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Most famous Companies from Chile

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    National Socialist Movement of Chile

    National Socialist Movement of Chile

    Movimiento Nacional Socialista de Chile was a political movement in Chile, during the Presidential Republic Era, which initially supported the ideas of Adolf Hitler, although it later moved towards a more indigenous form of fascism. The movement was formed in April 1932 General Diaz Valderrama, Carlos Keller (the main ideologue of the group) and Jorge González von Marées, who became leader. The party initially followed the ideas of Nazism closely, stressing anti-Semitism. It received financial support from the German population of Chile and soon built up a membership of 20,000 people. The movement stressed what it saw as the need for one party rule, corporatism and solidarity between classes, and soon set up its own paramilitary wing, the Tropas Nacistas de Asalto. However support for Hitler was later abandoned, with González von Marées claiming by the late 1930s that the use of the name 'national socialist' had been an error on his part. Anti-semitism was also scaled back, with a more domestic form of fascism being offered instead. Individual members (most notably, Miguel Serrano) continued to look to Adolf Hitler. The party obtained three deputies (3,5% of the votes) during the
    7.83
    6 votes
    3

    Revolutionary Left Movement

    The Revolutionary Left Movement (MIR) (Spanish Movimiento de Izquierda Revolucionaria) is a Chilean political party and former far-left guerrilla organization founded on October 12, 1965. At its height in 1973, the MIR numbered some 10,000 members and associates. The group emerged from various student organizations and established a base of support among the trade unions and shantytowns of Santiago. Andrés Pascal Allende, a nephew of Salvador Allende, president of Chile from 1970 to 1973, was one of its early leaders. Miguel Enríquez Espinosa was the General Secretary of the party from 1967 until his assassination in 1974 by the DINA. Although it distinguished itself with spectacular direct and military actions particularly during the Resistance to the 1973 Chilean coup d'état, MIR manifestly rejected terrorism as a form of political or military struggle (see below on the assassination of Edmundo Perez Zujovic by the VOP). The Sino-Soviet ideological dispute, the Soviet Union's repressive interventions in Czechoslovakia and other Warsaw Pact countries, the presence of the Cuban Revolution in Latin America, and the emergent global student movement inspired in the humanist socialism
    7.20
    5 votes
    4
    7.00
    5 votes
    5

    Revolutionary Communist Party

    Revolutionary Communist Party (Spanish: Partido Comunista Revolucionario) was a pro-China communist party in Chile founded in 1966. The founders of PCR belonged to ESPARTACO (led by the Valparaíso senator Jaime Barros Pérez Cotapos), a group that had been expelled from the Communist Party of Chile (PCCh), and Revolutionary Communist Union, another splinter group of PCCh. PCR was led by Jorge Palacios and David Benquis. PCR published El Pueblo and Causa Marxista-Leninista. In 1984 PCR was one of three founding organizations of the Revolutionary Internationalist Movement. PCR dissolved in internal strife. One section would refound itself as the Communist Organization Recabarren in 1985.
    8.50
    4 votes
    6

    Conservative Party

    The Conservative Party (in Spanish: Partido Conservador) of Chile was one of the principal Chilean political parties since its foundation in 1836 until 1949, when it broke apart. In 1953 it reformed as the United Conservative Party and in 1966 joined with the Liberal Party to form the National Party. The Conservative Party was a center-right party, originally created to be the clericalist, pro-Catholic Church group. The Conservative Party's origins go back to the fall of Bernardo O'Higgins' government on January 28, 1823. The Chilean political situation during those years was divided into six main groups: the pelucones, conservatives who supported authority and stability over personal freedoms; the pipiolos, who supported personal freedoms even over stability; the liberales, moderates who supported personal freedoms; the federalistas, mainly liberales and pipiolos who also supported a federalist system similar to that of the United States; the o'higginistas, supporters of O'Higgins, who had gone into exile; and the carrerinos, supported of O'Higgins' old enemy José Miguel Carrera, who had been executed in Argentina. After the abdication of O'Higgins, the new government of liberal
    9.67
    3 votes
    7

