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James Fitzpatrick (born 4 April 1952) is a British Labour Party politician, who has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for Poplar and Limehouse since the 2010 General Election. From 1997 to the 2010 election he was the member for Poplar and Canning Town. He was Minister of State for Farming and the Environment at the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs during the Brown Ministry.
Fitzpatrick was born in Glasgow, Scotland and was educated locally at the Holyrood R.C. Secondary School in Crosshill. From 1970 he was a trainee with Tytrak in Glasgow, before moving to London in 1973 to become a driver with Mintex. In 1974 he became a firefighter with the London Fire Brigade, being decorated with the Fire Brigade Long Service and Good Conduct Medal in 1994, and left the fire service upon his election to Westminster.
He is married to Dr Sheila Fitzpatrick and has two children from a previous marriage. He supports West Ham United Football Club, enjoys watching cricket and is also a vegetarian.
In 2011, Fitzpatrick was honoured to receive the Freedom of the City of London and subsequently was admitted as a Liveryman of the Worshipful Company of Shipwrights.
Sir Peter Alfred Soulsby (born 27 December 1948) is a British Labour Party politician and the current Mayor of Leicester. He was the Member of Parliament (MP) for Leicester South from 2005 until he resigned in order to contest the new post of mayor in April 2011. He is considered to be one of the most powerful public officials in the United Kingdom.
Born in Bishop Auckland, Soulsby attended the Minchenden School (a grammar school, which merged with Arnos School in 1984 to become Broomfield School although the former building is now used by Southgate College) on High Street in Southgate London, and then he studied at the City of Leicester College of Education in Scraptoft (part of Scraptoft Hall, which later was to become the Scraptoft Campus of De Montfort University until its closure in 2003) where he gained a BEd. He worked as a teacher at Crown Hills Secondary Modern School and in special needs schools.
He was first elected to Leicester City Council in 1974 and remained a Labour councillor until he was defeated in Spinney Hills ward in May 2003. Despite his own opposition to the Iraq War and his participation in rallies and marches, his defeat (and that of other sitting Labour
Douglas Garven Alexander (born 26 October 1967) is a British Labour Party politician, who is currently the Shadow Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs in the shadow cabinet of Ed Miliband. He has held cabinet posts under Tony Blair and Gordon Brown, including Secretary of State for Scotland (2006–07) and Secretary of State for International Development (2007–10). He is the Member of Parliament (MP) for the Paisley & Renfrewshire South constituency, having first been elected to parliament in 1997.
Born in Glasgow, Alexander was first elected to parliament as the Labour Party candidate in the Paisley South by-election in 1997. In 2003, he became a junior minister and held several non-cabinet positions including Minister for Europe (2005–06). For the 2005 General Election, Alexander's Paisley South constituency was abolished, and he was elected in its successor seat, Paisley & Renfrewshire South, which takes in most of Paisley town centre and southern areas of the town, as well as the towns of Glenburn, Howwood, Johnstone, Kilbarchan and Lochwinnoch. From 2006-07, he held the two cabinet posts of Secretary of State for Scotland and Secretary of State for Transport.
James Donnelly Touhig, Baron Touhig, PC, KSS (born 5 December 1947) is a British Labour Co-operative politician from Wales. He was the Member of Parliament for Islwyn from 1995 until his retirement in 2010.
He went to St Francis RC School in Abersychan near Pontypool, then the Mid Gwent College (now Coleg Gwent) in Pontypool. Before entering parliament, he had been a journalist from 1968-76. From 1976-90, he was the Editor of the Free Press of Monmouthshire (Monmouth Free Press). From 1988-92, he was the General Manager and Editor-in-Chief of the Free Press Group of newspapers. He was the General Manager (business development) of the Bailey Group from 1992-3, then of Bailey Print from 1993-5. He served on Gwent County Council from 1973-95. He joined the TGWU in 1962 and the Labour Party in 1966.
He contested the Richmond and Barnes seat in the 1992 general election. He was elected to Parliament in a by-election on 16 February 1995, to replace Neil Kinnock (party leader from 1983 to 1992), who had resigned. From 1996-7, he was on the Welsh Affairs Select Committee. He served as parliamentary private secretary to Gordon Brown and as a whip before becoming a minister. He had to resign
Jeremy Richard Streynsham Hunt, PC, MP (born 1 November 1966) is a British Conservative Party politician, who is the Secretary of State for Health, and the Member of Parliament for South West Surrey.
Jeremy Hunt was born in Lambeth Hospital, Kennington, the elder son of Admiral Sir Nicholas Hunt, who was then a Commander in the Royal Navy assigned to work for the Director of Naval Plans inside the recently created Ministry of Defence, by his wife Meriel Eve née Givan (now Lady Hunt), daughter of Major Henry C. Givan. Hunt was raised in Shere, near the constituency that he now represents in Parliament.
Hunt was educated at Charterhouse School, where he was Head Boy, before attending Magdalen College, Oxford, where he graduated with a First in PPE. He became involved in Conservative politics while at university, where David Cameron and Boris Johnson were contemporaries. He was active in the Oxford University Conservative Association (OUCA), and was elected to serve as President in 1987.
After university Hunt worked for a short period of time as a management consultant, and then decided to pursue life as an English language teacher in Japan. Whilst living in Japan he became a
David George Hanson (born 5 July 1957) is a British Labour Party politician, who has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for Delyn since 1992. He was the Minister of State for Security, Counter-Terrorism, Crime and Policing from 2009 to 2010. From the 11th May 2010 he has been the shadow police and justice minister and also Shadow Treasury Minister.
Hanson was born in Liverpool, Merseyside, the son of Brian Hanson (deceased) a forklift truck driver and Glenda Hanson a personnel records clerk, one younger sister, Helen. David was educated at Roscoe Primary School in Liverpool, Grange Primary School in Winsford and the Verdin Comprehensive School (now called Verdin High School, and known as Winsford Verdin Grammar School before 1970) on Grange Lane in Winsford, Cheshire and the University of Hull where he received a BA in 1978 and a CertEd in 1980, whilst in Hull he was the vice president of the university Students' union and a member of Hull University Labour Club. He began his career with the Cooperative Society in 1980 as a trainee manager, becoming a manager in Plymouth in 1981 until he joined Spastics Society, now scope, in 1982. He left the Spastics Society in 1989 when he was
David Wright Miliband (born 15 July 1965) is a British Labour Party politician who has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for South Shields since 2001, and was the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs from 2007 to 2010. He is the elder son of the late Marxist theorist Ralph Miliband. He and his brother, the Leader of the Labour Party Ed Miliband, were the first siblings to sit in the Cabinet simultaneously since Edward, Lord Stanley, and Oliver Stanley in 1938.
Born in London, Miliband studied at Oxford University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, where he started his career at the Institute for Public Policy Research. At 29, Miliband became Tony Blair's Head of Policy whilst the Labour Party was in opposition and was a major contributor to Labour's manifesto for the 1997 general election which brought the party to power. Blair made him head of the Prime Minister's Policy Unit from 1997 to 2001, following which Miliband was elected to parliament for the North East England seat of South Shields.
Miliband spent the next few years in various junior ministerial posts, including at the Department for Education and Skills, before becoming Environment
John David Pugh (born 28 June 1948; Liverpool) is a Liberal Democrat politician in the United Kingdom. He is Member of Parliament (MP) for Southport. First elected in 2001 with a majority of 3,007, he was re-elected in 2005 with a slightly increased majority of 3,838, and again in 2010 with a majority of 6,024, or 13.8%.
Pugh was educated at Prescot Grammar School and Maidstone Grammar School. He graduated from Durham University, attending St Cuthbert's Society, where he studied Philosophy.
Formerly a religious studies teacher and Head of Philosophy and Religious Studies at Merchant Taylors' School, Crosby, Pugh has lived in Southport since 1974.
Pugh joined the Liberal Party in 1977. Pugh served on Sefton Metropolitan Borough Council, representing Birkdale, from 1987 until his election to Parliament. At the time of his election, Pugh was leader of the council (from 1992), and of the Sefton Liberal Democrats.
In the 2007 leadership election, John Pugh supported Nick Clegg in preference to Chris Huhne.
Amongst Pugh's campaigning interests is public sector IT, specifically around the role Open Source Software might play. Pugh has argued that the public sector could reduce costs by
Daphne Barbara Follett (née Hubbard, born 25 December 1942) is a British Labour Party politician who was the Member of Parliament (MP) for Stevenage from 1997 until 2010. She is married to the author Ken Follett.
Follett was a junior minister at the Department for Communities and Local Government and Minister for the East of England, and was a highly notable case in the United Kingdom Parliamentary expenses scandal having overclaimed the highest amount of expenses of any MP in the country.
She was born Daphne Barbara Hubbard in Kingston, Jamaica, where her father was an insurance executive. In 1946 the family returned, first to Jersey then in 1947 to Billericay, Essex. In 1952 the family moved to Ethiopia. In 1957 after an unfortunate incident involving her alcoholic father, a toast and a drinks trolley, the family were asked to leave the country and went to Cape Town in South Africa. She began a University degree in Art, but in 1962 had to give it up and started work with Barclays Bank.
She married Richard Turner in 1963 and they went to Paris where she worked for the Berlitz School of Languages. They returned to South Africa in 1966 to run his mother's fruit farm in Stellenbosch.
for the American party formed in 1832 see Whig Party (United States)
The Whigs were a party in the Parliament of England, Parliament of Great Britain, and Parliament of the United Kingdom, who contested power with the rival Tories from the 1680s to the 1850s. The Whigs' origin lay in constitutional monarchism and opposition to absolute rule. The Whigs played a central role in the Glorious Revolution of 1688, and were the standing enemies of the Stuart kings and pretenders, who were Roman Catholic. The Whigs took full control of the government in 1715, and remained totally dominant until King George III, coming to the throne in 1760, allowed Tories back in. The "Whig Supremacy" (1715–60) was enabled by the Hanoverian succession of George I in 1714 and the failed Jacobite rising of 1715 by Tory rebels. The Whigs thoroughly purged the Tories from all major positions in government, the army, the Church of England, the legal profession and local officials. The leader of the Whigs was Robert Walpole, who maintained control of the government in the period 1721–1742; his protégé was Henry Pelham (1743–54).
Both parties began as loose groupings or tendencies, but became quite formal by
Ian Richard Kyle Paisley, Baron Bannside, PC (born 6 April 1926) is a politician and former church minister from Northern Ireland. As the leader of the Democratic Unionist Party (DUP), he and Sinn Féin's Martin McGuinness were elected First Minister and deputy First Minister respectively on 8 May 2007. Paisley retired from religious ministry on 27 January 2012.
In addition to co-founding the DUP and leading it from 1971 to 2008, he is a founding member and was Moderator for 57 years of the Free Presbyterian Church of Ulster. In 2005, Paisley's political party became the largest unionist party in Northern Ireland, displacing his long-term rivals, the Ulster Unionists (UUP), who had dominated unionist politics in Northern Ireland since before the partition of Ireland.
On 4 March 2008 Paisley announced that he would step down as First Minister and leader of the DUP after the US-Northern Ireland Investment Conference in May 2008. Peter Robinson took over as DUP leader on 31 May 2008, and replaced Paisley as First Minister on 5 June 2008. Paisley was made a life peer in the Dissolution Honours List of Prime Minister Gordon Brown, ennobled on 18 June 2010 as Baron Bannside, of North
Keith Robert Simpson (born 29 March 1949, in Norwich, England) is a British politician and military historian. A member of the Conservative Party, he has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for Broadland since the 2010 general election, having previously served as the MP for Mid Norfolk from 1997 to 2010. He is currently Parliamentary Private Secretary to the Foreign Secretary, William Hague.
The son of Harry Simpson and Jean Day, Keith was educated at Thorpe Grammar School (now known as Thorpe St Andrew School), in Thorpe St Andrew, Norfolk. He went on earn a BA in History at the University of Hull, and undertook postgraduate research in War Studies at King's College London.
Simpson served as the National Vice-Chairman of the Federation of Conservative Students from 1972-3.
He was Head of Foreign Affairs and Defence at Conservative Central Office from 1986-8. From 1988-90, he was a Political Adviser to the Secretary of State for Defence (first to George Younger, and then to Tom King).
Simpson was the Conservative Parliamentary candidate for Plymouth Devonport at the 1992 General Election, where he lost to the Labour candidate David Jamieson.
At the 1997 General Election, Simpson
Jane Ann, Lady Winterton (née Hodgson) (born 6 March 1941 in Sutton Coldfield) is a British Conservative Party politician who was the Member of Parliament (MP) for Congleton from 1983 to 2010. She is married to Sir Nicholas Winterton, who also served as a Conservative MP representing the neighbouring constituency of Macclesfield.
Winterton was educated at Erdington Grammar School for Girls. Following her election to represent Congleton in 1983, she was a member of several select committees, including Agriculture (1987–1997), the Chairman's Panel (1992–1998) and the National Drug Strategy (1998–2001), Social Security (2000–2001) and the Unopposed Bills Panel since 1997. She is a representative of the Organisation for Security and Co-operation in Europe, and a Patron of Cheshire National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children. She is also President of the Congleton Pantomime Society.
Along with her husband, she managed to ask questions at Tony Blair's last Prime Minister's Questions in 2007.
Winterton became Shadow Rural Affairs Minister in 2001, and was sacked the next year for telling the following joke at a rugby club dinner:
In February 2004 she had the Conservative
Angus Brendan MacNeil (Scottish Gaelic: Aonghas Brianan MacNèill) (born 21 July 1970) is the Scottish National Party (SNP) Member of Parliament (MP) for Na h-Eileanan an Iar. He is the SNP's Westminster spokesperson for Transport, for Tourism, for Fishing, Food and Rural Affairs and for Scotland Office matters.
MacNeil was educated at Castlebay Secondary School, Barra, and the Nicolson Institute, Stornoway, before graduating from Strathclyde University in 1992. He played shinty whilst at university. He worked as an engineer and as a reporter for BBC Radio Scotland before qualifying as a teacher in 1996 at Jordanhill College. His first post as a primary teacher was at Salen Primary School where he taught the first Gaelic Medium Class on the Isle of Mull.
He was elected in the 2005 general election, defeating Calum MacDonald of the Labour Party. In March 2006, MacNeil came to widespread public attention after lodging a formal complaint with the Metropolitan Police regarding the Labour Party Cash for Peerages scandal. In April 2006, he and former "anti-corruption" MP Martin Bell wrote to prime minister, Tony Blair calling for all appointments to the House of Lords to be suspended in
Hazel Anne Blears (born 14 May 1956) is a British Labour Party politician, who has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for Salford and Eccles since 2010 and was previously the MP for Salford since 1997. She served in the Cabinet as Minister without Portfolio and Labour Chair between 2006 and 2007, and Secretary of State for Communities and Local Government from 2007 to 2009, when she resigned. Commenting on the announcement, Prime Minister Gordon Brown, said that Blears had made an "outstanding contribution" to public life.
Hazel Blears was born in Salford on 14 May 1956, the daughter of a maintenance fitter. As a young child, Hazel and her brother Stephen both played street urchins in the film A Taste of Honey which was filmed in Salford in 1961, when Blears was aged five. Blears was educated at Worsley Wardley Grammar School in Salford and then Eccles College on Chatsworth Road in Ellesmere Park, Eccles. She went to Trent Polytechnic in Nottingham (now known as Nottingham Trent University), graduating with a BA (Hons) degree in Law, and later, the Chester College of Law in 1977.
Hazel Blears started her career in Salford as a trainee solicitor with Salford City Council in 1978.
Lembit Öpik ( /ˈlɛmbɪt ˈoʊpɪk/, Estonian pronunciation: [ˈlembit ˈøpˑik]; born 2 March 1965) is a British politician. A member of the Liberal Democrats, he served as a Member of Parliament (MP) representing the constituency of Montgomeryshire in Wales from 1997 until he lost his seat at the 2010 general election. He was the leader of the Welsh Liberal Democrats from 2001 to 2007.
Öpik stood unsuccessfully for the position of President of the party in 2004 and 2008. He was also unsuccessful in a bid to become the Liberal Democrats' nominee for Mayor of London in the 2012 mayoral election.
Beyond his political work, Öpik has also been in the public eye through his appearances on several television shows, and as a result of his high-profile personal relationships with ITV weather presenter Siân Lloyd and with pop star Gabriela Irimia of the Cheeky Girls, which drew considerable media attention.
Öpik's parents were from Estonia, but after its occupation by the Soviet Union under Joseph Stalin, they fled to Northern Ireland. Öpik was born in Bangor, County Down, the elder son of Liivi Opik (née Vedo) and physicist Dr Uno Opik (19 October 1926 – 6 May 2005), and grew up there with sister
Gregory Thomas Mulholland (born 31 August 1970) is a Liberal Democrat politician in the United Kingdom, and is the Member of Parliament for Leeds North West. He was first elected at the 2005 general election, winning the seat from Labour and was re-elected with an increased majority at the 2010 general election. Before his parliamentary career, he served as a councillor for Headingley. He has served as a Liberal Democrat spokesman for Health, Schools and International Development.
Born in Manchester, Mulholland attended St. Ambrose College near Altrincham and studied politics at the University of York, going on to achieve an MA in Public Administration and Public Policy. While at York University he played at centre for the university rugby league team in matches against Bradford, Leeds, Manchester and Hull. He then worked in marketing for five years, including two years spent in Edinburgh, working on several national promotional campaigns.
His first experience in politics was canvassing in the Knowsley North by-election in 1986, while studying politics for A-level.
He had a long-standing interest and involvement in international development, trade justice and debt campaigns. He was
Stewart Hosie (born 3 January 1963) is the Scottish National Party (SNP) Member of Parliament (MP) for Dundee East. He is Deputy Leader and Chief Whip of the SNP Westminster Group and House of Commons party spokesperson on the Treasury and Economic matters. He sits on the Commons Treasury Select Committee.
Born in Dundee, he was educated at Brackens Primary School, Invertay Primary School Monifieth, Carnoustie High School and Bell Street Tech, (now Abertay University) where he gained an HD in Computer Studies. Stewart worked in IT/IS for 20 years and ran his own business. He is married to Shona Robison, the SNP MSP for Dundee East and Scottish Minister for Public Health. They have a daughter, Morag Louise, and live in the constituency. Prior to his election he was the SNP's first Youth Convener and spent four years as the Party's National Secretary before being elected as the Organisation Convener in 2003.
First standing for the UK Parliament at the 1992 Westminster Election in Kirkcaldy, Hosie went on to stand for both the Westminster and Scottish parliaments. He contested Kirkcaldy at the 1997 Westminster election, coming second with 22.9%, and at the 1999 Scottish parliamentary
Austin Vernon Mitchell (born 19 September 1934) is a British Labour Party politician who has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for Great Grimsby since a 1977 by-election.
Born in Bradford, Mitchell was educated at Woodbottom Council School, Bingley Grammar School, the University of Manchester and Nuffield College, Oxford.
From 1959–63 he lectured in History at the University of Otago in Dunedin, New Zealand. While lecturing in sociology, from 1963–67, at the University of Canterbury, Mitchell wrote a popular book about New Zealand, The Half Gallon Quarter Acre Pavlova Paradise (1972). The book title became a phrase in the New Zealand English lexicon. In the 1960s and 70s, New Zealand had been a socialist laboratory. In the 80s and 90s, it was transformed into an open market economy. These drastic changes provided ample subject matter for social analysis, and thirty years later Mitchell wrote Pavlova Paradise Revisited (2002), after another New Zealand expedition. From 1967–69, Mitchell was an Official Fellow at Nuffield College.
He was a journalist at ITV company Yorkshire Television from 1969 to 1977, presenting their regional news show Calendar, although he spent a short period
Anthony David Wright (born 12 August 1954) is a British Labour Party politician who was the Member of Parliament (MP) for Great Yarmouth from 1997 until losing his seat at the 2010 election.
Wright attended to St George's Infant School, Priory Junior School, and Hospital Secondary Modern School.
From 1970–74, he was an engineering apprentice, then a mechanical engineer from 1974–83. He worked originally with ErieElectronics, and then was subsequently employed at Brown and Root and Probe Oil Tools.
It was through his work as an engineer that he became involved in a trade union and entered politics.
In his political career, Wright first stood for a Council seat in 1979 and missed out losing by 86 votes. He was subsequently voted in in 1980 until 1982 when he lost by 15 votes. Wright was then re-elected in 1986 and remained a Councillor until 1998.
In total he served fourteen years for Great Yarmouth Borough Council and was chairman of various committees, Deputy Leader for four years and Leader of the council for over two years from 1995 until 1997.
In addition, in 1983 Wright was employed by Great Yarmouth Labour Party as full time organiser up until the 1997 general election when he
The Communist Party of Great Britain (CPGB) was the largest communist party in Great Britain, although it never became a mass party like those in France and Italy. It existed from 1920 to 1991.
The Communist Party of Great Britain was founded in 1920 after the Third International decided that greater attempts should be made to establish communist parties across the world. The CPGB was formed by the merger of several smaller Marxist parties, including the British Socialist Party, the Communist Unity Group of the Socialist Labour Party and the South Wales Socialist Society. The party also gained the support of the Guild Communists faction of the National Guilds League, assorted shop stewards' and workers' committees, socialist clubs and individuals and many former members of the Hands Off Russia campaign. Several branches and many individual members of the Independent Labour Party also affiliated. As a member of the British Socialist Party, the Member of Parliament Cecil L'Estrange Malone joined the CPGB.
In January 1921, the CPGB was refounded after the majorities of Sylvia Pankhurst's group the Communist Party (British Section of the Third International), and the Scottish Communist
The Green Party was a Green political party in the United Kingdom. It has been succeeded by three political parties:
An interview with overpopulation expert Paul R. Ehrlich in Playboy Magazine inspired husband and wife solicitors Lesley and Tony Whittaker - an ex-Conservative Party activist from Coventry - and others, to convene the short lived 'Club of Thirteen'. Though many in this 'Club' were wary of forming a political party; they joined 2 other members, Michael Benfield and Freda Sanders, to form 'PEOPLE' as a political party to challenge the UK political establishment, in Coventry during 1972/3. Subsequently recognised as perhaps the world's earliest Green party this had the first edition of the Manifesto for a Sustainable Society as its statement of policies inspired by Blueprint for Survival (published by The Ecologist magazine). The editor of The Ecologist, Edward 'Teddy' Goldsmith, merged his 'Movement for Survival' with PEOPLE. Goldsmith became one of the leading members of the new party during the 1970s.
Derek Wall, in his history of the Green Party, maintains that the new political movement focused initially on the theme of survival, which shaped the "bleak evolution"
Graham William Allen (born 11 January 1953) is a British Labour Party politician, who has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for Nottingham North since 1987.
Born in 1953 in Nottingham, he was educated at the local Robert Shaw Primary School in Aspley and Forest Fields Grammar School in Forest Fields. He got a degree at the City of London Polytechnic, and an MA at the University of Leeds, where studied with Prof Ralph Miliband.
He joined the Labour Party in 1971 when he was working as a warehouse worker. He worked for four years from 1979 as a Research Officer with the Labour Party. In 1982 he was elected as a councillor to the London Borough of Tower Hamlets, which he served until 1986. He was a local government officer at the Greater London Council, before he worked for the Trade Union movement, running the first Political Fund ballots, and then with the GMB.
Graham Allen is the Chair of the Political and Constitutional Reform Select Committee in the House of Commons to which he was elected by the whole House in 2010. In 2011 he wrote two seminal reports for Her Majesty's Government on Early Intervention. He contested the seat of Nottingham North at the 1987 General Election.
Margaret Mary Beckett (née Jackson; born 15 January 1943) is a British Labour Party politician who has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for Derby South since 1983, rising to become the Deputy Leader of the Labour Party under John Smith, from 18 July 1992 to 12 May 1994, and briefly serving as Leader of the Party following Smith's death. She later served in the Cabinet under Tony Blair, most notably being appointed Foreign Secretary in 2006.
Beckett was first elected to Parliament in 1974 and held junior positions in the governments of Harold Wilson and James Callaghan. She lost her seat in 1979 but returned to the House of Commons in 1983 and became a senior member of the Labour Party. She was elected Deputy Leader of the Labour Party in 1992 and was briefly its leader in 1994 following the premature death of John Smith, the first woman to occupy either role.
After Labour's victory in the 1997 general election, Beckett became a member of Tony Blair's Cabinet. Initially the President of the Board of Trade, she was later the Leader of the House of Commons and Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs. In 2006, Blair appointed her Foreign Secretary, making her the
Vera Baird QC (born Vera Thomas on 13 February 1950) is a British Labour Party activist, barrister, author and lecturer. She serves as a visiting professor at London South Bank University and a visiting law lecturer at Teesside University. She is also an honorary fellow of St Hilda's College, Oxford, a co-director of Astraea Gender Justice (research and education) and the chair of Eaves for Women Charity. She is the only woman honorary member of the Durham Miners Association. She was the Member of Parliament (MP) for Redcar from 2001 to 2010, when she lost her seat to the Liberal Democrats with the highest swing against any Labour candidate anywhere in the country prompted by local anger over the closure of Teesside Steelworks.
Baird is Labour's candidate to be the Police and Crime Commissioner in Northumbria, selected by the highest vote for any candidate nationwide in a one-member-pne-vote ballot of Northumbria Labour Party members. She featured her intention to champion neighbourhood policing, improve how anti-social behaviour and drug crime are dealt with and prioritise tackling violence against women.
Vera Baird was born in Chadderton near Oldham, Lancashire, the daughter of
Ann Noreen Widdecombe (born 4 October 1947) is a former British Conservative Party politician and has been a novelist since 2000. She is a Privy Councillor and was the Member of Parliament for Maidstone from 1987 to 1997 and for Maidstone and The Weald from 1997 to 2010. She was a social conservative and a member of the Conservative Christian Fellowship. She retired from politics at the 2010 general election. Since 2002 she has also made numerous television and radio appearances, including as a television presenter. She is a convert from Anglicanism to Roman Catholicism.
When an MP Widdecombe was known for her strong socially conservative views, opposing the legality of abortion and supporting the re-introduction of the death penalty.
Born in Bath, Somerset, Widdecombe is the daughter of a Ministry of Defence civil servant James Murray Widdecombe and Rita N Plummer. She attended the Royal Navy School in Singapore, and a convent school in Bath. She then read Latin at Birmingham University and later attended Lady Margaret Hall, Oxford, to read Philosophy, Politics and Economics (PPE). She worked for Unilever (1973–75) and then as an administrator at the University of London (1975–87)
The Liberal Party was one of the two major political parties of the United Kingdom during the 19th and early 20th centuries. It was the third largest political party throughout the latter half of the 20th century. The party moved towards social liberalism during the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and came to be seen as being on the centre-left of British politics.
It grew out of the Whig Party in 1859, and William Gladstone carried the party through governments in the late 19th century. The party split over the issue of Irish Home Rule, but returned to power in 1906 through a landslide victory. During this time in government, the Liberals are credited with the so-called Liberal Reforms, which saw the creation of a basic welfare state. During World War I, the Liberals governed Britain through a coalition with the Conservatives, which ended in 1922. In the 1920s, the Labour Party permanently replaced the Liberals as the largest opponent of the Conservative Party in British politics, and the Liberals went into decline, which culminated in their winning as few as 6 seats at general elections during the 1950s. A comeback of sorts was seen during the 1960s and 1970s, but it was not
Michael Howard, Baron Howard of Lympne, CH, PC, QC, (born 7 July 1941) is a British politician, who served as the Leader of the Conservative Party and Leader of the Opposition from November 2003 to December 2005. He had previously held cabinet positions in the governments of Margaret Thatcher and John Major, including Secretary of State for Employment, Secretary of State for the Environment and Home Secretary.
Howard was born in Gorseinon, South Wales. He joined the Young Conservatives at 15 and studied at Peterhouse, Cambridge. In 1964 he was called to the Bar and became a Queen's Counsel in 1982. He became a Member of Parliament (MP) in the 1983 General Election, representing the constituency of Folkestone and Hythe. This quickly led to promotion and Howard became Minister for Local Government in 1987. Under Prime Minister John Major (1990–1997), he held several cabinet positions including Secretary of State for Employment (1990–1992) and Home Secretary (1993–1997).
Following the Conservative Party's defeat in the 1997 General Election, Howard unsuccessfully made a bid for the post of Conservative Party leader and held the posts of Shadow Foreign Secretary (1997–1999) and Shadow
Susan Veronica Kramer, Baroness Kramer (born 22 July 1950) is a British Liberal Democrat politician. She was Member of Parliament (MP) for Richmond Park from 2005 to 2010, having been an unsuccessful candidate in the London mayoral election in 2000.
Kramer was born in Holborn, London, in 1950. She was educated at St Paul's Girls' School, followed by St Hilda's College at the University of Oxford, where she read Philosophy, Politics and Economics, and was President of the Oxford Union in 1971. She then did an MBA at the University of Illinois in the United States.
Kramer began her career in finance, and rose to become a Vice-President of Citibank in Chicago. She and her husband then set up International Capital Partners, a firm which advises on infrastructure projects, primarily in Central and Eastern Europe. She remains a director of the firm.
In 1999, Kramer was on the Liberal Democrat party list for the London constituency at the European Parliament elections, though she was not elected. The following year, she stood as the Liberal Democrat candidate in the election for Mayor of London against Ken Livingstone, and other candidates. She finished fourth with 11.9% of the vote. In
Eric Jack Pickles (born 20 April 1952) is a British Conservative Party politician. Pickles was appointed Secretary of State for Communities and Local Government of the coalition government headed by Prime Minister David Cameron on 12 May 2010.
He was the Chairman of the Conservative Party until being replaced by Baroness Warsi in May 2010 and has been Member of Parliament for Brentwood and Ongar in Essex since 1992. He was Co-Chairman of the Joint Committee Against Racism between 1982 and 1987. Pickles is a member of the controversial Peniel Pentecostal Church, a local church located in Pilgrims Hatch, Brentwood, Essex.
Born in Keighley, Yorkshire, he went to Greenhead Grammar School (which became Greenhead High School and is now University Academy Keighley) on Greenhead Road in Utley, north Keighley, then attended Leeds Polytechnic. He was born into a Labour supporting family – his great grandfather was one of the founders of the Independent Labour Party, and described himself as "massively inclined" towards communism as a boy – but he joined the Conservative Party in 1968 after the Soviet Union invaded Czechoslovakia.
Pickles soon became the chairman of the local Young
Kelvin Peter Hopkins (born 22 August 1941) is a British Labour Party politician, who has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for Luton North since 1997.
Kelvin Hopkins was born in Leicester, the son of renowned physicist Harold Hopkins FRS, and was educated at the Queen Elizabeth's Grammar School for Boys, Barnet, London and the University of Nottingham where he was awarded a BA degree in Politics, Economics and Mathematics with Statistics. In his early years he was for a time (1958–63) a "semi-professional" jazz musician playing tenor saxophone and clarinet.
With the exception of two years as a lecturer at the St Albans FE College (now called Oaklands College) from 1971 he has worked entirely within the trade union movement. He joined the Trades Union Congress as an economist in 1969, and rejoined the TUC following his stint in education in 1973. He was appointed as a policy and research officer with NALGO in 1977, leaving its successor UNISON in 1994.
