An issue represents stock or debt issued by a corporation. Many issues are traded on public exchanges.
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Discovery Communications, Inc. (DCI) is an American global mass media company based in Silver Spring, Maryland. The company started as a single channel in 1985, The Discovery Channel. Today, DCI has global operations offering 28 network entertainment brands on more than 100 channels in more than 180 countries in 39 languages for over 1.5 billion subscribers around the globe.
DCI both produces original television programming and acquires content from producers worldwide. This non-fiction programming is offered through DCI's 28 network entertainment brands, including Discovery Channel, Military Channel, TLC, Animal Planet, Discovery Fit & Health and a family of digital channels. DCI also distributes BBC America and BBC World News to cable and satellite operators in the United States.
Despite being publicly being traded on the NASDAQ stock exchange, the Newhouse family exercise the largest stake in the company, 31%, through privately held Advance Publications.
Judith McHale was President and Chief Executive Officer until NBC Universal executive David Zaslav took over the position on November 16, 2006.
In addition to Zaslav, current executives include:
Prior to September 18, 2008,
Vivendi SA (formerly known as Vivendi Universal) is a French multinational mass media and telecommunication company headquartered in Paris, France. The company has activities in music, television and film, publishing, telecommunications, the Internet, and video games.
On December 14, 1853, a water company named Compagnie Générale des Eaux (CGE) was created by an Imperial decree of Napoleon III. In 1854, CGE obtained a concession in order to supply water to the public in Lyon, serving in this capacity for over a hundred years. In 1861, it obtained a 50-year concession with the City of Paris.
For more than a century, Compagnie Générale des Eaux remained largely focused on the water sector. However, following the appointment of Guy Dejouany as CEO in 1976, CGE extended its activities into other sectors with a series of takeovers. Beginning in 1980, CGE began diversifying its operations from water into waste management, energy, transport services, and construction and property. It acquired the Compagnie Générale d'Entreprises Automobiles (CGEA), specialized in industrial vehicles, which was later divided into two branches: Connex and Onyx Environnement. CGE then acquired the Compagnie
LIN Television Corporation (doing business as LIN Media), is an American holding company that operates 31 television stations. As explained in depth further into the article, all except three are affiliates of the six major television networks of the USA. Two NBC stations are owned in a joint venture with majority controller NBCUniversal, making the stations owned-and-operated stations. The remaining station is a low powered weather station in Indiana.
LIN TV's roots trace back to the founding of its former parent, LIN Broadcasting Corporation, in 1961. LIN Broadcasting was engaged in radio, television, direct marketing, information and learning, music publishing, and record labels. LIN takes its initials from three major cities where it originally owned radio stations: Louisville, Indianapolis and Nashville (all located on Interstate 65). The company purchased its first television station, WTVP (now WAND) in Decatur, Illinois, at the end of 1965. It also briefly owned the catalogues of King Records and Starday Records in the early 1970s.
LIN Broadcasting made acquisitions in broadcasting, expanded into paging, and in the early 1980s the company entered the fledgling cellular
Fisher Communications (NASDAQ: FSCI) is a media company in the United States. Based in Seattle, Washington, the company owns a number of radio and television stations in the Western United States.
Also see KOMO (AM) Fisher Companies, Inc.'s Fisher Communications by 1998 owned 25 radio stations and 2 TV stations. Fisher Companies also owned a flour milling and food distribution company and real estate development subsidiary.
In 1999 Retlaw Enterprises sold its remaining 11 television stations to Fisher Communications, including all of the related assets to those properties for $215 million in cash.
By 2011, Fisher Communications was down to 10 radio stations.
(From 2001-2008, Washington, Oregon, and Idaho ABC and CBS stations used a logo having a blue rectangle with the TV number in the rectangle and lowercase call signs on the top.)
