikh Ahmed Abu Risha, Sheikh Amir Ali al-Sulaiman and Sheikh Hameed al-Hayyes. Abu Risha is the brother of Abdul Sattar Abu Risha who headed the Anbar Salvation Council, the first Awakening Movement to receive American backing.
Assyrian Democratic Organization (ADO), (Syriac: ܡܛܟܣܬܐ ܐܬܘܪܝܬܐ ܕܝܡܩܪܛܝܬܐ; Arabic: المنظمة الآثورية الديمقراطية) also known as "Mtakasta/Mtakasto", founded in Syria in 1957, is the largest Assyrian political organization in Syria and Europe. The Syrian government has banned it from political life in Syria and restricted its activities in Syria.
The ADO was established as a national, political and democratic movement having with the objectives of safeguarding the existence of the Assyrian people and the realization of its legitimate national aspirations (political, cultural, administrative) in its historic homeland.
The Islamic Union of Iraqi Turkoman (or Turkoman Islamic Union) is a political party in Iraq led by Abbas al-Bayati. It was formed in 1991 and participated in discussions with other exile groups before the invasion of Iraq. It is mostly made up of Shiite Iraqi Turkmen.
In the elections in January 2005 and December 2005 it joined with other Shiite parties in the United Iraqi Alliance.
The deputy leader of the party is Jasim Mohammed Jaafar, who was the Minister of Housing and Construction in the 2005 Iraqi Transitional Government and Minister of Youth and Sports in the 2006 government of Nouri al-Maliki.
The Iraqi National List is a coalition of Iraqi political parties who ran in the December 2005 Iraqi elections and got 8.0% of the vote and 25 out of 275 seats. The most important part of the coalition is Iraqi National Accord of Iyad Allawi and the candidates and parties that made up the Iraqi List, the third most popular coalition in the January 2005 election, which captured 13.82% of the vote.
Prior to the December election the Iraqi list merged with Ghazi al-Yawer's The Iraqis, the most successful Sunni party in the January elections, and the Communist People's Union. The Iraqi National List alliance was created to offer a secular, cross-community alternative - composed of both Sunnis and Shiites - to the religious Shiite United Iraqi Alliance and the Sunni Iraqi Accord Front.
The coalition ended up with 977,325 votes, or 8.0% of the vote, which amounted to 25 out of 275 seats in the Iraqi National Assembly. The following 25 people were nominated as the coalition's representatives:
The National Democratic Coalition was a political party in Iraq led by Abid Faisal al-Sahlani The party ran in the Iraqi legislative election of January 2005 even though one of their most influential members and the Justice Minister at the time, Malik Dohan al-Hassan, called for the Iraqi legislative election of January 2005 to be postponed as they could "trigger civil war". They only received 9,747 votes.
The Kurdistan Communist Party/Iraq (Kurdish: حزبي شيوعى كوردستان / عيراق, Arabic: الحزب الشيوعي الكوردستاني / العراق) is a Kurdish political party, formed in 1993 when the Iraqi Communist Party branch in the Kurdish areas was formed into a separate party. The party is led by Kamal Shakir.
In both the January and December 2005 Iraqi legislative elections the party was part of the Democratic Patriotic Alliance of Kurdistan. The party has a women's wing, the Kurdistan Women's League, the leader of which Nahla Hussain al-Shaly was murdered in 2008.
The National Reform Trend (also known as the National Reform Movement or as Islah) (Arabic: تيار الإصلاح الوطني) is an Iraqi political party that was founded in 2008 by former Prime Minister of Iraq, Ibrahim al-Jaafari. It is a Shiite-Islamic-based party.
Jaafari was the secretary-general of the Islamic Dawa Party when he was elected Prime Minister. Following the Iraqi legislative election, December 2005, his reelection as Prime Minister was blocked by Kurdish and Sunni Arab coalition partners. Nouri al-Maliki, also from the Islamic Dawa Party, was elected as a compromise candidate in his place, and Maliki replaced Jaafari as party secretary general in May 2007.
The party won several seats in the Iraqi governorate elections, 2009 becoming the fourth largest Shi'a faction. For the Iraqi parliamentary elections, 2010 they joined up with other Shi'a religious parties to form the National Iraqi Alliance, Jaafari was placed prominently as number one on their list for Baghdad and was made chairman of the alliance. They however only managed to win one seat and that was the seat of Jaafari himself, who got over 100,000 votes.
Iraqi Democrats Against Occupation (formerly Iraqi Democrats Against War and Sanctions) is an Iraqi political organisation originally founded to oppose United States-sponsored economic sanctions. It has now turned its focus to the current occupation of Iraq, calling for the immediate withdrawal of all foreign troops and the institution of a democratic government.
The Islamic Dawa Party or Islamic Call Party (Arabic: حزب الدعوة الإسلامية Ḥizb Al-Daʿwa Al-Islāmiyya) is a political party in Iraq. Dawa and the Supreme Islamic Iraqi Council are two of the main parties in the religious-Shiite United Iraqi Alliance, which won a plurality of seats in both the provisional January 2005 Iraqi election and the longer-term December 2005 election. The party is led by Nouri al-Maliki, who is also the current Prime Minister of Iraq. The party backed the Iranian Revolution and also Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini during the Iran-Iraq War and the group still receives financial support from Tehran despite ideological differences with the Islamic Republic.
Al-Dawa was formed in 1957 (some say 1967) by a group of Shi'ite leaders including Mohammed Salih Al-Adeeb, Sayid Murtadha Alaskary, Abdul Sahib Dukheil, Sayid Mohammed Mahdi Al-Hakim, Sayid Mohammed Baqir Al-Hakim, Mohammed Sadiq Al-Qamoosee and Sayid Talib Al-Rafa’ee. Their aim was to create a party and a movement which would promote Islamic values and ethics, political awareness, combat secularism, and create an Islamic state in Iraq. This came at a time when politics in Iraq was dominated by secularist Arab
The Upholders of the Message, (Risalyun) is an Iraqi political list that ran in the December 2005 elections. This list won 1.2 % of the popular vote, thus receiving two seats. The members are supporters of Muqtada al-Sadr and they were allowed to join the United Iraqi Alliance primary election for the Iraqi Prime Minister.
National Movement for Development and Reform (الحركة الوطنية للاصلاح والتنمية), more commonly known as Al-Hal or the Solution, is a political party in Iraq. The party is a Sunni-based party.
There are branches in the following governorates:Baghdad, Anbar, Salah ad Din, Diyala, Nineveh, Kirkuk, and Dhi Qar.
Jamal Al-Karboli is the Secretary-General.
In the Iraqi governorate elections, 2009, it won 3 seats in Al Anbar. In the Iraqi parliamentary election, 2010, it joined the Iraqiyya coalition and was allocated 13 of their 91 seats.