Hopkins was a councillor on Luton Borough Council for four years from 1972. He unsuccessfully contested Luton North at the 1983 General Election finishing in second place some 11,981 votes behind the sitting Conservative MP John
Eric Stuart Joyce (born 13 October 1960) is a Scottish politician, who has been a Member of Parliament (MP) since 2000, and has been the MP for Falkirk since 2005. Originally elected as a member of the Labour Party, Joyce was suspended from Labour in 2012 after he was arrested on suspicion of assault, and on 12 March 2012 officially resigned from the party. Joyce served as a private in the Black Watch before attending University and subsequently receiving a commission in the Royal Army Educational Corps. He left the army in 1999 at the rank of major and served as the Public Affairs Officer at the Commission for Racial Equality (Scotland).
He was elected to parliament in the 2000 Falkirk West by-election, retaining his seat in the 2001 general election, and elected to the enlarged Falkirk constituency in the 2005 general election. From 2003, Joyce served as a Parliamentary Private Secretary (PPS) to a number of UK government ministers. He resigned as the PPS to Bob Ainsworth on 3 September 2009 citing concerns over the war in Afghanistan.
Joyce lived in Perth with his family for most of his infant and teenage years.
Joyce joined the Army in 1978, initially as a private in the Black
Graham Stuart Brady (born 20 May 1967) is a British Conservative Party politician and the Member of Parliament (MP) for Altrincham and Sale West. He served as a shadow minister for Europe under four Conservative leaders before resigning in 2007 in protest at David Cameron's opposition to grammar schools. He succeeded Sir Michael Spicer as chairman of the 1922 Committee on 26 May 2010. On the 1 December 2010 Mr Brady was voted "Backbencher of the Year" by The Spectator at their annual parliamentary awards.
Graham Brady was born in Salford, and was educated at the Altrincham Grammar School for Boys and St Aidan's College, University of Durham, and he graduated with a BA in Law in 1989. While at Durham he was Chairman of the university's Conservative Association in 1987. He was appointed a consultant in public relations with Shandwick plc in 1989. He joined the Centre for Policy Studies in 1990. He was elected Vice Chairman of the Berkshire East Conservative Association in 1992. He was appointed Director of public affairs at the Watership Partnership in 1992, where he remained until elected to Westminster in 1997. He is now Chairman of the 1922 Committee.
He was selected to contest
Benjamin Peter James Bradshaw (born 30 August 1960) is a British Labour politician who has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for Exeter since 1997, and served in the Cabinet as Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport. He previously worked as a BBC Radio reporter.
Bradshaw is the son of an Anglican vicar at Norwich Cathedral. Bradshaw was educated at Thorpe Grammar School (now the Thorpe St Andrew School) near Norwich, followed by the University of Sussex where he read German. He also attended the University of Freiburg in the town of Freiburg im Breisgau in Baden-Württemberg in Germany.
In 1982/83 Bradshaw taught English at the Technikum, a school of technology in Winterthur (Switzerland). He became a reporter with the Exeter Express and Echo in 1984 and was appointed as a reporter with the Eastern Daily Press in Norwich in 1985. In 1986 he joined the BBC as reporter with BBC Radio Devon. In 1989 he became the award winning Berlin correspondent with BBC Radio and was serving in the city at the time of the fall of the Berlin Wall. He became a reporter in 1991 with BBC Radio's The World At One programme, where he stayed until his election to Westminster. He won the Sony News
Desmond Henry Browne, Baron Browne of Ladyton (born 22 March 1952) is a British Labour Party politician who was the Member of Parliament (MP) for Kilmarnock and Loudoun from 1997 to 2010. He was a member of the Cabinet of the United Kingdom under Tony Blair and Gordon Brown, until the latter moved him from both Defence and Scottish Secretary in 2008.
Browne was born in Kilwinning, North Ayrshire, lived in Stevenston for the early part of his life, and was educated at the Catholic St Michael's Academy in Kilwinning and later at the University of Glasgow, where he received a degree in law.
He started his legal career in 1974 as an apprentice solicitor with the firm James Campbell & Co. On qualifying in 1976 he became an assistant solicitor with Ross, Harper and Murphy, and was promoted to partner in 1980. He became a partner in McCluskey Browne in 1985 and a council member of the Law Society of Scotland 1988-1992. He was admitted as an advocate in 1993, practising at the Scottish bar until 1997. He worked mainly in child law.
Browne contested the parliamentary seat of Argyll and Bute at the 1992 General Election, and finished in fourth place behind the sitting Liberal Democrat MP Ray
Richard Henry Ronald Benyon MRICS (born 21 October 1960) is a British Conservative Party politician. He has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for Newbury since 2005 and a Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State at the Department for the Environment, Food and Rural Affairs since May 2010.
Benyon was born in Reading, the son of Sir William Benyon, (and great-great grandson of former Conservative Prime Minister Lord Salisbury), and was educated at nearby Bradfield College and the Royal Agricultural College. He served in the Royal Green Jackets for five years from 1980 to 1985.
He was elected in 1991 to the Newbury District Council, he became the Conservative group leader in 1994. He lost his council seat in 1995. He contested Newbury at the 1997 General Election but lost heavily to the 1993 by-election incumbent Liberal Democrat David Rendel. Benyon and Rendel contested Newbury again at the 2001 General Election, and Rendel came out again as the victor with a reduced majority. It proved third time lucky for Benyon, when he and Rendel again contested Newbury at the 2005 UK general election and Benyon was elected with a majority of 3,460, replacing Rendel.
Benyon made his maiden speech
The Tories were members of two political parties which existed, sequentially, in the Kingdom of England, the Kingdom of Great Britain and later the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from the 17th to the early 19th centuries.
The first Tories emerged in 1678 in England, when they opposed the Whig-supported Exclusion Bill which set out to disinherit the heir presumptive and future king to be James, Duke of York (who eventually became James II and VII). This party ceased to exist as an organised political entity in the early 1760s, although it was used as a term of self-description by some political writers. A few decades later, a new Tory party would rise to establish a hold on government between 1783 and 1830, with William Pitt the Younger followed by Robert Jenkinson, 2nd Earl of Liverpool.
The Earl of Liverpool was succeeded by fellow Tory Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, whose term included the Catholic Emancipation, which occurred mostly due to the election of Daniel O'Connell as a Catholic MP from Ireland. When the Whigs subsequently regained control, the Representation of the People Act 1832 disenfranchised many rotten boroughs controlled by Tories. In the
John Whitaker "Jack" Straw (born 3 August 1946) is a British Labour Party politician who has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for Blackburn since 1979. He served as Home Secretary from 1997 to 2001, Foreign Secretary from 2001 to 2006 and Lord Privy Seal and Leader of the House of Commons from 2006 to 2007 under Tony Blair. From 2007 to 2010 he was the Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain and the Secretary of State for Justice, appointed as part of Prime minister Gordon Brown's first Cabinet. Straw is one of only three people to have served in Cabinet continuously from 1997 to 2010 (the others being Gordon Brown and Alistair Darling).
When the Labour Party lost power in May 2010, he briefly became the Shadow Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain, Shadow Secretary of State for Justice and the Shadow Deputy Prime Minister, but stood down from the frontbench after the Labour Party elected a new Shadow Cabinet.
Straw was born in Buckhurst Hill, Essex, England. One of his maternal great-grandparents was a Jewish German immigrant. Straw was brought up at Loughton, Essex by his mother, Joan Sylvia Gilbey on a council estate after his father Walter Arthur Whitaker Straw, an insurance
The Independent Labour Party (ILP) was a socialist political party in Britain established in 1893. The ILP was affiliated to the Labour Party from 1906 to 1932, when it voted to leave. The organisation's three parliamentary representatives defected to the Labour Party in 1947 and the organisation rejoined the Labour Party as Independent Labour Publications in 1975.
As the 19th Century came to a close, working class representation in political office became a great concern for many Britons. Many who sought the election of working men and their advocates to the Parliament of the United Kingdom saw the Liberal Party as the main vehicle for achieving this aim. As early as 1869 a Labour Representation League had been established to register and mobilise working class voters on behalf of favoured Liberal candidates.
Many trade unions themselves became concerned with gaining parliamentary representation to advance their legislative aims. From the 1870s a series of working class candidates financially supported by trade unions were accepted and supported by the Liberal Party. The federation of British unions, the Trades Union Congress, formed its own electoral committee in 1886 to further
John Sampson Macfarlane Leech (born 11 April 1971, Hastings, East Sussex) is a British Liberal Democrat politician. He has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for Manchester Withington since 2005. In the 2005–2010 Parliament he was a member of the Transport Select Committee and was appointed a Shadow Transport Spokesperson in 2006.
Leech went to the independent Manchester Grammar School in Fallowfield, Loreto College in Hulme, and Brunel University in Uxbridge where he studied History and Politics and also joined the Liberal Democrat Party. He received an Upper-Second Class Honours degree upon graduating. After leaving university he worked as a trainee manager for McDonald's and part-time at the RAC in Stretford as a call centre insurance claims handler.
In 1998 Leech was elected to Manchester City Council, as a Councillor for Barlow Moor and later for Chorlton Park following boundary changes to the ward. He was Deputy Leader of the council's Opposition Group, acting as a spokesperson for Planning and the Environment.
Leech was elected at the 2005 general election, unexpectedly defeating Keith Bradley, the incumbent Labour Party MP, by a swing of over 17%. Leech became the first
Michael Jabez Foster (born 26 February 1946) is a British Labour Party politician who was the Member of Parliament (MP) for Hastings and Rye from 1997 until 2010. He was the Minister for Equalities, responsible for the progress of the Government's Equalities Bill through the House of Commons, a role he held since June 2009.
Michael Foster was born in Hastings, East Sussex and attended the local Hastings Secondary School for Boys and the Hastings Grammar School before attending the University of Leicester where he received a Master of Laws (LLM) degree. From 1963 to 1972 he worked as a litigation clerk. He was admitted as a solicitor in 1980 and worked as a partner of Fynmores Solicitors in Bexhill-on-Sea specialising in employment law until 1998.
He was elected as a councillor to the Hastings Borough Council in 1970, becoming the Labour group leader for a year in 1973, serving on the council until 1977, he was again elected to the Borough Council 1981-1985. He received a dual mandate in 1974 when he was also elected as a councillor to the East Sussex County Council, becoming the deputy Labour group leader 1984-1992, he stood down from the county council in 1997.
Sir Nicholas Raymond Winterton (born 31 March 1938) is a retired British Conservative Party politician. He was the Member of Parliament (MP) for Macclesfield from 1971 until he retired from the House of Commons at the 2010 general election.
His wife, Ann Winterton, also served as a Member of Parliament, representing the neighbouring Congleton constituency.
Winterton was born in Rugeley, Staffordshire and was educated at Bilton Grange, a prep school in Rugby, then Rugby School. He undertook his National Service from 1957–59 and was commissioned into the 14th/20th King's Hussars serving in Germany before leaving to work as a trainee sales executive with Shell-Mex and BP. In 1960, he became a Sales and General Manager of a construction machinery company, a job he retained until he was elected to Parliament. He served as a member of the West Midlands Conservative Council from 1967 to 1971 and was a Warwickshire County Councillor representing a coal mining and industrial division in North Warwickshire from 1967–72. In 1969 he contested a by-election in Newcastle-under-Lyme but was unsuccessful; he stood again for the same seat at the 1970 general election but again was
Respect is a socialist political party in England and Wales founded in 2004. Its name is a contrived acronym standing for Respect, Equality, Socialism, Peace, Environmentalism, Community and Trade Unionism.
Respect was set up in January 2004, as a left-wing alternative to the three established parties - Labour, Conservatives and Liberal Democrats. The party was opposed to the War in Iraq and is opposed to the War in Afghanistan (2001-present). It seeks to "provide a broad-based and inclusive alternative to the parties of privatisation, war, and occupation" and has a broad socialist agenda.
Some of the policies on which it campaigns include:
In its founding constitution the Respect Party states its overall aim is to "help create a socially just and ecologically sustainable society", giving a definition of social justice that includes "the organisation of society in the most open, participative, and accountable way practicable based on common ownership and democratic control".
The party was originally launched by The Guardian journalist George Monbiot and Birmingham Stop the War Coalition chair Salma Yaqoob. The initial idea to form Respect arose in a Bangladeshi family house in
Michael Connarty (born 3 September 1947) is a British Labour Party politician, who has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for Linlithgow and Falkirk East since 2005, and a variation of the same seat since 1992.
Michael Connarty was born in Coatbridge. He was educated at the local Roman Catholic High School (St. Patrick's) on Muiryhall Street in the year below fellow MP John Reid. Like John Reid he then studied at the University of Stirling, receiving a BA in Economics in 1972, and where he was elected as the President of the Student Association from 1970-1 before going on to University of Glasgow.
He then attended Jordanhill College in Glasgow where he received a Diploma in Childcare and Education (DCE) in 1975. He was a special needs teacher from 1976 until he was elected to the House of Commons in 1992. He was also an economics teacher at a secondary school. He became a councillor on the Stirling District Council in 1977, becoming its leader in 1980 until he left the council in 1990. He was a member of the Loch Lomond, Trossachs and Stirling Tourist Board 1981-1990. He also claims to have been a steelworker at one point.
He unsuccessfully contested the parliamentary constituency
Andrew Murray Burnham (born 7 January 1970) is a British Labour Party politician who has been the Member of Parliament for Leigh since 2001. He served in the Cabinet under Gordon Brown from 2007 to 2010 as Chief Secretary to the Treasury, Culture Secretary and Health Secretary. He was a candidate in the 2010 Labour leadership election, coming fourth out of five candidates. Burnham was initially appointed Shadow Secretary of State for Education within Ed Miliband's Shadow Cabinet, but was moved back to the Shadow Department for Health in a reshuffle.
Burnham was born Old Roan, Aintree, Lancashire, the son of a telephone engineer father and a receptionist mother, and brought up in Culcheth, near Warrington where his family moved to when his father was promoted to a job in Manchester. He was educated at St. Lewis' Primary School and St Aelred's Roman Catholic High School in Newton-le-Willows before studying History at Middlesex University.
He joined the Labour Party aged 14 in 1984, during the miners' strike, and was a researcher to Tessa Jowell from 1994 until the 1997 election. He joined the Transport and General Workers' Union in 1995. After the 1997 election, he was briefly a
Gwyneth Patricia Dunwoody (née Phillips; 12 December 1930 – 17 April 2008) was a British Labour Party politician, who was the Member of Parliament (MP) for Exeter from 1966 to 1970, and then for Crewe (later Crewe and Nantwich) from 1974 to her death in 2008. She remains the longest ever serving female Member of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, by both length of total and length of continuous service. She had a reputation as a fiercely independent parliamentarian, described as "intelligent, obstinate, opinionated and hard-working".
Dunwoody was born in Fulham, London, where her father was Labour parliamentary agent. She belonged to an experienced political dynasty: her father, Morgan Phillips, was a former coalminer who served as General Secretary of the Labour Party between 1944 and 1962; her mother, Norah Phillips was a former member of London County Council who became a life peer in 1964, serving as a government whip in the House of Lords, and as Lord Lieutenant of Greater London from 1978 to 1986. Both of her grandmothers were suffragettes, and all four grandparents were Labour party loyalists.
She attended the Fulham County Secondary School for Girls, now known as the
Margaret Olivia Hillier (born 14 February 1969) is a British Labour Co-operative politician who has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for Hackney South and Shoreditch since 2005, and was a junior Minister in HM Government from 2007 to 2010. She was replaced by Caroline Flint as Shadow Secretary of State for Energy and Climate Change in Labour's reshuffle October, 2011.
Hillier was educated at Portsmouth High School, an independent fee-paying school for girls, in the seaside resort of Southsea in the City of Portsmouth in Hampshire, followed by St Hilda's College at the University of Oxford, where she read Philosophy, Politics and Economics and during her time there was elected Librarian of the Oxford Union Society. She was not prominently involved in the Oxford University Labour Club.
Hillier worked as a journalist and was elected as a Councillor in the London Borough of Islington in 1994, serving as the Mayor of Islington in 1998, before standing down from the Council in 2002. She was elected as a founding Member of the London Assembly for North East London at the first London Assembly election of 2000, she served on the Assembly until 2004, and became a board member of Transport
Sir Stuart Bell (16 May 1938 – 13 October 2012) was a British Labour Party politician, who was the Member of Parliament (MP) for Middlesbrough from the 1983 general election until his death in 2012.
Bell was born in County Durham in 1938, the son of a miner. He attended the Hookergate Grammar School (now known as Hookergate School) on School Lane in High Spen near Rowlands Gill, Gateshead. He later attended the Durham Pitmans College. He joined the Labour Party in 1964, and was called to the Bar at Gray's Inn in 1970. He worked as an international lawyer in Paris until 1977, representing large multi-national companies. He contested Hexham at the 1979 general election, but was defeated by the Conservative MP and former Cabinet Minister Geoffrey Rippon.
Bell was elected to the City Council of Newcastle upon Tyne in 1980. In 1982, the Labour MP for Middlesbrough, Arthur Bottomley announced that he would step down at the next general election; Bell won the subsequent selection process to fight the seat at the 1983 general election. Bell comfortably held the seat, elected with a majority just short of 10,000 votes.
At Westminster, Bell became the Parliamentary Private Secretary to the
Sylvia Lloyd Heal (born 20 July 1942) is a British Labour Party politician who was the Member of Parliament (MP) for Halesowen and Rowley Regis from 1997 to 2010, having previously been the MP for Mid Staffordshire from 1990 to 1992. She served as the First Deputy Chairman of Ways and Means and a Deputy Speaker of the House of Commons.
Born as Sylvia Lloyd Fox in Hawarden, north-east Wales, the daughter of Shotton steelworker John Lloyd-Fox and Ruby Hughes, she was educated at the Elfed Secondary Modern School (now Elfed High School) on Mill Lane in Buckley, the Coleg Harlech, and at Swansea University, where she was awarded a BSc in Economics in 1968.
She worked as a medical records clerk at the Chester Royal Infirmary for six years from 1957. In 1968 she was appointed as a social worker with the Department of Employment for two years. For ten years from 1980 she worked as a social worker within a drug rehabilitation centre. During her parliamentary interregnum she worked as a young carers officer with the National Carers Association from 1992-7.
She was a member of the Young Socialists National Council for four years from 1960, and was appointed as a Justice of the Peace in 1973.
Sir Walter Menzies "Ming" Campbell, CBE, QC, MP ( /ˈmɪŋɨs/ MING-iss; born 22 May 1941) is a British Liberal Democrat politician and advocate, and a retired sprinter. He is the Member of Parliament (MP) for North East Fife, and was the Leader of the Liberal Democrats from 2 March 2006 until 15 October 2007.
Campbell held the British record for the 100 metres sprint from 1967 to 1974, having run the distance in 10.2 s. He captained the Great Britain athletics team in 1965 and 1966. He is currently the Chancellor of the University of St Andrews.
"Menzies" is a Scottish name, originally written Minȝies, the "z" being a graphic approximation of the (Middle English) yogh (ȝ), originally found in the name. Born in Glasgow, Campbell was educated at Hillhead High School and the University of Glasgow, graduating with a Scottish Master of Arts (MA) in 1962 and a Bachelor of Laws (LLB) in 1965. He was elected President of the Glasgow University Liberal Club in 1962, and of the Glasgow University Union for 1964–65. He was involved in debating at the Union and with the Glasgow University Dialectic Society, where his contemporaries included Derry Irvine, Donald Dewar and John Smith, who attempted
Ruth Maria Kelly (born 9 May 1968) is a British Labour Party politician of Irish descent who was the Member of Parliament (MP) for Bolton West from 1997 until she stood down in 2010. Previously, she served as the Secretary of State for Transport, Secretary of State for Communities and Local Government, Minister for Women and Equality and Secretary of State for Education and Skills, serving under both Gordon Brown and Tony Blair. She is currently an economist working for HSBC.
Kelly was born in Limavady, Northern Ireland. She also lived briefly in the Republic of Ireland before moving to England where she attended Edgarley Hall - the prep school for Millfield School. She was educated at the independent Sutton High School, run by the Girls' Day School Trust (GDST). After being moved up a year and sitting O-levels at Sutton High School at the age of 15, she decided to move back to Ireland to look after her ill grandmother. Her grandmother died after six weeks, but Kelly stayed for a year, living with her aunt and taking A-level French. She returned to England on winning a scholarship to the sixth-form of Westminster School. From Westminster, Kelly went up to The Queen's College,
Margaret Hodge MBE MP (née Oppenheimer; born 8 September 1944), formally styled The Rt Hon Lady Hodge MBE MP by virtue of her appointment to the Privy Council and her late husband's knighthood, is a British Labour politician, who has been the Member of Parliament for Barking since 1994. She was the first Minister for Children in 2003 and was Minister of State for Culture and Tourism at the Department for Culture, Media and Sport. On 9 June 2010 she was elected Chair of the Public Accounts Committee.
Margaret Eve Oppenheimer was born in Egypt in 1944 to Hans and Lisbeth Oppenheimer, a refugee multi-millionaire German Jewish steel trader and his Austrian Jewish wife. The family's company Stemcor is the world's largest privately owned steel-trading corporation, with an annual turnover of £6.28 billion in 2008. After World War II, the family settled in London. Her mother died when Margaret was 10. She was educated at Bromley High School, Oxford High School and the London School of Economics where she obtained a third class BSc Economics degree in 1966. She worked in market research from 1966 to 1973.
She married Andrew Watson in 1968. They had a son and daughter. The couple divorced in
Mark Gino Francois (born 14 August 1965) is a British Conservative Party politician. He is the Member of Parliament (MP) for Rayleigh and Wickford. On 4 September 2012 he was appointed Minister for Defence Personnel, Welfare and Veterans, a ministerial role in the Ministry of Defence.
Mark Gino Francois was born in Islington, London. He was educated at the Nicholas Comprehensive School in Basildon, Essex and at the University of Bristol where he was awarded a Bachelor of Arts degree in History in 1986. He was also the chairman of the University's Conservative Association. He completed his studies at King's College London where he earned a MA in War Studies in 1987.
On leaving university he became a management trainee with Lloyds Bank. In 1988 he joined lobbying company Market Access International, leaving as a director in 1996 to set up his own lobbying firm Francois Associates.
He was a member of Basildon District Council for four years from 1991. He stood for Brent East during the 1997 general election, and lost to Ken Livingstone (who later became the Mayor of London). Following the death of Alan Clark in 1999, he narrowly lost out to Michael Portillo in the selection for the
Philip James Woolas (born 11 December 1959) is a British politician who was the Labour Member of Parliament (MP) for Oldham East and Saddleworth from his election in 1997 to 2010. He was the Minister of State for Borders and Immigration in the Home Office, as well as being the Minister of State for the Treasury. On 5 November 2010, he was found to have breached the Representation of the People Act 1983 in the course of the 2010 general election. As a result his victory at the 2010 general election campaign was declared void, he lost his seat in the House of Commons, and was barred from standing again for 3 years. Harriet Harman, Deputy Leader of the Labour Party, announced that Woolas was also suspended from the Labour Party.
Woolas was born in Scunthorpe, Lincolnshire, on 11 December 1959. He went to Nelson Grammar School on Oxford Road in Nelson, Lancashire, which became Walton (Lane) High School when the local education authority (LEA) went comprehensive in 1972. The school is now Pendle Vale College since 2006 when the former buildings were demolished and re-developed for housing. After O levels, he went to Nelson and Colne College. He received a BA in Philosophy from the
Claire Margaret Ward (born (1972-05-09)9 May 1972) is a British Labour Party politician. She served as the Member of Parliament (MP) for the constituency of Watford from 1997 to 2010, and was a Parliamentary Under Secretary of State at the Ministry of Justice from 2009 to 2010.
Ward was born in North Shields, Northumberland, the daughter of Frank and Cathy Ward. Both her parents were Labour Party councillors and her father stood unsuccessfully as the Labour candidate for Hertsmere in the 1987 general election. She was brought up in Elstree, Borehamwood, Hertfordshire, where she attended the Loreto College, an all-girls Roman Catholic school in St Albans, and studied at the newly-created University of Hertfordshire (Hatfield Polytechnic until 1992) where she earned an LLB degree in Law in 1993. She then did an MA in Britain and the European Union at Brunel University, before qualifying as a solicitor at the College of Law in London. From 1995-98, she was a trainee solicitor.
Ward joined the Labour Party, the Co-operative Party and the Transport and General Workers' Union at the age of 15, becoming an active member of Young Labour. In 1990 she won the South East TUC Mike Perkins
Diane Julie Abbott (born 27 September 1953) is a British Labour Party politician who has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for Hackney North and Stoke Newington since 1987, when she became the first black woman to be elected to the House of Commons. In 2010, Abbott became Shadow Public Health Minister after unsuccessfully standing for election as leader of the Labour Party.
Abbott was born to Jamaican immigrants in London in 1953. Her father was a welder and her mother a nurse. She attended Harrow County Grammar School for Girls, and then Newnham College, Cambridge, where she read history. At Cambridge, she was tutored by historian Simon Schama. After university she became an administration trainee at the Home Office (1976 to 1978), and then a Race Relations Officer at the National Council for Civil Liberties (1978 to 1980). Abbott was a researcher and reporter at Thames Television from 1980 to 1983 and then a researcher and reporter at the breakfast television company TV-am from 1983 to 1985. Abbott was a press officer at the Greater London Council under Ken Livingstone from 1985 to 1986 and Head of Press and Public Relations at Lambeth Council from 1986 to 1987.
Edward Julian Egerton Leigh (born 20 July 1950) is a British Conservative politician. He has sat in the House of Commons as the Member of Parliament for Gainsborough in Lincolnshire since 1997, and for its predecessor constituency of Gainsborough and Horncastle between 1983 and 1997. He served as Chairman of the Public Accounts Committee since 2001, but stepped down at the end of the parliamentary session in 2010 as it is customary for a member of the opposition party to hold this post.
Apart from being dubbed "the Viscount" upon his arrival in the Commons, in allusion to his landed gentry background, he also gained a reputation owing to his staunch opposition to abortion, contraception and genetic research, for his support of capital punishment and for his defence of Section 28, which made Local Authorities not allowed to "promote the teaching in any maintained-school of the acceptability of homosexuality as a pretended family relationship". However, he has since reversed his support for capital punishment.
These strongly held beliefs derive from his Roman Catholic upbringing. Leigh himself was an opponent of the Civil Partnership Act 2004 and voted against it in Parliament at its
Sarah Louise Teather (born 1 June 1974, Enfield, London) is a British Liberal Democrat politician, Member of Parliament for Brent Central, and Chair of the All-Party Parliamentary Group on Guantanamo Bay.
She was first elected on 18 September 2003 in the Brent East by-election and re-elected with an increased majority on 5 May 2005 in the 2005 general election. After the seat was abolished due to boundary changes she was selected as the Liberal Democrat Candidate for the new constituency of Brent Central. Her main opponent was sitting Labour MP Dawn Butler, whose seat of Brent South was also abolished. After that election Teather became Minister of State in the Department for Education in the coalition between the Conservatives and the Liberal Democrats. She ceased to hold that post on 4 September 2012.
Teather was educated at the independent Leicester Grammar School and St John's College, Cambridge, where she gained a 2:1 degree in Natural Sciences specialising in pharmacology.
Teather initially embarked on a PhD at University College London, but left the course at the end of her first year. She went on to work as a policy advisor for a number of prominent groups including the
The Socialist League was an early revolutionary socialist organisation in the United Kingdom. The organisation began as a dissident offshoot of the Social Democratic Federation of Henry Hyndman at the end of 1884. Never an ideologically harmonious group, by the 1890s the group had turned from socialism to anarchism. The group was finally disbanded in 1901.
Until March 1884, the members of the Democratic Federation, forerunner of the Social Democratic Federation (SDF) worked together in harmony. The new organization had expected to make rapid headway with existing radical workingmen's organisations, but few had chosen to join with the SDF and early enthusiasm gave away to disappointment and introspection. Personal relationships began to loom large among the small group's leading members, with the personal vanity and domineering attitude of organizational founder Henry Hyndman and his nationalism fixation on parliamentary politics the leading causes of the internal acrimony.
The personal distaste of many prominent members of the SDF for Hyndman was palpable. William Morris wrote:
"Hyndman can accept only one position in such a body as the SDF, that of master.... [He] has been acting
Edward Michael Balls (born 25 February 1967) is a British Labour Party politician, who has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for Morley and Outwood since 2010, and is the current Shadow Chancellor of the Exchequer. From 2005 to 2010, he was the MP for Normanton and he served as Secretary of State for Children, Schools and Families under Gordon Brown from 2007 to 2010. Balls is married to current Shadow Home Secretary and fellow Labour MP Yvette Cooper. In 2008 they became the first married couple to serve together in a British Cabinet.
Balls' father is the zoologist Michael Balls, criticised for campaigning against the grammar school system in Norfolk, then sending his son to fee-paying schools. His mother is Carolyn Janet Balls (born Riseborough). Balls was born in Norwich and educated at Bawburgh Primary School in Norwich, Crossdale Drive Primary School in Nottinghamshire, and then the private all-boys Nottingham High School, where he played the violin. He went on to attend Keble College, Oxford, where he gained a First in Philosophy, Politics and Economics (graduating ahead of David Cameron). Later he attended Harvard, where he was a Kennedy Scholar specialising in
Fabian Uziell-Hamilton (born 12 April 1955) is a British Labour Party politician who has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for Leeds North East since 1997.
Fabian Hamilton was born in London to a British Jewish family, the son of a solicitor father and a judge mother. He was educated at Brentwood School in Essex and the University of York where he was awarded a Bachelor of Arts degree. He worked initially as a taxi driver for a year from 1978 before working as a graphic designer until 1994 when he became as a computer systems consultant with Apple Macintosh Computer systems, which he undertook until his election to parliament.
He was elected as a councillor to the City of Leeds Council in 1987, stepping down eleven years later in 1998. He was elected as the chairman of the Leeds West Constituency Labour Party in 1987, and he contested Leeds North East at the 1992 General Election but was defeated by the sitting Conservative MP Timothy Kirkhope by 4,244 votes, gaining a 5.9% swing from the Conservative Party to Labour.
Despite having achieved the highest Labour swing in the North of England, Hamilton's local constituency voted (by a margin of one vote) in favour of an all-women
Martin Charles Horwood (born 12 October 1962, Cheltenham) is a British Liberal Democrat politician. He is the Member of Parliament (MP) for the Cheltenham constituency. He is the founder and current Chairman of the All-Party Parliamentary Group for Tribal Peoples.
He was born in St. Paul’s, Cheltenham, in 1962. His parents lived first in St. Mark’s and then in Leckhampton, where his mother still lives, joining the Cheltenham Young Liberals while still at Cheltenham College in 1979.
Horwood then went onto The Queen's College, Oxford to read Modern History in 1981, and was elected President of the Oxford Student Liberal Society and then Chair of the party’s national student wing, the Union of Liberal Students.
After graduating and leaving student politics, he worked first in advertising and then in the voluntary sector. In 1990 he moved to Oxford to work for Oxfam. His teams raised tens of millions of pounds for the poor in developing countries, including £2.5m for victims of the Rwanda genocide.
In 1995 he married Dr Shona Arora. They moved to India for a year, Horwood working for Oxfam and Arora for the UN programme on AIDS and a small charity working on sexual health in the slums
Sir Nicholas Barton "Nick" Harvey (born 3 August 1961) is a British Liberal Democrat politician. He is the Member of Parliament (MP) for North Devon and was the Minister of State for the Armed Forces from 2010-2012 until losing that position.
Nick Harvey was born in Chandler's Ford, Hampshire and was educated at Queen's College, an independent school in the county town of Taunton in Somerset, followed by the Middlesex Polytechnic at Enfield where he was awarded a BA degree in Business studies in 1983. He also served as the President of the students' union from 1981-2.