On December 17, 2008 Fisher Communications' contract expired with DISH Network. As a result of this contract dispute stations owned by Fisher Communications are no longer available to DISH Network subscribers. DISH Network claims that Fisher is asking for over an 80% increase. The Fisher stations that returned to DISH Network are: KOMO and KUNS
CBS Corporation (NYSE: CBS, CBSA) is an American mass media corporation focused on commercial broadcasting, publishing, billboards and television production, with most of its operations in the United States. The president and chief executive of the company is Leslie Moonves. Sumner Redstone, owner of National Amusements, is CBS's majority shareholder and serves as executive chairman. The company began trading on the NYSE on January 3, 2006. Until then, the corporation was known as Viacom, and is the legal successor to said company. A new company, keeping the Viacom name was spun off from CBS. CBS, not Viacom, retains control of over-the-air television (CBS, CW) and radio broadcasting, TV production and distribution, publishing, pay-cable, recording, and outdoor advertising assets formerly owned by the larger company. CBS has its headquarters in CBS Building, Midtown, Manhattan, New York City, New York, United States.
Viacom was created in 1970 as the television syndication division of CBS, and was spun off in 1971. However, in 1999, Viacom acquired its former parent, by this time also named CBS Corporation, formerly Westinghouse Electric. The prior CBS Corporation also owned CMT
Mozambique beer manufacturer quoted on Maputo Stock exchange. After nationalization in 1976, it was gradually reprivataised, and SAB )now SABMiller) already had 70% by the time the Maputo Stock Exchange (Bolsa de Valores de Maputo) reopened in 1998.
The E. W. Scripps Company (NYSE: SSP) is an American media conglomerate founded by Edward Willis Scripps in 1922. The company is headquartered inside the Scripps Center in Cincinnati, Ohio. Its corporate motto is "Give light and the people will find their own way."
On October 16, 2007, the company announced that it would separate into two publicly traded companies: The E. W. Scripps Company (newspapers, TV stations, licensing/syndication) and Scripps Networks Interactive (NYSE: SNI), (HGTV, Food Network, DIY Network, Cooking Channel [formerly known as Fine Living], Travel Channel and Great American Country). The transaction was completed on July 1, 2008.
On October 3, 2011 The E.W. Scripps Company announced it was purchasing the television arm of McGraw-Hill for $212 million. This purchase nearly doubles the number of Scripps stations to 19 with a combined reach of 13% of U.S. households.
In 1997, Scripps bought daily Texas newspapers in Corpus Christi, Abilene, Wichita Falls, San Angelo and Plano, plus the paper in Anderson, S.C. from Harte-Hanks Communications, along with 25 non-daily newspapers and San Antonio-based KENS-TV and KENS-AM. The purchase price was to be between $605
Gray Television, Inc. is a communications company headquartered in Atlanta, Georgia, with administrative offices in Albany, Georgia. Established in 1946 by James H. Gray a naturalized New Englander who moved to Southwest Georgia to form Gray Communications System (now Gray Television Group) which has grown since 1993 into a modern day, successful television group based out of Atlanta, Georgia through a series of acquisitions ranging from 1993-2002.
Gray Television currently owns 36 television stations serving 30 mainly mid-size and small-size media markets. (The highest-ranked market Gray serves is Knoxville, Tennessee, the 59th ranked market in 2008.) One of the stations is affiliated with FOX, 6 are with ABC, 10 are with NBC, and 17 are affiliated with CBS (making Gray the largest independent owner of CBS affiliates in the country).
Among their stations, Gray also operates a total of 38 digital subchannels. Eleven of the subchannels are affiliated with MyNetworkTV, 7 are with The CW, 5 are with FOX, 1 carries Universal Sports, 1 repeats a cable-only ABC station, and 5 broadcast weather information exclusively.
The combined station group has 21 stations ranked #1 in local news
AMC Networks (NASDAQ: AMCX) is an entertainment company in the United States that owns the cable channels AMC, IFC, WE tv, and Sundance Channel; the art house movie theater IFC Center in New York City, and the independent film company IFC Films.
The company was originally launched in 1980 and formerly known as Rainbow Media Holdings, LLC, a subsidiary of Cablevision, but was spun off as a publicly traded company in July 2011.