The Assyria Liberation Party or Gabo D'Furqono D'Othur (GFA, in Syriac: ܓܒܐ ܕܦܘܪܩܢܐ ܕܐܬܘܪ) was founded in 1995, and since 1997 the party has published the magazine Furqono (Liberation). The party is founded on the principles of Assyrian nationalism and the creation of an independent, sovereign state for Assyrians incorporating parts of southeastern Turkey, northeastern Syria and northern Iraq. The party's main support comes from Assyrian emigrants in Europe, Australia and USA.
The Islamic Fayli Grouping in Iraq or Iraqi Faili Islamic Gathering is one of two Iraqi political parties of Shi'a Fayli Kurds, the other being the Fayli Kurd Islamic Union. The Islamic Fayli Grouping is led by Muqdad Al-Baghdadi.
Both Fayli parties were part of the United Iraqi Alliance coalition in the Iraqi legislative election of January 2005, but the Gathering contested the Iraqi legislative election of December 2005 as part of the Islamic Coalition, which won no seats.
The National Iraqi Alliance (NIA or INA; Arabic: الائتلاف الوطني العراقي; transliterated: al-Itilaf al-Watani al-Iraqi), also known as the Watani List, is an Iraqi electoral coalition that contested the Iraqi legislative election, 2010. The Alliance is mainly composed of Shi'a Islamist parties. The alliance was created by the Supreme Council for Islamic Revolution in Iraq (the at the time largest Shi'a party) to contest in the January 2005 and December 2005 under the name United Iraqi Alliance (UIA; Arabic: الائتلاف العراقي الموحد; transliterated: al-I'tilāf al-`Irāqī al-Muwaḥḥad), when it included all Iraq's major Shi'a parties. The United Iraqi Alliance won both those of elections however later fell apart after several major parties (most notably the Sadr Movement) left the alliance due to disputes with Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki and the Supreme Council.
The component parties contested the 2009 provincial elections separately but later that year started negotiations to revive the list. In August 2009 they announced the creation of the National Iraqi Alliance for the 2010 parliamentary election, this time without Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki's Islamic Dawa Party, which
Fahd's Revolutionary Organization (Arabic: منظمة فهد الثورية) was a communist organization in Iraq. The organization was founded in the middle of 1985, after a split from the Iraqi Communist Party. The founders of the organization consisted of younger cadres of the Communist Party, who opposed the party leadership. The organization sought to build a new Marxist-Leninist party, recalling the legacy of the Communist Party stalwarth leader Yusuf Salman Yusuf ('Fahd'). The organization published al-Munadhil ash-Shiui (المناضل الشيوعي, 'The Communist Militant'). The founder and leader of the organization, the labour leader Hikmat Kutani, was forced into exile in Canada. Soon after going into exile, Kutani died.
The Iraqi Federation of Trade Unions (IFTU) is the largest union federation in Iraq and the only officially recognized trade union body. It was formed in the aftermath of the Iraq War by several groups, most prominently the Iraqi Communist Party, which wished to disassociate itself from the National Front it had formed with the Ba'ath Party in the 1970s.
The IFTU was formed on May 16, 2003, at a meeting of the Workers Democratic Trade Union Movement (WDTUN) attended by 350 Iraqi trade unionists.
Although initially opposed by the U.S.-led occupation forces, the federation was later given exclusive rights to unionize public sector workers in the country. The union has since been attacked by sections of the Iraqi insurgency, and former leader Hadi Saleh was assassinated in January 2005.
It often finds itself in competition with the Federation of Workers Councils and Unions in Iraq and the Federation of Oil Unions in Iraq, neither of which are officially recognized. One of the issues that divide these unions is how they relate to the occupation authorities.
The IFTU, which is linked to political parties that are part of the Iraqi government, opposed the American invasion but claims it
The Iraqi National Dialogue Council is a Sunni Islamist political party initially established as an umbrella organization of approximately ten smaller Sunni parties to take part in the 2005 Iraqi Constitution drafting process. The party was founded by Saleh al-Mutlaq and Khalaf al-Ulayyan. During the Iraqi Constitution drafting negotiations in 2005, the party was advised by Sadoun al-Zubaydi, an Iraqi foreign policy expert and former personal translator to Saddam Hussein. In the lead-up to the December 2005 elections, Mutlaq left the National Dialogue Council and formed his own party and gave it a similar name: the Iraqi National Dialogue Front. 'Ulayan now leads the party, which is the smallest of three parties that compose the Iraqi Accord Front (Tawafuq) coalition. The parties which compose the organisation originate from Iraq's wider Arab populated region.
A member of the INDC, Mahmoud al-Mashhadani, was the speaker of the Council of Representatives from May 2006 until June 2007.
On, April 12, 2007, Mohammed Awad a member of the Iraqi National Dialogue Council was killed in the Green Zone at the convention centre canteen of the parliament building in Baghdad.
The National Democratic Party (Arabic: الحزب الوطني الديمقراطي, Hizb al Dimuqratiyah al Wataniyah) is an Iraqi political party. The party was founded after the 2003 invasion of Iraq, as several Iraqis, including Naseer al-Chaderchi, son of former leader Kamil al-Chaderchi, and Abdel Amir Abbud Rahima, sought to revive the historic National Democratic Party.
The party ran in the 2005 Iraqi election and received 36,795 votes, sufficient to win one seat. It lost parliamentary representation in the December 2005 elections, but a leading member, Hashim Abderrahman al-Shibli was nominated as Minister of Justice by the Iraqi National List.
In the 2009 governorate election in Basrah, the party is contesting on the list 'National Tendency', together with the Iraqi Communist Party, Popular Democratic Gathering and Independent Sons of Iraq.
The National Democratic Party (Arabic: الحزب الوطني الديمقراطي, Hizb al Dimuqratiyah al Wataniyah) was an Iraqi political party. The party was founded in 1946 as a left-leaning opposition movement that modeled itself after the British Labour Party. It advocated workers' rights, land reform, and social democracy. The party was closely linked with the government of Abd al-Karim Qasim, but in the 1960s it began internally dividing. With the Ba'athist coup in 1963 the party officially ceased to exist.
The Party of National Brotherhood (Hizb al-Ikha al-Watani or HIW) was an Iraqi political party formed in 1931 by Rashid Ali al-Gaylani. A strongly nationalist party, it became associated with opposition to the British Empire.
HIW was formed in 1931 as a merger between the minor National and Peoples parties and other like-minded nationalist groups. The new party soon gained the support Jam'iyat Ashab al-San'a (Artisans' Society), the largest trade union in Iraq. The party held its first meeting in Baghdad in March of the same year, attracting 2000 followers to a rally where they called for a new government and a redefinition of the relationship between Iraq and the United Kingdom. In order to demonstrate its importance the party organised strikes in July, although there was no direct political motive behind the move, other than showing that the HIW had support.