He joined Profil PR Ltd in 1984 as a communications and marketing executive, before being appointed by public relations firm Dewe Rogerson (now known as Citigate Dewe Rogerson) as a marketing executive in 1986. He worked as a communications consultant from 1991 until his election to Parliament.
He was elected as the vice chairman of the Union of Liberal Students for a year in 1981. He unsuccessfully contested the London Borough of Enfield seat of Enfield Southgate at the 1987 general election. He finished in second place some 18,345 votes behind the then Government Whip Michael Portillo. He was elected to the House of
Thomas Anthony Brake, known as Tom Brake, (born 6 May 1962) British Liberal Democrat politician. He is the Member of Parliament (MP) for Carshalton and Wallington.
Tom Brake was born in Melton Mowbray, moving to France when he was eight. He was educated at the Lycée International School in Saint-Germain-en-Laye near Paris, and Imperial College London, where he obtained a BSc in Physics in 1983. He was a computer software consultant with Hoskyns (Capgemini) from 1983 until his election to Westminster. He was elected as a councillor in the London Borough of Hackney in 1988, leaving the council in 1990.
He stood for election to Parliament at the 1992 general election in Carshalton and Wallington, but was defeated by nearly 10,000 votes by the sitting Conservative MP Nigel Forman.
In 1994 Tom Brake was elected as a councillor in the London Borough of Sutton and sat on the council until 1998. In what proved to be a close contest, Tom Brake was elected at the 1997 general election as the Liberal Democrat MP for Carshalton and Wallington, beating Nigel Forman with a majority of 2,267, and has remained the MP since. He made his maiden speech on 10 June 1997. Nigel Forman retired after the
Oliver Heald QC, MP (born 15 December 1954) is a British barrister and Conservative politician, and the Member of Parliament (MP) for North East Hertfordshire.
Heald was born in Reading, Berkshire, and was educated at the Reading School and Pembroke College, Cambridge where he studied law. He was called to the bar at the Middle Temple in 1977 and was a practising barrister in London and East Anglia from 1979 until he became a government minister in 1995.
He became the chairman of the North Hertfordshire Conservative Association for two years from 1984. He unsuccessfully contested the London Borough of Southwark seat of Southwark and Bermondsey at the 1987 General Election but finished in third place some 12,550 behind the sitting Liberal MP Simon Hughes. He became the vice president of the Southwark and Bermondsey Conservative Association in 1988 for five years, becoming the president for five years from 1993. He was elected to the House of Commons for North Hertfordshire at the 1992 general election following the retirement of the Conservative MP Ian Stewart. He held the seat with a majority of 16,531 and has remained an MP since. He made his maiden speech on 9 June 1992 in which
Robert Graham Marshall-Andrews QC (born 10 April 1944) is a British Labour Party politician and barrister, who was the Member of Parliament (MP) for Medway from 1997 to 2010.
Marshall Andrews attended Mill Hill School before attending Bristol University where he read Law. Barrister (called 1970), Crown Court Recorder (1982), Queen's Counsel (1987), Bencher, Gray's Inn (1996). He has prosecuted and defended most forms of serious crime and serious criminals, and specialises in commercial fraud.
Marshall-Andrews joined the Labour Party in 1971 and contested the constituency of Richmond, Surrey in October 1974. He was asked to stand for the Medway Constituency in 1992 which he lost to the incumbent Conservative, Dame Peggy Fenner. He is a Member of Association of Labour Lawyers, Greenpeace, and the Woodland Trust.
Marshall-Andrews entered Parliament in the 1997 general election. He is perceived as being on the libertarian-left wing of the Labour Party, and was a member of the Socialist Campaign Group, but unlike other members of this group is not a trade-unionist by background. In spite of this, however, he nominated Gordon Brown (rather than John McDonnell) for the Labour Party
Caroline Alice Spelman (née Cormack; born 4 May 1958) is a Conservative Party politician in the United Kingdom who has served as the Member of Parliament (MP) for Meriden in the West Midlands since 1997. From May 2010 to September 2012 she was the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs in David Cameron's coalition cabinet, and was sworn as a Privy Counsellor on 13 May 2010.
Born in Bishop's Stortford, Hertfordshire, Spelman attended Herts and Essex High School for Girls (now called The Hertfordshire and Essex High School), in Warwick Road, Bishop's Stortford, Hertfordshire, and received a BA First Class in European Studies from Queen Mary College, University of London.
She was Sugar Beet commodity secretary for the National Farmer's Union from 1981 to 1984. She was deputy director of the International Confederation of European Beet Growers (officially known as La Confédération Internationale des Betteraviers Européens – CIBE) in Paris from 1984–9, then a research fellow for the Centre for European Agricultural Studies (part of the University of Kent and since 2000 known as the Centre for European Agri-Environmental Economics) from 1989 to 1993. She co-owns
David William St. John Heath CBE (born 16 March 1954) is a British Liberal Democrat politician. He is the Member of Parliament (MP) for Somerton and Frome and currently the Minister of State for Agriculture and Food.
David Heath was born in Westbury-sub-Mendip in the Mendip Hills of Somerset.
Heath was educated at Millfield Preparatory School and then Millfield School, an independent school in the village of Street in Somerset, followed by St John's College at the University of Oxford, where he was awarded a MA in Physiological Sciences. He went on to study Ophthalmic Optics at the City University, London.
Heath worked as a practising optician for seventeen years from 1979. He became a parliamentary consultant to the World Wide Fund for Nature in 1990, before joining Age Concern in the same capacity in 1991. He has worked for various other charities as a consultant since 1995.
He was elected as a Liberal member of Somerset County Council in 1985, becoming the leader of the council 1985-1989. At the age of 31, he was the youngest ever leader of a county council. He remained as the Liberal Democrat group leader until 1991 and stood down from the council in 1997. He unsuccessfully
David Arthur Stephen Tredinnick (born 19 January 1950) is a Conservative politician in the United Kingdom.
He is a former officer in the Grenadier Guards and is Member of Parliament for Bosworth of Leicestershire, having first been elected in 1987.
He went to Eton College, then St John's College, Oxford, gaining a MLitt. He then went to the Graduate School of Business at the University of Cape Town, where he gained an MBA. From 1972-3, he was a trainee at EB Savory Milln & Co stockbrokers, then in 1974 he was an account executive at Quadrant Int in 1974. In 1976, he was a salesman at Kalle Infotech UK, and sales manager at Word Right Word Processing from 1977-8. From 1978-9, he was a consultant at Baird Communications NV, and marketing manager at QI Europe Ltd from 1979-81. He was manager at Malden Mitcham Properties from 1981-7.
He contested Cardiff South and Penarth in 1983. He was once a Parliamentary Private Secretary, but was forced to resign and was suspended for 20 days after he was found to have accepted a £1000 bribe to ask questions in Parliament, popularly known as the Cash for Questions affair. He has been a Member of Parliament for over 20 years making him one of the
Eric Anthony Martlew (born 3 January 1949) is a British Labour Party politician who was the Member of Parliament (MP) for Carlisle from 1987 until he stood down in 2010.
Although born in Ince-in-Makerfield in Lancashire, Martlew grew up in Carlisle. He went to Harraby Secondary Modern School (now called North Cumbria Technology College) on Edgehill Road and Carlisle College. He worked as a technician and personnel manager for Nestlé from 1962-87 at the powdered milk factory in Dalston. He was a Carlisle Borough Councillor from 1972 to 1974 and a County Councillor on Cumbria County Council from 1973 to 1988, was Chair from 1983 to 1985. He also served on the East Cumbria Health Authority from 1975 to 1988.
After entering Parliament in 1987, he served as Opposition defence Spokesman and as an opposition Whip.
Since his party came to power in 1997, he has served as PPS to Dr David Clark as Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster 1997-8 and to Baroness Jay of Paddington as Lord Privy Seal, Leader of the Lords and Minister for Women 1998-2001.
He is now a prominent member of the Transport Committee. He campaigns vigorously for animal rights and his German Shepherd Dog, Tag, was voted
Alun Edward Michael (born 22 August 1943) is a British Labour Co-operative politician, who has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for Cardiff South and Penarth since 1987. He was formerly First Secretary for Wales and leader of the Welsh Labour Party from 1999 to 2000.
On 18 June 2012, Alun Michael was chosen as the Labour Party candidate for the inaugural England and Wales Police and Crime Commissioner elections, 2012 for South Wales. Should he win the election and then take up the post of Police and Crime Commissioner for South Wales he would be required to resign as an MP - necessitating a by-election in his Cardiff South and Penarth constituency.
Michael was born at Bryngwran Anglesey, son of Leslie and Betty Michael. He attended Colwyn Bay Grammar School and studied at Keele University for four years from 1962 to 1966 obtaining a BA degree in Philosophy and English.
He was a reporter on the Cardiff evening newspaper The South Wales Echo where he was a contemporary of Michael Buerk (later to become a distinguished BBC correspondent) and of Sue Lawley (later to become presenter of the BBC magazine programme Nationwide). In his autobiography Michael Buerk wrote "Alun Michael with
Andrew Edmund Armstrong Selous /səˈluː/ (born 27 April 1962) is a Conservative Party politician in the United Kingdom who has been the Member of Parliament for South West Bedfordshire since 2001.
London-born, Selous was educated at Eton College and the London School of Economics, receiving a BSc in Industry and Trade in 1984. He was a member of the Territorial Army, a soldier in the Honourable Artillery Company and then an officer in the Royal Regiment of Fusiliers, between 1981 and 1994. From 1988-94, he was a director of his family firm CNS Electronics (now CNS Farnell). From 1991-2001, he was an underwriter at Great Lakes insurance company.
Selous was first elected to the House of Commons in 2001, and had previously contested Sunderland North seat in 1997. He is a director and prominent member of the Conservative Christian Fellowship.
In 2006 Selous was promoted to Shadow Minister for Work and Pensions.
Selous voted in favour of the military campaign in Iraq based upon the assurances of the Attorney General Lord Goldsmith as to the legality of the action (Hansard, Iraq: Legality of Armed Force 17 March 2003), who "Has clearly advised the Government that the military campaign in
Angela Eagle (born 17 February 1961) is a British Labour Party politician, who has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for Wallasey since 1992. She served as the Minister of State for Pensions and Ageing Society from June 2009 until May 2010. Eagle was elected to the Shadow Cabinet in October 2010 and was appointed by Ed Miliband to be Shadow Chief Secretary to the Treasury. On 7 October 2011, she was appointed Shadow Leader of the House of Commons when Miliband reshuffled his Shadow Cabinet.
Born in Bridlington, East Riding of Yorkshire, the daughter of a printworker, she was educated at St. Peter's C of E primary school, Formby High School, and St John's College, Oxford where she was awarded a Bachelor of Arts degree in Philosophy, Politics and Economics in 1983, and where she was also chairwoman of the Oxford University Fabian Society 1980-1983. She worked briefly in the economic directorate of the Confederation of British Industry (CBI) in 1984, before working for the Confederation of Health Service Employees (COHSE) later in the year. At COHSE, she held several positions, leaving on her election to Parliament in the capacity of Parliamentary officer. She was elected secretary
Barry Strachan Gardiner (born 10 March 1957) is a British Labour Party politician who has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for Brent North since 1997. He served as a junior minister in the Northern Ireland Office, the Department for Productivity, Energy and Industry, the Department of Trade and Industry and finally in the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs.
Barry Gardiner, the son of a surgeon and an international footballer, was born in Glasgow, Scotland. He was educated at the (now independent but then local authority) High School of Glasgow and the independent Haileybury and Imperial Service College in Hertford before attending the University of St Andrews where he received an MA. He then served for two years as full-time Scottish Regional Secretary of the Student Christian Movement. In 1983, he was awarded a Kennedy Memorial Trust scholarship to study Philosophy at Harvard University under John Rawls, returning to research at Corpus Christi College, Cambridge for three years from 1984. He worked as a senior partner in shipping insurance and arbitration for ten years before his election to parliament.
He was elected as a councillor to Cambridge City Council in
Beverley June Hughes, Baroness Hughes of Stretford (born 30 March 1950) is a British Labour Party politician who was the Member of Parliament (MP) for Stretford and Urmston from 1997 to 2010. In 2004, she was appointed to the Privy Council. From 2005 to 2009, she served in the Government as the Minister of State for Children, Young People and Families.
Beverley Hughes was born in Ellesmere Port, Merseyside in 1950 and was educated at Ellesmere Port Girls' Grammar School (now called The Whitby High School) on Sycamore Drive in Whitby, Ellesmere Port. She moved to Flixton in 1976, and has lived there ever since.
Hughes studied for a BSc in Social Science at the University of Manchester, graduating in 1971. After graduation she continued her studies at the University of Manchester, carrying out postgraduate research into the care of people with schizophrenia, for which she was awarded a Master of Science degree in 1978. She also gained a Diploma in Applied Social Studies in 1974 from the University of Liverpool. She worked as a probation officer in Merseyside from 1971-6.
From 1976 - 1997 Hughes worked first as a research associate, then lecturer (from 1981) and then a senior lecturer
Christopher Murray Paul-Huhne, commonly known as Chris Huhne (/ˈhjuːn/; born 2 July 1954) is a British politician and former cabinet minister, who is the Liberal Democrat Member of Parliament for the Eastleigh constituency in Hampshire. He was appointed Secretary of State for Energy and Climate Change in the coalition government following the 2010 general election. In February 2012 he became the first Cabinet minister in history to be forced from office by a criminal prosecution when he was charged with perverting the course of justice over a 2003 speeding case. Huhne has twice stood unsuccessfully for election as leader of the Liberal Democrats. In the 2006 election he came second to Sir Menzies Campbell and in the 2007 election he narrowly lost to Nick Clegg.
Huhne was born in West London to businessman Peter Paul-Huhne and actress Ann Murray (who had been the voice of the speaking clock). He was educated at the fee-paying Westminster School. His family name was Paul-Huhne and he was known during his school years as Christopher Paul-Huhne. At Oxford, he simplified his name to "Chris Huhne".
His education continued at the Sorbonne, Paris where he obtained a certificate in French
Daniel Grian Alexander (born 15 May 1972) is a British Liberal Democrat politician who has been Chief Secretary to the Treasury since 2010. He has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for the Inverness, Nairn, Badenoch & Strathspey constituency since 2005.
In his first parliamentary term (2005-2010), Alexander was the Liberal Democrat Shadow Secretary for Work and Pensions, the chief of staff to party leader, Nick Clegg, and Chair of the Liberal Democrat Manifesto Group (2007–2010).
With the 2010 UK general election producing a hung parliament, he played a key role in the four-man Liberal Democrat negotiating team and in the drawing up of the coalition document for the new Coalition Government with the Conservative Party. Alexander was initially appointed Secretary of State for Scotland, but at the end of May 2010, he was promoted to Chief Secretary to the Treasury, following the resignation of David Laws.
On 22 September 2012, Danny Alexander was appointed by Nick Clegg to review alternatives to like-for-like replacement of the Trident nuclear missile system, after Nick Harvey had been sacked as Minister of State for the Armed Forces in David Cameron's government
John Yorke Denham FRSA (born 15 July 1953) is a British Labour Party politician who has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for Southampton Itchen since 1992. He has previously served in the Cabinet, as Secretary of State for Innovation, Universities and Skills from 2007 to 2009, and then as the Secretary of State for Communities and Local Government from 2009 to 2010. He was the Shadow Business Secretary in Ed Miliband's Shadow Cabinet from 2010 to 2011, when he announced that he would be standing down as an MP at the next election, and retired from the front-bench in order to become Miliband's Parliamentary Private Secretary.
John Denham was born in Seaton, Devon and was at the Woodroffe Comprehensive School on Uplyme Road in Lyme Regis, Dorset, and the University of Southampton, where he took a BSc in Chemistry, and was President of the Students' Union in the academic year 1976-7.
After leaving education in 1977 he became an advice worker at the Energy Advice Agency in Durham, before becoming a transport campaigner with Friends of the Earth in 1978. He was Head of Youth Affairs at the British Council from 1979 until 1983, and was responsible for public education and advocacy for
Kathryn Sloan (Katy) Clark (born 3 July 1967) is a British Labour Party politician and former trade union official, who has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for North Ayrshire and Arran since 2005.
She went to Ayr Grammar Primary School, then Kyle Academy, both in Ayr. Clark was educated at the University of Aberdeen, receiving an LLB in 1990. She was the chairwoman of the Labour club there. She received a Diploma in Legal Practice from the University of Edinburgh in 1991. She is a solicitor, in Edinburgh and Musselburgh from 1991-8, turned legal officer with UNISON in London, from 1998-2005. She joined the Labour Party at the age of seventeen and is a member of the TGWU and UNISON. Her great-great grandfather, former coal-miner Alexander Sloan, was Labour MP for South Ayrshire from 1939 until his death in 1946.
She unsuccessfully contested the parliamentary seat of Galloway and Upper Nithsdale at the 1997 general election, a traditional Conservative and Scottish National Party (SNP) marginal. She finished in third place, but the main story there being that the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry Ian Lang had lost his seat to the SNP's Alasdair Morgan.
She was elected to
John Martin Linton (born 11 August 1944) is a British Labour Party politician, who was the Member of Parliament for Battersea from 1997 to 2010.
He attended Limpsfield primary school in Limpsfield, Surrey; the Christ's Hospital in Horsham, Sussex; Pembroke College, Oxford gaining an MA in PPE; and Université de Lyon. Prior to becoming an MP he was a journalist for the Guardian from 1981–97, and was a councillor in Wandsworth from 1971 to 1982.
During his media career he also worked for The Mail (1966–71), The Financial Times, Labour Weekly (1971-9) and the Daily Star (1980-1). Additionally, he has written on Third Way politics in general and "The Swedish Road to Socialism" in particular.
He served as a Parliamentary Private Secretary (PPS) to Baroness Blackstone in the Department of Culture, Media and Sport (DCMS) from 2001-3, and to Peter Hain as Leader of the House of Commons from 2003 to 2005. After the 2005 General Election he was made a PPS again, this time in the Department for Constitutional Affairs (DCA).
He is Treasurer of British-Swedish Parliamentary Association and Vice-Chairman of All-Party British-Swedish Group, reflecting his Swedish roots.
After the 2005 General
Michael Hugh Meacher (born 4 November 1939) is a British Labour politician, who has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for Oldham West and Royton since 1997. Previously he had been the MP for Oldham West, first elected in 1970. On 22 February 2007 he declared that he would be standing for the Labour Leadership, challenging Gordon Brown and John McDonnell. On 14 May, however, after talks with John McDonnell, he announced he would stand aside in order to back McDonnell as the "candidate of the left".
Born in Hemel Hempstead, the son of an accountant and stock-broker, he was educated at Berkhamsted School, New College, Oxford and the London School of Economics, where he gained a Diploma in Social Administration. He became a researcher and lecturer in social administration at Essex and York universities and wrote a book about elderly people's treatment in mental hospitals. He was the Labour Party candidate for Colchester at the 1966 UK General Election, and fought the 1968 Oldham West by-election after the resignation of Labour MP Leslie Hale but lost to Conservative candidate Bruce Campbell.
He was first elected to Parliament in 1970 for Oldham West, reversing his previous defeat, and
The Revolutionary Communist Tendency (RCT), which emerged in 1978, began as a Trotskyist political organisation in Britain in 1978, becoming the Revolutionary Communist Party in 1981, in the tradition of the revolutionary Bolshevik Party. After 1991, the party slowly metamorphosed into what might be characterised as a Libertarian group rather than a Bolshevik or Trotskyist one as traditionally conceived. The Party was disbanded in 1997, although a number of former members maintain a loose political network which promotes some of its core ideas.
The party originated as a tendency within the Revolutionary Communist Group, which had split from the International Socialists in the 1970s. This group had concluded that there was no living Marxist tradition in the left, and Marxism would have to be re-established. Disagreements about the course the Revolutionary Communist Group should take in relation to support for the Anti-Apartheid Movement led Frank Furedi, a sociologist at the University of Kent (better known then by his cadre name Frank Richards), to break off and form his own group: the Revolutionary Communist Tendency - which became the Revolutionary Communist Party (RCP). The
Gregory William "Greg" Hands, MP (born 14 November 1965) is a Conservative Party politician. He is currently the Member of Parliament (MP) for Chelsea and Fulham having been elected during the 2010 general election for the newly-created constituency formed with the splitting of the former constituencies of Kensington and Chelsea as well as Hammersmith and Fulham.
Previously, Hands had represented the constituency from 2005–2010, during which time it was the Hammersmith and Fulham constituency.
Greg Hands was born in New York City, the United States, and was educated widely before leaving Dr Challoner's Grammar School, Amersham in 1984, where he held the post of chairman of the Dr. Challoner's Debating Society. He then went on to attend Robinson College, Cambridge where he was awarded a first in modern history in 1989. He also joined the party as a student, served as the chairman of the Cambridge University Conservative Association and was on the executive committee of the Cambridge University Students' Union. During his gap year he worked in a swimming pool in Berlin, and first became interested in the Eastern Bloc, and visited Prague, and other Eastern European cities in future
Anthony Joseph 'Tony' Lloyd (born 25 February 1950) is a British Labour Party politician who has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for Manchester Central since 1997, and was the Chair of the Parliamentary Labour Party from 2006 to 2012, when he stepped down in order to stand as the Labour candidate to be the elected Police and Crime Commissioner for Greater Manchester .
He went to Stretford Grammar School for Boys on Greatstone Road in Stretford, the University of Nottingham, where he gained a BSc in Maths in 1972, and Manchester Business School where he studied for an MBA before becoming a lecturer in Business Studies at the University of Salford.
Lloyd was first elected in a political capacity when he successfully contested the 1979 Trafford Council elections, standing in Clifford ward of Old Trafford.
Following this, was first returned to the British House of Commons at the 1983 general election, as Member of Parliament for Stretford. When constituency boundaries were revised for the 1997 general election, he transferred to the Manchester Central constituency, where he has been returned at subsequent elections.
When Labour was returned to office in 1997 under Tony Blair, Lloyd
Alexander Morrison "Alistair" Carmichael (born 15 July 1965) is a Liberal Democrat politician. He has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for the Scottish seat of Orkney and Shetland since the 2001 general election.
He is the Deputy Leader of the Scottish Liberal Democrats, chief whip of the Liberal Democrats, and Deputy Chief Whip (Comptroller of HM Household) of the UK Government Coalition.
He was born on Islay, and attended Port Ellen Primary School and Islay High School. He worked between 1984-89 as an hotel manager, before beginning study at the University of Glasgow. There, he was a member of the Students' Representative Council and President of the Liberal Club, however he left his course early. He later returned to education at the University of Aberdeen, where he gained an LLB in 1992, qualifying as a solicitor in 1993. From 1993-96, he was a Procurator Fiscal Depute for Edinburgh and Aberdeen, and from 1996-2001 was a solicitor with Aberdeen and Macduff.
Carmichael was elected to represent Orkney and Shetland in the 2001 general election, the constituency previously held by Jim Wallace and Jo Grimond. He was appointed Liberal Democrat Northern Ireland and Scotland
Andrew Guy Tyrie (born 15 January 1957) is a British politician for the Conservative Party. He is the Member of Parliament (MP) for Chichester, and was first elected in the 1997 general election. He had previously been a Special Adviser at HM Treasury and is the current Chairman of the Treasury Select Committee, having taken up the role on 10 June 2010.
Tyrie was born at Rochford, Essex on January 15, 1957. He was educated at Felsted School and Trinity College, Oxford, where he read PPE, graduating as MA in 1979. He then went to the College of Europe at Bruges, earning a postgraduate Certificate of Advanced European Studies (equivalent to a master's degree), followed by Wolfson College, Cambridge, where he obtained the degree of MPhil. Tyrie worked at the group head office of British Petroleum from 1981-2003. From 1990-91, he was a Fellow of Nuffield College, Oxford, then a senior economist at the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development from 1992-2007.
Tyrie contested Houghton and Washington in 1992. As Member of Parliament for Chichester, Tyrie has been involved locally, namely in supporting campaigns including the movement to prevent the Accident and Emergency Department
Hilary Jane Armstrong, Baroness Armstrong of Hill Top (born 30 November 1945) is a British Labour Party politician who was the Member of Parliament (MP) for North West Durham from 1987 to 2010.
Armstrong was educated at Monkwearmouth Grammar School, the West Ham Technical Institute (now the University of East London) (BSc) and the University of Birmingham (Diploma in Social Work). A former social worker and university lecturer, Armstrong worked for VSO in Kenya before entering politics. She was first elected as Durham County Councillor for Crook North Division in 1985.
The daughter of Labour MP Ernest Armstrong, she was shortlisted for the vacant Sedgefield constituency in 1983, only to lose out to Tony Blair. Four years later, at the 1987 general election, she was elected to her father's North West Durham seat on his retirement, increasing his majority by 3,806 to 10,162.
Armstrong was parliamentary private secretary to John Smith during his time as Labour leader, and played a large part in his successful fight to institute one member one vote at Labour's party conference.
Armstrong was seen as a politician on the centre-right of the Labour Party, and was close politically to her
Laura Jean Moffatt (born 9 April 1954) is a British Labour Party politician who was the Member of Parliament (MP) for Crawley from 1997 until 2010.
Born Laura Jean Field in London in 1954, she was educated at Hazelwick School in Crawley, West Sussex before attending the Crawley College of Technology (now renamed Central Sussex College).
From 1975 until her election to the House of Commons in 1997, she worked as a state registered nurse at Crawley Hospital. She joined the Labour Party in 1979 and was elected to Crawley Borough Council in 1984, remaining as a councillor until 1997 and serving as the town's mayor in 1990.
Moffatt stood in Crawley at the 1992 general election, but lost out to the sitting Conservative MP Nicholas Soames. For the following election she was again selected as the Labour candidate, though this time through an all-women shortlist.
At the 2005 general election she was elected to the Commons on the smallest majority in the country with 37 votes, with her share of the vote falling by over 10 percent from the 2001 general election result. After an epic count, and numerous re-counts, Moffatt broke down in tears after being returned to Parliament.
In the Commons,
Mark Phillip Hendrick (born 2 November 1958) is a British Labour Co-operative politician who has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for Preston since winning a by-election in 2000.
Hendrick, who is half Somali, was born in Salford, Lancashire. He was educated at Salford Grammar School and Liverpool Polytechnic (now Liverpool John Moores University), where he was awarded a Bachelor of Science degree in Electrical and Electronic Engineering. He later attended the University of Manchester, where he obtained a Master of Science degree in Computer Science. Hendrick trained as a student engineer with the Ministry of Defence in 1979 at the Royal Signals and Radar Establishment, Malvern, Worcs. He later studied German at a Volkshochschule Hanau in Germany in 1981, where he trained as a student engineer with AEG Telefunken. He was appointed as an Higher Professional and Technology engineer with the Science and Engineering Research Council (SERC), Daresbury Laboratory from 1982 and stayed with the SERC for six years. In 1990 he joined Stockport College of Further and Higher Education where he worked as a Lecturer in Digital Electronics and Software Design. He was later awarded the University
Michael John Martin, Baron Martin of Springburn, PC (born 3 July 1945) is a British politician, who was the Member of Parliament (MP) for Glasgow Springburn from 1979 to 2005, and then for Glasgow North East until 2009. He was a Labour Party MP until his election as the Speaker of the House of Commons in 2000, and was Speaker for nine years until his resignation in 2009.
On his election to the post of Speaker in 2000 he was the first Roman Catholic to serve in the role since the Reformation. He resigned from the position on 21 June 2009 as a result of diminishing parliamentary and public confidence owing to his role in the parliamentary expenses scandal. He also stood down from the House of Commons on the following day.
Martin was born in Glasgow in 1945, the son of a merchant seaman and a school cleaner. He attended St Patrick's Boys' School in Anderston, leaving at the age of 15 to become an apprentice sheet-metal worker. He became involved in the National Union of Sheet Metal Workers and Coppersmiths and joined the Labour Party when he was 21. He later worked in the Rolls-Royce plant at Hillington, and was an Amalgamated Engineering and Electrical Union shop steward from 1970 to
The Repeal Association was an Irish mass membership political movement set up by Daniel O'Connell in 1840 to campaign for a repeal of the Act of Union of 1800 between Great Britain and Ireland.
The Association's aim was to revert Ireland to the constitutional position briefly achieved by Henry Grattan and his patriots in the 1780s, but this time with a full Catholic involvement that was now possible following the Act of Emancipation in 1829, supported by the electorate approved under the Reform Act of 1832. On its failure by the late 1840s the Young Ireland movement developed.
Repealer candidates contested the United Kingdom general election, 1832 in Ireland. Between 1835 and 1841, they formed a pact with the Liberals. Repealer candidates, unaffiliated with the Liberal Party, contested the 1841 and 1847 general elections.
The seats figure in brackets is the position after election petitions and by-elections consequent upon election petitions, had been decided. There were 103 Irish MPs in the period (excluding the two members from Dublin University, as that non-territorial constituency is excluded from the table below).
Votes in 1835 and 1837 are included in the Liberal totals in
Philip Hammond MP (born 4 December 1955) is a British Conservative Party politician. He is Secretary of State for Defence in the Coalition government led by David Cameron, having succeeded Liam Fox on 14 October 2011. He was Secretary of State for Transport from 13 May 2010, when he was appointed as a Privy Counsellor. He is the Member of Parliament (MP) for Runnymede and Weybridge.
Philip Hammond was born in Epping, Essex, the son of a civil engineer. He first attended Brookfield Junior school, Shenfield School (now Shenfield High School) in Brentwood, Essex, and University College, Oxford, where he gained a degree in Philosophy, Politics, and Economics.
Hammond joined the medical equipment manufacturers Speywood Laboratories Ltd in 1977, becoming a director of Speywood Medical Limited in 1981. In 1982, an automatic electrocardiograph electrode manufacturing plant figured among his notable achievements. He left in 1983 and, from 1984, he was a director in Castlemead Ltd. From 1993 to 1995, he was a partner in CMA Consultants and, from 1994, a director in Castlemead Homes. He had many business interests including house building and property, manufacturing, healthcare and oil and
Shailesh Lakhman Vara (born 4 September 1960) is a British Conservative Party politician. He was elected Member of Parliament (MP) for North West Cambridgeshire in the 2005 general election, succeeding Brian Mawhinney as the Conservative MP for the seat. Shailesh Vara has previously been a Vice Chairman of the Conservative Party. In 2006, he was appointed to the shadow ministerial post of Shadow Deputy Leader of the House of Commons. Following the 2010 general election, he was appointed to the position of Assistant Whip in the coalition government.
Born in Uganda to Hindu Indian Immigrants. Vara came to Britain with his family in 1964 when he was four. Educated at Aylesbury Grammar School and Brunel University, Vara qualified as a solicitor. He worked in the City and West End of London, and during 1989-1990, he worked in Hong Kong. Vara has been a senior legal adviser and business consultant for London First, and is vice-president of the Small Business Bureau. He also has a black belt in Tae Kwon Do and set up his own club where he taught for a while. Vara is married with two children.
Vara has been involved with the Conservative Party since the late 1980s and has held various
Mark Durkan MP (born 26 June 1960) is an Irish nationalist politician in Northern Ireland who was leader of the Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP) from 2001 to 2010.
John Mark Durkan was born in Derry; his father, Brendan, was an Royal Ulster Constabulary District Inspector in Armagh. He was raised by his mother, Isobel, after his father was killed in a road accident in 1961. He was educated at St. Patrick's Primary School and at St. Columb's College, where he was Head Boy.