When Rainbow was formed in the 1980, it originally included Bravo and SportsChannel New York. As SportsChannel expanded by adding other regional networks, these also became part of Rainbow (see SportsChannel America). When SportsChannel was merged into Fox Sports Net, all of these networks except SportsChannel NY (then Fox Sports New York) were gradually sold off. Fox Sports New York was then transferred to the MSG Media and rebranded MSG+.
Rainbow originally started the Playboy Channel in 1982 as a joint-venture with Playboy, Cablevision would later sell its share back to Playboy.
In 1988, Cablevision merged their cable networks with NBC, giving NBC 50% ownership in Rainbow. Through a series of transactions, NBC's stake was eventually reduced. In 2002,
De Persgroep NV is a media company from Belgium owned by the Van Thillo family. In 1978 the family obtained 60 percent of shares in the Flemish oriented publishing company Hoste. When in 1990 the rest of the shares were acquired, the company’s name was changed to De Persgroep.
In 2003 the group’s annual turnover was 334 million euros.
In December 2009, the company merged with PCM Publishing from the Netherlands, forming a subsidiary De Persgroep Nederland, which comprises the newspapers Algemeen Dagblad, de Volkskrant, Trouw, NRC Handelsblad, nrc.next and Het Parool.
De Persgroep and Roularta Media Group own 50 percent shares each of Vlaamse Media Maatschappij (VMMa). VMMa, in turn, is the owner of television and radio stations:
One of the company’s subsidiaries Magnet Magazines publishes the following magazines:
Zone/magazines, free city papers
Nostalgie is a very popular French FM radio station principally dedicated to the 1950s, 1960s, 1970s, 1980s and sometimes 1990s songs. From 60 to 80% of the songs are French songs. Nostalgie belongs to the NRJ Group.
Cablevision Systems Corporation (NYSE: CVC) is an American cable television company with systems serving areas surrounding New York City. It is the 8th largest cable provider in the USA, with most customers residing in New York, New Jersey, Connecticut, and parts of Pennsylvania. Cablevision also serves approximately 300,000 customers in Colorado, Montana, Utah, and Wyoming under the Optimum West brand. Cablevision also offers high-speed Internet connections (Optimum Online), as well as digital cable (Optimum TV), and VoIP (Optimum Voice) phone service (the 8th largest telephone provider in the U.S.) through its Optimum brand name.
Cablevision was founded by Charles Dolan in 1973. In the mid-1960s, Dolan had already built a cable system called Sterling Manhattan Cable in the borough of Manhattan and launched Home Box Office (HBO). He ended up selling both the cable system and HBO to Time Life Inc. With the money he gained from the sale, he started a new cable system in suburban Long Island forming Cablevision. Cablevision quickly expanded and built system throughout the New York metro area expanding into New Jersey, Westchester County, Connecticut, and the other boroughs of New
Journal Communications, Inc. (NYSE: JRN) is a publicly traded media company based in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. It publishes the Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, a daily newspaper, and it also owns television stations, radio stations and weekly newspapers, among other businesses.
The Milwaukee Journal was started in 1882, in competition with four other English-language, four German- and two Polish-language dailies. It launched WTMJ-AM (620) in 1927, and WTMJ-TV (Channel 4) in 1947. The Journal Company, until then primarily owned by local interests, introduced an employee stock trust plan in 1937, and as a result most Journal stock was eventually held by its employees (under certain restrictions). A small bloc of Journal stock was given to Harvard to fund the Nieman Fellowship program for promising journalists, and another bloc was still held by the original owning families until the IPO.
The Milwaukee Sentinel, begun in 1837 as a weekly published by Solomon Juneau, passed through the hands of several owners before being sold to the Hearst Corporation in 1924. Hearst operated the Sentinel until 1962, when, following a long and costly strike, it abruptly announced the closing of the paper.
Nexstar Broadcasting Group, Inc., (NASDAQ: NXST) is an entity of broadcast television stations headquartered in Irving, Texas. The company consists of 50 television stations across the U.S., ranging from market sizes 9(a) (Washington, D.C. sub-market) to 201 (St. Joseph, Missouri). 43 of the stations are broadcasting at full power, with the other 4 broadcasting at low power. Nexstar is known for owning multiple television stations in a single market in 22 of their markets. They do this by sidestepping FCC regulations limiting owners to only one station per market. They typically do this through a familiar, but legally unrelated company often Mission Broadcasting.