The party formed a pact with the Nationalist Party in 1932 and used this to gain influence in the Iraqi parliament. With this influence secured they forced out the government of Naji Shawkat and soon established an HIW government, despite the fact that the majority of the chamber had been elected on an anti-HIW ticket.
The Coalition for Iraqi National Unity (CINU) is a political party in Iraq. It is led by Nehru Mohammed Abdul Karim al-Kasanzani.
Nehru Kasanzani's father, Sheikh Mohammed al-Kasanzani is the religious leader of the Kasanzani order, which is the largest order of Sufis in Iraq. Sheikh al-Kasanzani led a pro-government Kurdish militia in the 1970s and 1980s and became an important oil industry middleman in northern Iraq linked to Izzat al-Douri. In 1999 Nehru and his two brothers were arrested and sentenced to death after Nehru's brother forged Saddam Hussein's signature. After the intervention of a Kurdish Communist former minister, the Kasanzanis were released and allowed to flee to Iraqi Kurdistan, which was outside the control of the Iraqi government. There, the family are reported to have become CIA agents, feeding them lists of names of people in security services.
After the invasion of Iraq, al-Kasanzani founded the Iraqi National Unity Coalition. They stood in the January and December 2005 elections as list 552 but failed to win any seats. They did, however, win 5 provincial assembly seats in Salah ad Din in 2005 and won 14,439 votes and two provincial assembly seats in the
Kurdistan Toilers' Party (Kurdish: Parti Zahmatkeshan Kurdistan) founded according to the party in 1985, is a splinter from the Kurdistan Socialist Party, and later a member of the Iraqi Kurdistan Front. Led by Khalid Zangana and now by Qadir Aziz.
It publishes the newspaper Alay Azadi (Banner of Freedom) in Sulaymaniyya. A few cultural and ideological periodicals ("Pesh Kawtin" and "Nojan") are also reportedly published and television and radio programmes put out on its own broadcasting stations. It was included in the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan-dominated government. It has poor relations with the Kurdistan Democratic Party and has no offices in Kurdistan Democratic Party territory.
Currently it has one seat in Kurdistan parliament and one minister in the Kurdistan Regional Government.
Kurdistan Toilers' Party is part of the Kurdistan Alliance Bloc ("Hawpeymanî Kurdistan", no. 372) to the Iraqi Parliament. The first listed candidate for Silêmanî Governorate for the party was Jalal Dabagh, a prominent Kurdish politician.
The National Front for the Salvation of Iraq is a political party in Iraq. It developed out of the Awakening movements and is mostly made up of Sunni Muslim tribal leaders from Al-Anbar province, an ethnic Arab region.
The Front was founded in 2008 in advance of the Iraqi governorate elections of 2008. Its leader is Sheikh Ali Hatim and it claims the backing of the Al-Anbar Salvation Council, the Al-Anbar Awakening Congress, and the Council of Al-Anbar sheikhs.
Hatim said their rivals in the Iraqi Accord Front contested the 2005 elections "for the sake of power" whilst Sunni Arabs kept away from elections and the government. He condemned sectarianism, saying they had defended their Shiite brothers that had sought shelter in Al-Anbar both during the Iran-Iraq War and during the "recent events" and their goal was to "crush the sectarian sedition". He said the Iraqi Islamic Party wanted to "steal the people's funds in the name of religion" and they wanted to "cut them down to size".
The Iraqi Independence Party (Hizb al-Istiqlal al-Iraqi) was an Iraqi nationalist political party founded in December 1945 that supported the independence of Iraq from British colonialism. Its origins began with the predacessor Al-Muthanna Club and many of its members had supported the pro-Axis and anti-British 1941 coup by Rashid Ali al-Gaylani. In 1956 the party was merged alongside the Ba'ath Party, the Iraqi Communist Party and the National Democratic Party into the National Union Front.
The party cooperated with the Iraqi Free Officers movement from 1953 onward to push for reforms to the government that eventually resulted in the overthrow of the Iraqi monarchy in 1958.
The party had its own newspaper, Liwa al-Istiqlal (Flag of Independence).
The Islamic Coalition was an electoral list which contested the Iraqi legislative election of December 2005.
It was formed by two parties which were members of the main religious Shi'ite-majority list, the United Iraqi Alliance, for the Iraqi legislative election of January 2005 - the Islamic Action Organisation and the Islamic Fayli Grouping in Iraq.
Four other groups - the Religious Commonwealth In Iraq, the Islamic Commonwealth For Iraqi Students, the Hussaini Cultural Organizations Union and the Rafah And Freedom Movement were also listed as being part of this list.
The list failed to win any seats in the December elections.
The Islamic Movement of the 15th of Shaaban is a secular Iraqi political party based in Nassiriya, southern Iraq.
The Movement is named after the starting date of the 1991 uprisings in Iraq. It was founded by Salman Sharif Duaffar, one of four Shi'ite guerillas who tried to assassinate Uday Hussein in Baghdad in 1996, leaving him crippled. Duaffar's father and seven brothers were killed in revenge and Duaffar fled to Iran.
Duaffar was born in 1969 in Ash Shatrah. His brother, a Major in the Iraqi Army, was killed in the Iran–Iraq War.
Following the invasion of Iraq in 2003, Duaffar was appointed to the Provincial council of Dhi Qar Governorate by the Coalition Provisional Authority. The movement seized an abandoned state-owned hotel as headquarters.
The Turkmen People's Party, or Türkmen Halk Partisi, is a political party representing the Turkmen minority in Iraq. The Turkmen People's Party (Türkmen Halk Partisi), founded in 1997, was repressed under Saddam Hussein but has been able to operate freely since the regime was removed by U.S. and allied forces in the Iraq War.
Following the Lausanne Agreement, attempts were made to divide and exploit the Iraqi Turkomans. The dictatorial regime that captured the government in Iraq increased their assimilation policies towards the Turkomans living in Iraq and tried to erase their identity via assimilation policies present in the national political agenda. In response, the Turkmen People's Party was founded.
The party seeks to form a central government for the democratic Iraqi Republic, by negotiating with their national, religious and political adversaries to reach an agreement that has minimum similarities among the participants. Thereby they can accept and sign up on a government which all of the said parties shall establish agreement.
The Assyrian General Conference (AGC) (Syriac: ܠܘܡܕܐ ܐܫܘܪܝܐ ܓܘܢܝܐ) is a political organization representing Assyrians of today in Iraq. It was established on August 7, 2005 in Baghdad, Iraq.
To establish an Assyria region in our historical places where Assyrians can live in peace.
The National Rafidain List or Al Rafidain National List (or Mesopotamia List) is the name of the list that is used by Assyrian Democratic Movement during the Iraqi elections, headed by Yunadam Kanna.
At the 2005 parliamentary elections, the NRL got with 36,255 votes (0.4%) and one seat. The National Rafidain List was ahead in Australia and came in a close second in the US.