He studied politics at the Queen's University of Belfast (QUB), and later did a part-time postgraduate course in Public Policy Management with the University of Ulster at Magee. While at QUB Durkan served as Deputy President of Queen's Students' Union from 1982 to 1983. He was also elected Deputy President of the Union of Students in Ireland from 1982 to 1984.
He became involved in politics in 1981 when he became a member of the Social Democratic and Labour Party. In 1984 he went to work for John Hume as his Westminster Assistant. He became a key figure in organising by-election campaigns for Seamus Mallon and Eddie McGrady in the 1980s.
In 1990 Durkan became chairperson of the SDLP, a position he served
Angela Frances Browning, Baroness Browning (born 4 December 1946) is a British Conservative Party politician. She was the Member of Parliament (MP) for Tiverton and Honiton from 1997 to 2010, having previously been MP for Tiverton from 1992 to 1997.
Born Angela Pearson in Reading. Her father was a lab technician at the University of Reading. She was educated at the Westwood Grammar School for Girls (a grammar school, now called Prospect School) on Honey End Lane in Reading, Reading College of Technology, and the Bournemouth College of Technology. She became a Home Economics tutor in adult education from 1968 until 1974. She was an auxiliary nurse for a year in 1976. She was appointed as a sales and training manager with GEC Hotpoint in 1977. In 1985 she became a self-employed management consultant and was also became Director of the Small Business Bureau until 1994. From 1988-92, she was the Chairman of Women into Business.
Browning contested Crewe and Nantwich at the 1987 general election but was narrowly defeated by the veteran Labour MP Gwyneth Dunwoody by just 1,092 votes. She was selected for the safe Conservative seat of Tiverton following the retirement of Robin
The Campaign For A New Workers' Party is an initiative of the Socialist Party of England and Wales that argues for the establishment of a new mass workers' party, involving trade union activists, socialists, anti-capitalists, and community, anti-war and environmental activists. It was launched at the party's annual Socialism event in November 2005. There are more than 4000 signatories to the campaign's founding declaration, many of whom are trade unionists. Some left parties have claimed that the CNWP is a front for the Socialist Party.
Like the Socialist Alliance in the early 1990s, the CNWP is joining local electoral fronts, such as Save Huddersfield NHS, which has a CNWP supporter and SP member as a councillor. The CNWP is supporting the Trade Unionist and Socialist Coalition in the 2010 General Election.
The campaign stemmed from the dissolution of the Socialist Alliance in 2004 when Respect - The Unity Coalition was founded. A conference in Liverpool in March 2004 called for a 'Campaign for a Mass Party of the Working Class'. The first formal conference was in London on 19 March 2006, chaired by Dave Nellist, a former Labour MP and current Socialist Party councillor in
David Anderson (born 2 December 1953) is a British Labour Party politician, who has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for Blaydon since 2005.
Born in Sunderland, Anderson was educated at the Maltby Grammar School (became Maltby Comprehensive School in 1967) on Bawtry Road in Maltby, and Durham Technical College (became New College Durham in 1977), the Doncaster Technical College (became Doncaster College) and Durham University. He worked as a miner from 1969 until 1989 at Eppleton Colliery near Hetton-le-Hole, then as a care worker until he entered Parliament. During his time as a care worker he was also an activist in the public sector union UNISON and served as its President for 2003-4.
Anderson was first elected at the 2005 general election, after the sitting Labour MP for Blaydon John David McWilliam stood down.
In Parliament, Anderson has been a member of the Northern Ireland Affairs Committee since 2005, having long been interested in the peace process in Northern Ireland, and was also a member of the House of Commons Procedure Committee for a year. In 2006 he was appointed as the Parliamentary Private Secretary to the Education and Skills Minister Bill Rammell.
Gavin Steel Strang (born 10 July 1943) is a British politician who served in the House of Commons for forty years (1970–2010), representing Edinburgh East in the Labour interest. He served as a minister in the 1974-1979 government under Prime Ministers Harold Wilson and James Callaghan as well as in the Cabinet under Tony Blair. By the time of his retirement he was the longest-serving incumbent Scottish MP.
He was a farmer's son and grew up in Perthshire. He went to Morrison's Academy in Crieff. At the University of Edinburgh, he gained a BSc in Genetics in 1964. At Churchill College, Cambridge, he gained a Diploma in Agricultural Science (DipAgriSci). From the University of Edinburgh he gained a PhD in Agricultural Science. from 1966-68. He was a member of the Tayside Economic Planning Consultative Group. He was a scientist at the Agricultural and Food Research Council and Animal Breeding Research Organisation in Edinburgh from 1968-70.
In 1970, Labour MP George Willis, who had represented Edinburgh East since 1954, retired. Strang won Labour's endorsement and was elected to Parliament. Although Edinburgh was a Conservative stronghold in the 1970s and 1980s, Strang's seat was a
Mark Fraser Williams (born March 24, 1966) is a British Welsh Liberal Democrat politician and the Member of Parliament (MP) for the Ceredigion constituency, a seat he gained from Plaid Cymru in 2005. He sits on the Welsh Affairs Select Committee, and in 2006 he became a Shadow Minister for Wales under Menzies Campbell.
Mark Williams is a graduate of the University of Wales, Aberystwyth and the University of Plymouth, and was Deputy Headteacher of a school in Llangorse near Brecon before becoming an MP.
Mark Williams was born in Hertfordshire on 24 March 1966. His mother worked as a classroom assistant, and his father ran a printing business. He has two older sisters. He attended the local village primary school and then Richard Hale Secondary School, Hertford, from where he moved on to the University of Wales, Aberystwyth in 1984 to study politics. It was at school during the days of the SDP-Liberal Alliance that he become involved in Liberal politics, later saying:
Within a week of arriving in Aberystwyth, Williams became secretary of the student group and had met local Liberal MP Geraint Howells. After graduating, he became a part-time researcher to the Liberal Peers in the House
Ann Clwyd Roberts (born 21 March 1937) is a Welsh Labour Party politician who has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for Cynon Valley since 1984.
Ann Clwyd is the daughter of Gwilym Henri Lewis and Elizabeth Ann Lewis. She lived in Pentre Halkyn in Flintshire and attended Holywell Grammar School (now Holywell High School), the independent Queen's School in Chester and the University College of Wales in Bangor. She was a student teacher at Hope School in Flintshire. She worked as a journalist, working for the BBC as a studio manager and then became Welsh correspondent for the Guardian and Observer newspapers during 1964-79. She was Vice-Chair of the Arts Council of Wales from 1975-79. She is a member of the NUJ and TGWU.
She was persuaded to stand for Parliament by Huw T. Edwards, who felt that there should be more women in parliament. She was the unsuccessful Labour candidate in Denbigh in 1970 and Gloucester in October 1974. From 1979 to 1984, Ann Clwyd was MEP for Mid and West Wales. She was elected to Parliament in a by-election in May 1984 following the death of Ioan Evans and became the first woman to sit for a Welsh valleys constituency. She served as Shadow Minister of
Alan James Carter Duncan (born 31 March 1957) is a British Conservative Party politician. He is the Member of Parliament (MP) for Rutland and Melton, and a Minister of State in the Department for International Development.
Duncan began his career in the oil industry with Royal Dutch Shell, and was first elected to the House of Commons in the 1992 general election. After several minor positions in the government of John Major, he played a key role in William Hague's successful bid for the Conservative leadership in 1997. He received several promotions to the Conservative front bench until he eventually joined the Shadow Cabinet after the 2005 general election and stood for the Conservative leadership in 2005 but withdrew early on because of a lack of support. Eventual winner David Cameron appointed him Shadow Secretary of State for Trade and Industry in December 2005, the title of which was changed to Department for Business, Enterprise and Regulatory Reform in July 2007, now the Department for Business, Innovation and Skills.
He is known as one of the most liberal and progressive MPs within the Conservative Party. He is also well known as the first openly gay Conservative Member of
Sir Alan Gordon Barraclough Haselhurst (born 23 June 1937) is a British Conservative politician who is the Member of Parliament (MP) for Saffron Walden and was Chairman of Ways and Means from 14 May 1997 to 8 June 2010.
Alan Haselhurst was born in South Elmsall, near Hemsworth, Yorkshire, and was educated in Birmingham at King Edward's School, Cheltenham College in Gloucestershire, and at Oriel College, Oxford. Whilst at Oxford he was the President of the Oxford University Conservative Association in 1958 and served as both the secretary and treasurer for two years with the Oxford Union from 1959. Before his election to Parliament, he worked in management in the chemicals industry and became an unremunerated director when his father's pharmacy was incorporated. He was the Chairman of the Manchester Youth and Community Service from 1974 until he was re-elected to Parliament.
Alan Haselhurst worked as an election agent for the Conservative MP for Hertford Robin Balniel at both the 1964 and 1966 general elections. Beginning in 1964, he served for two years as the Chairman of the National Young Conservatives. He was elected to the House of Commons at the 1970 general election for the
Edward Jonathan "Ed" Davey MP FRSA (born 25 December 1965) is a British Liberal Democrat politician. He has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for Kingston and Surbiton since 1997, and Secretary of State for Energy and Climate Change since 2012. He was previously the Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State at the Department for Business, Innovation and Skills with responsibility for Employment Relations, Consumer and Postal Affairs.
The son of a solicitor father and teacher mother, Edward Davey was born in Annesley Woodhouse, Nottinghamshire. His father John died when Davey was four years old, and his mother Nina (née Stanbrook) eleven years later, following which he was brought up by his mother's parents. After attending senior school at the independent Nottingham High School (in common with MPs Kenneth Clarke, Geoff Hoon and Ed Balls) in the year above Ed Balls, where he was head boy in 1984, he furthered his education at Jesus College, Oxford where he was awarded a first class BA degree in Philosophy, Politics and Economics in 1988. Whilst at Oxford, he was also elected to the JCR presidency of Jesus College.
As a teenager he worked at Pork Farms pork pie factory and at Boots. In
The Irish Parliamentary Party (IPP; commonly called the Irish Party or the Home Rule Party; in Irish Páirtí Parlaiminteach na hÉireann) was formed in 1882 by Charles Stewart Parnell, the leader of the Nationalist Party, replacing the Home Rule League, as official parliamentary party for Irish nationalist Members of Parliament (MPs) elected to the House of Commons at Westminster within the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland up until 1918. Its central objectives were legislative independence for Ireland and land reform. Its constitutional movement was instrumental in laying the groundwork for Irish self-government through three Irish Home Rule bills.
The IPP evolved out of the Home Rule League founded by Isaac Butt after he defected from the Irish Conservative Party in 1873, to gain a limited form of freedom from Britain in order to protect and control Irish domestic affairs in the interest of the Protestant landlord class, after William Ewart Gladstone and his Liberal Party came to power in 1868 under his slogan Justice for Ireland, when Irish Liberals gained 65 of the 105 Irish seats at Westminster. Gladstone said his mission was to pacify Ireland and with the Irish Church
Sir Malcolm Leslie Rifkind KCMG, PC, QC, MP (born 21 June 1946) is a British Conservative Party politician and Member of Parliament for Kensington. He served in various roles as a cabinet minister under Prime Ministers Margaret Thatcher and John Major, including Secretary of State for Scotland (1986–1990), Defence Secretary (1992–1995) and Foreign Secretary (1995–1997).
Rifkind was the Member of Parliament (MP) for Edinburgh Pentlands from 1974 to 1997, when his party lost power and he lost his seat to the Labour Party. He attempted - unsuccessfully - to be re-elected in Pentlands in 2001; the constituency was abolished before the 2005 general election and he was adopted, and subsequently elected, as the Conservative candidate for Kensington and Chelsea. He announced his intention to seek the leadership of the party before the 2005 Conservative Party leadership election, but withdrew before balloting commenced. He was Chairman of the Standards and Privileges Committee of the House of Commons until the dissolution of the House of Commons on 12 April 2010. When the Kensington and Chelsea constituency was realigned to create the new seats of Chelsea and Fulham and Kensington, Rifkind
Andrew Francis Slaughter (born 29 September 1960) is a British Labour Party politician who was elected as Member of Parliament (MP) for Hammersmith in 2010. He had previously been MP for Ealing, Acton and Shepherd's Bush from 2005 to 2010 and before that, Leader of the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham Council. He is currently a Shadow Justice Minister, serving on the Labour Party's frontbench.
Slaughter was born in Hammersmith and educated at Peterborough Primary School on Clancarty Road. At 11, he went to the independent Latymer Upper School before being admitted to the University of Exeter, where he read English between 1979 and 1982. For the next 16 years he lived in Hammersmith before moving in 1998 to Askew Road in Shepherds Bush.
In the 1980s Slaughter had a number of jobs working in the voluntary, public and private sectors. Slaughter worked for the British Safety Council, a charity based in Hammersmith Broadway, and for Hammersmith & Fulham Council in libraries around the borough and at Fulham Town Hall. He then worked for commercial PR firms before moving on to research, first for the BBC and then in Parliament. He spent two years in this role for Michael Meacher
David Philip Heathcoat-Amory (born 21 March 1949) is a British politician, accountant and farmer. He was the Conservative Member of Parliament for Wells from 1983 until he lost his seat in the 2010 general election.
David Heathcoat-Amory is the son of British Army Brigadier Roderick Heathcoat-Amory, MC (son of Sir Ian Heathcoat-Amory, 2nd Baronet) and the nephew of Harold Macmillan's Chancellor of the Exchequer Derick Heathcoat-Amory. He was educated at Eton College and Christ Church, University of Oxford, where he received an MA in PPE. He was President of the Oxford University Conservative Association, and was a contemporary of figures like John Redwood, Robert Jackson, William Waldegrave, Edwina Currie, Stephen Milligan and Gyles Brandreth. He qualified as an accountant in 1974 and joined Price Waterhouse as a chartered accountant. In 1980, he was appointed as the assistant finance director of the British Technology Group where he remained until he was elected to Parliament. He is also a farmer.
Heathcoat-Amory contested the London Borough of Brent seat at Brent South at the 1979 general election but was defeated by the sitting Labour MP Laurence Pavitt by 11,616 votes. He was
David Alan Heyes (born 2 April 1946) is a British Labour Party politician who has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for Ashton under Lyne since 2001.
Heyes was born in Manchester and was educated at the city's Blackley Technical High School (now a housing estate) on Dommett Street and was awarded a BA in Social sciences from the Open University in 1987. He joined Manchester City Council in 1962 as a local government officer, before joining Greater Manchester County Council in 1974. He was appointed as a principal local government officer with the Metropolitan Borough of Oldham Council in 1987, leaving local government employment in 1990 to set up as a graphic designer. In 1995 he was appointed deputy district manager of Manchester Citizens Advice Bureau where he remained until his election to parliament.
He has been a member of the trade union UNISON, and its predecessor the NALGO, since 1962. He was elected as a councillor in Oldham in 1992 and was secretary of the Labour group from 1993 to 2000; he stood down from the council in 2004.
Since the retirement of Ashton's veteran Labour MP Robert Sheldon at the 2001 General Election, he has represented the seat in the House of
Dennis Edward Skinner (born 11 February 1932) is a British Labour Party politician who has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for Bolsover since 1970, the Chairman of the Labour Party from 1988 to 1989, and has sat on the National Executive Committee numerous times since 1978.
Born in Clay Cross, Derbyshire, Skinner is the third of nine children of coal miner Edward Skinner, who was sacked after the 1926 general strike. Skinner himself worked as a miner for over 20 years, during which he became a NUM leader and Clay Cross Labour Party councillor. He is known for his left-wing views, acid tongue and for never missing a Commons session.
He is a member of the Socialist Campaign Group of Labour MPs.
Skinner was educated at Tupton Hall Grammar School (now Tupton Hall School) after passing the Eleven-plus a year early. He worked in the mines from 1949 to 1970, at Parkhouse Colliery in Clay Cross until it closed in 1962, then at Glapwell Colliery near Chesterfield. He joined the Labour Party in 1956.
Skinner was a member of the Derbyshire County Council from 1964 to 1970, and a Clay Cross councillor from 1960 to 1970. He was leader of the Derbyshire area of the National Union of
Elliot Anthony Morley (born 6 July 1952) is a former Labour Party politician, who was the Member of Parliament for Glanford and Scunthorpe from 1987 to 1997 and then Scunthorpe from 1997 to 2010. In 2009, he was accused by The Daily Telegraph of continuing to claim parliamentary expenses for a mortgage that had already been repaid. Morley was duly prosecuted and on 7 April 2011 pleaded guilty in the Crown Court at Southwark to two counts of false accounting, involving over £30,000. On 20 May 2011, he was sentenced to 16 months imprisonment. He was released from prison on 20 September 2011 having served one-quarter of his sentence.
He attended St Margaret's C of E High School on Aigburth Road in Aigburth in south Liverpool and received a BEd from Hull College of Education. He was head of Special Needs at Greatfield High School in Hull.
Before entering Parliament, Morley was a Labour member of Hull City Council representing Drypool Ward from 1979 to 1986.
He served as Fisheries Minister from 1997 to 2003. He was Minister for Environment and Agri-Environment in DEFRA but left government in the May 2006 reshuffle. During his time in government Morley pushed strongly for a series of
Graham Charles Stuart (born 12 March 1962) is a British Conservative Party politician. He was elected Member of Parliament for Beverley and Holderness in 2005, gaining reelection in 2010.
Graham Stuart was born in Carlisle, Cumbria, and studied at Glenalmond College, an independent school in Perthshire, followed by Selwyn College at the University of Cambridge from 1982 to 1985, where he read Philosophy and Law but failed his degree.
He was Chairman of the Cambridge University Conservative Association during Easter 1985.
Stuart started his publishing business during his first year at university and remains non-executive chairman. He was elected as a member of Cambridge City Council for the Cherry Hinton Ward in the 1998 local elections. He contested the Cambridge constituency as the Conservative Party candidate at the 2001 general election, coming in third place with 9,829 votes, 23% of the share. He was reelected to Cambridge City Council in the 2002 local elections and served until 2004.
Stuart was elected to the House of Commons as Member of Parliament (MP) for Beverley and Holderness in the 2005 general election with a majority of 2,580. Following his election, he said "I plan
John Simon Bercow ( /ˈbɜrkoʊ/ BUR-koh; born 19 January 1963) is a British politician who has been the Speaker of the House of Commons since June 2009. Prior to his election to Speaker he was a member of the Conservative Party.
Bercow was born in Middlesex into a Jewish family and graduated from the University of Essex in 1985. In his youth, Bercow was active in the Conservative Party and was a member of several right-wing groups within the party. He served as a Councillor from 1986–1990 and unsuccessfully contested parliamentary seats in the 1987 and 1992 general elections. In the 1997 general election, Bercow was elected the MP for Buckingham and promoted to the shadow cabinet in 2001. He held posts in the Shadow Cabinets of Iain Duncan Smith and Michael Howard. In November 2002, he resigned from the Shadow Cabinet over disputes concerning the Adoption and Children Act but returned under Michael Howard in 2003. In September 2004, Bercow was sacked from the Shadow Cabinet after disagreements with leader Michael Howard.
Following the resignation of the Speaker, Michael Martin, Bercow announced his intention to stand for the Speakership election on 22 June 2009 and was successful. He
Jonathan Rowland Shaw (born 3 June 1966) is a British Labour Party politician who was the Member of Parliament (MP) for Chatham and Aylesford from 1997 to 2010. He was a Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State at the Department for Work and Pensions as well as Minister for the South East of England.
Shaw was educated at Vinters Boys' School, West Kent College and Bromley College.
A former member of Medway Borough Council, Shaw was first elected to the House of Commons during the 1997 national swing to Labour with a majority of 2,790. He was re-elected in 2001 with a majority of 4,340 and again in 2005 with a majority of 2,332.
Shaw was Parliamentary Private Secretary to Ruth Kelly as Secretary of State for Education and Skills in 2005-06. He was also an Assistant Government Whip in 2006-07, prior to before joining The Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs as Minister for Fisheries.
Shaw served as a member of the Commons Environmental Audit Select Committee, 1997-2001, and the Education and Skills Select Committee, 2001-05.
In July 2007, Shaw was appointed Minister for the South East of England.
At a government reshuffle in October 2008, Shaw moved to the DWP, becoming a
Julie Kirkbride (born 5 June 1960, Halifax, West Yorkshire) is a British former politician. She was the Conservative Party Member of Parliament for the Conservative stronghold of Bromsgrove from 1997 until 2010
Her father was a lorry driver, who died when she was seven. Her mother was a secretary at Rowntree Mackintosh (now owned by Nestlé). She went to the Highlands School (now North Halifax Grammar School) in Illingworth, Halifax. She studied at Girton College, Cambridge from 1978–81, receiving a MA in Economics and History, and serving as vice-president of the Cambridge Union Society in 1981. From 1981-2, she worked as a journalist for the Parliamentary Weekly House Magazine. She went to the Graduate School of Journalism of the University of California Berkeley from 1982-3. She was researcher for Yorkshire Television from 1983-6, then a producer for BBC News and Current Affairs from 1986-9, then worked as a producer at the ITN Parliamentary Unit from 1989-92. She was the political correspondent of The Daily Telegraph from 1992-6 and social affairs editor of The Sunday Telegraph from 1996 until 1997.
In 1997 general election Kirkbride was elected MP of Bromsgrove, a seat which
Margaret Moran (born 24 April 1955) is a former Labour Party politician in the United Kingdom. She was the Member of Parliament (MP) for Luton South from 1997 to 2010.
Moran was involved in the 2009 Parliamentary expenses scandal, when the Daily Telegraph revealed she had claimed £22,500 on expenses to treat dry rot in a house 100 miles from her constituency. As a result she announced that she would stand down at the 2010 election. The Parliamentary Commissioner for Standards began an investigation into her conduct. Moran was also caught up in another scandal in March 2010 when she was one of four retiring Labour MPs who were found to have offered their services as paid lobbyists to an undercover reporter. According to the Telegraph on 13 October 2010 detectives from the Met Police had spent several months looking into expenses claims made by her and she was expected to be charged within weeks for false accounting or fraud. She would have been the fifth Labour MP to be charged, the others being former Labour MPs David Chaytor, Jim Devine and Eric Illsley and former Labour Minister Elliot Morley, whilst a sixth serving Labour MP and former Minister Denis MacShane has been suspended
Parmjit Singh Dhanda (born 17 September 1971) is a British Labour Party politician who was the Member of Parliament (MP) for Gloucester from 2001 to 2010, succeeding Tess Kingham as the Labour MP for the seat. He remains the only Minister of Indian heritage ever to have served in the British Government.
Born in London to Indian immigrants of Sikh Punjabi background; his mother was a cleaner at a local hospital, whilst his father was a lorry driver. He was educated at Mellow Lane School, a state Comprehensive School in Hayes, Middlesex, before attending the University of Nottingham, where he received a Bachelor of Engineering degree in 1993, and a MA in information technology in 1995.
Dhanda is married and lives with his family in Matson, Gloucester. Has been a member of the Union of Shop, Distributive and Allied Workers (USDAW) since 1999. He speaks Punjabi and French, in addition to English.
Dhanda became a Labour Party organiser in West London, Hampshire and Wiltshire in 1996, then went on to be assistant national organiser with Connect in 1998 where he remained until he was elected to Westminster. He was elected as a councillor in the London Borough of Hillingdon in 1998 and
Philip Thomas Hollobone (born 1964) is a British Conservative Party politician who is both a Member of Parliament for the Kettering constituency (since the 2005 general election) and a member of Kettering Borough Council for the Piper's Hill ward (since 3 May 2007).
Hollobone was educated at Dulwich College, London, and Lady Margaret Hall, Oxford where he was awarded a BA degree in Modern History and Economics. He was a prominent member of the Oxford University branch of the Monday Club.
In 1984, he worked as a voluntary teacher in Honduras with a Baptist mission. He worked for various companies as an industry research analyst between 1987 and 2003 and was in the Territorial Army for eight years.
His elected political career began in the London Borough of Bromley, where he served as a councillor between 1990 and 1994, before unsuccessfully contesting Lewisham East at the 1997 General Election where he was defeated by the sitting Labour MP Bridget Prentice by 12,127 votes. In 1999, he served a one-year term as Chairman of the Bromley and Chislehurst Conservative Association.
He was later selected as the Conservative candidate for the marginal Northamptonshire constituency of
Theresa Mary May (née Brasier; born 1 October 1956) is a British Conservative politician who is the current Home Secretary. She was elected to the Parliament of the United Kingdom in 1997 as the Member of Parliament for Maidenhead, and served as the Chairman of the Conservative Party, 2003–04. Appointed to Her Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council in 2003, she became Shadow Secretary of State for Work and Pensions and Shadow Minister for Women before being appointed to her current positions in Prime Minister David Cameron's Cabinet on 12 May 2010.
May was born 1 October 1956, in Eastbourne, Sussex. She is the daughter of Rev. Hubert Brasier, a Church of England clergyman, and Mrs Zaidee Brasier. Her education was completed at a combination of state primary, independent convent and state secondary schools. She initially attended Heythrop Primary School, Oxfordshire, followed by St. Juliana's Convent School for Girls, a Roman Catholic independent school in Begbroke, which closed in 1984. At the age of 13, she gained a place at the former Holton Park Girls' Grammar School in Wheatley in Oxfordshire. In 1971, the school was abolished and became the site of the new Wheatley Park
Fiona Margaret Mactaggart (born 12 September 1953) is a British Labour Party politician, who has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for Slough since 1997.
While at university, she was an outspoken member of the Young Students and Socialists Society and sought to live down her school days at the private Cheltenham Ladies' College. She read for a BA in English at King's College London, an MA at the Institute of Education, Bloomsbury and a PGCE at Goldsmiths, University of London.
She was Vice-President and National Secretary of the National Union of Students from 1978 to 1981. She was Press and Public Relations Officer for the National Council of Voluntary Organisation (NCVO) for six months before being General Secretary of the Joint Council for the Welfare of Immigrants from 1982-87. She was a primary school teacher in Peckham from 1987–92, noting "I have a voice that children can hear at the other end of the playground".
Mactaggart was a councillor and Leader of the Labour Group on Wandsworth Council from 1988 to 1990. From 1992-7, she was a Lecturer in Primary Education at the Institute of Education and Chair of Liberty. While a primary school teacher, she decided to become an MP,
Frank Doran (born 13 April 1949) is a British Labour Party politician, who was the Member of Parliament (MP) for Aberdeen South from 1987 to 1992, when he lost his seat. He was re-elected in 1997 to Aberdeen Central, and currently represents Aberdeen North.
Frank Doran attended the Ainslie Park Secondary School (later the Ainslie Park High School) in East Pilton and Leith Academy in Leith before leaving school at age 16. He took a job at the North of Scotland Hydro-Electric Board and was promoted to junior clerk in the legal department within a year. There, he was encouraged in his interest in law by Assistant Secretary of the Board Douglas Nellands, and he started taking night classes. After a few years, he attended the University of Dundee, where he was awarded a LLB degree in 1975. He was admitted as a solicitor in 1977 and was in practice until 1988.
He is the partner of fellow Labour MP Joan Ruddock.
He unsuccessfully contested the European Parliament seat of Scotland North East in 1984. He was elected to the House of Commons at the 1987 general election for Aberdeen South by defeating the sitting Conservative and Unionist MP Gerry Malone. He was promoted to the opposition
Jacqueline Jill "Jacqui" Smith (born 3 November 1962) is a member of the British Labour Party. She was the Member of Parliament for Redditch from 1997 until 2010, the first female Home Secretary and the third woman to hold one of the Great Offices of State — after Margaret Thatcher (Prime Minister) and Margaret Beckett (Foreign Secretary).
Smith was one of the MPs investigated by the parliamentary commissioner for standards over a variety of inappropriate expense claims Smith, whose case was arguably among the most significant of the MPs' expenses cases was never prosecuted and was asked to pay back less than average after investigation by Sir Thomas Legg, was found to have "clearly" broken the rules on expenses and ordered to apologise. On 5 June 2009, she ceased to be Home Secretary in the Cabinet reshuffle, and then lost her seat as Member of Parliament for Redditch in the 2010 General Election.
Born in Malvern, Worcestershire, Smith attended Dyson Perrins High School in Malvern. Her parents were teachers, and both Labour councillors; although her mother briefly joined the SDP. Her local MP, Conservative backbencher Sir Michael Spicer, recalled in Parliament in 2003 how he had
James Norwich Arbuthnot, MP (born 4 August 1952) is a British Conservative Party politician. He is the Member of Parliament (MP) for North East Hampshire.
Arbuthnot was born in Deal, Kent, the son of Sir John Arbuthnot, 1st Baronet and Margaret Jean Duff. He was educated at Wellesley House School in Broadstairs, Eton College, where he was Captain of school, and Trinity College, Cambridge, where he obtained a law degree in 1974.
Arbuthnot was called to the Bar by Lincoln's Inn in 1975 and became a practising barrister. An active member of the Chelsea Conservative Association, he was elected as a councillor to the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea in 1978 and remained a councillor until his election as a Member of Parliament (MP) in 1987. In 1980 he became the vice-chairman of the Chelsea Conservative Association.
Arbuthnot contested the Cynon Valley seat, in the Labour heartland of industrial South Wales, at the 1983 general election and was defeated by Ioan Evans. A year later in 1984, Evans died and Arbuthnot fought the resulting by-election, but he was again defeated by the Labour candidate, Ann Clwyd.
At the 1987 general election Arbuthnot was chosen to contest the safe
Repeal was a demand by Irish nationalist leader Daniel O'Connell (6 August 1775 ￢ﾀﾓ 15 May 1847) for the repeal of the Act of Union 1800 which had merged the Kingdom of Great Britain and Kingdom of Ireland to form the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland in 1801.
Rosemary McKenna CBE (born 8 May 1941) is a British Labour Party politician, who was the Member of Parliament (MP) for Cumbernauld, Kilsyth and Kirkintilloch East until 2010.
Born to the Irish Cornelius Harvey and a Scottish mother, Susan, she went to St Augustine's RC Secondary School on Liddesdale Road in Milton, East Dunbartonshire. From 1958-65, she worked as a secretary. She joined the Labour Party in 1966 when she moved to Cumbernauld. She studied at the Roman Catholic Notre Dame College of Education, receiving a Diploma in Primary Education in 1974. She was a primary school teacher from 1974-94 before becoming a local councillor and eventual Provost of the former Cumbernauld and Kilsyth District Council.
McKenna was first elected in 1997 to represent the former Cumbernauld and Kilsyth seat, which she retained at the 2001 election.
The seat was abolished for the 2005 general election and she contested the new Cumbernauld, Kilsyth and Kirkintilloch East constituency, winning with a 1.1% swing against her to the Scottish National Party. She retired at the 2010 general election.
She was responsible for chairing the Labour Party's vetting procedure for candidates for the first
Russell Leslie Brown (born 17 September 1951) is a Scottish Labour Party politician. He is Member of Parliament for Dumfries and Galloway.
Russell Brown was born in Annan, Scotland, and attended the local Annan Academy. In 1974 he began work as a plant operative at ICI and remained with the company until his election to Westminster.
In October 2010 he was appointed to Labour's front bench team as a Shadow Defence Minister.
He was elected as a branch chairman within the Transport and General Workers Union 1979-1985. In 1986 he was elected as a councillor to the Dumfries and Galloway Regional Council, and was the Labour Group Leader 1995-1997, Between 1988 and 1996 he also served as a councillor on the Annandale and Eskdale District Council.
