Black Fingernails, Red Wine is the third studio album by Eskimo Joe, released on 10 June 2006. The album became their first Australian ARIA Albums Chart #1, debuting at that spot on the chart week of 19 June 2006. The album has been certified 4x Platinum in Australia. It is their best selling album to date. The album was released as the band's debut album in the United States on 25 September 2007.
In early 2007 a special edition of the album was released featured a bonus remix EP which was originally sold at Eskimo Joe concerts during their Beating like a Drum tour.
To record the album the band enlisted sound engineer, Matt Lovell (The Mess Hall, Jebediah, Sleepy Jackson) and also stepped up to the desk and took on production duties themselves for the first time.
The album is noted for being heavily influenced by the production techniques and sound of early 80's rock, with many similarities to vintage Icehouse and INXS. James Law guested on keyboards on the album, and, in Juice Magazine, referred to his contributions as "funkalicous '80s cult of snap jam pumping flavas." This has led to Tony Martin (Get This, Triple M), back-announcing their songs by calling them 'INXSkimo Joe'.