The key to the "virtual duopolies" joint operation is in drafting and abiding by a series of agreements between the stations. One company (usually Nexstar) will take the lead and operate the larger station. Mission typically employs two people in each of their stations and a few more at their home office. Per an FCC decision (letter to Jones Eastern of the Outer Banks) one person is tasked with the management duties for Mission, another with the staff duties. Since two people can't do all that is needed in a small or
Cinemark Theatres, often referred to as simply Cinemark, is a chain of movie theatres owned by Cinemark Holdings, Inc. in North and South America and Taiwan. It has its headquarters in Plano, Texas.
As of March 31, 2012, the Cinemark circuit is the third largest in the United States with 298 theatres and 3,895 screens in 40 states. They are the most geographically diverse circuit in Latin America with 161 theatres and 1,286 screens in 13 countries; it is the fourth-largest circuit in Mexico. Cinemark also holds the spot of second largest circuit internationally.
Cinemark operates theaters under several brands, including its flagship Cinemark, Century, Tinseltown USA, and CinéArts.
Cinemark was started in 1984 by Lee Roy Mitchell as a chain of theatres in Texas, Utah, and California. Through new theatre construction and acquisitions, it became the third largest theatre chain in the United States and the second largest theatre chain in the world. In 2009, Cinemark introduced its own large screen concept, known as XD, and has plans to install it in many well-performing locations around the world.
In the 1990s, Cinemark Theatres was one of the first chains to incorporate stadium-style
Corelio is a Belgian media group, formerly known as the Vlaamse Uitgeversmaatschappij (VUM). The group was founded on 26 June 1976 by André Leysen, together with other Flemish businesspeople. In 1997, Thomas Leysen took over the position of chairman from his father André Leysen.
The VUM was founded to save the newspapers published by the Standaard group, after the bankruptcy of the group on 22 June 1976. The VUM took over the newspapers of the group, such as De Standaard, Het Nieuwsblad and De Gentenaar. In November 1994, the VUM took over Het Volk, the newspaper of the Belgian Christian labour movement (ACV union). VUMMedia also has a stake in the Television production company Woestijnvis. On 1 September 2006, VUM Media changed its name into Corelio.
Vlaamse Media Maatschappij (VMMa) (English: Flemish Media Company) is a Belgian company, and parent company of the first Flemish commercial television station: vtm. VMMa was founded in 1987 as Vlaamse Televisie Maatschappij by nine publishers each with a 11.1% share. Since 1998, De Persgroep and the Roularta Media Group each have a 50% share of the company. On 31 May 1999 the name was changed to Vlaamse Media Maatschappij.
Woestijnvis (Literally: Desert Fish) is an independent Flemish television production company.
The name of the company refers to a famous mistake of a quiz-candidate in the Flemish version of Wheel of Fortune: the remaining letters were W . . ST . . NV . S and somebody answered "WOESTIJNVIS" (Desert Fish), the correct answer was "WOESTIJNVOS" (Desert Fox). The company was founded in 1997 by Jan Huyse, Wouter Vandenhaute and Erik Watté in close collaboration with Mark Uytterhoeven. The company rose to fame with its series The Mole, variants of which were recorded and broadcast in various countries.
Woestijnvis is now part of De Vijver Mediaholding which owns the Belgian TV-stations VT4 and VijfTV.
Young Broadcasting, LLC is an American telecommunications company that owns and operates 11 television stations in 11 markets with a total U.S. television household coverage of 5.9%, the company is a subsidiary of New Young Broadcasting Holding Co, Inc. The company was formerly known as Young Broadcasting Inc. and was the outgrowth of the ad representation firm Adam Young Inc., which was founded in 1944 by Adam Young. Previously a publicly traded company, Young Broadcasting voluntarily declared Chapter 11 Bankruptcy on February 13, 2009 to restructure its debts. The company emerged from bankruptcy on June 24, 2010 shedding $800 million in debt and becoming one of the most financially secure broadcasting companies in the country.