    Comptroller General of Chile

    The General Accounting Office is a part of the executive branch of the Chilean government based in chapter 10 of the Chilean Constitution and it is in charge of the control of the legal aspects, management, preaudit and postaudit functions of all the activities of the centralized and decentralized civil service, whatever its forms of organization may be, as well as of other powers granted by law. The Office of Comptroller General of the Republic (Oficina de la Contraloría General de la República) was designed by a United States economic adviser, Edwin Walter Kemmerer and adopted in the 1925 constitution. In 1943 it was upgraded to an autonomous government organ through an amendment to the constitution (Law 7,727) and was retained as such in the constitution of 1980. Charged with serving as the government's auditor, it must take part in the approval or rejection of the revenue and investment accounts of public funds, scrutinizes the collection and expenditure of government funds by the National Treasury, the municipalities, and other state services as determined by law. Over the years, the agency gained a reputation for insisting on strict conformity to the law, instilling respect
    7.25
    4 votes
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    8.67
    3 votes
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    8.33
    3 votes
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    Socialist Workers' Party

    Socialist Workers Party (Spanish: Partido Socialista Obrero) was a political party in Chile in 1912, founded by Luis Emilio Recabarren as he split from the Democratic Party.
    8.33
    3 votes
    12

    Radical Party

    The Radical Party (Spanish: Partido Radical) of Chile is a Chilean political party. It was formed in 1863 in Copiapó by a split in the Liberal Party. Not coincidently, it was formed shortly after the organization of the Grand Lodge of Chile, and it has maintained a close relationship with Chilean Freemasonry throughout its life. As such, it represented the anticlericalist position in Chilean politics, and was instrumental in producing the "theological reforms" in Chilean law in the early 1880s. These laws removed the cemeteries from the control of the Roman Catholic Church, established a civil registry of births and death in place of the previous recordkeeping of the church, and established a civil law of matrimony, which removed the determination of validity of marriages from the church. Prior to these laws, it was impossible for non-Catholics to contract marriage in Chile, and meant that any children they produced were illegitimate. Non-Catholics had also been barred from burial in Catholic cemeteries, which were virtually the only cemeteries in the country; instead, non-Catholics were buried in the beaches, and even on the Santa Lucia Hill in Santiago, which, in the 19th
    8.00
    3 votes
    13

    Social Christian Conservative Party

    The Social Christian Conservative Party (Spanish: Partido Conservador Social Cristiano) was a centrist political party in Chile, founded in 1949 as the Conservative Party split in two factions. For electoral purposes, one of the factions was named the Social Christian Conservative Party (the other being called the Traditionalist Conservative Party). Some of the Social Christian Conservatives later returned to form in together with the 'Traditionals' the United Conservative Party (1953), whereas others participated in the Social Christian Federation with the Falange Nacional from 1955 to 1957. In July 1957 the Social Christian Conservative Party fused with the Chilean Falange Nacional to form the social-christian Christian Democratic Party of Chile. Source: Cruz-Coke 1984
    7.33
    3 votes
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    Union of the Centrist Center

    The Progressive Union of the Centrist Center (Spanish: Unión del Centro Centro Progresista, UCCP) was a small center-right political party in Chile. The party was founded by supermarket tycoon Francisco Javier Errázuriz to support his candidacy in the 1989 presidential elections. The charismatic Errázuriz emphasized that he was the only true centrist candidate, although his political ideology was slightly center-right. Errázuriz won 15.05% of the vote, but achieved little politically except to take votes from the right-wing candidate, Hernán Büchi. The UCCP then joined the right-wing alliance Union for Progress (Unión por el Progreso, today the Alliance for Chile). Due to disagreements between the UCCP and the National Renewal, one of the members of the Union for Progress, the UCCP broke with the alliance on 1995 and presented their own candidate, Arturo Frei, for the 1999 presidential elections. Frei fared disastrously, gaining only 0.35% of the vote, the lowest percentage of any candidate since the end of the Pinochet régime. On January 3, 2000, Senator Errázuriz retook control of the UCCP from Alejandro García and Agustín Benapres after they gave their support for Joaquín Lavín
    5.75
    4 votes
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    National Alliance of Independents