The Worker-Communist Party of Iraq (Arabic: الحزب الشيوعي العمالي العراقي, Transliteration: Hizb al-Shuyu'i al-'Ummali al-'Iraqi) is a Marxist political party in Iraq and amongst Iraqi exiles. Rebwar Ahmed is the current leader of this party. It was Established in July 1993 through a merger of communist groups.
They opposed both Saddam Hussein and the American-led new administration. Under the Ba'athist regime, the group was persecuted, and so operated primarily in the Kurdistan region, and overseas in the United Kingdom and Australia (where they were among the founders of the Socialist Alliance).
They are involved in the Federation of Workers Councils and Unions in Iraq, the Organization of Women's Freedom in Iraq and the Union of the Unemployed in Iraq. They have produced a newsletter called Iraq Weekly.
It is a sister party of the Worker-Communist Party of Iran - Hekmatist. In March 2005, members of the WCPI, along with members of other groups and other individuals, formed the Iraq Freedom Congress with the purpose of forming a secular and democratic Iraq.
The Assyrian Patriotic Party (or Assyrian National Party) is a political party in Iraq representing ethnic Assyrians that is led by Nimrud Baito. The party entered alliance with the Assyrian Democratic Movement in 1991, but eventually the ties between the two parties broke off. Currently, its member Albert Yalda occupies the Iraqi ambassador seat to the Vatican.
For the Iraqi legislative election of January 2005 it joined the Kurdish-majority Democratic Patriotic Alliance of Kurdistan. It formed its own list - the Al Nahrain National List for the Iraqi legislative election of December 2005 but won no seats.
The Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party (Arabic: حزب البعث العربي الاشتراكي Hizb Al-Ba'ath Al-'Arabi Al-Ishtiraki) was a political party founded in Syria by Michel Aflaq, Salah al-Din al-Bitar and associates of Zaki al-Arsuzi. The party espoused Ba'athism, an ideology mixing Arab nationalist, pan-Arabism, Arab socialist and anti-imperialist interests. Ba'athism calls for the renaissance or resurrection and unification of the Arab world into a single state. Its motto—"Unity, Liberty, Socialism" (wahda, hurriya, ishtirakiya)—refers to Arab unity, and freedom from non-Arab control and interference.
The party was founded by the merger of the Arab Ba'ath Movement, led by Aflaq and al-Bitar, and the Arab Ba'ath, led by al-Arsuzi, on 7 April 1947 as the Arab Ba'ath Party. The party quickly established branches in other Arab countries, although it would only hold power in Iraq and Syria. The Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party was merged with the Arab Socialist Party led by Akram al-Hawrani in 1952 to form the Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party. The newly-formed party was a relative success, and became the second-largest party in the Syrian parliament in the 1954 parliamentary election. This, coupled with the
The Iraqi Accord Front or Iraqi Accordance Front (Arabic: جبهة التوافق العراقية Jabhet Al-Tawafuq Al-'Iraqiyah) also known as Tawafuq is an Iraqi Sunni-Islamist political coalition created on October 26, 2005 by the Iraqi Islamic Party to contest the December 2005 general election. As a large section of Iraq's Sunnis are composed by the populous Kurds, situated in northern Iraq and locally autonomous, the party's members are mostly Arab, and as such, its political efforts have largely been focused on protecting this community's interests as opposed to Iraq's non-Sunni population. In the 2005 election, its platform called for ending the US occupation of Iraq, revision of the new Iraqi constitution, repeal of the de-Baathification laws that had cost many Sunnis their government jobs and the restoration of the Iraqi Army, which was dissolved after the US overthrow of Saddam Hussein and which had a Sunni dominated officer corps. Despite this, the party has maintained that it is non-secular, even though the Ba'ath Party contained many prominent Sunnis.
The Accordance Front was initially led by Adnan al-Dulaimi of the General Council for the People of Iraq. Ayad al-Samarrai replaced
The Iraqi Scholars and Intellectuals Group (List 455) is an Iraqi political coalition formed in 2007. It is predominantly formed from the minority Sunni sect and calls for "employing a moderate religious approach to reinforce national unity". In the Iraqi governorate elections, 2009 they took 6% of the vote and 3 seats in Salah ad Din, 3.2% but no seats in Anbar and 1.3% but no seats in Diyala.
In March 2009 one of its leaders was assassinated in Basrah.
The Islamic Kurdish Society is a political party in Iraq. At the legislative elections, 31 January 2005, the party won 0.7 % of the popular vote and 2 out of 275 seats, see also Islamic Group of Kurdistan.
The Iraqis is an Iraqi political party led by Vice-President Ghazi al-Yawar. It was the largest Sunni party to participate in the January 2005 Iraqi election. During the election campaign, al-Yawar was President of Iraq, a then largely symbolic but still prominent position. The party consists of an alliance of Sunni tribal leaders, led by those of al-Yawar's Shammar tribe. Its eighty-candidate list contains several prominent Shi'ites. Due in large part to the low Sunni turnout, the party received only 150,000 votes in the election, placing them fourth in overall support, at 1.78% of votes cast, earning them five seats in the transitional National Assembly of Iraq.
Prior to the December 2005 elections The Iraqis agreed to merge their list with the Iraqi List of Iyad Allawi, forming the Iraqi National List.
The Iraqi Republican Assembly is one of the electoral coalitions that participated in the January 30, 2005 National Assembly election in Iraq.
In the 2005 Iraqi legislative election, the Iraqi Republican Assembly received 15,452 votes, or 0.18% of the ballot.
League of Iraqi Communists (Arabic: رابطة الشيوعيين العراقيين) was a communist organisation in Iraq, led by Daud as-Sayegh. The League was founded in February 1944, after a split in the Iraqi Communist Party. As-Sayegh had revolted against Fahd's leadership in the Iraqi Communist Party, accusing him of adventurism and undemocratic practices. The League published the publication al-'Amal.
The Left Worker-communist Party of Iraq (Arabic: الحزب الشيوعي العمالي اليساري العراقي) is a small political party in Iraq, formed in 2004.
The party was formed by a group of communists, some of whom were members in the Worker-Communist Party of Iraq soon after the WCPIraq decided to support the Worker-Communist Party of Iran - Hekmatist; the Left tendency was to desire to maintain links with the Worker-Communist Party of Iran, believing that group held to a clear revolutionary and socialist position and maintained the line of Worker Communism as laid out by its founder, Mansoor Hekmat.
The current leader of LWPI is Issam Shukri. He is also a member of Central Committee and Politburo of WPI.
Ila al-Amam (Arabic: إلى الأمام, 'Forward') was a communist group in Iraq, known by the publication it issued under that name. The group publishing Ila al-Amam had been expelled from the Iraqi Communist Party in August 1942, after which the they founded Ila al-Amam. The main leaders of the group were Thunun Ayub ('Qadir') and Yaqub Cohen ('Fadil'). Inside the Communist Party, Ayub had been a Central Committee member but had developed personal differences with the Communist Party general secretary Fahd.