Young invested $25 million in its stations, which led to a major overhaul of news production in 2011, allowing most of the stations to convert their news programming to full high definition (except for KRON-TV, whose newscasts continue to be produced in widescreen standard definition). Master control automation for its stations and asset management operations will be upgraded in 2012.
In January 2012, Young signed an affiliation agreement with The Walt
InterActiveCorp (legal name: IAC/InterActiveCorp) is an American internet company with over 50 brands across 40 countries headquartered in New York City. The Chairman and Senior Executive is Barry Diller, who was previously head of Paramount Pictures, Fox Broadcasting and USA Broadcasting.
IAC was incorporated in 1986 under the name Silver King Broadcasting Company as a subsidiary of Home Shopping Network. In 1992, Silver King was spun-off to Home Shopping Network shareholders as a separately traded public company.
The company has undergone several name changes. February 1998: HSN, Inc. was renamed USA Networks, Inc. May 2002: USA Networks, Inc. was renamed USA Interactive June 2003: USA Interactive was renamed InterActiveCorp July 2004: InterActiveCorp was renamed IAC/InterActiveCorp
In August 2008, IAC spun off several of its businesses, including: Tree.com (NASDAQ: TREE), the Home Shopping Network, Ticketmaster, and Interval Leisure Group (NASDAQ: IILG).
In February 2011, IAC acquired the free-to-contact dating site, OkCupid, for $50 million.
In April 2011, IAC extended the deal with Google to hand over all search advertising on Ask.com and other IAC search products to the
A. H. Belo Corporation (NYSE: AHC; /ˈbiloʊ/) is a Dallas-based media company that owns four daily newspapers and five smaller newspapers. The current corporation was formed when Belo Corporation separated its broadcasting and publishing operations into two corporations. A. H. Belo also owns a part interest in Classified Ventures. Its CEO is Robert Decherd who had headed Belo before the spin off. The company has its headquarters in the Belo Building in Downtown Dallas.
The company was organized as a fully owned subsidiary of Belo Corporation on October 1, 2007, then taken public by issuing the new stock to Belo shareholders and starting trade on February 8, 2008. While technically this corporate entity was formed in 2008, the organization traces its roots and history back to 1842. The Belo Corporation used the A. H. Belo name from 1926 to 2002 when it was shortened to simply Belo. With the split the old name, which honors Alfred Horatio Belo, founder of the Dallas Morning News, was revived.
The company also formerly published Quick, a free weekly in Dallas, and The Business Press, a weekly business publication in Riverside.
For decades, News-Texan, Inc., an A.H. Belo subsidiary,
Comcast Corporation (NASDAQ: CMCSA, CMCSK) is the largest cable operator, home Internet service provider, and third largest home telephone service provider in the United States, providing cable television, broadband Internet, telephone service and home security [in some areas] to both residential and commercial customers in 40 states and the District of Columbia.
The company is headquartered in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Comcast also has significant holding in several cable networks (including E! Entertainment Television, Style Network, G4, The Golf Channel and NBC Sports Network), distribution (ThePlatform), and related businesses. Comcast acquired a majority stake in media conglomerate NBCUniversal in January 2011. Comcast has been the subject of criticism for activities including its stance on net neutrality, as well as poor results on customer satisfaction surveys.
Comcast Cable was originally formed as American Cable Systems in 1963 and was founded by Ralph J. Roberts, Daniel Aaron and Julian A. Brodsky based on a recommendation from Pete Musser, who brought the deal to Ralph Roberts to buy his first cable system in Tupelo, Mississippi. The company was incorporated in
Radio One, Inc is a U.S. company which owns and operates 69 radio stations in 22 American cities. The company is headed by Cathy Hughes, Chairman and her son Alfred Liggins, CEO. The company's target listeners are African Americans in urban areas. Radio One also owns a 51% interest in TV One, a cable and satellite TV network begun in early 2004 in partnership with Comcast and a handful of investors (including DirecTV, which added the network to its lineup and became a minority shareholder in January 2005). It also acquired BlackPlanet, the African American social networking site as part of Community Connect in 2008. As with other large radio broadcasting companies, Radio One has a strategy of acquiring stations in a given market and making sudden format changes they believe will be profitable. Radio One tends to favor urban-based formats targeting African American listeners, and makes format changes to target their demographic. One example of this occurred when Radio One acquired country radio station WCAV, near Boston, Massachusetts, in 1999, and transformed the station into WBOT, "Hot 97.7," with an Urban format. The station was subsequently resold a short time later and
Ten Network Holdings Limited, is one of Australia's major media companies. It is headquartered in Sydney, Australia.