    National Alliance of Independents (in Spanish: Alianza Nacional de Independientes, ANI) is a political party in Chile. It operates in only the regions IX, X and, XII in the southern parts of the country. In the 2004 municipal elections, the ANI managed to obtain less than 1% of the vote.
    6.33
    3 votes
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    Chilean Communist Party (Proletarian Action)

    Chilean Communist Party (Proletarian Action) (in Spanish: Partido Comunista Chileno (Acción Proletaria) PC(AP)) is an non-registered anti-revisionist Marxist-leninist political party of Chile, founded in 1979 originating from the pro-Albanian tradition. PC(AP) is a member of the International Conference of Marxist-Leninist Parties and Organizations (Unity & Struggle). The Chilean Communist Party (Proletarian Action) was founded on November 8, 1979, through a split from the now defunct Revolutionary Communist Party. In 1984 the party joined "Coordinadora de Organizaciones Revolucionarias". In the 90s-2000s, the party has been member of Movimiento Izquierda Democrática Allendista, Unidos Venceremos and Juntos Podemos, leaving the latter after Guillermo Teillier (President of the Communist Party of Chile, a political party member of Juntos Podemos) called to support Concertación (then the ruling center-left bloc) candidate Michelle Bachelet in the 2006 presidential elections. While in Juntos Podemos, the party proposed their general secretary, Eduardo Artés, as an independent senate candidate for West Santiago (being an non-registered party), earning 50.000 votes. In 2009 the party
    8.00
    2 votes
    19

    Independent Liberal Party

    The Independent Liberal Party or Doctrinary (Spanish: Partido Independiente Liberal) is an independent Chilean political party which was formed during Domingo Santa María's presidency by a group of parliament members, known as the doctrinaries, who opposed him. The party began with a manifesto published on 22 October 1885. They were members of some presidential cabinets from 1891 onwards. Its founders were Miguel Luis Amunategui, Gregorio Víctor Amunategui, Vicente Reyes, Eliodoro Yáñez, Ismael Valdés and José Victorino Lastarria. Its party platform wanted an increase of public liberties, to apply universal suffrage and to establish a real democratic regime. The ILP could be seen as a tendency in the Liberal Party, it usually shared its candidate lists, but its members used to vote in a different way than the official one. Sometimes, it didn't even share a candidacy with the Liberal Party. Contrarily to the PL, whose members could be from both Liberal Alliance and the Coalition, doctrinary liberals were always members or supporters of the Alliance. In 1930 it merged into the United Liberal Party. With the downfall of president Carlos Ibáñez (1931) it rearranged as an autonomous
    8.00
    2 votes
    20

    Socialist Party of Chile

    The Socialist Party of Chile (Spanish: Partido Socialista de Chile, or PS) is a political party within the center-left Coalition of Parties for Democracy. Its historic leader was the late President of Chile Salvador Allende Gossens, who was deposed by General Pinochet in 1973. Twenty-seven years later, the President of Chile Ricardo Lagos Escobar represented the Socialist Party in the 1999 presidential elections. He won 48.0 % in the first round of voting and was elected with 51.3 % in the second round. In the last legislative elections on December 16, 2001, as part of the Coalition of Parties for Democracy, the party won 10 out of 117 seats in the Chamber of Deputies and 5 out of 38 elected seats in the Senate. After the 2005 elections, the Party increased its seats to 15 and 8, respectively. In the 2009 elections, it retained 11 Congressional and 5 Senate seats. Socialist Michelle Bachelet Jeria won the 2005 Presidential election. She was the first female president of Chile until 2010, when Sebastián Piñera became President. The Socialist Party of Chile was co-founded on April 19, 1933 by Colonel Marmaduque Grove, who had already led several governments, Oscar Schnake, Carlos
    8.00
    2 votes
    21