The Ila al-Amam suffered heavily from state repression. In September 1944 the Ila al-Amam group merged with the Shararah group, forming the Wahdat an-Nidal.
The Iraq National Salvation Party is one of the parties that participated in the January 30, 2005 National Assembly legislative election in Iraq.
In the 2005 election, the party received 496 votes, or 0.0058% of the ballot. Ignoring independent Ghalib Muhsin Abd Hussein Al-Sabahi, they received the least amount of votes among any party.
The Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP) (Kurdish: پارتی دیموکراتی کوردستان Partîya Demokrata Kurdistan (PDK), is one of the main Kurdish parties in Iraqi Kurdistan. It was founded in 1946 in Mahabad in Iranian Kurdistan.
The Iraqi Kurdistan Democratic Party, like most Iraqi Kurdish political parties, has a complicated history that is closely intertwined with both the politics of Baghdad and Iraq's neighbors, particularly Iran.
In 1946, the leader of the Soviet-backed Republic of Mahabad, Qazi Muhammad, announced the formation of a "Kurdish Democratic Party" based in Iran, or Eastern Kurdistan. The Soviet Union, then supporting the Kurdish national struggle against the monarchies of Iran and Iraq, instructed Mustafa Barzani to place himself under the authority of Qazi Muhammad. It is not clear whether Mulla Mustafa ever formally agreed to this arrangement, but as a fugitive from Iraqi authorities he relied upon the goodwill of the Iranian Kurds and their Soviet backers, and local Kurds were ordered by the authority of the Republic of Mahabad to house and feed his destitute forces.
It was "well-known in nationalist circles that the relations between the two men [Mulla Mustafa and Qazi]
The Action Party for the Independence of Kurdistan (Kurdish: Parti Kari Sarbakhoy Kurdistan or Party Khabat bo Serbogoy Kurdistan) is a political party in Iraqi Kurdistan. It is part of the Kurdistan Regional Government.
The Party broke from the Iraqi Communist Party and affiliated to the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan. Its leader, Mohammed Hussein Halleq, was murdered in 1995. His successor, Yousif Hanna Yousif, or Abu Hikmat, joined the Kurdistan Democratic Party of Iraq-led government as a minister.
The Arabic Toilers' Movement (Arabic: حركة الكادحين العرب) was a political party in Iraq. It was founded in 1962, by a group that broke away from the Arab Socialist Baath Party who had adopted a Marxist-Leninist political line. After November 18, 1964, the Arabic Toilers' Movement began seeking cooperation with other Iraqi political forces as well as Dr. George Habash. The organization began cooperating with the Arab Socialist Union in the same year.
The organization did not last long, as several of its founders left and joined other political parties.
The Assyrian Democratic Movement (Syriac: ܙܘܥܐ ܕܝܡܘܩܪܛܝܐ ܐܬܘܪܝܐ; Zawʻá Demoqraṭáyá ʼÁṯuráyá) popularly known as Zowaa ("The Movement" in Syriac) is an ethnic Assyrian political party in Iraq, and is currently the only Assyrian-based political party to be voting in the Iraqi parliament.
The party was established on April 12, 1979 to satisfy the political objectives of the Assyrian people in Iraq, in response to the oppressive brutality of the Al-Baath regime and its attempts to forcibly expropriate ethnic Assyrians from their native lands. The movement took up armed struggle against the Iraqi regime in 1982 under the leadership of Yonadam Kanna, and joined the IKF in early 1990s. Yonadam Kanna in particular was a target of the Saddam Hussein Ba'ath regime for many years.
Due to successful lobbying from influential Assyrian-Americans and from Congressman Henry Hyde, American President George W. Bush designated the ADM an officially recognized Iraqi opposition movement. In a December 9, 2002 memorandum, President Bush invoked both articles four and five of the Iraq Liberation Act of 1998 as a means of allowing the United States government to provide financial resources to the ADM and
Leninist Group in the Iraqi Communist Movement (Arabic: الفريق اللينيني في الحركة الشيوعية العراقية) was a grouping of Iraqi communist exiles, dissidents from the Iraqi Communist Party. The main leaders of the group were two university professors at the University of Algiers, Khalid Abdullah as-Salam and Khalil al-Jazairi. Towards the late 1980s, the group began issuing a broadsheet publication, Nashrah.
The group signed an appeal of leftist and democratic exiles in the Baathist newspaper at-Thawra in December 1991. In the wake of the 1991 war, the Iraqi government issued a pardon for Iraqi exiles. As-Salam and al-Jazairi both returned to Iraq.
The People's Union (Ittihad Al Shaab or another name in English: Program of People's Unity) was the main communist party list in the January 2005 Iraqi legislative election. It is made up of the Iraqi Communist Party and independent candidate Hikmat Dawud Hakim. Before the election, it attempted to form a wider coalition among secularist groups, but this effort failed. The list was led by Hamid Majid Mousa, who served on the Governing Council and as minister of culture on the interim government. The party, while small, ran one of the more organized campaigns in the election, and its list of 257 candidates was the longest of any party. In the January elections, the People's Union received just under 70,000 votes, or about 0.8% of ballots cast, earning them two seats in the transitional Iraqi National Assembly.
Prior to the December 2005 elections, the list merged with several others to join the Iraqi National List.
The Yazidi Movement for Reform and Progress is a Yezidi political party in Iraq. The party represents Yezidi people in the Nineveh plains. It ran in the December 2005 elections and won 0.2 % of the popular vote, thus receiving one seat in the Iraqi parliament (held by Amin Farhan Jejo). The party won a local governorate seat in Ninewa in the January 2005 elections and in the January 2009 elections as well.
The Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party – Iraq Region (Arabic: حزب البعث العربي الاشتراكي في العراق Hizb Al-Baath Al-'Arabi Al-Ishtiraki fi Al-'Iraq) is a ba'athist regional organisation founded in 1951 by Fuad al-Rikabi. This regional organisation was a part of the original Ba'ath Party (1951–1966) and changed its allegiance to the Iraqi-led Ba'ath movement (1966–2003) following the 1966 split within the Ba'ath Party.
