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The Venturi Fétish is the world's first two-seater electric sports car (stated shipping in 2006). It is produced by Venturi in Monaco, and the futuristic design of the car was done by the Parisian designers Sacha Lakic. The Fétish was first introduced in concept form at the 2002 Salon International de l'Auto (International Geneva Motor Show). The manufacturer is committed to deliver 10 vehicles worldwide per year. The waiting time for the Fétish is 24 months and production started in 2005 with plans to end 2015, this is when the Fétish 2 is expected to hit the roads. The retail price for this car has dropped to €300,000 as of May 2007 (approx. US$400,000), VAT not included. Sales data is now available, but it is unclear if any have shipped to customers yet, estimates say Venturi has shipped 35.
The car's acceleration is comparable to a normal internal combustion engined sports car, producing approximately 250 horsepower (180 kW), with a 0-100 km/h (0-60 mph) time of "under 4 seconds" according to the 2007 press kit. Its top speed is less comparable however, at 160 km/h (100 mph). It runs at a constant translation of 9.58 : 1, with a torque of 220 N·m (162 lb·ft).
The Mitsubishi i-MiEV (MiEV is an acronym for Mitsubishi innovative Electric Vehicle) is a five-door hatchback electric car produced by Mitsubishi Motors, and is the electric version of the Mitsubishi i. The i-MiEV is also sold in Europe rebadged by PSA Peugeot Citroën (PSA) as the Peugeot iOn and Citroën C-Zero.
The i-MiEV was launched for fleet customers in Japan in July 2009, and on April 1, 2010, for the wider public. International sales to Asia, Australia and Europe started in 2010, with further markers in 2011 including Central and South America. Fleet and retail customer deliveries in the U.S. and Canada began in December 2011. The American-only version, called "i", is larger than the Japanese version and has several additional features.
According to the manufacturer, the i-MiEV all-electric range is 160 kilometres (100 mi) on the Japanese test cycle. The range for the 2012 model year American version is 62 miles (100 km) on the United States Environmental Protection Agency's (US EPA) cycle, making it the most fuel efficient EPA certified vehicle in the U.S. for all fuels ever.
As of September 2012, the top selling markets are Japan, with 6,554 i-MiEVs sold through August
The Subaru R1e is a battery-electric microcar undergoing development and testing. The car was jointly developed with Tokyo Electric Power, the giant Japanese utility company. Currently 10 prototypes have been built and are undergoing testing by Tokyo Electric Power, which plans to eventually operate 3,000 of the vehicles starting in 2008. The vehicle has a range of 50 miles (80 km) and a top speed of 62 mph (100 km/h).
The prototype is a two-door, two seat vehicle based upon the Subaru R1 gasoline vehicle. This vehicle has received intense interest from electric vehicle fans owing to its modern battery technology, appropriate size, and potential performance attributes. It also has the same grille as the 1st generation Subaru Tribeca.
The car uses a lithium-ion battery which was developed in cooperation with NEC and can be recharged to 80% capacity in eight minutes using a special rapid charger, or to 100% charge in eight hours on a standard 100 V plug. Battery life is at least 10 years or 144,000-plus miles (240,000 km). Tokyo Electric Power company plans on producing 150 fast-charge stations.
Another electric prototype car, the G4e, is a follow-up to the R1e with an improved
The RAV4 EV is an all-electric version of the popular RAV4 SUV produced by Toyota. It was leased from 1997 to 2003, and at the lessees' request, many units were sold after the vehicle was discontinued. A total of 1,484 were leased and/or sold in California to meet the state’s mandate for Zero-emissions vehicle. As of mid 2012, there were almost 500 units still in use.
Toyota worked together with Tesla Motors to develop the second generation RAV4 EV, and the electric SUV is scheduled for market launch late in the third quarter of 2012. Production will be limited to 2,600 units during the first three years, and sales will be limited to California only, beginning with the San Francisco Bay Area, Los Angeles/Orange County and San Diego. Toyota expects to achieve a US Environmental Protection Agency rated range of 92 mi (148 km) in standard charge mode and 113 mi (182 km) in extended charge mode, for a combined range of 103 mi (166 km); and a combined fuel economy rating of 76 miles per gallon gasoline equivalent (3.1 L/100 km).
The first fleet version of the RAV4 EV became available on a limited basis in 1997. In 2001 it was possible for businesses, cities or utilities to lease one or
The Toyota Camry Hybrid (Toyota Hybrid Camry in Australasia) is a hybrid version of the Toyota Camry (XV40) sedan. The Toyota Camry Hybrid was introduced in North America in early 2006, to Thailand in mid-2009, and Australasia in early 2010. The car is currently produced in Australia, Japan, Thailand, and the U.S. The Camry Hybrid differs from the non-hybrid Camry with some slight cosmetic differences and the addition of the hybrid drivetrain.