    Cultural Video Foundation

    www.culturalvideo.org Cultural Video Foundation - CVF - is a media production and an international non-governmental organization at the same time. The organization is based in Nairobi, Kenya. The mission of the organization is to use journalism and multimedia products for the development of a more conscious and participatory society. CVF productions aim to inform, educate, and mobilize social development. CVF operates in three main production sectors: social documentaries – tv & news – art & music. CVF activity doesn't cover just Kenya, it covers the whole East African and South African regions. Nearly two years down the road the CVF team has grown in numbers and experience. Since its establishment, CVF has successfully produced more than 20 documentaries and corporate films for international organizations and NGOs. ACTIVITIES Education and training projects using audio-video technologies, internet and multimedia Production of promotional and informational videos for NGO's, international organizations, and private companies Production of TV news reports and long-form documentaries Technical support for video conferences, multimedia events and social networking Writing and
    10.00
    1 votes
    22
    5.67
    3 votes
    23
    National Renewal

    National Renewal

    National Renewal (RN) (Spanish: Renovación Nacional), is a liberal conservative political party belonging to the Chilean centre-right political coalition Coalition for Change in conjunction with the Independent Democratic Union (UDI) and the Chile First movement (CH1). The party president is Carlos Larraín, and its principal leaders are Sebastián Piñera, president of Chile, and Andrés Allamand. National Renewal was formed in 1987 when three rightist organizations — the National Union Movement (Movimiento de Unión Nacional MUN), the National Labour Front (Frente Nacional del Trabajo FNT), and the Independent Democratic Union (Unión Demócrata Independiente UDI) — joined together in preparation for the 1988 Plebiscite that would determine the continuity or not of rule of Augusto Pinochet who had been in power since the coup of 1973. The UDI soon broke away to run as a separate party due to its strong support for the plebiscite and a Pinochet candidacy, while the remaining National Renewal party indicated its preference for an open election or a candidate other than Pinochet. However, once Pinochet was proclaimed candidate, the overwhelming majority of National Renewal supported
    5.67
    3 votes
    24

    Humanist Party

    The Humanist Party (Partido Humanista) is a progressive left-wing political party in Chile, founded in 1984. In December 1990, Laura Rodríguez became the first elected representative of any Humanist Party in the world after winning a seat as part of the Concertación coalition, after Augusto Pinochet handed over power. At the last legislative elections, December 16, 2001, the party won 1.1% of the vote but no seats. The party is a member of the Humanist International. For the 2005 presidential elections, the Humanist Party was a member of the coalition Juntos Podemos Más (Together We Can Do/Achieve More). Their presidential candidate Tomás Hirsch won 5.37% of the vote in a 4-way race between Michelle Bachelet, Sebastián Piñera, and Joaquín Lavín in the 2005 elections. He polled 4th place and therefore did not make the runoff.
    7.00
    2 votes
    25

    Liberal Party

    The Liberal Party in Chile existed between 1861 and 1946. The party ran alone in 9 elections 1946, 1931, 1925, 1896, 1891, 1886, 1881, 1876, 1861 and many more times a part of various coalitions.
    7.00
    2 votes
    26