He was selected to contest the seemingly safe Conservative and Unionist seat of Dumfries at the 1997 UK General Election. The MP of 33 years, Hector Monro retired and the Conservative and Unionist candidate was Struan Stevenson. The Conservative Party was completely wiped out in Scotland in 1997, and Russell Brown was elected as the Labour MP for Dumfries with a majority of 9,643, and has remained an MP since. He made his maiden speech on 7 July
Stephen Roy Williams (born 11 October 1966) is a British Liberal Democrat politician who was first elected as the Member of Parliament (MP) for Bristol West in the 2005 general election, being re-elected with an increased majority in May 2010. He is the first Liberal or Liberal Democrat elected for a Bristol seat since 1935, and the first ever in Bristol West.
Williams grew up in the South Wales village of Abercynon in the Cynon Valley. He attended Mountain Ash Comprehensive School and the University of Bristol, graduating in 1988 with a degree in History. During his first two years he lived in Wills Hall, one of the University's halls of residence. Today Williams remains a member of the Wills Hall Association. He qualified as Chartered Tax Adviser and worked for several large firms including PriceWaterhouseCoopers and Grant Thornton.
Williams was interested in politics from a young age. While at the University of Bristol he was President of the SDP/Liberal society, and an active member of the local SDP branch. He has also served on Avon County and Bristol City Councils, elected as Councillor for Cabot ward in 1993 aged 26. He was leader of the Bristol Liberal Democrat group from
The British Socialist Party (BSP) was a Marxist political organisation established in Great Britain in 1911. Following a protracted period of factional struggle, in 1916 the party's anti-war forces gained decisive control of the party and saw the defection of its pro-war Right Wing. After the victory of the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia at the end of 1917 and the termination of World War I the following year, the BSP emerged as an explicitly revolutionary socialist organisation. It negotiated with other radical groups in an effort to establish a unified communist organisation, an effort which culminated in August 1920 with the establishment of the Communist Party of Great Britain.
The founding conference which established the British Socialist Party was called by the Social Democratic Party (SDP), a group best remembered to history by its pre-1908 moniker, the Social Democratic Federation (SDF). The old SDF had long sought the unity of the British Left, having originally begun negotiations on the topic with the Independent Labour Party (ILP) not long after the formation of the latter in 1893. The ILP had long been unwilling to merge forces with a doctrinaire Marxist organization
Sir Edward Henry Garnier, QC, MP (born 26 October 1952) is a barrister and Conservative Party politician in the United Kingdom. A former Guardian Newspaper lawyer he is on the socially liberal wing of his party and has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for Harborough in Leicestershire since 1992.
Garnier most recently served as Solicitor General for England and Wales from the election of 2010 until the 2012 ministerial reshuffle, following which the Prime Minister recommended him for a knighthood.
Edward Garnier was born in Germany, the youngest son of Colonel William d'Arcy Garnier (3rd son of Brigadier-General Alan Garnier CB MBE MC) and the Hon Lavender née de Grey (eldest daughter of the 8th Baron Walsingham) and was educated at Wellington College, Berkshire and Jesus College, Oxford where he graduated with a Bachelor of Arts degree in modern history in 1974, proceeding MA in 1976. He went on to study at the College of Law at Chancery Lane in the City of London.
Garnier was called to the Bar at the Middle Temple in 1976 and is a practising barrister specialising in libel. In 1995 he took silk (Queen's Counsel) and was appointed as a Crown Court Assistant Recorder in 1998 and
Mary Helen Creagh (born 2 December 1967) is a British Labour Party politician and Member of Parliament (MP) for Wakefield since 2005. She was appointed to the shadow cabinet on 7 October 2010.
Creagh was born and brought up in Coventry of Irish parentage, her father a car factory worker and her mother a primary school teacher. She was educated at the Bishop Ullathorne Comprehensive School in Coventry and won a scholarship to Pembroke College, Oxford where she read modern languages. She then attended the London School of Economics and gained an MSc in European Studies. She worked in Brussels for four years, first as a stagiaire at the European Parliament and then for the European Youth Forum. She taught entrepreneurship at the Cranfield University School of Management from 1997 until her election to Westminster, and spent seven years as a trustee with Rathbone, a national charity.
Creagh was elected as a councillor in the London Borough of Islington in 1998, becoming the Labour group leader (2000–2004). She stood down from the council in 2005 on her election as a Westminster MP.
In 2002 Creagh instigated an investigation into cronyism in the appointment the Islington Council Chief
David Roy Lidington PC (born 30 June 1956) is a British Conservative Party politician, who has been Member of Parliament for Aylesbury since 1992. He is currently a Minister of State at the Foreign Office, serving as Minister for Europe.
Lidington was educated at the independent Haberdashers' Aske's Boys' School in Elstree and at Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge; he took an honours degree in History and a doctorate for research on Elizabethan history. His passion for history is shared by his brother, Peter, who is a history teacher at Clifton College in Bristol. Whilst at Cambridge, he was Chairman of Cambridge University Conservative Association and Deputy President of the Cambridge University Students' Union.
His early jobs involved work for BP and Rio Tinto Group before being appointed in 1987 as special adviser to the then Home Secretary Douglas Hurd. He moved to the Foreign and Commonwealth Office in 1989 when Mr Hurd was appointed Foreign Secretary.
Lidington is married with four children. He is a now a Christian after converting from Judaism. He was the Captain of the Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge team that won the 1978 series of University Challenge. The team returned
Paul Robert Holmes (born 16 January 1957, Sheffield) is a politician in the United Kingdom. He was the Liberal Democrat Member of Parliament for Chesterfield, previously held by Tony Benn, from 2001 to 2010.
He grew up in Sheffield on a council estate. He went to Prince Edward Primary School, Manor Top, then Firth Park Secondary School (now Firth Park Community Arts College), a comprehensive from 1969 (when he was 12).
He graduated in History from the University of York in 1978 and before being elected an MP, was a history teacher for 22 years. He gained a PGCE from the University of Sheffield. He taught from 1979-84 at Chesterfield School (now Brookfield Community School), then Buxton College from 1984–90, and from 1990-2001 he was Head of Sixth Form at Buxton Community School (the successor to Buxton College).
He joined the SDP in 1983. From 1987-95 he was a councillor for Brimington ward, then from 1999-2003 for Walton ward on Chesterfield Borough Council.
His election as chairman of the parliamentary party in 2005 was a surprise to many, since it came at the expense of incumbent chairman Matthew Taylor (a close friend of then Liberal Democrat leader Charles Kennedy).
Alexander Elliot Anderson "Alex" Salmond ( /ˈsæmənd/; born 31 December 1954) is a Scottish politician and current First Minister of Scotland. He became Scotland's fourth First Minister in May 2007. He is the Leader of the Scottish National Party (SNP), having served as Member of the Scottish Parliament (MSP) for Gordon. From 1987 to 2010 he served as Member of Parliament for Banff and Buchan in the House of Commons of the United Kingdom. Salmond previously held the position of leader of the SNP from September 1990 until he stepped down in September 2000.
Originally from Linlithgow, West Lothian, Salmond is a graduate of the University of St Andrews, where he achieved a Joint Honours MA in Economics and History. After earning his degree he began his career in the Government Economic Service (GES), and later joined the Royal Bank of Scotland as an energy economist where he wrote and broadcast extensively for both domestic and international media outlets.
Following the establishment of the devolved Scottish Parliament in 1999, he was elected MSP for Banff and Buchan, thus simultaneously representing the area as both Member of Parliament (MP) and MSP. Salmond resigned as SNP leader in
Christopher Stephen Grayling, MP (born 1 April 1962), is a British politician. A member of the Conservative Party, he served in the Shadow Cabinet from 2005 to 2010 and was the party's Shadow Home Secretary from 2009 to 2010. As of September 2012 he serves as the Lord Chancellor and as the Secretary of State for Justice, the first non-lawyer as Lord Chancellor since 1558.
Following the 2010 general election, he was appointed a Minister of State in the Department for Work and Pensions. Grayling has been a Member of Parliament (MP) representing the constituency of Epsom and Ewell since 2001.
Grayling was born in London and grew up in Buckinghamshire.
Grayling was educated at the Royal Grammar School in High Wycombe. He then went up to Cambridge University, where he graduated with a Bachelor of Arts degree in History at Sidney Sussex College in 1984.
Grayling joined BBC News in 1985 as a trainee, becoming a producer in 1986. He left the BBC in 1988 to join Channel 4 as an editor on its Business Daily programme. He rejoined the BBC in 1991 as a business development manager on BBC Select. On leaving the BBC in 1993, he ran several television production companies, including managing the
The Christian People's Alliance is a Christian democratic political party in the United Kingdom. Founded in its present form in 1999; it grew out of a cross-party advocacy group known as the Movement for Christian Democracy. The party is active throughout England and has fledgling groups specific to Scotland and Wales. The party has two elected members as town councillors in England. The current leader of the party in general is Alan Craig, who took over the role from Ram Gidoomal in 2004.
Public awareness of the party was first achieved due to members standing in the London mayor elections, in which they achieved almost 100,000 votes. The values and policies the party looks to uphold — Christian democracy — were already reflected elsewhere in Europe, but the Christian Peoples Alliance claim to have been the first to bring them to the United Kingdom. The CPA has also received encouragement from other Christian democrat parties and are affiliated with the European Christian Political Movement.
As part of Christian social teaching, the party emphasises social justice; commitment to the "poor, the elderly and the vulnerable". Based on the teaching of Jesus Christ, it also supports
John Mann (born 10 January 1960) is a British Labour Party politician who has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for Bassetlaw since 2001, after the retirement of previous MP Joe Ashton.
John Mann serves on the Treasury Select Committee. Previously he has been Parliamentary Private Secretary (PPS) to Tessa Jowell and Richard Caborn.
Mann is the son of James (Jim) and Brenda Mann. He attended Waterloo Infants school, Pudsey, West Yorkshire (now a suburb of Leeds) from 1965-67. He then attended Pudsey Waterloo Junior school from 1967-71. He went to the independent Bradford Grammar School (via a scholarship). Mann has a degree in Economics from Manchester University and Diploma in Training Management. Active in the Labour Party from his youth (Pudsey South Labour Party), his activities have taken him from residence in London (he was a councillor in the London Borough of Lambeth), to Lewes in East Sussex, Baldock in Hertfordshire and Worksop in Bassetlaw. He was chair of the National Organisation of Labour Students from 1983-4.
Before entering Parliament he previously worked for the Amalgamated Engineering and Electrical Union as Head of Research and Education and as the National
Mark Lazarowicz, (born 8 August 1953) is a British Labour Co-operative politician who has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for Edinburgh North and Leith since 2001. As of October 2010, he has been appointed as part of the shadow team for the Department for International Development along with Rushanara Ali with Harriet Harman in charge As of October 2011, his position of Shadow DFID Minister was taken over by Tony Cunningham.
He graduated from St. Andrews University where he had been Chairman of the St. Andrews University Labour Club with an MA in History in 1976, and the University of Edinburgh with an LLB in Law in 1992.
Lazarowicz served as a Labour Councillor on the City of Edinburgh Council from 1980 to 1996, and then from 1999 to 2001. He was the Leader of the Council from 1986 to 1993, and was the Council's Executive Member with responsibility for transport from 1999 to 2001. During his term as Leader of the Council, he initiated Edinburgh's biggest ever programme of housing regeneration, and he also played a leading part in the development of the Edinburgh Festival Theatre, the Edinburgh International Conference Centre, and the Edinburgh Tourist Board. As Executive member
Norman John Baker (born 26 July 1957) is a British Liberal Democrat politician who has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for Lewes in East Sussex since 1997. Since May 2010 he has been Parliamentary Under Secretary for the Department for Transport.
Born in Aberdeen, Baker's family moved to Hornchurch in East London in 1968. He was educated at the Royal Liberty School in Gidea Park, near Romford, and at Royal Holloway College, University of London, where he earned a BA degree in German & History in 1978.
Baker was a regional director for Our Price Records for five years from 1978. He worked at Malling Street Service Station from 1983 to 1985. He taught English as a foreign language from 1985–97, with a spell as a Liberal Democrat environment researcher in the House of Commons in 1989–90. In 1987, he was elected as a councillor on the Lewes District Council, and two years later was also elected to the local county council of East Sussex. He became the Leader of Lewes District Council in 1991, a position he held until his election as an MP.
Baker contested Lewes at the 1992 general election, but was defeated by the sitting Conservative Party MP Tim Rathbone. He stood again at the
George Philip Willis, Baron Willis of Knaresborough (born 30 November 1941, Burnley) is a politician in the United Kingdom. He is a Liberal Democrat member of the House of Lords, and was Member of Parliament (MP) for Harrogate and Knaresborough from 1997 until retiring at the 2010 general election. Up to that date he was the chair of the House of Commons Science and Technology Committee.
He is the son of George Willis and Hannah Gillespie. He attended Burnley Grammar School on Byron Street in Burnley. He studied at the City of Leeds and Carnegie College (now the Beckett Campus of Leeds Metropolitan University) where he gained a Cert Ed in 1963. From 1963-65 he was a teacher at Middleton County Secondary Boys' School; Head of History at Moor Grange County Secondary Boys' School (closed in the 1980s) from 1965-67; Senior Master at Primrose Hill High School (became Primrose High School) on Hill Street in Mabgate from 1967-74; and Deputy Head at West Leeds Boys' Grammar School from 1974-78. In 1978 he gained a BPhil in Education from the University of Birmingham. Moving from Leeds to Teesside, he was Head Teacher of Ormesby School on Stockwith Close in Netherfields, Cleveland from
Sandra Currie Osborne (née Clark, born 23 February 1956) is a Scottish Labour politician, who has been the Member of Parliament for Ayr, Carrick and Cumnock since 2005. She was first elected in 1997, and resigned from a government job in 2003 over the Iraq War. She was a member of the Foreign Affairs Select Committee from 2005–10. She is currently a member of the Defence Select Committee and the Council of Europe.
Osborne was born and brought up in Ferguslie Park, Paisley. She was educated at Camphill Secondary School in Paisley. She later attended evening classes before going on to Jordanhill College where she gained the Diploma in Community Education. After working as a community worker in Glasgow she moved to Ayrshire, where she spent 14 years as a counsellor with Kilmarnock Women's Aid. During that time she also studied part time at Strathclyde University where she graduated Master of Science in Equality and Discrimination. In 1997 she was one of the shortlisted finalists in the Scottish Woman of the Year Awards (Glasgow Evening Times) nominated for her work with abused women.
Osborne was the councillor for Whitletts on Kyle and Carrick District Council and South Ayrshire
Louise Joyce Ellman (born 14 November 1945) is a British Labour Co-operative politician who has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for Liverpool Riverside since 1997. In parliament she is Chair of the Transport Select Committee and a member of the Liaison Committee.
Ellman was born in Manchester to a British Jewish family. She was educated at the independent Manchester High School for Girls, before studying at the University of Hull where she received a Bachelor of Arts in Sociology and History in 1967, and went on to study Social Administration at the University of York where she was awarded a Master of Philosophy in 1972. From 1970, she worked as a lecturer for the Open University in further education, leaving in 1976. She was elected as a councillor on the Lancashire County Council in 1970, becoming the Labour group leader in 1977, and she led the council from 1981 until her election to Parliament. She was Vice Chair of Lancashire Enterprises.
She unsuccessfully contested the Darwen constituency at the 1979 general election where she was defeated by the sitting veteran Conservative MP Charles Fletcher-Cooke by 13,026 votes.
She was elected to Parliament at the 1997 general
George Iain Duncan Smith (born 9 April 1954; often referred to by his initials "IDS") is a British Conservative politician. He is currently the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions and was previously leader of the Conservative Party from September 2001 to October 2003. He was first elected to parliament at the 1992 general election as the MP for Chingford and has represented its successor constituency of Chingford and Woodford Green since the 1997 general election.
Duncan Smith was born in Edinburgh, Scotland, and served in the Scots Guards from 1975 to 1981, with service in Northern Ireland and Rhodesia. He joined the Conservative Party in 1981, and was elected as a Member of Parliament in 1992. When William Hague resigned as Conservative Party leader in 2001, Duncan Smith won the subsequent leadership election, bolstered by the support of Margaret Thatcher and his Eurosceptic ideology. Duncan Smith was the first Roman Catholic to serve as Conservative Party leader, and the first born in Scotland since Arthur Balfour.
In 2003, the Conservative Party passed a Vote of No Confidence in Duncan Smith, as many considered him unable to return the party to government. He resigned, and
Mark Richard Tami (born 3 October 1962) is a British Labour Party politician, who has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for Alyn and Deeside since 2001.
Born in Enfield, Tami was educated at Enfield Grammar School (by then a comprehensive school), and graduated in History at the University of Wales, Swansea.
Mark Tami was previously National Head of Policy of the union Amicus, (previously the Amalgamated Engineering and Electrical Union - AEEU).
Mark Tami was returned again as MP for Alyn and Deeside at the 2005 general election.
He resigned his post as Parliamentary Private Secretary to Dawn Primarolo on 6 September 2006, due to the refusal by Tony Blair to name a date for stepping down as Prime Minister. He was joined by fellow Welsh MPs Ian Lucas and Wayne David in resignation.
Mark Tami was promoted in the reshuffle by Gordon Brown in October 2008 to a Whip.
He married Sally Daniels in July 1994 in Bromley and they have two sons (born March 1998 and September 2000). They live in Llanfynydd having lived in Bromley for many years.
Among his interests outside Parliament are football, antiques, cricket, fishing and shooting. He is a strong supporter of compulsory voting, is a
Kim Scott Howells (born 27 November 1946) is a British Labour Party politician, who was the Member of Parliament (MP) for Pontypridd from 1989 to 2010, and held a number of ministerial positions within the Government.
Howells is the son of the late Glanville Howells, a Communist lorry driver, and of Joan Glenys Howells. Born in Merthyr Tydfil, Wales and raised in Penywaun near Aberdare in the Cynon Valley, he is a former pupil of Mountain Ash Grammar School.
Howells went to Hornsey College of Art,which now is Middlesex University, where he was active in the famous May 1968 student occupation, and was the first protester to breach the Metropolitan Police cordon at the demonstration against the Vietnam War outside the US Embassy in Grosvenor Square in 1968.
Howell featured as a student leader at Hornsey College of Art in director John Goldschmidt's film 'Our Live Experiment is worth more than 3,000 Textbooks', made for Granada Television and shown on the ITV Network.
Attended Cambridge College of Arts and Technology 1971-74 where he studied Jt Hons Degree and was awarded a 2:1 degree which allowed him to follow post-graduate studies in history. Howells later obtained a Ph.D. from the
The Socialist Party of Great Britain (SPGB), is a small Marxist political party within the impossibilist tradition. It is best known for its advocacy of using the ballot box for revolutionary purposes; opposition to reformism; and its early adoption of the theory of state capitalism to describe the Soviet Union. Detractors have been known to mockingly refer to it as Simon Pure's Genuine Brand or the Small Party of Good Boys.
The Socialist Party of Great Britain was founded in 1904 as a split from the Social Democratic Federation (SDF). It was formed to oppose the SDF's reformism and as part of a response to that organisation's domination by H. M. Hyndman (which also led to the SPGB's aversion to leadership). This split was also partly a reaction to the SDF's involvement in the Labour Representation Committee which went on to found the Labour Party. It mirrored the split that led to the foundation of the Socialist League, stemming from an ongoing dispute within the socialist movement over tactics and the question of reform or revolution. The founders of the SPGB considered themselves to be part of a wider impossibilist revolt within the Second International. When in 1903 most of SDF
William Jefferson Hague, FRSL, MP (born 26 March 1961) is a British politician, who is the current Foreign Secretary and First Secretary of State. He served as Leader of the Conservative Party from June 1997 to September 2001. In Parliament, he has represented the constituency of Richmond (Yorks) since 1989.
Educated at Wath-upon-Dearne Grammar School, a state grammar school, then the University of Oxford (graduating with First Class Honours in Philosophy, Politics and Economics) and INSEAD, Hague was first elected to the House of Commons in a by-election in 1989. Hague rose through the ranks of John Major's government and entered the Cabinet in 1995 as the Secretary of State for Wales. Following the Conservatives' defeat in the 1997 general election, he was elected as leader of the Conservative Party. He resigned as party leader after the 2001 general election following a landslide defeat to the Labour Party. He was the first leader of the Conservatives not to have become Prime Minister since Austen Chamberlain in the early 1920s.
On the backbenches, Hague began a career as an author, writing biographies of William Pitt the Younger and William Wilberforce. He also held several
David Blunkett (born 6 June 1947) is a British Labour Party politician and the Member of Parliament (MP) for Sheffield Brightside and Hillsborough, having represented Sheffield Brightside from 1987 to 2010. Blind since birth, and coming from a poor family in one of Sheffield's most deprived districts, he rose to become Education and Employment Secretary, Home Secretary and Work and Pensions Secretary in Tony Blair's Cabinet following Labour's victory in the 1997 general election.
He was promoted to become Home Secretary following the 2001 general election, a position he held until 2004, when he resigned following highly publicised matters related to his personal life. Following the 2005 general election, he was appointed Secretary of State for Work and Pensions, though he resigned from that role later that year following a large amount of media coverage relating to external business interests in the period when he did not hold a cabinet post.
Blunkett was born on 6 June 1947 at Jessop Hospital, Sheffield, South Yorkshire, with improperly developed optic nerves due to a rare genetic disorder. He grew up in an underprivileged family and in 1959, he endured a family tragedy when his
Douglas Martin Hogg, 3rd Viscount Hailsham PC, QC (born 5 February 1945) is a British politician and barrister. A member of the Conservative Party, he served in the Cabinet as Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food from 1995-97, and was a Member of Parliament (MP) from 1979 to 2010. When the Daily Telegraph in 2009 exposed that Hogg had claimed upwards of £2,000 of taxpayers' money for the purposes of cleaning the moat around his country estate, Kettlethorpe Hall, he became one of the most prominent illustrations used by the media to portray the extent of the expenses scandal, though Hogg always maintained that the allegation was untrue. As a result of the negative publicity, Hogg did not seek re-election at the 2010 general election.
Douglas Hogg is the son of Lord Hailsham of St Marylebone, a former Lord Chancellor. He inherited the Viscountcy on 12 October 2001 upon the death of his father who had disclaimed that title for life in 1963, but who later accepted a life peerage in 1970; he is the grandson of Douglas Hogg, 1st Viscount Hailsham, also a former Lord Chancellor.
He was educated at Eton College and Christ Church, Oxford, where he graduated with a degree in History
Peter Gerald Hain (born 16 February 1950) is a British Labour Party politician, who has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for Neath since 1991, and served in the Cabinets of both Tony Blair and Gordon Brown. He was the Leader of the House of Commons from 2003 to 2005 and Secretary of State for Northern Ireland from 2005 to 2007 under Blair, and as Secretary of State for Work and Pensions and Secretary of State for Wales from 2007 to 2008 under Brown. In 2007, he ran for the Deputy Leadership of the Labour Party, coming fifth out of six candidates, although his failure to declare donations during this contest led to his resignation in 2008. He later returned to the Cabinet from 2009 to 2010 as Welsh Secretary, before becoming Shadow Welsh Secretary in Ed Miliband's Shadow Cabinet from 2010 until 2012, when he announced his retirement from front-line politics.
He came to the UK from South Africa as a teenager, and was a noted anti-apartheid campaigner in the 1970s. He was an enthusiastic supporter of the ill-fated Alternative Vote system campaign in May 2011, together with his close friend and fellow former Young Liberal Richard Burden.
Hain was born in the Kenya Colony, but moved
Peter David Robinson (born 29 December 1948) is the current First Minister of Northern Ireland and leader of the Democratic Unionist Party (DUP). He has been actively involved in Northern Irish politics since 1970 when he became a founding member of Ian Paisley's Democratic Unionist Party.
Robinson served as Paisley’s Parliamentary Assistant at Westminster prior to assuming the role of the General Secretary of the DUP in 1975, a position of which he held until 1979 and which afforded him the opportunity to exert unprecedented influence within the fledgling unionist party.
In 1977, Robinson was elected as a councillor to the Castlereagh Borough Council in Dundonald, Belfast and in 1979 he became the youngest serving Member of Parliament (MP) when he was narrowly elected as MP for Belfast East. He held this seat until being defeated in May 2010, making him the longest-serving MP for any Belfast constituency since the 1800 Act of Union.
In 1980, Robinson was elected as the Deputy Leader of the DUP. Following the re-establishment of devolved government in Northern Ireland as a result of the Good Friday Agreement, Robinson was elected in 1998 as Member of the Legislative Assembly (MLA)
The National Liberal Party – The Third Way is a United Kingdom political party that was formed on 17 March 1990 as The Third Way. In 2006, the Third Way registered the name National Liberal Party – The Third Way with the Electoral Commission.
The National Liberal Party describes itself as a Patriotic Centre and National liberal party rooted in the culture and traditions of the British islands. It advocates direct democracy along Swiss lines using referenda and citizens' initiatives. It supports small business and co-operative ownership. The National Liberal Party opposes over-centralised government and promotes decision making at the lowest practical level. The party argues that its policies would benefit and empower all citizens and asks for support on that basis from all sections of the national community. The organisation's website claims that "Third Way is for everyone." The group has condemned neo-Nazi ideology and its supporters claim it actively recruits from all ethnic and religious communities. It stood its first Asian candidate in local elections in 2006.
Policies include de-criminalisation of prostitution and cannabis, and reform of Britain's role in the European Union
The Conservative Party, officially the Conservative and Unionist Party, is a centre-right political party in the United Kingdom that adheres to the philosophies of conservatism and British unionism. It is the largest party in the United Kingdom: being the largest single party in the House of Commons with 306 MPs, the largest party in local government with 9,391 councilors, and the largest British party in the European Parliament with 25 MEPs. It governs in coalition with the Liberal Democrats, with party leader David Cameron as Prime Minister.
Colloquially referred to as the Tory Party or the Tories, the Conservative Party emerged in 1834 out of the original Tory Party, which dates to 1678. The party was one of two dominant parties in the 19th century, along with the Liberal Party. It changed its name to Conservative and Unionist Party in 1912 after merging with the Liberal Unionist Party, although that name is rarely used and it is generally referred to as simply the Conservative Party.
In the 1920s, the Liberal vote greatly diminished and the Labour Party became the Conservatives' main rivals. Conservative Prime Ministers led governments for 57 years of the 20th century,
Richard Charles Scrimgeour Shepherd (born 6 December 1942, in Aberdeen, Scotland) is a Conservative politician in the United Kingdom. He is currently a Member of Parliament, having represented the constituency of Aldridge-Brownhills since 1979.
A Eurosceptic, Shepherd was one of the Maastricht Rebels that had the whip withdrawn over opposition to John Major's legislation on the European Union. Shepherd is also a libertarian, and had a three line whip imposed against him by Margaret Thatcher when he introduced an amendment loosening the Official Secrets Act 1911.
Shepherd was born in Aberdeen, Scotland, and educated at Isleworth Grammar School (now Isleworth and Syon School) in Isleworth. He then went on to the London School of Economics where he received a Bachelor of Science degree in Economics, and where he studied with and became a friend of Robert Kilroy-Silk. At the Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies at Johns Hopkins University in the United States, Shepherd received an Master of Science in Economics.
Shepherd was a director of the retail food businesses Partridges of Sloane Street and Shepherd Foods in London. He was then an underwriter at Lloyd's of
Andrew Henry George (born 2 December 1958) is a British Liberal Democrat politician. He has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for the constituency of St Ives in Cornwall since 1997. He is the current Vice-Chairman of the All Party Parliamentary Housing and Planning Group. and a qualifying member of the All Party Parliamentary Group on Carers.
He was born in Mullion near The Lizard, Cornwall, one of eight children born to a horticulturist father and music teacher mother, and was educated locally at the Helston School, before attending the University of Sussex where he received a Bachelor of Arts degree in cultural and community studies in 1980. He finished his education at the University College, Oxford where he was awarded a master's degree in agricultural economics in 1981.
He worked as a charity worker, initially, as a rural officer with the Nottinghamshire Rural Community Council in 1981, and held a number of appointments in charity, business and research, until he became the deputy director of the Cornwall Rural Community Council in 1987, where he remained until his election to the House of Commons. He contested the seat of St Ives at the 1992 general election where he
Andrew John Turner (born 24 October 1953, Coventry) is a Conservative Party politician in the United Kingdom. He is currently the Member of Parliament (MP) for the Isle of Wight, a post he has held since the 2001 general election.
Turner was educated at Rugby School, an independent school for boys in the market town of Rugby in Warwickshire, followed by Keble College at the University of Oxford in Oxford, receiving an MA in Geography. He later studied to be a teacher at the University of Birmingham and Henley Management College.
Turner taught economics in comprehensive schools. Turner was an education advisor to the previous Conservative government and founded the Grant Maintained Schools Foundation which he ran from 1988-1997. He was a councillor on Oxford City Council for several years. In 2000, he worked for the Labour-controlled London Borough of Southwark on outsourcing their education provision following a negative report from Ofsted.
Turner contested Hackney South and Shoreditch in 1992, then the Birmingham East MEP seat in 1994. Turner took the Isle of Wight seat in the 2001 general election, after having previously stood in 1997, making one of the few gains for the
Denis MacShane (born 21 May 1948) is a British Labour politician, who has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for Rotherham since the 1994 by-election and served as the Minister for Europe from 2002 until 2005, as well as being a current Policy Council member for Labour Friends of Israel.
MacShane was born in Glasgow as Denis Matyjaszek, to an Irish mother, Isobel MacShane, and her Polish husband, Jan Matyjaszek, who had fought in the Second World War and remained in exile after it, taking British nationality in 1950. MacShane was educated at the independent St Benedict's School in Ealing and read history at Merton College, Oxford where he wrote for the Cherwell student newspaper. However, in retaliation for an article attacking the rival publication Isis, MacShane was stripped naked, covered with pink paint and left in a remote location.
After graduating from Oxford with a 3rd class degree, he worked for the BBC from 1969 to 1977, including as a newsreader and reporter on Wolverhampton Wanderers for BBC Radio Birmingham. He changed his surname to his mother's maiden name at the request of his employers. He was fired by the BBC after using a fake name to call the radio phone-in
Edward Samuel Miliband (born 24 December 1969) is a British Labour Party politician, currently the Leader of the Labour Party and Leader of the Opposition. He has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for Doncaster North since 2005 and served in the Cabinet from 2007 to 2010 under Prime Minister Gordon Brown. He and his brother, David Miliband, were the first siblings to sit in the Cabinet simultaneously since Edward, Lord Stanley, and Oliver Stanley in 1938.
Born in London, Miliband graduated from Corpus Christi College, Oxford and the London School of Economics, becoming first a television journalist and then a Labour Party researcher, before rising to become one of Chancellor Gordon Brown's confidants and Chairman of HM Treasury's Council of Economic Advisers.
As Prime Minister, Gordon Brown appointed Miliband as Minister for the Cabinet Office and Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster on 28 June 2007. He was subsequently promoted to the new post of Secretary of State for Energy and Climate Change, a position he held from 3 October 2008 to 11 May 2010. On 25 September 2010, he was elected Leader of the Labour Party.
Born in University College Hospital on Hunter Street, Camden,
Harriet Ruth Harman QC (Hon.) (born 30 July 1950), is a British Labour Party politician, who is the Member of Parliament (MP) for Camberwell and Peckham, and was MP for the predecessor Peckham constituency from 1982 to 1997. She was the interim Leader of the Labour Party and Leader of the Opposition from 11 May to 25 September 2010, until Ed Miliband took over the role.
In 2007, she was elected Deputy Leader of the Labour Party, and served in the Cabinet as Leader of the House of Commons, Lord Privy Seal, and Minister for Women and Equality from 2007 to 2010. Following the resignation of Gordon Brown as Prime Minister and Labour Leader on 11 May 2010 following his failure to win the general election (which ended in a hung parliament) five days earlier, Harman became interim Party Leader and interim Leader of the Opposition. She served in both roles until the Labour Party elected Ed Miliband Leader.