Fuad al-Rikabi founded the Iraqi-cell of the Ba'ath Party either in 1951 or 1952. There are those who claim that the Iraqi-cell was established by Abd ar Rahman ad Damin and Abd al Khaliq al Khudayri in 1947, and not al-Rikabi, after their return from the founding congress of the Ba'ath Party held in Damascus, Syria in 1947. Another version states that al-Rikabi established the Iraqi-cell in 1948 with Sa'dun Hamadi, a Shia Muslim, but became Secretary of the Regional Command in 1952. The Iraqi-cell was Arab nationalist and vague in its socialist orientation. Al-Rikabi, expelled from the party in 1961 for being a Nasserist, was an early follower of Michel Aflaq, the founder of Ba'athism. During the party's early days, members discussed topics regarding Arab nationalism, the
The Chaldean Democratic Union is a Christian democrat political party in Iraq and within Iraqi Kurdistan a component of the Kurdistani Alliance. They had one member in the Iraqi National Assembly - Ablahad Afraim Sawa - who was elected in both January 2005 and December 2005. The party was created with the help of the Kurdistan Regional Government after the 2003 invasion of Iraq. The party won the Christian reserved seat in the Basra governorate election, 2009.
The Communist Action Organization in Iraq (Arabic: منظمة العمل الشيوعي في العراق, munażżamatu-l-‘amali-sh-shuyū‘ī fī al-'iraq) was a communist organization in Iraq. The organization was founded in , after a split from the Iraqi Communist Party. The founders of the Communist Action Organization saw the Communist Party leadership as a 'rightist and opportunist tendency', criticizing their past cooperation with the Baath Party. Moreover, the Communist Action Organization accused the Communist Party leaders for having deviated from Marxism-Leninism.
The Iraqi Islamic Party is the largest Sunni Islamist political party in Iraq as well as the most prominent member of the Iraqi Accord Front political coalition. It is part of the government of Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki. Osama Tawfiq al-Tikriti succeeded Vice-President Tariq al-Hashimi as the party's secretary-general on May 24, 2009, who was succeeded in July 2011 by Ayad al-Samarrai.
The IIP evolved out of the Muslim Brotherhood movement, and was banned from 1961 during Iraqi nationalist rule, something which continued throughout the reign of the Pan-Arab Ba'ath Party right up to the invasion of Iraq in 2003. Like the Muslim Brotherhood, the IIP's religious rather than ethno-political ideology made the party systematically incompatible under the Iraqi governments between 1961 and 2003.
During the 1970s, the IIP began operating in exile in Great Britain and published a newspaper called Dar as-Salam. Iyad al-Samara'i was elected to serve as secretary-general.
Mohsen Abdel Hamid served on the Iraqi Governing Council that worked alongside the Coalition Provisional Authority after the invasion of Iraq. It joined the Iraqi Interim Government where it had one minister, Hajim
The Iraqi National Accord (Arabic: الوفاق الوطني العراقي Al-Wifaq Al-Watani Al-'Iraqi) known inside Iraq as Wifaq is an Iraqi political party founded by Iyad Allawi and Salah Omar Al-Ali in 1991.
It was founded at the time of the Persian Gulf War as an opposition group to Saddam Hussein. At that time, the two most active anti-Saddam groups were the SCIRI and al-Dawa; both were Islamic Shi'ite parties, originating from Iraq, but operating from Iran from which they received support. Both parties were disagreeable to the western powers, and Saudi Arabia, who had long poor relations with the Islamic Republic. The INA was thus set up to be an alternative, largely funded by money from Saudi Arabia; with extra support coming from the UK and the United States.
INA membership consisted largely of military and security personnel who had defected from the Iraqi army under Saddam Hussein's rule. Because of the perceived connections between INA members and security forces protecting Saddam Hussein, the INA drew American interest as an alternative ally to the Iraqi National Congress.
The INA organized attacks in Iraq between 1992 and 1995 to demonstrate its capacities as a militant group, but
Kurdistan Islamic Union (الاتحاد الاسلامي الكوردستاني) is an Islamist party in Iraqi Kurdistan is in principle independent and is directly responsible for policy matters. The party has close ties to the Muslim Brotherhood.
Salaheddine Bahaaeddin was elected Secretary General at its 1st general conference in 1994. Other leaders include Hadi Ali, the second man of the party after secretary general. Ali was elected as the Director of the party's Political Bureau after their fifth convention in 2008. This Council includes all the leaders of the party and they are about 40-50 people. ‘Ali Muhammad Ahmad, Dendaar Najmen al-Doski, and Umar ‘Abd al-Aziz. It is chiefly active among students (reportedly winning nearly 40% of the vote in Dahuk University student elections), but also has an adult political base, particularly in Arbil and enjoys good relations with both the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan and the Kurdistan Democratic Party.
During the anticipation of the Iraqi legislative election, December 2005, the Kurdistan Islamic Union Office was the target of a 3,000 to 5,000 civilian protesters almost from Kurdistan Democratic Party organizations, where the phrase "Long Live 730" was
The Al Nahrain National List is an Iraqi Assyrian list which contested the Iraqi legislative election of December 2005. They won no seats. The main component was the Assyrian Patriotic Party, and their list also named the Beith Nehrain National Union, Assyrian Independent Gathering Movement, National Caldani Council, Kildani Democratic Rostrum and independent Hikmat Dawod Hakeem as components.
The Assembly of Independent Democrats is an electoral coalition that participated in the January 30, 2005 National Assembly legislative election in Iraq. It was led by Adnan Pachachi, a Sunni Arab former foreign minister who was on the Iraqi Governing Council until January 2004.The assembly included also Dr Mahdi al-Hafez, who was the minister of planning, Dr Ayham al-Samarie,former minister of electricity, Maysun al-Damluji, deputy minister of culture, Omar al-Farouq al-Damaluji, former minister of reconstruction, Atta Abdul-Wahab, ambassador of Iraq in Jordan, Mishkat al-Mumin, former minister of environment, Leila Abdul Latif, former minister of Labor & Social Affairs, Saad Abdul-Razzaq Hussain, and some other Iraqi politicians .
In the December 2005 elections the party joined the Iraqi National List coalition headed by former Prime Minister Ayad Allawi.
Now the party is represented in National Assembly by Dr Adnan Pachachi and Maysun al-Damluji.
Iraqi Communist Vanguard Organisation was a political organization in Iraq. The organisation was set up by the Baathist regime after the break between the Baath Party and the Iraqi Communist Party in 1979. The Iraqi Communist Vanguard Organisation was used by the regime to issue criticism against the Communist Party, claiming that the Communist Party had 'given up the struggle'.
The Iraqi Turkmen Brotherhood Party (Turkish: Irak Türkmen Kardeşlik Partisi) is a political party in Iraq led by Walid Sharika. It is mostly made up of Iraqi Turkmen and is part of the Kurdistani Alliance.
Unlike the Iraqi Turkmen Front, it supports Kurdish moves to incorporate Kirkuk into Iraqi Kurdistan. Walid Sharika has distanced himself from fellow-Turkmen politicians who insist that Kirkuk is a Turkmen city, reportedly characterizing some of them as "'spies and agents' of a foreign power".
Kurdistan Democratic Party-Progressive Front was a Kurdish political party in Iraq. It was led by Hamza Abdallah, the General Secretary of Kurdish Democratic Party who had been expelled from KDP in January 1953.