    Independent Democratic Union

    The Independent Democratic Union (Unión Democrata Independiente, UDI) is a Chilean right-wing, conservative political party, founded in 1983. Its main inspirer was the lawyer, politician and law professor Jaime Guzmán, a civilian Augusto Pinochet's collaborator, and a senator from 1990 until his assassination on April 1, 1991. Its ideological origins date back to the Jaime Guzmán's Guildist Movement, born in the Pontifical Catholic University of Chile in 1966, espousing the independence and depoliticization of intermediate bodies of civil society. UDI, together with National Renewal (RN) and other minor movements, form a coalition of right-wing parties called Coalition for Change, which is the successor to Alliance for Chile and rose to power in March 2010, after the victory in the presidential elections held in January 2010. It is currently the largest political party in Congress. In the Chilean parliamentary election, 2009, UDI was the first majority in the election of deputies, electing 40 deputies (one third of the House) with a 23.04% (1,507,001 votes), and got a 21.21% (369,594 votes) in the election of senators. Its bench is the largest obtained by a single party in Chile
    9.00
    1 votes
    27

    People's Revolutionary Party

    People's Revolutionary Party (Spanish: Partido Revolucionario del Pueblo) is a small political party in Chile. The group has its origins in the Revolutionary Left Movement (Movimiento de Izquierda Revolucionaria or MIR).
    9.00
    1 votes
    28

    Radical Democracy Party

    The Radical Democracy (Spanish: Democracia Radical), or DR, was a Chilean political party positioned right-of-centre. The party, created in 1969, was dissolved in 1973, to reappear in 1983 before disbanding permanently in 1990. The party was composed of Radicals, opposed to the presidential candidacy of the Marxist Salvador Allende. It represented the anti-communist sector of the Radicals that separated themselves permanently from the Radical Party. The group was initially known as the Movement for Democratic Unity. It supported the presidential candidacy of independent right-winger Jorge Alessandri in 1970. A firm opponent to Salvador Allende, Radical Democracy took part in the parliamentary elections of 1973 as part of the anti-Allende CODE coalition. The party supported the military coup of 1973, voluntarily complying with its own dissolution that same year. Among its most notable members were Julio Durán Neumann (presidential candidate for Radical Democracy in 1964), Domingo Duran, Ángel Faivovich, Julio Mercado, and Rafael Señoret.
    9.00
    1 votes
    29

    United Liberal Party

    The United Liberal Party (Spanish: Partido Liberal Unido, PLU) was a Chilean liberal political party which existed between 1930 and 1933. It was the product of the union of Liberal Party, the Independent Liberal Party, Liberal Democratic Aliancist Party and the Liberal Democratic Unionist Party. The supporters of Arturo Alessandri weren't included. It was a party related to Carlos Ibáñez del Campo. As time went by, its members split up to form other parties. With the downfall of Ibáñez all groups gathered up again, led by Alessandri to create the Liberal Party (October 1930) with a mutual party platform. In this process, the ULP merged into the LP during the VI Convention (October 1933) of the LP. In the presidential elections of 1932 it presented the candidacy of Enrique Zañartu Prieto. The electoral results of 1930 aren't included. The original version of this article draws heavily on the corresponding article in the Spanish-language Wikipedia, which was accessed in the version of June 7, 2007.
    9.00
    1 votes
    30

    Christian Democratic Party

    The Christian Democratic Party (Partido Demócrata Cristiano) is a political party in Chile and governs as part of the Coalition of Parties for Democracy coalition. In the 2009 election it won 19 congress seats and 9 senate seats. It is led by Ignacio Walker. The former president of Chile, Michelle Bachelet is from another party in the coalition, the Socialist Party. There have been three Christian Democrat presidents in the past, Eduardo Frei Ruiz-Tagle, Patricio Aylwin, and Eduardo Frei Montalva. Customarily, the PDC backs specific initiatives in an effort to bridge communism and capitalism. This idea has been called "communitarian socialism." In addition to this objective, the PDC also supports a strong national government. Specifically, in the 1990s, the PDC modernized by adopting a position closer to economic liberalism. Many of the parties in Chile have come to accept the free market that has helped to revitalize Chile's economy. The current president of the PDC is Ignacio Walker. In their latest "Ideological Congress", the Christian Democrats criticized Chile's free market economy and called for changes in the economic system into a vaguely defined "social market economy"
    6.50
    2 votes
    31