While originally focusing on running a television network, Ten has recently diversified into a range of other media areas over the past decade. Below are some of the businesses it has run, or is involved with:
On 24 September 2009, CanWest announced that it was selling its 50.1% stake in Ten Network Holdings for A$680 million dollars, in order to pay down its significant debt, although it was not enough to save the former parent, which went out of business the next year.
During October 2010, James Packer, (through his private for Consolidated Press Holdings) bought 17.88% of shares in Ten Network Holdings. Half of this was then bought off Packer by Lachlan Murdoch; the two are listed as joint owners of 17.88% of the company
On 26 November mining magnate and Australia's wealthiest woman, Gina Rinehart was appointed a position of the board after purchasing 10% of the company.
Speculation surrounds the future of the Packer investment as upcoming changes to sport broadcast regulation and Ten's low share price in a slowly resurgent market are seen as possible drivers for
Crown Media Holdings, Inc. (NASDAQ: CRWN) is a United States media production company with corporate headquarters located in Studio City, California, and is controlled by Hallmark Cards.
Crown Media operates the Hallmark Channel and its spin-off Hallmark Movie Channel in the United States, while it licenses the brand to Universal Networks International for the British channel of the same name. In 2003, Crown Media acquired The Jim Henson Company's half of Hallmark Channel in the UK, discontinuing all syndicated programming from Jim Henson Television.
Crown Media Holdings has no connection with the UK company Crown Media LLP.
The Vlaamse Uitgeversmaatschappij (VUM), a Belgian media group, was founded on 26 June 1976 by Andrￃﾩ Leysen, together with other Flemish businesspeople. It belongs to the holding VUM Media, now named Corelio. In 1997, Thomas Leysen took over the position of chairman from his father Andrￃﾩ Leysen.
The VUM was founded to save the newspapers published by the Standaard group, after the bankruptcy of the group on 22 June 1976. The VUM took over the newspapers of the group, such as De Standaard, Het Nieuwsblad and De Gentenaar. In November 1994, the VUM took over Het Volk, the newspaper of the Belgian Christian labour movement (ACV union). VUMMedia also has a stake in the Television production company Woestijnvis.On 1 September 2006, VUM Media changed its name into Corelio.
Lions Gate Entertainment Corporation or Lionsgate , is a North American entertainment company. The company was formed in Vancouver, British Columbia on July 3, 1997, and is headquartered in Santa Monica, California. As of 2012, it is the most commercially successful independent film and television distribution company in North America and the sixth most profitable movie studio.
Lionsgate was originally known as IMI Computer Corp. on May 26, 1986 and later known as Beringer Gold Corp. Beringer Gold later was incorporated as Lions Gate Films under the Business Corporation Act in British Columbia and was founded on July 3, 1997 by Frank Giustra, a Canadian investment banker hoping to capitalize on the growing film industry in his home town. The company bought a number of small production facilities and distributors, including Montreal-based Cinépix Film Properties (also known as Cinéxus-Famous Players Distribution), Trimark Pictures, Mandate Pictures and, most notably, Artisan Entertainment (which itself had formerly been LIVE Entertainment).
They sold off their Canadian distribution rights to Maple Pictures, founded and co-owned by two former Lionsgate executives, Brad Pelman and
Clear Channel Communications, Inc. is an American mass media company, that is headquartered in San Antonio, Texas. Founded in 1972 by Lowry Mays and Red McCombs, the company was taken private by Bain Capital, LLC and Thomas H. Lee Partners in a leveraged buyout in 2008; as a result, the company now operates as a wholly owned subsidiary of CC Media Holdings, Inc..