Miliband appointed her Shadow Secretary of State for International Development and in the 2011 reshuffle, Shadow Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport. She acts as stand-in Leader during Prime Minister's Questions during Milliband's absences, and shadows current Deputy Prime
Jeffrey Mark Donaldson, MP (born 7 December 1962) is a Northern Irish politician and Member of Parliament for Lagan Valley belonging to the Democratic Unionist Party. He is best known for his opposition to Ulster Unionist Party (UUP) leader David Trimble during the Northern Ireland peace process, especially from 1998 to 2003.
Donaldson was born in Kilkeel, County Down, in Northern Ireland. He attended the Kilkeel High School then Castlereagh College. He joined the Ulster Unionist Party and the Orange Order as a young man and later worked for the MP Enoch Powell.
Two of Donaldson's cousins were killed by the Provisional Irish Republican Army while serving in the Royal Ulster Constabulary: Sam Donaldson was killed in 1970 and Alex Donaldson, a Chief Inspector, died in a mortar attack on a Newry police station in 1985.
In 1985, following the death of Raymond McCullough, Donaldson was elected in a by-election to the Northern Ireland Assembly to represent South Down. In 1996 he was first placed candidate on the UUP list for the 1996 forum elections, virtually guaranteeing him a seat. This led to his selection in 1997, for the Westminster Parliament where he was elected as a Member of
Malcolm Hunt Wicks (1 July 1947 – 29 September 2012) was a British Labour Party politician and "academic expert on poverty" who was a Member of Parliament (MP) from 1992, first for Croydon North West and then for Croydon North, until his death in 2012.
Wicks was born in Hatfield, Hertfordshire to Arthur Wicks, a Labour member of the London County Council and later Greater London Council. He was educated at the independent Elizabeth College, Guernsey; North West London Polytechnic and the London School of Economics gaining a BSc in Sociology.
From 1968-70, he was a research fellow of the Department of Social Administration at the University of York, then a research worker at the Centre for Environmental Studies from 1970-2. Wicks worked in the Urban Deprivation Unit (abolished in 1978) of the Home Office as a social policy analyst from 1974–77, and was a lecturer in Social Administration at Brunel University from 1970-74. From 1977-8, he was a lecturer in Social Policy at the Civil Service College (now called the National School of Government) in Ascot, then research director and secretary of the Study Commission on the Family from 1978-83. He was later Director of the Family Policy
Richard Burden (born 1 September 1954) is a British Labour Party politician who has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for Birmingham Northfield since 1992. Together with close friend and fellow ex-Young Liberal Peter Hain MP, he was an enthusiastic supporter of the ill-fated Alternative Vote system in the May 2011 campaign.
Burden was born in Liverpool. He attended the Wallasey Technical Grammar School; Bramhall Comprehensive School; St John's College of Further Education, Manchester; the University of York, where he obtained a degree in Politics and was the president of the Students' Union in 1976; and then to the University of Warwick where he received a Master's Degree in Industrial Relations.
On leaving university he was appointed a branch officer in North Yorkshire in the National Association of Local Government Officers in 1979, becoming the district officer for the West Midlands in 1981, a position he held until his election to Westminster. He is a member of the Transport and General Workers Union which he joined in 1979.
He contested the parliamentary seat of Meriden at the 1987 general election, where he was defeated by the sitting Conservative MP Iain Mills by a margin
Stephen Pelham Pound (born 3 July 1948) is a British Labour Party politician who has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for Ealing North since 1997.
Pound went to Hertford Grammar School (now called Richard Hale School) on Hale Road in Hertford. He was educated, as a mature student from 1979–84, at the London School of Economics where he gained a Diploma in Industrial Relations and a BSc in Economics. He was the student union president from 1981-2.
He was a boxer in the Merchant Navy, when at sea from 1964–66, leading Private Eye magazine to refer to him as "Ealing North's tattooed bruiser". He also worked as a bus conductor for London Transport, from 1966-68. He was a hospital porter from 1969-79. Prior to becoming an MP he worked for Paddington Churches Housing Association as a housing manager from 1984 until he became an MP. He was based at their office in Willesden.
Pound has represented Ealing North since 1997. He served as the Parliamentary Private Secretary (PPS) to Hazel Blears until he resigned in protest at the decision to replace Trident on 14 March 2007. He supported Blears in the 2007 Labour Party deputy leadership election.
After the election of Ed Milliband as Labour
Jeremy Bernard Corbyn (born 26 May 1949) is a British Labour Party politician who has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for Islington North since 1983.
He attended Adams' Grammar School in Shropshire. He is the younger brother of Piers Corbyn, a global warming sceptic.
He currently lives in Finsbury Park and has three sons. Previously Corbyn lived in Lausanne Road in Harringay where he was active in securing the future of a small local park created from a World War II bomb site.
He is considered one of the most left-wing of Labour Party MPs and is member of the Socialist Campaign Group. He has a weekly column in The Morning Star. A long-time supporter of the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament (CND), he is one of its three Vice-Chairs. Before his election to Parliament, he was an elected councillor in the London Borough of Haringey (1974–83). He is on the London Regional Select Committee.
He was fiercely opposed to the Iraq War and has spoken at many anti-war rallies in Britain and overseas. He is an elected member of the Stop the War Coalition steering committee. On 31 October 2006, Corbyn was one of 12 Labour MPs to back Plaid Cymru and the Scottish National Party's call for an
Mark James Harper (born 26 February 1970) British politician and self-employed accountant (non-practising). He is the Conservative Member of Parliament for Forest of Dean and is currently the Minister of State for Immigration.
Harper was born in Swindon, Wiltshire, he was educated at the Headlands Comprehensive School and Swindon College. He then studied philosophy, politics and economics at Brasenose College, Oxford, where like David Cameron he studied under Professor Vernon Bogdanor.
Harper became the treasurer of the Swindon Conservative Association in 1993, and from 1997 to the new Swindon South Conservative Association, becoming the vice chairman for a year in 1998. He contested the Gloucestershire seat of Forest of Dean at the 2001 General Election but was defeated by the sitting Labour MP Diana Organ by 2,049 votes. Organ retired at the 2005 General Election and Harper gained the seat for the Tories with a majority of 2,049, exactly the same number of votes by which he was defeated at the previous election. In the 2010 General election, Harper was re-elected as member for the Forest of Dean with 46.81% of the vote increasing his majority to over 11,000.
Harper made his
The Socialist Labour Party was a socialist political party in the United Kingdom. It was established in 1903 as a splinter from the Social Democratic Federation (SDF) by James Connolly, Neil Maclean and SDF members impressed with the politics of the American socialist Daniel De Leon, a Marxist theoretician and leading figure of the Socialist Labor Party of America. After decades of existence as a tiny organisation, the group was finally terminated in 1980.
The British Socialist Labour Party began as a faction of the Social Democratic Federation (SDF) headed nationally by Henry Hyndman. A group of Scottish members of the organisation, led by an engineering worker named George Yates, strongly criticised the party leadership of the SDF for supporting the entry of conservative socialist Millerand into the bourgeois French cabinet at the 1900 Congress of the Second International. The group attacked the party leadership as reformist and began to publish their critique abroad in The Weekly People, edited by Daniel DeLeon, official organ of the Socialist Labor Party of America.
The tendency, initially known as the "Glasgow Socialist Society," took over publication of James Connolly's
Annette Lesley Brooke (born 7 June 1947) is a British Liberal Democrat politician. She has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for Mid Dorset and North Poole since 2001.
Born Annette Kelly, she was educated at Romford County Technical School (became the Marshalls Park Upper School in 1973, then the site was knocked down in 2000 for housing, but Marshalls Park School still exists at the site of the former lower school at Pettits Lane – the former Pettits Secondary School) on Havering Drive in Romford, the London School of Economics where she received a BSc degree in Economics. She qualified as a teacher at Hughes Hall, Cambridge. She was a tutor with the Open University for 19 years from 1971 and was a school teacher from 1974, including at Aylesbury, and then Head of Economics at the independent Talbot Heath School for Girls in Bournemouth when she left in 1994.
Annette Brooke was elected as a councillor on Poole Borough Council in 1986; she was the council's deputy leader 1995-7 and 1998–2000, and the Liberal Democrat Group Leader 2000-1. She was the Mayor of Poole in 1998. She contested the Conservative held seat of Mid Dorset and Poole North at the 2001 General Election. At the
Hilary James Wedgwood Benn (born 26 November 1953) is a British Labour Party politician who has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for Leeds Central since 1999. He served in the Cabinet as Secretary of State for International Development from 2003 to 2007 and as the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs from 2007 to 11 May 2010. Since October 2011, Benn was the Shadow Secretary of State for Communities and Local Government. In June 2007, Benn ran for the deputy leadership of the Labour Party, coming fourth out of six candidates.
Born in Hammersmith, London, Hilary Benn is a fourth generation MP as the second son of former Labour Cabinet Minister Tony Benn and educationalist Caroline Benn. He attended Norland Place School, Westminster Under School, Holland Park School and University of Sussex where he graduated in Russian and East European Studies. Benn has an older brother, Stephen, a younger sister Melissa and a younger brother, Joshua.
On leaving university, Benn became a Research Officer with the ASTMS and rose to become Head of Policy for Manufacturing Science and Finance. In 1980 he was seconded the the Labour Party to act as Joint Secretary to the finance
The Social Democratic Federation (SDF) was established as Britain's first organised socialist political party by H. M. Hyndman, and had its first meeting on June 7, 1881. Those joining the SDF included William Morris, George Lansbury and Eleanor Marx. However, Friedrich Engels, Karl Marx's long-term collaborator, refused to support Hyndman's venture. Many of its early leading members had previously been active in the Manhood Suffrage League.
The SDF battled through defections of its right and left wings to other organizations during the first decade of the 20th Century before uniting with other radical groups to establish the Marxist British Socialist Party from 1911 until 1920 (not to be confused with the current Socialist Party of Great Britain founded in 1904, and the Socialist Party (England and Wales) founded in 1997).
The British Marxist movement effectively began in 1880 when a businessman named Henry M. Hyndman read Karl Marx's magnum opus Capital in French translation while crossing to America. Upon his return to London, Hyndman sought out Marx, then an exile living not far from his home. Hyndman, who had run for parliament earlier that year, decided to start a new
Sir Gerald Bernard Kaufman (born 21 June 1930) is a British Labour Party politician, who has been a Member of Parliament (MP) since 1970, first for Manchester Ardwick, and then subsequently for Manchester Gorton. He was a government minister during the 1970s, and a member of the Shadow Cabinet in the 1980s.
The youngest of six children, Kaufman was born in Leeds to Louis and Jane Kaufman. His parents were both Jewish and came from Poland before the First World War. He was educated at Leeds Grammar School, and graduated with a degree philosophy, politics and economics from the University of Oxford (Queen's College). During his time there, he was Secretary of the University Labour Club. He was assistant general secretary of the Fabian Society from (1954–55), a lead writer on the Daily Mirror (1955–64) and a journalist on the New Statesman (1964–65). He was Parliamentary Press Liaison Officer for the Labour Party (1965–70) and eventually became a member of Prime Minister Harold Wilson's informal "kitchen cabinet".
In the 1955 general election Kaufman had unsuccessfully contested the safe Conservative seat of Bromley, and in the 1959 general election, Gillingham.
He became a writer,
John Dominic Battle, KC*SG (born 26 April 1951) is a British Labour Party politician, who was the Member of Parliament (MP) for Leeds West from 1987 to 2010.
Battle was born in Bradford and educated at St. Paulinus' School, a primary school in Dewsbury; St Michael's College Underley Hall 1962-1967 (a junior seminary - secondary education - for the training of priests in the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Liverpool), and at St Joseph,s Upholland College [1967-1972) following a year of work he went to the University of Leeds where he gained a BA First class hons in English in 1976. From 1976-79 he undertook postgraduate research.
In 1979 he began to work as a research assistant to Derek Enright, a fellow Catholic and a Member of the European Parliament. Battle gained a seat on the City of Leeds Council in 1980. He chaired the innovative Industry and Employment Committee and later the Housing Committee
He was chosen to contest the Conservative seat of Leeds North West at the 1983 General Election. Donald Kaberry, the Conservative MP since the constituency's creation in 1955, was retiring. John Battle lost to a sitting MP in Keith Hampson, whose own seat of Ripon had been
Julie Morgan AM (born 2 November 1944) is a British Labour Party politician, who was the Member of Parliament (MP) for Cardiff North from 1997 until 2010; she is married to former First Minister of Wales, Rhodri Morgan. Julie Morgan won the Cardiff North seat in the Welsh Assembly in the 2011 elections.
Julie Edwards was born in Cardiff in 1944. She was educated at Dinas Powys Primary School and Howell's School Llandaff. She then attended King's College London where she graduated with a BA in English in 1965. Just as her first term at university was about to begin, a general election was called, and she returned to Cardiff to campaign for Jim Callaghan in the seat which was then Cardiff, South East.
Despite Callaghan's protestations that she should go back to university, she campaigned for his victory alongside Neil Kinnock, the future Glenys Kinnock and Rhodri Morgan, whom she would marry in 1967. Following her undergraduate degree, Morgan studied at the University of Manchester. She also holds a postgraduate diploma in Social Administration from University College, Cardiff.
Before becoming a Member of Parliament, Morgan was a social worker with Barry Social Services, and served
Lorely Jane Burt (born 10 September 1954) is a British politician and the Liberal Democrat Member of Parliament for Solihull.
She went to University College, Swansea, achieving a BSc in Economics. She went onto achieve an MBA from the Open University.
After graduating in economics, Burt began her career in the Prison Service as an assistant governor, before working for several national companies in the field of personnel and training. She later set up a training company, worked as a director in the marketing and financial services sector, and moved into part-time consultancy work when she replaced John Windmill, former Liberal leader on Solihull Council, as the prospective Liberal Democrat candidate for Solihull.
Her political career began on Dudley Metropolitan Borough Council, where she served for five years from 1998. During the Liberal Democrats leadership election, 1999 her view was
She stood for election in Dudley South at the 2001 general election polling 5,421 votes for third place. In 2003 she opposed a Liberal Democrats motion to abolish the Monarchy.
She also stood for the West Midlands region at the 2004 European Parliament election.
In the run up to the 2005 general
Mohammad Sarwar (born 18 August 1952) is a British Labour Party politician who was a Member of Parliament (MP) in Glasgow from 1997 to 2010, first for Glasgow Govan and then from 2005 for Glasgow Central. He was the first ever British Muslim MP.
Sarwar was elected as MP for Glasgow Govan in the 1997 general election, becoming Britain's first Muslim MP. He was the first MP to swear the Oath of Allegiance on the Qur'an, using the method laid out by the Oaths Act 1978. Sarwar was suspended from holding office within the Labour Party in 1997 when he was charged with election offences, but he was acquitted in 1999 and the suspension was lifted.
He was re-elected in Glasgow Govan in the 2001 general election. The 2005 general election saw boundary changes in Scotland, so he fought and won the new constituency of Glasgow Central. He faced an opponent from the British National Party, with whom he refused to share a platform, and he persuaded other candidates to do the same. The returning officer announced the result from a platform with no candidates, and Sarwar later made a speech from the floor of the hall.
Sarwar became a member of the Scottish Affairs Select Committee from 2004, and
Professor Roberta Carol Blackman-Woods (née Woods; born 16 August 1957) is a British Labour Party politician who has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for the City of Durham since 2005.
Blackman-Woods is from Northern Ireland and was educated at the University of Ulster, graduating with a BSc degree and later a PhD in Social Science. Following this she was employed as a welfare rights officer for Newcastle City Council, before going on to pursue a career in academia.
As a sociologist with expertise in housing, she served as Professor of Social Policy and an Associate Dean in the School of Arts and Social Sciences at the University of Northumbria prior to her election, and had previously been Dean of Social and Labour studies at Ruskin College, Oxford and head of policy at the Local Government Information Unit. Blackman-Woods had previously been Chair of the City of Durham Constituency Labour Party and before that in Newcastle upon Tyne East and Wallsend. She has also served as a Councillor on Oxford and Newcastle City Councils.
In 2004 Blackman-Woods was selected as the Labour candidate for the City of Durham constituency through a controversial All-Women Shortlist. In her
Welsh Labour (Welsh: Llafur Cymru) is the part of the United Kingdom Labour Party that operates in Wales. Labour is the largest and most successful political party in modern Welsh politics, having won (with its predecessor organisations) the largest share of the vote at every UK General Election since 1922, every Welsh Assembly election since 1999, and each European Parliament election from 1979 until 2009.
The Labour Party in Wales has 1 of 4 Welsh seats in the European Parliament, 29 of 40 Welsh seats in the UK Parliament, 30 of 60 seats in the National Assembly for Wales, and 576 of 1,264 principal local authority councillors, including overall control of 10 of 22 Welsh local authorities.
Welsh Labour is formally part of the Labour Party. It is neither separately registered with the Electoral Commission under the terms of the Political Parties, Elections and Referendums Act, nor is it part of a federal organisation (such as the relationship between the Welsh Liberal Democrats and the Liberal Democrats, for example). As such it does not have an office of Leader. Carwyn Jones is regarded as the de facto Leader, although his constitutional position is that of Leader of the National
Andrew Richard Rosindell (born 17 March 1966) is an English Conservative politician. He is the Member of Parliament (MP) for the Romford constituency in Greater London. He is also the international director of the European Foundation, chairman of the All Party Parliamentary Flags & Heraldry Committee, UK’s All-Party Parliamentary Group on the British Overseas Territories and member of the Flag Institute.
Rosindell was born in Romford and attended Rise Park and then Marshalls Park School on Pettits Lane. Before entering politics on a full-time basis he was a freelance journalist, PR Consultant and researcher for another MP.
He was chairman of the Young Conservatives from 1993 to 1994. He was chairman of the International Young Democrat Union from 1998 to 2002. From 1997-2001, he was Director of the European Foundation think tank.
Before becoming an MP he was a local councillor in Romford on Havering Council, winning the Chase Cross and Havering-atte-Bower ward from the Liberal Democrats in 1990. In 1998 he took an 81% share of the vote, a record for a Conservative in a London borough.
After unsuccessful attempts to win seats in Glasgow and Thurrock, Rosindell finally reached
Robert Andrew Stunell, known as Andrew Stunell, OBE (born 24 November 1942) is a Liberal Democrat politician in the United Kingdom. He is the Member of Parliament (MP) for Hazel Grove, and was first elected at the 1997 general election. From 2010 to 2012 he served as the Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State at the Department of Communities and Local Government.
Andrews Stunell was born in Sutton, Surrey and educated at Surbiton County Grammar School for Boys (moved to Thames Ditton as Esher County Grammar School with the former buildings becoming Hollyfield School, then became Esher College in 1977) on St Marks Hill in Surbiton, then studied Architecture at University of Manchester and Liverpool Polytechnic. He became a member of RIBA in 1969.
After graduation he was an architectural assistant until 1989, working for CWS Manchester from 1965-7, Runcorn New Town from 1967–81, then freelance 1981-5. From 1989–96 he worked as Political Secretary of the Association of Liberal Democrat Councillors and was awarded the Order of the British Empire in 1993. Stunell married Gillian Chorley in 1967. They have three sons and two daughters and he is a former Baptist lay preacher and an active
Nicholas Le Quesne "Nick" Herbert (born 7 April 1963) is a British Conservative Party politician and the Member of Parliament (MP) for Arundel and South Downs. He was Minister of State for Police and Criminal Justice, with his time split between the Home Office and the Ministry of Justice from 2010-2012.
Herbert was educated at Haileybury and Magdalene College, Cambridge, where he read law and land economy. He was appointed as the director of public affairs at the British Field Sports Society in 1990 and remained in that position for six years. He joined Business for Sterling in 1998 as their chief executive where he helped launch the campaign against adopting the Euro currency, before becoming a director of the think tank Reform in 2000 until his election to parliament in 2005.
He unsuccessfully contested the Northumberland seat of Berwick-upon-Tweed at the 1997 general election where he finished in third place some 8,951 votes behind the veteran Liberal Democrat MP Alan Beith.
In 2001 he co-founded the Reform think tank which focuses on reforming public services via private sector involvement and de-regulation.
His selection to contest the West Sussex seat of Arundel and South
Norman Peter Lamb (born 16 September 1957) is a British Liberal Democrat politician, and Minister of State for Care Services. He was formerly Parliamentary Private Secretary to the Deputy Prime Minister, Nick Clegg.
He is the Member of Parliament for North Norfolk.
Lamb was born in Watford, Hertfordshire, the son of climatologist Professor Hubert Lamb. He went to Wymondham College, then the University of Leicester, getting an LLB
After graduating from the University of Leicester, Lamb worked as a solicitor. He began to specialise in employment law whilst working for Steele and Co Solicitors (now called Steeles Law). In 1998 he wrote a book, Remedies in the Employment Tribunal: Damages for Discrimination and Unfair Dismissal, but any chances of a follow up or update to this book were put aside when Lamb was elected to Parliament in June 2001.
Lamb worked for a year for Labour MP Greville Janner in the early 1980s, working as a researcher. His politics were always in the centre ground, but a meeting with Shirley Williams in Parliament at this time, shortly after the formation in 1981 of the SDP-Liberal Alliance, spurred Lamb in to front line active politics and he was elected to
Philip Andrew Davies (born 5 January 1972) is a British Conservative Party politician. He is the Member of Parliament (MP) for Shipley in West Yorkshire.
Born in Doncaster, he was educated at the Old Swinford Hospital School, Stourbridge, and the University of Huddersfield where he was awarded a 2:1 BA Hons degree in History and Political Studies in 1993. He joined the Conservative Party in 1988. He became the manager of Marilyn Davies Bookmakers in 1990, and a cashier with Mark Jarvis Bookmakers in 1992 for a year until becoming a manager.
In 1993 he was employed by Asda initially as a cashier, before commencing training as a customer services manager in 1995, becoming a deputy customer service manager in 1997; later in the same year he was appointed as a Customer Relations Project Manager. In 1999 he became the customer services project manager in Leeds, he left Asda on his election to Parliament.
He unsuccessfully contested the parliamentary seat of Colne Valley at the 2001 general election and was defeated by the sitting Labour MP Kali Mountford by 4,639 votes.
In May 2005, he was elected as an MP at the 2005 general election for the seat of Shipley with a majority of 422
Charles Peter Kennedy (born 25 November 1959) is a British Liberal Democrat politician, who led the Liberal Democrats from 9 August 1999 until 7 January 2006 and is currently a Member of Parliament (MP) for the Ross, Skye and Lochaber constituency.
In the 1983 General Election he stood for the Ross, Cromarty & Skye constituency, then held by the Conservative MP and Minister, Hamish Gray. In a shock result, Kennedy was elected for the Social Democratic Party (SDP): at 23, he became the youngest MP in the House of Commons. Ambitious and popular, he quickly emerged as a potential party leader. In 1994, by which time the SDP and the Liberal Party had merged, he became President of the Liberal Democrats, a position he held for four years. In 1999, on the resignation of Paddy Ashdown, Kennedy was elected party leader.
He took the party through two successful general elections. However, he faced criticism for his laid-back leadership style, and there was considerable speculation regarding his alcohol consumption. From December 2005, some within the party were questioning his leadership and calling for a leadership election. On 5 January 2006, Kennedy was informed that ITN would be
David William Donald Cameron (pronunciation: /ˈkæmərən/; born 9 October 1966) is the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, First Lord of the Treasury, Minister for the Civil Service and Leader of the Conservative Party. He represents Witney as its Member of Parliament (MP).
Cameron studied Philosophy, Politics and Economics (PPE) at Oxford, gaining a first class honours degree. He then joined the Conservative Research Department and became Special Adviser to Norman Lamont, and then to Michael Howard. He was Director of Corporate Affairs at Carlton Communications for seven years.
He was defeated in his first candidacy for Parliament at Stafford in 1997, but was elected in 2001 as the Member of Parliament for the Oxfordshire constituency of Witney. He was promoted to the Opposition front bench two years later, and rose rapidly to become head of policy co-ordination during the 2005 general election campaign. With a public image of a youthful, moderate candidate who would appeal to young voters, he won the Conservative leadership election in 2005.
In the 2010 general election held on 6 May, the Conservatives won 307 seats in a hung parliament. After five days of intense negotiations,
Julia Anne Goldsworthy (born 10 September 1978) is a Special Adviser in HM Treasury to Chief Secretary to the Treasury, Danny Alexander. She was the Member of Parliament (MP) for Falmouth and Camborne from 2005 until she lost her seat by 66 votes to George Eustice, the Conservative candidate in the 2010 general election in the redefined Camborne and Redruth constituency. In the House of Commons she was the Liberal Democrat spokesperson for Communities and Local Government.
Goldsworthy was born in Camborne, Cornwall, where her mother was a local teacher. She was educated locally at the St Meriadoc Primary School in Camborne before winning a scholarship to the independent Truro School. She took a gap year between school and starting university in 1997, and in 2000 she graduated from Fitzwilliam College, Cambridge with a BA (Hons) degree, in History. She then spent a year at Daiichi University of Economics in the Fukuoka Prefecture, Japan, and the following year completed a Postgraduate Certificate in Economics at Birkbeck College, London in 2002.
Between 2002 and 2004 she worked in Westminster as an economics researcher for the Liberal Democrat MP for Truro and St Austell, Matthew
Elizabeth Marion "Liz" Blackman (born 26 September 1949) is a British Labour Party politician, who was the Member of Parliament (MP) for Erewash from 1997 to 2010. She served as a Government Whip from 2007-08.
Blackman was born in 1949 in Penrith, England. She was educated at the Carlisle County School for Girls (now called St Aidan's County High School since 1970) on Lismore Place; Prince Henry's Grammar School in Otley; and Clifton College, Nottingham, where she was awarded a BEd degree in 1972.
She taught history at Bramcote Park Comprehensive School, an upper school, in Nottingham, and in 1991 she was elected as a councillor to Broxtowe District Council, and became its deputy leader in 1995 until her election to Westminster in 1997. She stood down from the council in 1998.
Blackman was selected to stand for election for Labour through an all-women shortlist. Blackman was elected as the Labour MP for Erewash at the 1997 General Election, defeating the Conservative Angela Knight. She began her progress up the political ladder when she was nominated to the Treasury Select Committee in 1997, replacing Diane Abbott. In 2000 she became the Parliamentary Private Secretary (PPS) to
Oliver Letwin MP FRSA (born 19 May 1956, in Hampstead) is a British politician. A member of the Conservative Party, he is currently the Minister of State at the Cabinet Office, and a Member of Parliament (MP) representing the constituency of West Dorset. He is also the Chairman of the Conservative Research Department and Chairman of the Conservative Party's Policy Review.
Letwin is the son of William Letwin, Emeritus Professor at the London School of Economics, and conservative academic Shirley Letwin. Letwin was educated at Hall School in Hampstead and Eton College. He went on to study at Trinity College, Cambridge. Whilst a student at Cambridge, he was an active member of the Cambridge University Liberal Club. When asked about his membership of the Liberal club he explained:
"I was also a member of the Fabian Society. But I am sorry to have to tell you that this was because I was interested in the thoughts of Liberals and Fabians (and still am) rather than because I was ever a Liberal Democrat or a Fabian."
From 1980–81, Letwin was a visiting fellow (a Procter Fellow) of Princeton University, then a research fellow at Darwin College, Cambridge, from 1981–82. His PhD thesis,
James Martin Pacelli McGuinness (Irish: Máirtín Mag Aonghusa; born 23 May 1950) is an Irish Sinn Féin politician and the deputy First Minister of Northern Ireland. McGuinness was the Sinn Féin candidate in the 2011 Irish presidential election. He was born in Derry, Northern Ireland.
A former Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) leader, McGuinness is the MP for the Mid Ulster constituency. Like all Sinn Féin MPs, McGuinness practises abstentionism in relation to the Westminster parliament. It was announced on 11 June 2012 that McGuinness is to resign from the House of Commons whilst continuing as a member of the Northern Ireland Assembly for the same constituency.
Following the St Andrews Agreement and the Assembly election in 2007, he became deputy First Minister of Northern Ireland with the Democratic Unionist Party (DUP) leader Ian Paisley becoming First Minister on 8 May 2007. On 5 June 2008 he was re-appointed as deputy First Minister to serve alongside Peter Robinson, who succeeded Paisley as First Minister on that date. McGuinness previously served as Minister of Education in the Northern Ireland Executive between 1999 and 2002.
McGuinness has acknowledged that he is a
John Douglas Naysmith (born 1 April 1941) is a British Labour Co-operative politician who was the Member of Parliament (MP) for Bristol North West from 1997 until standing down at the 2010 general election.
Doug Naysmith was born in Musselburgh, Scotland, and attended the local Burgh School before attending the independent George Heriot's School in Edinburgh. He went on to study at the University of Edinburgh where he was awarded a Bachelor of Science degree in Zoology before going on to complete a Doctorate in Immunology. He went on to research at Yale University in New Haven, Connecticut, USA.
From 1970 he worked as a research immunologist at Beecham Research Laboratory until 1972 when he became a Research Fellow at the University of Bristol, he remained at Bristol until his election to Parliament, becoming a Fellow in 1976 and a lecturer in the Pathology Department in 1981.
Naysmith unsuccessfully contested the seat of Bristol at the 1979 European Parliament election. He was elected to Bristol City Council in 1981 and remained a Council member until he stood down in 1998. He also served as the Chairman of the Port of Bristol Authority from 1986 until 1991. He first stood for
Elfyn Llwyd, PC (born 26 September 1951) is a Welsh barrister and politician. He has been a Member of Parliament since 1992, representing Meirionnydd Nant Conwy in the House of Commons from 1992 to 2010 and Dwyfor Meirionnydd since 2010. Llwyd is Plaid Cymru's Westminster parliamentary group leader.
Born in Betws-y-Coed, Gwynedd, Wales, Llwyd was raised in Llanrwst and later went to University of Wales, Aberystwyth, and Chester Law College.
Llwyd worked as a solicitor and subsequently a barrister (called to the bar in 1997) before election to public office. Between 1990 and 1991 he served as President of the Gwynedd Law Society. A fluent Welsh and English speaker, Llwyd is married to Welsh folk singer Eleri Llwyd and they have two children. His hobbies include pigeon breeding, reading, travelling and rugby.
Llwyd was first elected to the United Kingdom Parliament at the 1992, winning the Meirionnydd Nant Conwy constituency, being re-elected in 1997, 2001, and 2005. He took the newly configured Dwyfor Meirionnydd seat at the 2010 British general election with 44.3% of the vote, but there was a 7.3% swing from Plaid Cymru to the Conservatives.
He was appointed to the Privy Council on
Jo Swinson (born 5 February 1980) is a Scottish Liberal Democrat politician and Member of Parliament (MP) for East Dunbartonshire constituency and the Parliamentary Under Secretary of State for Employment relations, consumer and postal affairs. She is also a junior Equalities Minister.
From 2007 to 2008 she was the Liberal Democrats spokeswoman (junior shadow minister) for Women and Equality and Department for Communities and Local Government, and was a Lib Dem spokeswoman for Foreign Affairs from 2008 to 2010, when the party entered government with the Conservatives. She was previously the Liberal Democrats' spokeswoman on Scotland and has chaired the Liberal Democrats' Campaign for Gender Balance since 2004. From 2005 to July 2009 she was the Baby of the House (youngest MP in the House of Commons).