    Liberal Democratic Party

    The Liberal Democratic Party (Spanish: Partido Liberal Democrático, PLD) is the name of two Chilean liberal political parties. The first one, formed by Benjamín Vicuña Mackenna, lasted very little and the second one called also balmacedist was one of the impellers of the Chilean parliamentary system from 1891 to 1925. Benjamín Vicuña Mackenna's LDP was formed in December 1875 as a support to his run for president. The Liberal Democratic Party or balmacedist was formed on 5 November 1893 during one convention in Talca. It assembled former supporters of president José Manuel Balmaceda. Its party platform was a return to a strong presidency like those previous to the Chilean Civil War in 1891. The LDP would split into the LDP-Aliancist, supporters of Arturo Alessandri and the LDP-Unionist, the opposers to Alessandri. It lasted until 1930 , when it merged into the United Liberal Party. After the downfall of president Carlos Ibáñez in 1931 it rearranged as an independent party before finally merging into the Liberal Party in 1933. The original version of this article draws heavily on the corresponding article in the Spanish-language Wikipedia, which was accessed in the version of 7 June
    6.50
    2 votes
    32

    Regionalist Action Party of Chile

    Regionalist Action Party of Chile (in Spanish: Partido de Acción Regionalista de Chile), a political party in Chile. Operates in only the regions I, II and III in the northern parts of the country. In the 2004 municipal elections the party presented 13 candidates and got 1,199 votes (0.02% of votes nationwide). The bulk of the votes came from the 2nd District of Region I, were the party got 600 votes. In the 2005 elections, the 2nd District of Region I elected PAR member Marta Isasi as deputy, the only party member elected to Congress. The leader of the party was the former socialist Jorge Soria, the former mayor of Iquique, who surprised many in the 2005 Chilean presidential election by supporting Sebastián Piñera, the center-right candidate. However, Soria has been suspended from his post because of an investigation of alleged embezzlement of municipal funds. Without him, the party collapsed and its only representative in the Chamber of Deputies, Marta Isasi, joined the National Renewal caucus, although she is still listed as belonging to the PAR.
    6.50
    2 votes
    33

    Social Democrat Radical Party

    The Social Democratic Radical Party (Partido Radical Socialdemócrata) is a social democratic party in Chile. The party is a member of Socialist International. The party was founded on August 18, 1994, out of a union between the Radical Party and the Party of Social Democracy, both of which had received poor results in the parliamentary elections. The party supported Ricardo Lagos in the 1999/2000 presidential elections, who won 48.0% in the first round and was elected with 51.3% in the second round. At the last legislative elections, 16 December 2001, the party won as part of the Coalition of Parties for Democracy 6 out of 120 seats in the Chamber of Deputies and no seats in the Senate. This changed at the 2005 elections to 7 and 1, respectively. In 2009, it won 5 congress seats and 1 senate seat.
    6.50
    2 votes
    34

    Communist Youth of Chile

    The Communist Youth of Chile (Spanish: Juventudes Comunistas de Chile [abbr. / a.k.a. 'JJ.CC.' / La 'Jota') is the youth wing of the Communist Party of Chile. It was founded on September 5, 1932, and it incorporates young communist activists between the ages of 14 to 28. The JJ.CC has political representation at the local and national level and its members have played a prominent role in the student organizations in Chile. The youth wing of the communist party currently has 5300 militants. The Communist Youth of Chile (JJ.CC.) state that they constitute a diverse group of young people, that have acknowledge that to effectuate social change there is a fundamental need to organize politically. They state that there are urgent problems in Chilean society that will not be solved by the isolated acts of individuals; that therefore, they have chosen to give up part of their individual autonomy in order to be part of a collective and great movement. The Communist Youth of Chile is a broad youth political organization which is composed of people from all walks of life: blue-collar workers, indigenous people, professionals, intellectuals, students, athletes and artists. It forms the youth
    6.00
    2 votes
    35
    Party for Democracy