Hamza and his followers were allowed to return to KDP in 1956.
The Renewal List (Tajdeed) is an Iraqi political party founded by the Sunni Arab Vice President of Iraq, Tariq al-Hashimi in 2009 to contest the Iraqi legislative election of 2010.
al-Hashimi was the leader of the Iraqi Islamic Party, a Sunni Arab religious party that won the largest number of seats of any Sunni Arab party in the Iraqi legislative election of December 2005. He was elected Vice President in 2006.
In 2009 he stepped down as leader of the IIP and announced the new party, which he said would "include academics, intellectuals and tribal leaders" and would be "above sectarian and ethnic divisions"
The Assyrian Socialist Party, the first Assyrian political party, was founded after the February 1917 Russian revolution, by Dr. Freydun Atturaya, Rabbi Benjamin Bet Arsanis and Dr. Baba Bet Parhad.
In 2002, an Assyrian Socialist Party (Gaba Shawtapaya Atouraya) was reestablished "by a group of Assyrian workers in northern Iraq", so is it stated on its website where its goals are defined as such: "The ASP(GSA) is a socialist and democratic party, which aims to resuscitate an Assyrian Nation for Assyrian people in an Independent and Popular Republic".
The Democratic Centrist Tendency was an Iraqi political party founded in 2000 in London by Iraqi exiles who were opposed to the rule of Saddam Hussein. The group publishes the newspaper Al-Nahdah.
The founder members included:
It participated in the Follow-Up and Arrangement Committee in the lead up to the 2003 invasion of Iraq.
The Iraqi Constitutional Monarchy (ICM) is a monarchist political party in Iraq led by Sharif Ali Bin al-Hussein.
Al-Hussein is related to the Hashemite royal family which ruled Iraq until 1958. He has succeeded in establishing himself as claimant in the international press and currently (in the politics of Iraq) Prince Sharif Ali bin al-Hussein is the only Iraqi royal campaigning in Iraq for the return of a monarchy based on a constitutional monarchy. Some critics assert he is not even in line to the throne according to the constitution of the old Iraqi monarchy (The Iraqi Constitution as amended in November 1943). According to this constitution, the heir to the monarchy would be Prince Ra'ad (born 1936), Lord Chamberlain of Jordan.
King of Iraq
The State of Law Coalition (Arabic: إئتلاف دولة القانونI'tilāf Dawlat al-Qānūn) also known as Rule of Law Coalition is an Iraqi political coalition formed for the Iraqi governorate elections, 2009 by Prime Minister of Iraq, Nouri al-Maliki and his Islamic Dawa Party.
The name was an emphasis on the improved security situation which Maliki's government had achieved through the Battle of Basra and other operations of the Iraqi Security Forces.
Due to disagreements with the Islamic Supreme Council of Iraq and the Sadrists, the Dawa Party decided not to join the Iraqi National Alliance for the Iraqi parliamentary election, 2010, but run in their own coalition: the State of Law Coalition.
In the Iraqi governorate elections, 2009 the State of Law Coalition was composed of several political blocs:
The State of Law Coalition came out as the largest list receiving 28.8% of the vote and 126 out of 440 seats.
In the Iraqi parliamentary election, 2010 the following parties were part of the State of Law Coalition:
The Iraqi Constitutional Party is a political party in Iraq that was founded by Jawad Bulani in June 2005. The party is considered to be moderate and non-secterian based. The party did surprisingly well for a non-sect based party in the governorate elections of 2009, leading to one seat in the Salah ad-Din Governorate and two in the Wassit Governorate. The party is led by Jawad al-Bulani. For the 2010 Iraqi Elections they joined Sheikh Abu Risha's Iraq Unity List.
Iraqi Constitutional Party won 3 seats in Wasit but did not win any Salah Ad Din.
The Arab Unity Party (Arabic: حزب الوحدة العربية) was a political party in Iraq. The party was founded around late 1967 or 1968, as the group around Sobhi Abdul Hamid, Khalid Ali as-Salah and Khiruddin Hassib broke away from one of the factions of the Arab Socialist Movement. The activity of the party inside Iraq was ended by the July 17, 1968 revolution. But a smaller group of the party continued to function in exile. The party was disbanded in 1971, as Sobhi Abdul Hamid withdrew from his political activities.
The General Federation of Trade Unions is a federation of trade unions in Iraq.
During the rule of Saddam Hussein, a 1986 legislation established that GFTU was the sole legal trade union in Iraq. GFTU worked in close cooperation with the Baath Party and worked to strengthen the influence of the party in the workplaces. At the time there were committees affiliated to GFTU at privately owned workplaces and workplaces with joint private-public ownership. GFTU did not operate in public enterprises or within the state administration.
The Iraqi List (Arabic: al-Qayima al-iraqiya) is a political party list in the Iraqi National Assembly election, 2005, consisting of mainly secular Shia. It is dominated by the Iraqi National Accord led by former exile and interim prime minister Iyad Allawi. Other members include the Council of Iraq's Notables, the Iraqi Democrats Movement, the Democratic National Awakening Party, the Loyalty to Iraq Grouping, and the Iraqi Independents Association all of which are much smaller.
In 2005 Iraqi election the Iraqi list received 13.82% of the votes, earning them 40 seats in the transitional National Assembly of Iraq.
Prior to the December 2005 elections the list merged with several other parties to form the Iraqi National List.
The Iraqi National Congress (Arabic: المؤتمر الوطني العراقي Al-Moutammar Al-Watani Al-'Iraqi) is an umbrella Iraqi opposition group led by Ahmed Chalabi. It was formed with the aid and direction of the United States government following the Gulf War, for the purpose of fomenting the overthrow of Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein.
INC was set up following the Persian Gulf War to coordinate the activities of various anti-Saddam groups. Then President George Bush signed a presidential finding directing the Central Intelligence Agency to create conditions for Hussein's removal in May 1991. Coordinating anti-Saddam groups was an important element of this strategy. The name INC was reportedly coined by public relations expert John Rendon (of the Rendon Group agency) and the group was funded by the United States. The group received millions in covert funding in the 1990s, and then about $8 million a year in overt funding after the passage of the Iraq Liberation Act in 1998. The deep involvement of the American CIA in the creation and early funding of the INC in its early years led many to consider the group a "creation of the CIA" rather than an organ of genuine Iraqi opposition.
Islamic Virtue Party (Al-Fadhila Party) is an Iraqi political party. It follows ayatollah Muhammad Ya`qubi a student of Mohammad Sadeq al-Sadr and thus represent a branch of the Sadrist Movement, however the party is not affiliated with Muqtada al-Sadr and is in fact a rival to his branch of the Sadrists.
Its current secretary general is Abdelrahim Al-Husseini who in May 2006 replaced, Nadim al-Jabiri. Another prominent member of the party is Mohammed al-Waili who formerly served as the governor of Basra province.