Clear Channel specializes in radio broadcasting through subsidiary Clear Channel Broadcasting, Inc. and division Clear Channel Media and Entertainment (formerly Clear Channel Radio); and billboard advertising through subsidiary Clear Channel Outdoor Holdings, Inc.. Clear Channel is the largest owner of full-power AM, FM, and shortwave radio stations and twelve radio channels on XM Satellite Radio, and is also the largest pure-play radio station owner and operator. The group was in the television business until it sold all of its TV stations to Newport Television in 2008.
The term "clear channel" comes from AM broadcasting, referring to a channel (frequency) on which only one station transmits. In U.S. and Canadian broadcasting history, "clear channel" (or class I-A) stations had exclusive rights to their frequencies
Warner Music Group (WMG) is a major global music and entertainment conglomerate headquartered in New York City. The largest American-owned music corporation worldwide, it is one of the 'big three' recording companies (the three largest in the global music industry). The company operates some of the largest and most successful recording labels in the world, including Warner Bros. Records and Atlantic Records. WMG also owns Warner/Chappell Music, one of the world's largest music-publishing companies.
Formerly owned by Time Warner, the world's largest media conglomerate, the company was publicly traded on the New York Stock Exchange until May 2011, when the company announced its privatization and sale to Access Industries, which was completed in July 2011. With a multi-billion dollar annual turnover, WMG employs in excess of 4,000 people worldwide and has operations in more than 50 countries.
Stephen Cooper - CEO
David Johnson – Chairman and CEO, Warner/Chappell Music
Michael Fleisher – Vice Chairman, Strategy and Operations
Michael Nash – Executive Vice President, Executive Vice President, Digital Strategy and Business Development
WMG is the only one of the big three record companies
Viacom Inc. (NASDAQ: VIA, VIAB), short for "Video & Audio Communications", is an American global mass media company with interests primarily in, but not limited to, cinema and cable television. As of 2010, it is the world's fourth-largest media conglomerate, behind The Walt Disney Company, Time Warner and News Corporation. Viacom is owned in majority by National Amusements, Inc., a privately owned theater company based in Dedham, Massachusetts, USA. National Amusements holds another controlling stake in CBS Corporation.
The current Viacom was created on December 31, 2005 as a spinoff from CBS Corporation, which changed its name from Viacom to CBS at the same time. CBS, not Viacom, retains control of the over-the-air broadcasting, TV production, outdoor advertising, subscription pay television (Showtime) and publishing assets (Simon & Schuster) formerly owned by the larger company. However, Sumner Redstone through National Amusements, retains majority control of Viacom. Predecessor firms of Viacom include Gulf+Western, which later became Paramount Communications Inc., and Westinghouse Electric Corporation.
Comprising BET Networks, MTV Networks, and Paramount Pictures, Viacom
Standaard Uitgeverij is a Belgian publisher, and the leading publisher in the Dutch language market of Flanders.
In 1919, the Standaard group was created, mainly consisting of a chain of bookshops (Standaard Boekhandel), a newspaper (De Standaard) and a publishing house, the Standaard Uitgeverij. By the 1930s, the different branches became more and more independent, but only in the 1980s was the group finally disbanded. In 1994, the company was acquired by the Dutch group PCM Algemene Boeken BV.
The company is best known for its comics and popular literature, but also publishes youth literature, non-fiction (mainly cartography, lexicography, and massmarket titles), and multimedia publications. Manteau, which used to be an independent publisher but is now owned by Standaard, is a more purely literary publisher.
With Harry Potter and Kiekeboe, Standaard Uitgeverij published the four bestselling books in Flanders in 2007. Other popular books were the thrillers by Pieter Aspe and TV tie-ins like the Ketnet Doeboek.
ACME Communications is a United States-based broadcasting company involved in operations of television stations and programming. The company was co-founded in the 1990s by current Chairman and former CEO Jamie Kellner, who previously served as a Fox Television Network executive and was founding CEO of The WB Television Network. Kellner used the name Acme as a play on the Acme Corporation, featured in Warner Bros.' Wile E. Coyote and Road Runner animated film series and other animated Warner media.