    Party for Democracy

    The Party for Democracy (Partido por la Democracia) is a political party in Chile; it is social democratic in its political orientation. It was founded in December 1987 by Ricardo Lagos, who aimed at forming a legal social democratic party (the Socialist Party remained illegal at the time). The party continued to function after the defeat of Pinochet. Until 1997, double membership of PPD and the Socialist Party was allowed. In the parliamentary elections held since the return of democracy to Chile, the Party for Democracy has invariably won somewhat more votes (and seats) than the Socialist Party. The party nominated, as part of the Concertación (Coalition of Parties for Democracy), in the 1999/2000 presidential elections Ricardo Lagos Escobar, the main leader of the party, who won 48.0 % in the first round and was elected with 51.3 % in the second round. At the 2001 legislative election, the party ran as part of the Coalition of Parties for Democracy and won 20 out of 120 seats in the Chamber of Deputies and 3 out of 38 elected seats in the Senate. This changed at the 2005 elections to 21 and 3. In 2009, it won 18 seats in the Chamber of Deputies and 4 in the Senate.
    5.50
    2 votes
    36
    Communist Party of Chile

    Communist Party of Chile

    The Communist Party of Chile (Spanish: Partido Comunista de Chile) is a Chilean political party inspired by the thoughts of Karl Marx and Lenin. It was founded in 1922, as the continuation of the Socialist Workers Party, and in 1932 it established its youth wing, the Communist Youth of Chile (Juventudes Comunistas de Chile [abbr:JJ.CC]). In the last legislative elections in Chile on December 13, 2009, the party won as part of the Concertación/Juntos Podemos Más list 3 out of 120 seats in the Chamber of Deputies. It achieved congressional representation shortly thereafter and played a leading role in the development of the Chilean labor movement. Closely tied to the Soviet Union and the Third International, the PCCh participated in the Popular Front (Frente Popular) government of 1938, growing rapidly among the unionized working class in the 1940s. It then participated to the Popular Front's successor, the Democratic Alliance. Concern over the PCCh's success at building a strong electoral base, combined with the onset of the Cold War, led to its being outlawed in 1948 by a Radical government, a status it had to endure for almost a decade until 1958 when it was again legalized. By
    7.00
    1 votes
    37

    Citizen Left

    The Christian Left Party of Chile (Spanish: Partido Izquierda Cristiana de Chile) is a Chilean left-wing political party. Founded in 1971, in its early days it was suppressed by the Pinochet dictatorship. It is nowadays part of the Juntos PODEMOS Más alliance, that also includes the PCCh. The Izquierda Cristiana party was founded when a number of Christian Democrats left their party in protest against the party's cooperation with the right-wing forces and confrontation with the Allende government. Thus, on 31 July 1971 Bosco Parra declared that he saw no future for christian left positions within the Christian Democrat party. He was joined by 6 other MPs, Fernando Buzeta, Jaime Concha, Alberto Jaramillo, Luís Maira, Pedro Urra and Pedro Videla, as well as by Silvia Alvarez, the only woman and Luís Badilla, the leader of the Christian Democratic youth organization. At this stage, the new organization was joined by a number of MAPU militants (incl. 3 senators: Julio Silva Solar, Alberto Jerez and Jacques Chonchol) who were dissatisfied with their party's affiliation with Marxism-Leninism. The Christian Left Party was part of the Unidad Popular coalition, and declared itself to be a
    6.00
    1 votes
    38

    Workers' United Center of Chile

    The Workers' United Center of Chile (Spanish: Central Unitaria de Trabajadores de Chile, CUT) is a union federation in Chile. The CUT was founded in 1953, but it was suppressed after the Chilean coup of 1973. It was refounded in September 1988 near the end of Augusto Pinochet's dictatorship. The CUT is affiliated with the International Trade Union Confederation (ITUC).
    4.50
    2 votes
    39