It took part in Iraqi legislative election in January 2005 and December 2005 as part of the United Iraqi Alliance list. Following the December 2005 legislative election the party holds 15 seats in the Iraqi parliament.
In May 2006 however the party pulled out of negotiations for a new Iraqi government, complaining of American interference. The party had hoped that the Oil and Trade Ministers would be named from the party.
In March 2007, the party withdrew from the ruling Shi'ite Coalition and has vowed to continue as an independent block. Nadim al-Jabiri announced that the move was caused by increasing sectarionism in Iraqi politics. This turn of events could pave the way
The Kurdish Revolutionary Hezbollah (Kurdish: Hizbullahi Kurdi Shorishger) is a splinter group of the Kurdish Hezbollah and Supreme Council for the Islamic Revolution in Iraq. The Kurdish Revolutionary Hezbollah established 1988 in South Kurdistan under the leadership of Adham Barzani, a cousin of Massoud Barzani.
The Badr Organization (Arabic: منظمة بدر) previously known as the Badr Brigades or Badr Corps is an Iraqi political party headed by Hadi al-Amiri. Previously it was the armed wing of the Islamic Supreme Council of Iraq (ISCI) but since the 2003 invasion of Iraq most of its fighters have entered the new Iraqi army and police force and it officially became a completely political organization. However, Badr militiamen are still occasionally being reported by national media as active.
Politically, Badr Brigade and ISCI were considered to be one party since 2003, but have now unofficially separated.
The organization was based in Iran for two decades during the rule of Saddam Hussein. It consisted of several thousand Iraqi exiles, refugees, and defectors who fought alongside Iran in the Iran–Iraq War. Returning to Iraq following the 2003 coalition invasion the group changed its name from brigade to organization in response to the attempted voluntary disarming of Iraqi militias by the Coalition Provisional Authority. It is however widely believed the organization is still active as a militia within the security forces and it has been accused of sectarian killings during the Iraqi Civil
The Democratic Patriotic Alliance of Kurdistan (DPAK) sometimes referred to simply as the Kurdistan Alliance (KA) is the name of the electoral coalition first presented as a united Kurdish list in the January 2005 election in Iraq. Elections were held simultaneously for the assembly of the Kurdistan Regional Government. The Alliance represents a coalition of the two main Kurdish parties, the Kurdistan Democratic Party and the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan
The alliance received 1,570,663 votes to the Kurdistan National Assembly, or 90% of the vote. At the federal level, the DPAK took close to 26% of the vote and won 75 seats out of 275 in the Iraqi National Assembly. They were able to secure the selection of Jalal Talabani (the PUK leader) as President of Iraq, while Massoud Barzani (the KDP leader) became President of Iraqi Kurdistan.
The Green Party of Iraq was created in 2003 and is dedicated to build an Iraq that is committed to "democracy, justice, and freedom" and one that respects equal rights for all Iraqis, irrespective of "religion, sect, or ethnicity". The political party does not have any elected members in the Iraqi national assembly.
The Green Party of Iraqi has sixteen core values, similar to the Global Greens ten key values.
The Iraqi Turkmen Front (Turkish: Irak Türkmen Cephesi, Arabic: الجبهة التركمانية العراقي Al-Jabhat Al-Turkmaniyah Al-Iraqi) is a political movement founded in 1995 which seeks to represent the Turkmen people of Iraq. Since the fall of Saddam Hussein in 2003, the ITF has contested control of Kirkuk and other areas of northern Iraq.
The ITF is a coalition of the following political parties:
In the Iraqi legislative election, December 2005, the ITF list (#630) polled 76,434 votes, or 0.7% nationwide, according to the uncertified published results. The overwhelming majority of those votes were cast in Kirkuk Province, where the ITF won more than 10% of the total. Most of the rest of the ITF's votes were in Salah ad Din province. According to the full official results of that election, the ITF is entitled to only one seat in the permanent National Assembly. The party has been funded deeply by the Turkish administration and military.
In the aftermath of the first Iraqi parliamentary election in 2005, the ITF lodged a number of formal complaints to the Independent Electoral Commission of Iraq alleging vote fraud on the part of the Kurdish parties and protesting the Commission's
The Islamic Supreme Council of Iraq (ISCI or SIIC) (Arabic: المجلس الأعلى الإسلامي العراقي Al-Majlis Al-A'ala Al-Islami Al-'Iraqi), (previously known as the Supreme Council for the Islamic Revolution in Iraq (SCIRI) is an Iraqi political party. Its political support comes from the country's Shi'a Muslim community. Prior to his assassination in August 2003, SCIRI was led by Ayatollah Mohammed Baqir al-Hakim; afterwards it was led by the ayatollah's brother, Abdul Aziz al-Hakim. After Abdul Aziz al-Hakim's death his son Ammar al-Hakim became the group's new leader. In light of its gains in the three 2005 elections and government appointments, the Supreme Iraqi Islamic Council became one of Iraq's most powerful political parties and was the largest party in the Iraqi Council of Representatives until the 2010 Iraqi elections, where it lost support due to Nuri Al-Maliki's political party rise.
Previously ISCI's militia wing was the Badr Brigade, where the party used it during the Iraq Civil War of 2006-2007. After the civil war, Badr Brigade turned into a political force of itself and left ISCI, although the two continue to be part of a coalition in Iraq's parliament. After the
Kurdistan Socialist Party (Kurmanji Kurdish: پارتیا سۆجالست کوردا, Sorani Kurdish: پارستی سۆسیالستی کورد, Parti Socialisti Kurd, aka Pasok) is a political party in Iraq that was formed by Mahmoud Othman.
It is a splinter of the Kurdistan Democratic Party.
The Reconciliation and Liberation Bloc or Kutla al-Musalaha wa't-Tahrir is an Iraqi political party. The Sunni, liberal, and secularist party was founded as the Iraqi Homeland Party in Jordan in 1995 by exiles from Saddam's regime. A prominent member was Saddam's son-in-law Hussein Kamel al-Majid. The party is closely linked to the powerful Juburi tribe and its current head is Mish'an al-Juburi. The party is also supported by former Ba'athists and the party has pushed for the reintegration of members of the old regime. Unlike many Sunni parties it decided not to boycott the January 2005 Iraqi election. In the voting it received some 31,000 votes, enough for one seat in the legislature. During the subsequent December elections, it increased its representation to 3 seats.
The Unified Popular Front (Arabic: الجبهة الشعبية المتحدة) was a political party in Iraq. The party was licensed on May 26, 1951. Immediately after being legalized, the party began cooperating with other opposition parties. It was especially close to the National Democratic Party.
The party was banned along with all other political parties during the interrim government of General Nureddin Mahmud. However, the party continued to exist for some time and launched candidates for the 1953 election, with the support of other opposition forces. In the election the candidates of the party won eleven out of 138 seats.