Swinson was raised in East Dunbartonshire and was educated at Douglas Academy in Milngavie and the London School of Economics, where she studied Management gaining a Bachelor of Science in 2000. Swinson signed up as an active member of the Liberal Democrats at the age of seventeen.
After graduating with a first class degree, she moved to Yorkshire and worked for Ace Visual & Sound
Sarah McCarthy-Fry (born 4 February 1955) is a British Labour Co-operative politician, who was the Member of Parliament for Portsmouth North from 2005 to 2010. McCarthy-Fry was the Exchequer Secretary to the Treasury in the last Labour government.
She was born Sarah Louise Macaree, the daughter of a defence worker of Scottish descent. Fry is the name of her first husband, McCarthy of her second. She was educated at Portsmouth High School. She worked for the multi-national defence engineering company GKN Westland at Portsmouth, and most recently as financial controller for GKN Aerospace at Cowes, Isle of Wight. Her job has included spells working abroad in Germany and the United States. She qualified as a chartered accountant in 2004. She came to prominence in local politics leading a neighbourhood group, Ban the Burner successfully opposing a proposed incinerator. She was elected to Portsmouth City Council in 1994, chaired the environment committee, and was deputy leader for five years from 1995–2000, remaining with the council until 2002. She is a member of Amicus and of the Co-operative Party.
She tried to be selected for the seat in 1997, and later became Syd Rapson's campaign
Stephen Creswell Timms (born 29 July 1955) is a British Labour politician, who has been the Member of Parliament for East Ham since 1994. A former Cabinet Minister having served as Chief Secretary to the Treasury from 2006 to 2007, Stephen is also the Vice-Chair of the Labour Party, and vice chairman for faith groups.
Timms was the Financial Secretary to the Treasury 1999-2001, 2004-2005, and 2008-2010. Since 8 October 2010, he has been the Shadow Minister of State for Employment. Timms has the largest majority of any sitting MP (27,826), with 70.4% of the local vote.
On 14 May 2010, Timms survived a murder attempt made by a radical Islamist constituent, Roshonara Choudhry.
Timms was born in Oldham, Lancashire, to Ronald James Timms, an engineer, and Margaret Joyce Timms, a teacher. He was educated at Farnborough Grammar School in Farnborough, Hampshire, and read Mathematics at Emmanuel College, Cambridge where he gained an MA in Mathematics in 1977 and an MPhil in Operational Research in 1978.
Before entering politics, Timms worked in the telecommunications industry for 15 years, first for Logica from 1978–86 and then for Ovum from 1986–94, where he excelled as a manager
Anthony "Tony" James McNulty (born 3 November 1958) is a former British Labour Party politician, who was the Member of Parliament (MP) for Harrow East from 1997 to 2010 and was a government minister from 2002 to 2009. He was Minister for London and Minister of State for Employment and Welfare Reform at the Department for Work and Pensions. He resigned his position on 5 June 2009 after allegations in the press regarding his expenses.
His father migrated to England from County Donegal, Ireland. Tony McNulty was educated at the Salvatorian College on High Street in Wealdstone and at Stanmore Sixth Form College on Elm Park in Stanmore. He obtained a BA in Political Theory and Institutions from the University of Liverpool and an MA in Political Science from Virginia Tech in the United States. Before becoming an MP he was leader of the Labour group on Harrow council and a senior lecturer in Organisational Behaviour, at the University of North London from 1983-97. In 1986 Tony was elected to Harrow Council for Stanmore South ward. He ran in the 1992 General Election in Harrow East.
McNulty was elected in the May 1997 General Election. He served as a Whip from 1999 to 2002, following a
Sir Robert Edward Russell (born 31 March 1946 in London) is a British politician. He has been a Liberal Democrat Member of Parliament for Colchester since 1997 (re-elected 2001, 2005 and 2010). He was the Liberal Democrat Spokesman on Culture, Media and Sport from 2002 to 2005, but was succeeded by Don Foster and was a member of the Liberal Democrat Shadow Defence team until the formation of the Conservative – Liberal Democrat Coalition Government on 11 May 2010, at which point he became a backbencher.
As of the 2010 general election, Russell had a majority of 6,982 votes (15.1%). During 2004/05, Russell claimed £113,939 expenses. He ranked 504th for the amount of expenses claimed.
Russell was previously a member of the Social Democratic Party and the Labour Party. He made an unsuccessful run for Parliament in 1979 as the Labour Party candidate. Before becoming an MP, he was a councillor for over 20 years, initially for the Labour Party, then for the SDP, and finally for the Lib Dems. Russell represented the town's New Town ward. He was leader of Colchester Borough Council until 1991 and was Mayor of Colchester from 1986 to 1987.
During the 2005 general election campaign, Russell
David Michael Gauke (born 8 October 1971) British Conservative Party politician. He is the Member of Parliament (MP) for South West Hertfordshire and current Exchequer Secretary to the Treasury.
Gauke was educated at Northgate High School in Ipswich, Suffolk before attending St Edmund Hall, Oxford where he was awarded a Bachelor of Arts degree in law in 1993, and the College of Law in Chester where he graduated in legal practice in 1995.
He was a researcher to the Conservative MP for Milton Keynes South West Barry Legg in 1993. He worked as a trainee solicitor with Richards Butler from 1995, being admitted as a solicitor in 1997. From 1999 to 2005, he was a solicitor in the financial services group at Macfarlanes, a corporate law firm with expertise in "tax and structuring".
Gauke was elected as the vice chairman of the Brent East Conservative Association for two years from 1998, and contested the seat at the 2001 general election finishing in second place 13,047 votes behind the Labour MP Paul Daisley. He was elected to the House of Commons at the 2005 general election for Hertfordshire South West following the retirement of Richard Page. Gauke won the seat with a majority of
Dominic Charles Roberts Grieve, QC, MP (born 24 May 1956) is a British Conservative politician, barrister and Queen's Counsel.
He is the Member of Parliament (MP) for Beaconsfield and the Attorney General for England and Wales and the Advocate General for Northern Ireland.
Grieve was born in Lambeth, the son of Percy Grieve QC (the MP for Solihull 1964–83) and of an Anglo-French mother, Evelyn Raymonde Louise Mijouain. He was educated at the Lycée Français Charles de Gaulle on Cromwell Road in South Kensington, Colet Court preparatory school in Barnes, Westminster School, and Magdalen College, Oxford, where he received a Bachelor of Arts degree in Modern History in 1978. He was the President of the Oxford University Conservative Association in 1977.
He continued his studies at the Polytechnic of Central London (now the University of Westminster), where he received a Diploma in Law in 1979.
He was called to the Bar at the Middle Temple in 1980 and is a specialist in Occupational safety and health law. He was made a Bencher of the Middle Temple in 2005 and appointed a Queen's Counsel in 2008.
He was elected as a councillor in the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham in 1982,
Richard Michael Bacon (3 December 1962, Solihull) is a British Conservative Party politician and the Member of Parliament (MP) for the South Norfolk constituency.
Bacon was educated at The King's School, Worcester and at the London School of Economics and Political Science, gaining a First in politics and economics. He was also executive editor of the student newspaper, The Beaver.
He worked variously in investment banking, financial journalism and public relations consultancy, before setting up his own business advising blue chip international companies on communications.
Bacon joined the Conservative Party in 1978. He contested the safe Labour seat of Vauxhall at the 1997 general election, finishing third.
Bacon was selected for the very safe Conservative seat of South Norfolk on the retirement of its veteran MP and former Cabinet Minister, John MacGregor. He won the seat at the 2001 general election, and was returned again at the 2005 general election with an increased majority. In the 2011 district council elections his constituency was among the tiny number that lost Conservative seat(s) to the Liberal Democrats.
Though he rarely rebels against the party line, he was one of
Samuel "Sammy" Wilson (born 4 April 1953) is a British politician from Northern Ireland who is a Member of Parliament (MP) and a Member of the Legislative Assembly (MLA) for East Antrim. He served as Lord Mayor of Belfast in 1986 – 1987; and again from June 2000 to June 2001. He was the first person from the Democratic Unionist Party (DUP) to hold the office. He currently serves as Minister of Finance and Personnel in the Northern Ireland Executive.
Wilson was born in Belfast, Northern Ireland, the son of Alexander Wilson, pastor of Bangor Elim Pentecostal Church. Both of his parents died of Alzheimers. He was educated at Methodist College Belfast, and then went on study Economics and Politics at both Queen's University, Belfast and Stranmillis Teaching College. Wilson's first job was a teaching post at Grosvenor Grammar School. He later became the Head of Economics at the school, and also served as Assistant Chief Examiner for A-level Economics for the CCEA exam board in Northern Ireland.
Outside of politics, Wilson is a keen gardener and motorbike enthusiast as well as taking an interest in animals and birds. In May 1996, the Sunday World newspaper published a series of candid
Dame Tessa Jane Jowell DBE (born 17 September 1947) is a British Labour Party politician, who has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for Dulwich and West Norwood since 1992. Formerly a member of both the Blair and Brown Cabinets, she was Shadow Minister for the Olympics and Shadow Minister for London until 11 September 2012, resigning two days after the end of London 2012.
Tessa Jane Helen Palmer was born in Marylebone, London to Dr. Kenneth Palmer, a physician, and his wife, Rosemary, a radiographer.
She was educated at the public school St Margaret's School for Girls in Aberdeen, the University of Aberdeen, the University of Edinburgh and Goldsmiths College, University of London. She became a social worker and eventually administrator of the mental health charity Mind. In 1978, she was Labour Party candidate in a by-election in Ilford North but lost Labour's majority to the Conservatives. She also stood in Ilford North, again unsuccessfully, at the 1979 general election.
Elected as MP for Dulwich at the 1992 general election, she was successively appointed as an opposition spokesman on health, an opposition whip and spokesman on women before returning to the shadow health team in
Andrew John Reed OBE (born 17 September 1964) is a British Labour Co-operative politician who was the Member of Parliament (MP) for the key marginal Constituency of Loughborough from 1997 to 2010.
He is a notable sports enthusiast, a fortuitous coincidence as "Loughborough is home to the most comprehensive sports development programme of any University," as well as being headquarters for Team GB's 2012 Olympic preparation, whose requirements Reed became familiar with under the Parliamentary Sports Fellowship Scheme.
Although regarded as a loyal MP, Reed was the first member of the Government to resign over Iraq.
Reed was awarded the OBE in June 2012 for service to the community and sport in Leicestershire.
Reed was brought up and educated in Leicestershire spending the first two years of his life on the Netherhall Estate in Leicester before moving to Birstall. He attended Riverside Junior School (now a primary school), Stonehill High School and Longslade Community College, all in Birstall, Charnwood and then completed a BA (Hons) degree in Public Administration at Leicester Polytechnic (now called De Montfort University).
He joined the Labour Party in 1983/84, and was elected in
Colin Burgon (born 22 April 1948) is a British Labour Party politician who was the Member of Parliament (MP) for Elmet from 1997 to 2010.
Colin Burgon was born in Leeds to lifelong Labour supporting parents. He was educated at St Charles RC Junior School, a Catholic school, and passed the eleven plus enabling him to attend the St Michael's Catholic College in Woodhouse. In later life Burgon said that alighting the bus wearing a grammar school uniform in Gipton made him aware of the class system and made him "deplore structures that inherently deny opportunity to people".
On leaving school Burgon trained as a teacher at Carnegie College, Leeds, then studied at Huddersfield Polytechnic. Burgon worked as a History teacher at Foxwood High School (which later became East Leeds Family Learning Centre and was demolished in 2009) a deprived secondary school in the Seacroft area of East Leeds, where he was an active member of the NUT union. Burgon left teaching and the NUT in 1987 to work for Wakefield District Council as a local government policy and research officer. He was also a research officer with the GMB Union. Burgon is an honourary member of the National Union of Mineworkers and
David Ross Howarth (born 10 November 1958) is a British Liberal Democrat politician who was Member of Parliament (MP) for Cambridge from 2005 to 2010.
David Howarth grew up on Mossley Estate, a council estate in Bloxwich in Staffordshire, going to Queen Mary's Grammar School, Walsall. Attending Clare College, Cambridge, he was President of Union of Clare Students, and was on the committee of Cambridge University Liberal Club. He gained a BA in Law in 1981. He then won a scholarship to Yale Law School, gaining an LLM in 1983. In 1985, he gained an MPhil from Yale University in Sociology. While at Yale, he was involved in Jesse Jackson's 1984 presidential campaign.
He was a lecturer in Land Economy, Law and Economics at the University of Cambridge between 1988 and 2005, where he has been a Fellow of Clare College since 1985. He specialised in constitutional law and tort law. He stood for the Cambridgeshire seat of Peterborough in 1997, and had stood for the Cambridge seat in 1992 and 2001, before finally winning it in 2005.
Howarth was a member of Cambridge City Council from 1987 to 2004, becoming leader of the Lib Dem group in 1990, and then becoming leader of the council when the
David Linsay Willetts (born 9 March 1956) is a British Conservative Party politician and the Minister of State for Universities and Science. He is the Member of Parliament (MP) representing the constituency of Havant in Hampshire.
Willetts was educated at King Edward's School, Birmingham, and Christ Church, Oxford, where he studied Philosophy, Politics and Economics. Willets graduated with a first class degree.
Having served as Nigel Lawson's private researcher, Willetts took charge of the Treasury monetary policy division at 26 before moving over to Margaret Thatcher's Policy Unit at 28. Aged 31, he subsequently took over the Centre for Policy Studies.
Aged 36, Willetts entered Parliament in 1992 as the MP for Havant. He quickly established himself in Parliament, becoming a Whip, a Cabinet Office Minister, and then Paymaster General in his first term (when that role was split between the Cabinet Office and HM Treasury as a policy co-ordination role). During this period Willetts' gained "Two Brains" as a nickname, a monicker reportedly coined by The Guardian's former political editor Michael White. However, Willetts was forced to resign from the latter post by the Standards and
Sir James Gerald Douglas Howarth known as Gerald Howarth (born 12 September 1947) is a British Conservative Party politician. He has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for Aldershot since 1997, having been the MP for Cannock and Burntwood from 1983 to 1992.
He was the Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State at the Ministry of Defence as Minister for International Security Strategy. He was removed from this post in the 2012 Cabinet Reshuffle.
The son of James and Mary Howarth, he was educated at Bloxham School and the University of Southampton (BA Hons), and married in 1973, Elizabeth Jane, née Squibb. They have two sons and a daughter. A qualified private pilot, he was commissioned into the Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve in 1968, and 20 years later, in 1988 received the Britannia Airways Parliamentary Pilot of the Year Award. In 1971 was employed by the Bank of America International Ltd., where he remained until 1977, when he moved to the European Arab Bank until 1981 (Manager 1979-81). He then became the Syndication Manager for the Standard Chartered Bank for the next two years, after which he was first elected to parliament.
Howarth was General Secretary of the pressure group,
Gregory Knight (born 4 April 1949) is a British politician and author. He is Conservative Member of Parliament for East Yorkshire.
Born in Blaby, Leicestershire, he was educated at Alderman Newton’s Grammar School Leicester and the College of Law Guildford, qualifying as a solicitor in 1973.
He was MP for Derby North from 1983 until the 1997 election, when he lost his seat. He returned to the House of Commons in 2001 after successfully contesting the East Yorkshire seat.
He had been deputy Chief Whip under John Major between 1993 and 1996 and was Minister of State for Industry at the Department of Trade and Industry from 1996 until the Conservative defeat at the 1997 election.
He rejoined the Government in September 2012 as a Senior Whip and Vice Chamberlain of the Royal Household.
He served under Michael Howard as a shadow minister for Environment and Transport until 2005. In the 2005–10 Parliament he was Chairman of the House of Commons Procedure Committee and on four other House of Commons select committees: the Liaison Committee, Administration Committee, the Committee on Modernisation of the House and the Standards and Privileges Committee. He was re-elected unopposed to the
Plaid Cymru (Welsh pronunciation: [plaɪd ˈkəmrɨ], English: The Party of Wales; often referred to simply as Plaid) is a political party in Wales. It advocates the establishment of an independent Welsh state.
Plaid Cymru was formed in 1925 and won its first seat in 1966. Plaid Cymru by 2012 had 1 of 4 Welsh seats in the European Parliament, 3 of 40 Welsh seats in the Parliament of the United Kingdom, 11 of 60 seats in the National Assembly for Wales, and 206 of 1,264 principal local authority councillors.
Plaid Cymru's goals as set out in its constitution are:
In September 2008, a senior Plaid Cymru assembly member spelled out her party's continuing support for an independent Wales. The Welsh Minister for Rural Affairs, Elin Jones, kicked off Plaid's annual conference by pledging to uphold the goal of making Wales a European Union member state. She told the delegates in Aberystwyth that the party would continue its commitment to independence under the coalition with Labour.
While both the Labour and Liberal parties of the early 20th century had accommodated demands for Welsh home rule, no political party existed for the purpose of establishing a Welsh government. Plaid Genedlaethol
Sandra Julia Gidley (née Rawson; born 26 March 1957) is a Liberal Democrat politician in the United Kingdom. She was the Member of Parliament (MP) for Romsey in Hampshire from 2000 to 2010, when she lost her seat to Conservative MP Caroline Nokes.
Born Sandra Julia Rawson in Rosset, Denbighshire in Wales, she was educated widely at the Eggar's Grammar School in Alton, Hampshire; the Afcent International School in Brunssum, Netherlands; and the Windsor Girls' School in Hamm, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. She finished her education at the University of Bath where she was awarded a BPharm degree in 1978. She became a MRPharmS in 1979.
In 1979 she joined Badham Chemists as a pharmacist in Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, until she was appointed as a pharmacy manager with GK Chemists in Gloucester in 1980. She became a locum pharmacist in 1982 before joining Safeway as a supermarket pharmacy manager in 1992, and joined Tesco in the same position in 1999 where she remained until her election to the House of Commons.
She joined the Liberal Democrats in 1994, was elected as a councillor to the Test Valley Borough Council in 1995, and in 1997 became the youngest ever female Mayor of Romsey.
William John Olner (born 9 May 1942) is a British Labour Party politician who was the Member of Parliament (MP) for Nuneaton from 1992 until 2010. Previously, he had been Leader of Nuneaton Borough Council (which subsequently merged with Bedworth to form Nuneaton and Bedworth Borough Council).
Olner was educated at Nuneaton Technical College and trained as an engineer. He became a shop steward, and later area secretary for the AEEU (now Unite trade union).
Olner was a Councillor for the Labour group on Nuneaton and Bedworth Borough Council for 21 years, and was the council leader from 1982-87. In 1987 he became Mayor of Nuneaton and Bedworth, serving a 1 year term
Olner was first elected to the House of Commons in 1992, as the Member of Parliament for Nuneaton. He was re-elected in the 1997 general election (majority 13,540), 2001 general election (majority 7,535) and 2005 general election (majority 2,280).
From 2005-2009 he was a member of the Communities and Local Government Committee and was a member of the Chairmen's Panel Committee. From 1997 he was Chairman of the Associate Parliamentary Engineering Group, a group that seeks to promote the contribution of engineering.
Gisela Gschaider Stuart (born 26 November 1955) is a German-born, British Labour Party politician, who has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for Birmingham Edgbaston since 1997.
Stuart, who was born as Gisela Gschaider in Velden, Bavaria, West Germany, was raised in her parents' Roman Catholic faith. She attended the Realschule Vilsbiburg on Amselstraße in Vilsbiburg.
After serving an apprenticeship in bookselling she moved to Britain in 1974 in order to improve her English and to undertake a Business Studies course at Manchester Polytechnic. Stuart subsequently relocated to the Midlands.
She graduated from the University of London with an LLB in 1993, having studied through the University of London External System. From 1992-7, she was a law lecturer at Worcester College of Technology and researched pensions law at the University of Birmingham.
In 1994 Stuart contested the Worcester and South Warwickshire seat at the European Elections.
In 1995, Stuart was selected as Labour's prospective parliamentary candidate for the Birmingham Edgbaston constituency, which had been held by the Conservative Party for over 70 years. On 1 May 1997, Stuart was elected as the first ever Labour MP
Natascha Engel (born 9 April 1967) is a German-British Labour Party politician who has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for North East Derbyshire since 2005. She has extensive involvement in the trade union movement, and has close connections to Gordon Brown.
Natascha Engel was born in Berlin, Germany to a German father and an English mother. She was educated at the independent Kent College in Canterbury, and at The King's School, Canterbury, she trained as a linguist in German and Portuguese at King's College London and at the University of Westminster where she obtained a Masters degree in Technical and Specialised Translation. In addition to her political career, Engel has done postgraduate work in translation: she speaks English, German, Spanish, and Portuguese.
While living in Madrid, Spain, Engel worked as a volunteer for two years in the local office of Amnesty International while earning a living as a teacher of English. After returning to Britain to work as a Teletext subtitler, Engel joined the Broadcasting, Entertainment, Cinematograph and Theatre Union. She was among the first join the Organising Academy of the Trade Union Congress, serving with the Graphical, Paper
Alexander Boris de Pfeffel Johnson (born 19 June 1964) is a British Conservative Party politician and journalist, who has been the elected Mayor of London since 2008. He was previously the Member of Parliament for Henley and Editor in Chief of The Spectator magazine.
Johnson was educated at Primrose Hill Primary School, the European School of Brussels, Ashdown House School, Eton College, and Balliol College, Oxford, where he read Literae Humaniores. He began his career in journalism with The Times and later moved on to The Daily Telegraph, where he became Assistant Editor. He was appointed Editor of The Spectator in 1999. In the 2001 general election, he was elected to the House of Commons and became one of the most conspicuous politicians in the country. He has also written several books.
Under Michael Howard, Johnson served on the Conservative front bench as the Shadow Minister for the Arts (April-November 2004). When David Cameron was elected leader of the Conservative Party in 2005, Johnson was re-appointed to the front bench as Shadow Minister for Higher Education and resigned as Editor of The Spectator.
In September 2007, he was selected as the Conservative candidate for the
Gareth Richard Thomas (born 15 July 1967) is a British Labour Co-operative politician, who has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for Harrow West since 1997. Thomas held the position of Minister of State at the Department for International Development and is now part of the shadow frontbench team.
Gareth attended Hatch End High School on Headstone Lane in Hatch End, then Lowlands College in Harrow. At the University College of Wales Aberystwyth he gained a BSc in Economics in 1988 and later a PGCE from the Thames Polytechnic in 1992. He gained an MA in Imperial and Commonwealth Studies from King's College London in 1996 and became a teacher.
Gareth Thomas is Chair of the Co-operative Party and served as President of the 2003 Co-operative Congress. He was appointed Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State at the Department for International Development in 2003 and sponsored the Industrial and Provident Societies Act through Parliament. After the 29 June 2007 reshuffle he remained at International Development whilst also being part of the new Department for Business, Enterprise and Regulatory Reform, being appointed as Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Trade Policy and
James Peter Brokenshire (born 7 January 1968) is a British Conservative Party politician. He is the Member of Parliament (MP) for Old Bexley and Sidcup and Minister for Security at the Home Office that grants him a seat on the National Security Council.
Brokenshire was born in Southend-on-Sea, Essex. He was educated at Davenant Foundation Grammar School, the University of Exeter, and City of London Polytechnic. The name Brokenshire is of Cornish origin.
Brokenshire used to practise in the areas of mergers and acquisitions, joint ventures, corporate finance, public fund-raisings, and debt finance. He advised on private and public companies concerns and to banks and other financial institutions on corporate and commercial issues, including: acting for companies on acquisitions and disposals as well as on the provisions of finance as they relate to a deal; advising companies on the establishment and development of joint projects with third parties; advising banks and borrowers on secured lending transactions; acting for public companies, underwriters, and sponsors on flotations, placings, rights issues, open offers, and reverse takeovers; and providing general advice on company and
Lynne Choona Featherstone (born Lynne Choona Ryness, 20 December 1951), is a British Liberal Democrat politician, and the Member of Parliament (MP) for Hornsey and Wood Green.
Under the Conservative – Liberal Democrat coalition in 2010 she was appointed as a junior Home Office minister with responsibility for equality. Previously she was Liberal Democrat spokesman for Youth and Equality issues, and chair of the Liberal Democrats technology board. Mrs Featherstone launched the consultation by the British Government on introducing same-sex marriage and was the first politician to take part in the Out4Marriage campaign.
Featherstone was born and brought up in North London to a British Jewish family, and educated at the Highgate Primary School, the independent South Hampstead High School (then a direct grant grammar school) and gained a Diploma in Communication and Design at Oxford Polytechnic. Her family's wealth is generated from a family business started by her parents - the Ryness chain of hardware and electrical shops in London.
She was elected as a councillor in the London Borough of Haringey in 1998 for Muswell Hill ward. She and her two colleagues (June Andersen and Julia
Yvette Cooper (born 20 March 1969) is a British Labour Party politician who has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for Normanton, Pontefract and Castleford since 2010, having previously been MP for Pontefract and Castleford since 1997. She served in the Cabinet between 2008 and 2010 under Prime Minister Gordon Brown as Chief Secretary to the Treasury and then as Secretary of State for Work and Pensions. She is currently the Shadow Home Secretary and Shadow Minister for Women and Equalities.
Born in Inverness, her father is Tony Cooper, former General Secretary of the Union Prospect, a member of the Nuclear Decommissioning Authority and a former Chairman of the British Nuclear Industry Forum. He was appointed to the government's Energy Advisory Panel by the Conservatives..
She was educated at the comprehensive Eggar's School on London Road in Holybourne near Alton and Alton College. She studied at Balliol College, Oxford where she was awarded first class honours in Philosophy, Politics and Economics. It was there she becomes friends with her future colleague, James Purnell. She gained a Kennedy Scholarship in 1991 to Harvard University and finished her studies with an MSc in
Damian Howard Green (born 17 January 1956) is a British politician who has been the Conservative Member of Parliament for Ashford since 1997. He came to national prominence after being arrested and having his parliamentary office raided in November 2008. Before standing for parliament, Damian Green was Channel 4's business editor. He is currently the Minister of State for Police and Criminal Justice.
Damian Green was born in Barry, Wales. He grew up in Reading, Berkshire and was educated at Reading School and then at Balliol College, Oxford where he was awarded a Bachelor of Arts (BA) degree in Philosophy, Politics, and Economics in 1977 followed by a master's degree. He was President of the Oxford Union in 1977 and was the vice chairman of the Federation of Conservative Students (now known as Conservative Future) for two years from 1980.
In 1978 he was appointed by BBC Radio as a financial journalist, before joining Channel 4 News as a business producer in 1982. He joined The Times for a year in 1984 as the business news editor, before returning to television journalism and Channel 4 as the business editor in 1985. He became the City editor and also a television presenter on
Jennifer Nancy Willott (b. 29 May 1974, Wimbledon, London) is a British politician and the Liberal Democrat Member of Parliament for Cardiff Central since the 2005 general election and a junior whip since February 2012. She is the first woman and the first Liberal Democrat to represent her seat.
Willott has a history of work with charitable organisations such as OXFAM and a women's organisation in North India. She supports the movement of trade justice and has interests in human rights. She was a councillor in the London Borough of Merton from 1998 to 2000.
Willott was educated at Uppingham School and then studied Classics at St Mary's College, Durham University. She then attended the London School of Economics obtaining an MSc in Development Studies.
For a while after university she was chief researcher for Lembit Opik.
Willott's 2005 campaign was closely linked to specific local and national issues and her support was widespread across all wards.
In her maiden speech, Willott pledged to "make Cardiff proud" and celebrated the cultural diversity of her constituency. She declared her priorities in parliament would be local health services, tuition and top-up fees, and council tax.
Michelle Gildernew (born 28 March 1970) is an Irish republican Sinn Féin politician and former Minister for Agriculture and Rural Development in the Northern Ireland Executive. Gildernew has been the Member of Parliament for the Fermanagh and South Tyrone constituency since 2001 and has been a member of the Northern Ireland Assembly (MLA) for the Fermanagh and South Tyrone constituency since 25 June 1998.
Gildernew has been a member of the Sinn Féin Ard Chomhairle (National Executive) and is the party's spokeswoman on Health. In the 2007-2011 Assembly she served as Vice Chair of the Committee of Social Development and was a member of the Committee of the Centre as well as statutory and ad hoc committees. Gildernew's family were leading figures in the civil rights campaign in the 1960s including events in Caledon, county Tyrone in 1968.
Born in Dungannon, Gildernew attended St Catherine's College Armagh and later the University of Ulster, Coleraine. After graduating from university Michelle travelled extensively in Europe, the United States, and Australia, where she worked for a year. Michelle is married to Jimmy and is the mother of two boys - Emmet and Eunan, and one girl - Aoise
Nicholas William Peter "Nick" Clegg (born 7 January 1967) has been the British Liberal Democrat Leader since 2007 and is currently the Deputy Prime Minister and Lord President of the Council (with special responsibility for political and constitutional reform) in the coalition government of which David Cameron is the Prime Minister. Clegg has been the Leader of the Liberal Democrats since 2007, and a Member of Parliament (MP) representing Sheffield Hallam since 2005. He was previously a Member of the European Parliament (MEP) and an award winning journalist for the Financial Times.
Clegg was elected to the House of Commons at the 2005 general election and became the Liberal Democrats' Home Affairs spokesperson in 2006. Clegg became Deputy Prime Minister following the 2010 general election, when the Liberal Democrats formed a coalition government with the Conservative Party. As well as his parliamentary roles, Clegg has contributed to many pamphlets and books on political issues. He has also had a large number of jobs, including being a skiing instructor and working in the office of a bank in Helsinki.
Clegg attended the University of Cambridge, the University of Minnesota, and the
Nicholas Douglas Palmer (born 5 February 1950, London) is a British Labour Party politician. He was the Member of Parliament (MP) for Broxtowe in Nottinghamshire from 1997 until he lost the seat at the 2010 general election to Conservative Anna Soubry, by 390 votes.
Described by Andrew Roth as "quietly effective", he was Parliamentary Private Secretary (PPS) to the Minister of State, Margaret Beckett, in the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs until April 2005. He then became PPS to the Minister of State, Malcolm Wicks, first in the Department of Trade and Industry, and later in the Department for Business, Enterprise and Regulatory Reform until Wicks stood down in October 2008.
He is fond of animals, keeps several pets and is the patron of his favourite charity, Cats Protection. In August 2010, pursuing his interest in animals, he joined the British Union for the Abolition of Vivisection as their Director of International and Corporate Relations. He remains the spokesperson for Broxtowe Labour Party.
Palmer's father was a translator/editor and his mother was a language teacher. He is the cousin of Lieutenant-General Anthony Palmer, Deputy Chief of the Defence Staff.
Nigel Alexander Dodds, OBE, PC, MP, (born 20 August 1958) is a barrister and Northern Irish unionist politician. He is Member of Parliament (MP) for Belfast North, and deputy leader of the Democratic Unionist Party. He has been Lord Mayor of Belfast twice, and from 1993 has been General Secretary of the DUP. Since June 2008 he has also been Deputy Leader of the DUP. Dodds became North Belfast's MP in the 2001 UK general elections. He has served in the past as a member of the Northern Ireland Assembly, and as Minister of Finance in the Northern Ireland Executive.
Nigel Dodds was born in Derry, Northern Ireland, and was educated at Portora Royal School, Enniskillen, County Fermanagh and St John's College, Cambridge (First class law MA) where he won the university scholarship, McMahan studentship and Winfield Prize for Law. Upon graduation, he returned to Northern Ireland and after studying at the Institute of Professional Legal Studies at Queen's University, Belfast (IPLS) was called to the Northern Irish bar . After working as a barrister he worked at the Secretariat of the European Parliament from 1984 to 1996.