    Centro Ecoceanos

    Centro Ecoceanos for Conservation and Sustainable Development, is an independent, non governmental, non-profit organization based in Chile, working to promote conservation and sustainable management of coastal and ocean ecosystems, the strengthening of public participation in decision-making related to those ecosystems, and the sustainable development of artisanal fisheries and local costal communities. Through the development of research projects, environmental education, communication activities, and citizens’ campaigns for environmental protection, Centro Ecoceanos has been encouraging public engagement in issues affecting costal and ocean ecosystems both at the local level and worldwide.
    4.00
    2 votes
    40

    Green Ecologist Party

    The Ecologist Party (Partido Ecologista) is a Chilean political party and one of South America's members of the global green movement. The Ecologist Party was formed in 2002 and legalized officially on 21 January 2008 in the Electoral Service. It is the first political party of cut Chilean environmentalist, and the first officially affiliated with the Global Greens. Its activities include lectures, forums and workshops related to waste management and prevention of environmental degradation. Participated for the municipal elections of 2008 in an alliance (For a clean Chile) with the Regionalist Party of Independents (PRI). He managed to pick 1 as an independent councilman in the municipality of San Pedro de La Paz.
    0.00
    0 votes
    41

    Liberal Alliance

    In 1891, after the Chilean Civil War and the dissolution of the coalition between conservatives, radicals and antibalmacedist liberals the Radical Party, the Democrat Party and several liberal organizations formed the Liberal Alliance (Spanish: Alianza Liberal). It was the main opposer of the Coalition. Along with the Coalition, it was one of the two parties of the bipartidist system of that period, the era of the Chilean parliamentary republic. The Alliance would later be called the Liberal Union, during a period in which it was a union of the radicals, the democrats and all liberal groups (liberales, liberales democrats, nationals and the doctrinary liberals) . It disappeared in 1925. The original version of this article draws heavily on the corresponding article in the Spanish-language Wikipedia, which was accessed in the version of 8 June 2007.
    0.00
    0 votes
    42

    National Party

    The National Party (Partido Nacional) of Chile was a Chilean political party formed by the union of the United Conservative Party, the United Liberal Party and the Partido Acción Nacional (founded in 1963 by Jorge Prat Echaurren, who had been Minister of Finances in 1954 in Carlos Ibáñez del Campo's cabinet). It represented the right-wing of the Chilean political spectrum, against the centrist Christian Democratic Party of Chile and the leftist coalition People's Unity. Its candidate Jorge Alessandri lost the 1970 presidential election. Three years later, in August 1973, after escalating political polarization, the Christian Democrats joined with the National Party in the same legislature against Allende. The following month, newly appointed chief of staff General Augusto Pinochet led the 1973 military coup against Allende, after which the National Party voluntarily dissolved itself. It attempted to re-form in 1983 but was unable to compete with the new right-wing parties, the Independent Democratic Union (UDI) and National Renewal. After poor electoral showing, it disbanded during the transition to democracy, in 1994.
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    43

    Popular Unitary Action Movement

    The Popular Unitary Action Movement or MAPU (Spanish: Movimiento de Acción Popular Unitario) was a small leftist political party in Chile. It was part of the Popular Unity coalition during the government of Salvador Allende. MAPU was repressed during the dictatorship of Augusto Pinochet. In this period, some of its most radical members formed the Movimiento Juvenil Lautaro, whose leaders were political prisoners during the dictatorship and with the return to democracy. Another faction of the former members of the party joined the social democratic Party for Democracy in 1987. MAPU was first formed as a splinter group of the Christian Democrat Party of Chile on May 19, 1969. At the time, Christian Democrats were in the government and many party members, especially among the youth, became critical of the party's policies that they regarded as pro-American and pro-imperialist. It joined the Unidad Popular coalition of Salvador Allende and participated in his government. The party's ideological line was not clearly defined at first. In fact, the party leaders were encouraged by Allende and Fidel Castro (whom the MAPU delegation met in 1972 when visiting Cuba) not to embrace Marxism
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