The ownership portfolio of ACME Communications has included television stations generally located in medium-sized US media markets, all of which ACME obtained through acquisitions (save for one station in Knoxville that the company built from the ground up). The station portfolio reached a peak of 11 stations in the early 2000s, at which time ACME also ventured into program production with the 2002 debut of The Daily Buzz, a syndicated daily morning news and information program that reaches 179 markets as of Fall 2012.
During the early 2010s, ACME set forth on cost-cutting efforts and an admitted "exit strategy" involving its assets, including the following:
Note: All of these stations
Belga is a Belgian news agency. Belga was founded in 1920 as "Agence télégraphique belge de presse" by Pierre-Marie Olivier and Maurice Travailleur. Seat : 8B Frédéric Pelletier Street, 1030 Schaerbeek (Brussels)
British Sky Broadcasting Group plc (commonly known as BSkyB; trading as Sky) is a British satellite broadcasting, broadband and telephony services company headquartered in London, United Kingdom, with operations in the United Kingdom and Ireland.
Formed in 1990 by the equal merger of Sky Television and British Satellite Broadcasting, BSkyB is the largest pay-TV broadcaster in the United Kingdom and Ireland with over 11 million subscribers.
BSkyB is listed on the London Stock Exchange and is a constituent of the FTSE 100 Index. It had a market capitalisation of approximately £11.47 billion (US$18 billion) as of 20 June 2012 on the London Stock Exchange. News Corporation owns a 39.14 per cent controlling stake in the company.
Sky Television was set up by Rupert Murdoch in 1989. The SES Astra satellite network began with the launch of Astra 1A in 1989. Sky Television plc was the first customer of Astra and leased four transponders on Astra 1A ahead of its launch. Alan Sugar's Amstrad began manufacturing the original satellite dishes and set-top boxes, something which it still does today. With the launch of more Astra satellites from 1991 onward, Sky was able to begin expanding its
Image Entertainment, Inc. is an independent licensee, producer and distributor of entertainment programming and film and television productions in North America, with approximately 3,200 exclusive DVD titles and approximately 340 exclusive CD titles in domestic release, and approximately 450 programs internationally via sublicense agreements. For many of its titles, Image has exclusive audio and broadcast rights as well as digital download rights to approximately 2,100 video programs and over 400 audio programs containing more than 6,000 tracks. The company is headquartered in Chatsworth, California.
Founded in 1981 as a public company, Image began as a distributor of Laserdiscs, whose sound and picture quality surpassed that of VHS and Beta, the dominant tape formats of the time. Image successfully secured exclusive output deals with major studios such as Universal Studios, 20th Century Fox, and The Walt Disney Company and grew to become the dominant distributor of the format.
As the 1990s came to a close and Laserdiscs gave way to DVD, Image re-focused on the fledgling format that quickly came to dominate the home video marketplace. While studios were busy managing the transition
Time Warner Inc. (formerly AOL Time Warner) is an American multinational media corporation headquartered in the Time Warner Center in New York City. As of mid-2010, it was the world's second largest media and entertainment conglomerate in terms of revenue (behind Disney), as well as the world's largest media conglomerate.
Two formerly separate companies, Warner Communications, Inc. and Time Inc. (along with the assets of a third company, Turner Broadcasting System, Inc.), form the current Time Warner, with major operations in film, television and publishing. Among its subsidiaries are New Line Cinema, Time Inc., HBO, Turner Broadcasting System, The CW Television Network, TheWB.com, Warner Bros., Kids' WB, Cartoon Network, Boomerang, Adult Swim, CNN, DC Comics, Warner Bros. Animation, Cartoon Network Studios and Castle Rock Entertainment. The company previously had telecommunications assets through Time Warner Cable and AOL, but in 2009 they were spun off from Time Warner into independent companies.
In 1972, Kinney National Company spun off its non-entertainment assets due to a financial scandal over its parking operations and renamed itself Warner Communications Inc.
It was the