His father Joe, was a long standing DUP member of Fermanagh District
Simon Hugh McGuigan Burns (born 6 September 1952, Nottingham) is a Conservative Party politician in the United Kingdom. He has been Member of Parliament (MP) for Chelmsford since the 1987 general election. He is currently the Minister of State for Transport.
Simon Burns was educated at Christ the King School, Accra, Ghana; Stamford School; and Worcester College, Oxford, where he obtained a BA Honours Degree in Modern History (third class honours, resulting in the nickname 'third degree burns') in 1975. He also has an Honorary Doctorate of Philosophy from University of East Anglia. Burns was married to Emma Clifford from 1982 until their divorce in 2000. They have a son (born October 1991) and daughter (born November 1987). Burns is interested in American politics, collecting political books, swimming and tennis.
From 1975 to 1980, Burns was political adviser to the Rt Hon Sally Oppenheim. From 1980–83 he was a journalist and company director of What To Buy for Business magazine, and from 1983–87 was on the Policy Executive of the Institute of Directors.
He has been active in politics since 1970, when he was a founder member of the Rutland and Stamford Young Conservatives, and
John Leslie Prescott, Baron Prescott (born 31 May 1938) is a British politician who was the Deputy Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1997 to 2007. Born in Prestatyn, Wales, he represented Hull East as the Labour Member of Parliament from 1970 to 2010. In the 1994 leadership election, he stood for both Leader and Deputy Leader of the Labour Party, winning election to the latter office. He was appointed Deputy Prime Minister after Labour's victory in the 1997 election, with an expanded brief as Secretary of State for the Environment, Transport and the Regions.
A former ship's steward and trade union activist, by the 1980s he was presented as the political link to the working class in a Labour Party increasingly led by modernising, middle-class professionals. In his youth, Prescott managed to overcome the handicap of failing his 11-plus entrance examination for grammar school, going on to graduate from Ruskin College in Oxford. Prescott also developed a reputation as a key conciliator in the often tense relationship between Prime Minister Tony Blair and Chancellor of the Exchequer Gordon Brown.
On 27 June 2007 he resigned as Deputy Prime Minister, coinciding with Blair's
Andrew David Lansley, CBE, MP (born 11 December 1956) is a British politician who has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for South Cambridgeshire since 1997, and has been the Leader of the House of Commons since 4 September 2012. He was previously the Secretary of State for Health from 2010 until 2012, and was the Shadow Secretary of State for Health from 2004 until 2010. Lansley's Health and Social Care Act 2012 is one of the most controversial plans of the Conservative-Liberal Democrat coalition government, resulting in strong opposition from both the Royal College of Nursing and British Medical Association.
Born in Hornchurch, Essex, Lansley was educated at Brentwood School and the University of Exeter, gaining a BA in politics. During his time at Exeter University, Lansley was elected as President of the Guild of Students (Student Union), as a Broad Left candidate. His father, Thomas, worked in a pathology laboratory and was co-founder of the Council for Professions Supplementary to Medicine and President of the Institute of Medical Laboratory Scientists.
Before entering politics, Lansley had "a promising career in the civil service". Lansley worked for Norman Tebbit for three
Andrew David Smith (born 1 February 1951) is a British Labour Party politician who has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for Oxford East since 1987. He served in the Cabinet as Chief Secretary to the Treasury from 1999 to 2002 and then as Secretary of State for Work and Pensions from 2002 to 2004.
He was educated at Reading School and St John's College, Oxford, where he gained a BA and BPhil. He was the Member Relations Officer for Oxford and Swindon Co-op Society from 1979-87. He became an Oxford City councillor in 1976, leaving the council in 1987. He contested Oxford East in 1983.
Smith has been the Member of Parliament for Oxford East, which he won in 1987 from the Conservative Party. After Labour's victory in the 1997 general election he was made a minister in the Department for Education and Employment. He was Chief Secretary to the Treasury from 1999 to 2002, when he became Secretary of State for Work and Pensions; he resigned from this post on 6 September 2004, to spend more time with his family. He won re-election in his Oxford East seat in the 2005 General Election, but saw his majority slashed by 90%.
He is best remembered by some for his opposing of the privatisation
Dame (Margaret) Anne Begg, DBE (born 6 December 1955) is a British Labour Party politician, who has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for Aberdeen South since 1997. Begg is the first permanent wheelchair user in the House of Commons.
Begg was educated at the Damacre Primary School in Brechin; Brechin High School on Duke Street (both also attended by Sir Robert Watson-Watt), and the University of Aberdeen where she earned an MA in History and Politics. From Aberdeen College of Education (merged with the Dundee College of Education in 1987 to become the Northern College of Education then became the Faculty of Education of the University of Aberdeen in December 2001), she gained a Secondary Teaching Certificate in 1978.
From 1978 she taught history and English at the Webster's High School in Kirriemuir. She joined the Labour Party in 1983. In 1988 she became the principal teacher of English at the Arbroath Academy. In the same year she won the Disabled Scot of the Year Award.
Begg was selected to stand for election for Labour through an all-women shortlist. Aberdeen South like many seats fell to Labour in their landslide victory at the 1997 general election. She defeated the
Charles Rodway Clarke (born 21 September 1950) is a British Labour Party politician, who was the Member of Parliament (MP) for Norwich South from 1997 until 2010, and served as Home Secretary from December 2004 until May 2006.
The son of Civil Service Permanent Secretary Sir Richard Clarke, Charles Clarke was born in London. He attended the fee-paying Highgate School where he was Head Boy. He then read Mathematics and Economics at King's College, Cambridge, where he also served as the President of the Cambridge Students' Union. A member of the Broad Left faction, he was President of the National Union of Students from 1975 to 1977. Clarke had joined the Labour Party by then and was active in the Clause Four group. Clarke was the British representative on the Permanent Commission for the World Youth Festival (Cuba) from 1977 to 1978
He was elected as a local councillor in the London Borough of Hackney, being Chair of its Housing Committee and Vice-Chair of economic development from 1980 to 1986. He worked as a researcher, and later Chief of Staff, for Labour Party leader Neil Kinnock from February 1981 to 1992. His long association with Kinnock and with the general election defeat
Donald Michael Ellison Foster (born 31 March 1947) is a British Liberal Democrat Member of Parliament, representing Bath in southwest England.
Foster was born in Preston, Lancashire, and educated at the Lancaster Royal Grammar School and Keele University where he was awarded a BSc degree in Physics and Psychology in 1969 and also received the CertEd the same year. He studied later for his MEd in Education at the University of Bath in 1981. He became a science teacher at the Sevenoaks School in Kent in 1969, before becoming a science project director with the Avon Education Authority in 1975. He became a lecturer in education at the University of Bristol in 1980, becoming a management consultant with Pannell Kerr Forster from 1989 until his election to the House of Commons.
As a local party activist he was a founder member of the Avon Liberal Democrats and was elected as a councillor to the Avon County Council in 1981 for Cabot ward, and was the SDP-Liberal Alliance group leader from 1981-6, he also served as the county's education committee chairman, and he remained a councillor until 1989. He unsuccessfully contested Bristol East at the 1987 general election where he finished in
Evan Leslie Harris (born 21 October 1965) is a British Liberal Democrat politician. He was the Member of Parliament (MP) for Oxford West and Abingdon from 1997 to 2010, losing his seat in the 2010 general election by 176 votes to Conservative Nicola Blackwood.
Evan Harris was born in Sheffield, South Yorkshire, the son of South African Jewish parents (his father was a medical professor). He was brought up in Liverpool, where he had a state education at the Liverpool Blue Coat School. He won a scholarship to Harvard High School in California in 1984, and later won a scholarship to Wadham College, Oxford, where he was awarded a Bachelor of Arts degree in physiology and a diploma in medical sociology. He completed his education at the Oxford Medical School where he received a Bachelors of Medicine and Surgery and qualified as a doctor in 1991.
Harris began his career at the Royal Liverpool University Hospital in 1991 as a Pre-Registration House Officer (junior doctor). A year later, he moved to the John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, specialising in acute medicine and surgery. In 1994 Harris moved to Oxfordshire Health Authority, becoming an honorary specialist registrar in public health
Ian Phares Pearson (born 5 April 1959) is a British Labour Party politician who was a Member of Parliament (MP) from 1994 until 2010, representing Dudley West from 1994 until 1997, and then Dudley South from 1997 until his retirement from the House of Commons at the 2010 general election. He served as Economic Secretary to the Treasury from 2008 to 2010.
Pearson was educated at Balliol College, Oxford (BA Philosophy, Politics, and Economics) and the University of Warwick (MA, PhD).
Having unsuccessfully contested Bexhill and Battle in the 1983 general election, Pearson entered parliament for Dudley West in a by-election in December 1994, winning a Conservative seat left vacant by the death of John Blackburn in October of that year. He won the seat with nearly 70% of the votes, with the Conservative candidates polling at less than 20%.
Boundary changes saw him move to the newly created constituency of Dudley South in 1997.
Pearson served as Parliamentary Private Secretary to the Paymaster-General Geoffrey Robinson from 1997 until Robinson was forced to resign in 1998. In 2001 he returned to the government as a whip. In 2002 he moved to the Northern Ireland Office as a Parliamentary
The Labour Party is a centre-left political party in the United Kingdom, and one of the two main British political parties along with the Conservative Party. The Labour Party was founded in 1900 and overtook the Liberal Party in general elections during the early 1920s, forming minority governments under Ramsay MacDonald in 1924 and 1929–1931. The party was in a wartime coalition from 1940 to 1945, after which it formed a majority government under Clement Attlee. Labour was also in government from 1964 to 1970 under Harold Wilson and from 1974 to 1979, first under Wilson and then James Callaghan.
The Labour Party was last in national government between 1997 and 2010 under Tony Blair and Gordon Brown, beginning with a majority of 179, reduced to 167 in 2001 and 66 in 2005. Having won 258 seats in the 2010 general election, the party currently forms the Official Opposition in the Parliament of the United Kingdom. Labour has a minority government in the Welsh Assembly, is the main opposition party in the Scottish Parliament and has 13 MEPs in the European Parliament, sitting in the Socialists and Democrats group. The Labour Party is a member of the Socialist International and Party of
Lee Scott (born 6 April 1956) is a British politician. He is the Conservative Member of Parliament for Ilford North, and an officer of the Conservative Friends of Israel group.
Scott was born in the East End of London to a British Jewish family,
Scott was educated at Clarke's College, an independent school in Ilford in Essex, which closed in 1978, followed by the London College of Distributive Trades.
From 1972-82, Scott was a Director of Scott & Fishell. He was a sales executive for Toshiba from 1982-4, for ITT from 1984-6, and for NKR from 1986-8. From 1988-98, he was Campaign Director for the United Jewish Israel Appeal.
He became a professional fundraiser for several notable charities, and has also volunteered with Victim Support. He was selected as the Conservative candidate for Waveney in the 2001 general election but failed to win the seat. He has been a councillor on the London Borough of Redbridge for several years.
In the 2005 general election, Scott won the Ilford North seat, ousting the sitting Labour MP Linda Perham. In Parliament he has joined the Cornerstone Group of socially conservative MPs and has also voted consistently to ban smoking in public places.
Sir George Samuel Knatchbull Young, 6th Baronet, CH (born 16 July 1941) is a British politician. A member of the Conservative Party, he has been a Member of Parliament (MP) since 1974, having represented North West Hampshire since 1997, and Ealing Acton prior to that. He served in the Cabinet from 1995 to 1997 as the Secretary of State for Transport, and was the Leader of the House of Commons and Lord Privy Seal from May 2010 to September 2012. He has also served in the Official Opposition Shadow Cabinet as Shadow Defence Secretary, Shadow Constitutional Affairs Spokesman and Shadow Leader of the House of Commons.
Young was born at Oxford in 1941, the first son of Sir George Peregrine "Gerry" Young, 5th Baronet, and Elizabeth Knatchbull-Hugessen. His father was a diplomat who met Elizabeth while serving in Beijing (where her father, Sir Hughe Knatchbull-Hugessen, was the British Ambassador). They married in 1939. On the death of his father in 1960, George inherited the Baronetcy which had been created in 1813 in recognition of Admiral Sir Samuel Young's service in the Royal Navy.
Young was educated at St. Aubyns Preparatory School in Rottingdean, Eton, and then Christ Church,
Adam Price (born 23 September 1968, Carmarthen) is a politician in Wales, and former Plaid Cymru Member of Parliament for Carmarthen East and Dinefwr. He was elected to Parliament in the 2001 general election and re-elected in 2005 but stood down at the 2010 election. He belongs to Plaid's left-wing and has said of himself "I was a socialist before I was a nationalist."
The son of a coal miner, Price went to Ysgol Dyffryn Aman on Margaret Street in Ammanford in Carmarthenshire. He studied at Cardiff University gaining a BA in European Community Studies in 1991. From 1991-3, he was a research associate at the Cardiff University's department of City and Regional Planning. From 1993-8, he worked for Menter a Busnes, being an executive director from 1996-8. He also studied at Saarland University in Saarbrücken in Germany. From 1998, he was the Managing Director of the Newidiem-Economic Development Consultancy (part of Menter a Business). Price is openly gay.
He stood in 1992 general election for the seat of Gower.
Controversy erupted in 2002 as Price exposed the link between UK prime minister Tony Blair and steel magnate Lakshmi Mittal in the Mittal Affair, also known as 'Garbagegate'
Sir Alan James Beith (born 20 April 1943) is a British Liberal Democrat politician and Member of Parliament (MP) for Berwick-upon-Tweed.
Alan Beith was born in 1943 in Poynton, in Cheshire. He was educated at The King's School, Macclesfield, Balliol College, Oxford, where he read Philosophy, Politics and Economics graduating in 1964, and Nuffield College where he obtained a Bachelor of Letters (BLitt) degree.
In 1966 he began his career as a politics lecturer at the University of Newcastle upon Tyne. In 1969 he was elected a councillor on the Hexham District Council. In 1970 he was elected to the Corbridge Town Council. He contested the 1970 general election at Berwick-upon-Tweed but was defeated heavily by the Conservative MP Antony Lambton.
In 1973 Alan Beith was elected to the North Tynedale District Council, and later in the year Antony Lambton resigned as the MP for Berwick-upon-Tweed in great scandal. At the by-election later that year, Beith secured a victory and was elected as the Liberal Member of Parliament for Berwick-upon-Tweed on 8 November 1973 by just 57 votes.
The next year was to prove a major campaigning act for the now Alan Beith MP, just three months after his
Alan Arthur Johnson (born 17 May 1950) is a British Labour Party politician who served as Home Secretary from June 2009 to May 2010. Before that, he filled a wide variety of cabinet positions in both the Blair and Brown governments, including Health Secretary and Education Secretary. Until 20 January 2011 he was Shadow Chancellor of the Exchequer. Johnson has been the Member of Parliament for Hull West and Hessle since 1997.
Born in London on 17 May 1950, the son of Stephen and Lillian Johnson, he was orphaned at the age of 12 when his mother died. Johnson was then in effect brought up by his older sister when the two were assigned a council flat by their child welfare officer. He passed the 11 plus exam and attended Sloane Grammar School in Chelsea, now part of Pimlico Academy, and left school at the age of 15. He then stacked shelves at Tesco before becoming a postman at 18. He was interested in music and joined two pop music bands. Johnson joined the Union of Communication Workers, becoming a branch official. He joined the Labour Party in 1971, although he considered himself a Marxist ideologically aligned with the Communist Party of Great Britain. A full-time union official
William Ernest Rammell (born 10 October 1959) is a British Labour Party politician, who was the Member of Parliament (MP) for Harlow from 1997 to 2010, and has served as the Minister of State for the Armed Forces at the Ministry of Defence. He lost his seat as Member of Parliament in the 2010 elections to the Conservative candidate, Robert Halfon.
Rammell went to Burnt Mill Comprehensive on First Avenue in Harlow. At the University of Wales, Cardiff he studied for a BA in French, gaining a degree in 1982. He was president of Cardiff University Students' Union from 1982-83. He was a management trainee at British Rail from 1983-84. From 1984 to 1987, he was a Regional Officer at the NUS.
From 1987 to 1989 he was Head of Youth Services for Basildon Council. He was the General Manager of King's College London Students' Union from 1990-4, and worked as the Business Manager of the University of London Union from 1994 to 1997. He was a member of Harlow District Council from 1985 to 1997.
He married Beryl Jarhall on 1 January 1983. They have a son (born September 1989) and a daughter (born November 1992).
Bill Rammell has held the following positions:
In the 2005 election, he had the 3rd
Robert William Ainsworth (born 19 June 1952) is a British Labour Party politician who has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for Coventry North East since 1992, and was the Secretary of State for Defence from 2009 to 2010. Following the general election in 2010 he was the Shadow Defence Secretary, but was replaced by Jim Murphy following the election of new Labour leader Ed Miliband.
Ainsworth was born in Coventry on 19 June 1952, and attended the local Foxford Comprehensive School. He first became active in politics as a trade unionist at the Jaguar Cars plant in Coventry where he worked and served in many union capacities, including as Branch President (in what was later to become part of the Manufacturing, Science and Finance union). At this time he attended "a couple" of International Marxist Group meetings but did not pursue an interest in the group. In 1984, he was elected to Coventry City Council, became Chair of the Finance Committee, and was deputy leader of the ruling Labour group. He was also Constituency Labour Party Chairman.
Ainsworth tried to become Labour candidate for Coventry North East in the run-up to the 1987 general election, after George Park MP announced his
David Thomas Charles Davies, MP (born 27 July 1970) is a British Conservative Party politician. He is the Member of Parliament (MP) for Monmouth in South Wales. Davies is also a special police constable, and volunteers with his local police force.
Davies was born in London and was educated at Bassaleg School, Bassaleg, a suburb of Newport; he was the second child to Peter and Kathleen Davies. After leaving school in 1988 he worked for the British Steel Corporation and served with the Territorial Army, before he went travelling in Asia and Australia, whilst on his travels he had many small jobs including picking grapes and tobacco and running a backpacker's hostel in Queensland. He worked for his family in their shipping company, Burrow Heath Ltd, before he entered politics. He is also a Special Constable with the British Transport Police.
He married Aliz Harnisfoger, who is Hungarian, in October 2003 in Monmouth and they have three children (including a daughter born August 2004). He has been the deputy leader of the Conservative Party in Wales since 1999, and he enjoys surfing and can often be found in the sea at Porthcawl or Llantwit Major.
He unsuccessfully contested the safe
John Derek Twigg (born 9 July 1959) is a British Labour Party politician who has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for Halton since 1997.
Derek Twigg went to Bankfield High School (now The Bankfield School) in Widnes, and then to Halton College of Further Education (now Riverside College). He started to work at the age of 16 as a civil servant for the Department for Employment (now the Department for Employment and Learning) in Runcorn for the next 19 years.
At the age of 18 Derek Twigg became the branch secretary to the Civil and Public Services Association (now part of the Public and Commercial Services Union) and in 1979 he joined the Labour Party. At the age of 21 he was elected to Cheshire County Council and continued to be a county councilor until 1985. In 1983 he was elected to Halton Borough Council. From 1996-7 he was a political consultant.
At the general election in 1997 Derek Twigg was elected to succeed Gordon Oakes as Member of Parliament for the Halton Constituency and made his maiden speech on 10 June 1997. He served as Parliamentary Private Secretary to Helen Liddell and to Stephen Byers and was appointed as a Government Whip in June 2002. In December 2004 Derek
Emily Anne Thornberry (born 27 July 1960) is a British Labour Party politician who has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for Islington South and Finsbury since 2005. She is currently the Shadow Attorney General.
Thornberry was born in north Surrey to Cedric Thornberry, a Visiting Professor of War Studies at King's College London, and his wife Sally Thornberry, a teacher. Her parents divorced when Thornberry was aged seven and she and her two brothers lived with her mother who later became a Labour Councillor and Mayor. Her father went on to become United Nations Assistant Secretary General and work for NATO. She was educated at the University of Kent at Canterbury where she studied law. She went on to practice as a barrister specialising in human rights law from 1985 to 2005 under Michael Mansfield at Tooks Chambers. Thornberry joined the Transport and General Workers Union in 1985. In the late 1980s she became friends with Waheed (now Lord) Alli, and persuaded him to join the Labour Party.
In the 2001 general election she stood for Parliament in Canterbury and was defeated by the Conservative incumbent, Julian Brazier by a margin of over 2,000 votes.
Following the retirement of
Gerry Adams (Irish: Gearóid Mac Ádhaimh; born 6 October 1948) is an Irish republican politician and Teachta Dála (TD) for the constituency of Louth. From 1983 to 1992 and from 1997 to 2011, he was an abstentionist Westminster Member of Parliament for Belfast West. He is the president of Sinn Féin, the second largest political party in Northern Ireland and the largest nationalist party. From the late 1980s onwards, Adams was an important figure in the Northern Ireland peace process, initially following contact by the then Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP) leader John Hume and subsequently with the Irish and British governments and then other parties. In 2005, the Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) indicated that its armed campaign was over and that it is now exclusively committed to democratic politics. Under Adams, Sinn Féin changed its traditional policy of abstentionism towards Oireachtas Éireann, the parliament of the Republic of Ireland, in 1986 and later took seats in the power-sharing Northern Ireland Assembly. However, Sinn Féin retains a policy of abstentionism towards the Westminster Parliament, but since 2002, receives allowances for staff and takes up
Gordon Marsden (born 28 November 1953) is a British Labour Party politician who has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for Blackpool South since 1997.
Marsden was educated at Stockport Grammar School, an independent school in the city of Stockport in Cheshire, followed by New College, Oxford where he attained a first-class degree in Modern History. He then went on to postgraduate studies at the Warburg Institute (part of the University of London) and Harvard University's Kennedy School of Government, being a Kennedy Scholar in Politics and International Relations.
Before entering Parliament he had been a tutor for the Open University since 1994, as well as a public affairs adviser to English Heritage and, for twelve years, the editor of History Today and New Socialist magazine.
Marsden first contested the seat of Blackpool South in 1992 and won it in 1997. Once elected to Parliament, Gordon served as Parliamentary Private Secretary to Lord Irvine of Lairg in the Lord Chancellor's Department (2001-3), Tessa Jowell as Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport (2003-5) and John Denham as Secretary of State for Communities and Local Government and shadow communities secretary
Ivan Lewis (born 4 March 1967) is a British Labour Party politician who has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for Bury South since 1997. Lewis served in a variety of junior ministerial positions, including as Minister of State at the Foreign and Commonwealth Office.
Lewis was born to a British Jewish family and educated at the independent William Hulme Grammar School (state-controlled since 2007) in Manchester, Stand Sixth Form College (former Stand Grammar School, now closed) and Bury College.
He married Juliette Fox in June 1990 in Stockport and they have two sons; they are now divorced. He is also a lifelong Manchester City fan.
Prior to his election, he worked in the voluntary sector from 1986 to 1997 for Outreach, Contact Community Care Group and as Chief Executive of the Manchester Jewish Federation.
Lewis was Parliamentary Private Secretary to Stephen Byers when the latter was Secretary of State for Trade and Industry.
From June 2003 to May 2005, Lewis was Parliamentary Under Secretary of State for Skills and Vocational Education at the Department for Education and Skills (DfES). Other previous roles at the DfES included Parliamentary Under Secretary of State for Young
John Andrew Barrett (born 11 February 1954) is a Scottish Liberal Democrat politician and the former Member of Parliament (MP) for Edinburgh West.
Born in Hobart, Tasmania,
John Barrett was educated at the Forrester High School in Edinburgh, Telford College and Napier Polytechnic (Now Napier University). He also attended Cornell University (New York State) summer sessions in Development Communication and returned to Cornell as a teaching assistant.
He joined the Scottish Liberal Party in 1980 and was the election agent for Veronica Crerar when she won the South East Corstorphine ward in 1984. He was also the election agent at council and parliamentary elections for Donald Gorrie. John Barrett was elected to the City of Edinburgh Council for South-East Corstorphine ward in 1995 and was elected Chairman of the Liberal Democrat Group from 1995 to 2001. He was the election agent for Donald Gorrie in Edinburgh West when the Liberal Democrats won the seat from the Conservatives at the 1997 General Election.
He married Carol, a graduate of Edinburgh College of Art and well known wildlife artist. They have one daughter, Sarah, and two granddaughters, Maria and Hope. They live in
John Timothy Grogan (born 24 February 1961) is a former British Labour Party politician, who was the Member of Parliament (MP) for Selby from 1997 to 2010. The constituency of Selby was abolished for the 2010 election. Currently, John Grogan holds chair of the Mongolian – British Chamber of Commerce (MBCC).
Born in Halifax, West Yorkshire, Grogan was educated at St Michael's RC College on St John's Road (near the University of Leeds), a Jesuit school, and St John's College, Oxford where he was awarded a BA degree in Modern history and Economics in 1982, he also served as the president of the Oxford University Student Union.
He worked as a communications coordinator with the City of Leeds Council from 1987 to 1994 before setting up his own conference business from 1996-7. He worked for the Labour Party in various capacities in both Leeds and Wolverhampton. He also acted as the Labour Party press officer in the European Parliament at Brussels in 1995.
He unsuccessfully contested the North Yorkshire seat of Selby at the 1987 general election but was defeated by the Conservative MP Michael Alison by 13,779 votes. He again contested the seat based on Selby at the 1992 General Election
John Alexander Melvin Hemming (born 16 March 1960) is a British politician, the Member of Parliament for Birmingham Yardley and Group Chair of the Liberal Democrats on the city council of Birmingham, England.
Hemming was until 1 May 2008 an elected councillor for the South Yardley Ward. In 2005, he was elected as Member of Parliament for Birmingham Yardley. He is the first Liberal or Liberal Democrat to win a parliamentary seat in Birmingham since Wallace Lawler won in Birmingham Ladywood in 1969. In 2004, Hemming became deputy leader of Birmingham City Council in a deal where the Conservatives and Liberal Democrats shared control of the City Council. He stood down from this position on his election to parliament in 2005.
In 2007 he became Liberal Democrat Spokesman for the West Midlands and returned to lead the West Midlands Liberal Democrat team of spokespeople with Lorely Burt MP as the Deputy Leader.
Hemming was educated at King Edward's School, Birmingham, where he won the Rickard Prize for Arithmetic and was a Scholar specialising in Theoretical, Atomic and Nuclear Physics at Magdalen College, Oxford, where he showed an early interest in politics, standing as the Liberal
John Archibald Sinclair, 3rd Viscount Thurso (born 10 September 1953), known as John Thurso, is a Scottish businessman and Liberal Democrat politician. He is the Member of Parliament (MP) for Caithness, Sutherland and Easter Ross and the fifth generation of the Sinclair family to represent the Caithness area in the House of Commons.
John Sinclair was educated in Thurso and at Eton College. Thurso joined the Savoy Group as a management trainee in 1972 and following this worked for many years in the hospitality industry. His achievements included managing the Lancaster in Paris (1981–85) and founding the hotel at Cliveden (1985–92) before becoming CEO of Granfel Holdings, owners of East Sussex National Golf Course from 1992 to 1995. Finally from 1995 until his election to parliament in 2001 he was CEO of the Champneys Group. During his time in this job he featured in the TV documentary Trouble at the Top - Shape up with Lord Thurso.
Lord Thurso comes from a family of Liberal politicians. The former constituency of Caithness and Sutherland had been held by his grandfather, Archibald Sinclair from 1922 until 1945. Archibald Sinclair was the 1st Viscount Thurso and a Liberal Party
Julian William Hendy Brazier TD (born 24 July 1953) is a British Conservative Party politician. He is the Member of Parliament (MP) for Canterbury. He was a shadow transport minister (until May 2010), (with responsibility for Aviation and Shipping) and is a prominent member of the Conservative Christian Fellowship.
Born into a military family, his father being a Lieutenant Colonel, Brazier was educated at two independent schools: at The Dragon School in Oxford and Wellington College in the village of Crowthorne in Berkshire, followed by Brasenose College, Oxford, where he obtained a joint honours BA degree in Mathematics and Philosophy, later promoted to an Oxford MA. He was the President of the Oxford University Conservative Association in 1973. He also attended the London Business School in central London.
Brazier joined the Territorial Army aged 19 in 1972 and served for thirteen years, six of which were in the SAS. He was awarded the Territorial Decoration in 1993. He was employed by Chartered Consolidated Ltd 1975–1984, being involved in economic research from 1975–77, corporate finance from 1977–81, and was on the Executive Committee of the Board from 1981-4. In 1984, he
Paul John Rowen (born 11 May 1955) is a British Liberal Democrat politician. He was the Member of Parliament (MP) for Rochdale from 2005 until the 2010 general election, when he was defeated by Labour Party candidate Simon Danczuk.
Born in Rochdale, Rowen went to the Bishop Henshaw RC Memorial High School (became St Cuthbert's RC High School in 1989 when Rochdale scrapped its three-tier system) on Shaw Road in Rochdale. From the University of Nottingham, he graduated with a BSc in Chemistry and Geology in 1976. From 1977-80, he taught Science at Kimberley School in Nottinghamshire. From 1980-6, he was Head of Chemistry at St Albans RC High School, Warren Lane in Oldham (now closed), then Head of Science at Our Ladys RC High School from 1986-90. From 1990-2005, he was Deputy Headteacher of Yorkshire Martyrs Catholic College on Westgate Hill Street in Tong, West Yorkshire.
Rowen contested the Rochdale seat in the 2001 general election, and won the seat in 2005 by around 400 votes; this reclaimed the seat for the Liberal Democrats since they lost the seat in 1997.
In the House of Commons he became a Liberal Democrat spokesman for Work and Pensions, having previously worked on
Steven John Webb, better known as Steve Webb (born 18 July 1965), is an English Liberal Democrat politician. He is the Member of Parliament for Thornbury & Yate and the Minister of State for Pensions.
Webb was born in West Bromwich to Brian and Patricia Webb, and attended the local comprehensive school (Dartmouth High School), before going on to study Philosophy, Politics and Economics at Hertford College, Oxford. He then worked at the Institute for Fiscal Studies in London, where he specialised in researching into poverty, taxes and benefits. In 1995, he became a Professor of Social Policy at the University of Bath.
At the 1997 General Election Webb was elected as MP for Northavon, just north of Bristol, overturning a Conservative majority of over 11,000. He increased a 2,137 majority to 9,877 in the 2001 Election and again to 11,033 in the 2005 Election.
In 2001, Webb was promoted by Charles Kennedy to lead spokesman for the Liberal Democrats on Work and Pensions, a portfolio he had worked in since 1999. He continued in this position until being appointed as Liberal Democrat Health spokesman in 2005. At the end of 2006, he started a new role co-ordinating the party's manifesto
The Union Movement was a far right political party founded in Britain by Oswald Mosley. Where Mosley had previously been associated with a peculiarly British form of fascism, the Union Movement attempted to redefine the concept by stressing the importance of developing a European nationalism rather than narrower country-based nationalisms. The UM has therefore been characterized as an attempt by Mosley to start again in his political life by embracing more democratic and international policies than those with which he had previously been associated.
Having been the leader of the British Union of Fascists (BUF) before World War II, it was expected that Mosley would return to lead the far right afterwards. However Mosley initially remained out of the post-War political arena, instead turning to writing, publishing his first work, My Answer (1946), in which he argued that he had been a patriot who had been unjustly punished by his internment under Defence Regulation 18B. In this and his 1947 follow up, The Alternative, Mosley began to argue for a much closer integration between the nations of Europe, the beginning of his 'Europe a Nation' campaign that sought a strong united Europe as