As at the end of August 2009, the Camry Hybrid represented 8.3% of Toyota's global hybrid sales in the world, and ranked second in global sales after the Prius. The United States is its main regional market and the Camry Hybrid ranks as the third best selling electric hybrid car in the U.S.
The Camry Hybrid meets the U.S. Super Ultra Low Emission Vehicle (SULEV) standards which means it produces minimal emissions of hydrocarbons, nitrous oxides and carbon monoxide, and up to year model 2010 it had an Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) "Greenhouse Gas Score" of 9.5 for California and 8.0 for federal certified vehicles. Due to its environmental performance, the Camry Hybrid was awarded with the 2007 Green Car of the Year.
The Toyota Camry
The Tesla Model X is a full-sized battery electric crossover sport utility vehicle in development by Tesla Motors. Plans are for production to start by the end of 2013 and deliveries to commence in 2014. The prototype was unveiled at Tesla’s design studios in Los Angeles on February 9th, 2012 and shown at the March 2012 Geneva Motor Show.
The Model X is being developed from the full-size sedan platform of the Tesla Model S, and will be produced with it at the Tesla Factory in Fremont, California.
The Model X weighs about 10% more than the Model S and shares about 60% of its content. Tesla expects the Model X to be offered with a choice of two lithium-ion battery packs, rated at 60 and 85 kW·h, and expects the performance model to be able to go from 0 to 60 mph (0 to 97 km/h) in about 4.4 seconds. While the Model S is rear-wheel drive, the Model X will also be available in four-wheel drive (AWD) versions. The AWD versions of the Model X will use two motors, one for the front and the other for the rear wheels, unlike conventional AWD systems which only have one source of power.
The Model X has hinged falcon-wing doors for rear passengers which open upward allowing the leading edge of
The Toyota Prius ( /ˈpriːəs/; plural: Prii /ˈpriːaɪ/) is a full hybrid electric mid-size hatchback, formerly a compact sedan developed and manufactured by the Toyota Motor Corporation. The EPA and California Air Resources Board (CARB) rate the Prius as among the cleanest vehicles sold in the United States based on smog-forming emissions.
The Prius first went on sale in Japan in 1997, and was available at all four Toyota Japan dealerships, making it the first mass-produced hybrid vehicle. It was subsequently introduced worldwide in 2000. The Prius is sold in more than 70 countries and regions, with its largest markets being those of Japan and the United States. In May 2008, global cumulative Prius sales reached the milestone 1 million vehicle mark, the 2 million milestone was reached in September 2010, and a total of 2.5 million Prii have been sold worldwide as of February 2012. Cumulative sales of 1 million Prii were achieved in the U.S. by early April 2011, and Japan reached the 1 million mark in August 2011. Since its launch in 2009, the third-generation Prius sold more than 1 million units worldwide by September 2011.
In 2011, Toyota expanded the Prius family to include the
The Dodge EV development vehicle, also called Dodge Circuit EV sports car, was a two-passenger, rear-wheel-drive, all-electric sports car shown to the public at the 2009 North American International Auto Show.
The car was based on the Lotus Europa S, and combined a lithium-ion battery pack with a 200-kilowatt electric motor, capable of generating 268 bhp (200 kW) and 480 lbf·ft (650 N·m) of torque.
Chrysler claimed that the Dodge EV had a driving range of 150 to 200 miles (240–320 km), approaching the range and performance of the all-electric Tesla Roadster, which is built on the same chassis. According to Chrysler, the Dodge EV could be recharged in eight hours using a standard 110-volt outlet, or in only four hours using a 220-volt outlet, the type commonly used for electric ovens and dryers.
Chrysler unveiled the working prototypes of this all-electric vehicle and announced plans to bring it to market in the United States by 2010. But in May 2009 Autocar claimed the project was cancelled and in November Fiat SpA disbanded Chrysler's ENVI electric car division and dropped its models from future product plans.
The Honda Civic Hybrid is a hybrid powertrain version of the Honda Civic, first introduced in Japan near the end of 2001. It is the first hybrid vehicle to be certified as an Advanced Technology Partial Zero- Emissions Vehicle (AT-PZEV) from California's Air Resources Board.
The Civic Hybrid uses an Integrated Motor Assist hybrid system similar to Honda Insight. Early models from 2001 to 2005 used a 5-speed manual transmission, but models since then feature a continuously variable automatic transmission. The Civic Hybrid is only available as sedan.
The Civic hybrid ranks as the second best selling electric hybrid car in the U.S. As of the end of January 2009, the total global sales of all Civic hybrid exceeded 255,000.
The Civic hybrid, based on the seventh generation Civic, was first introduced to the Japanese market in December 2001. Honda claimed it was the most fuel efficient 5-passenger gasoline-powered production vehicle in the world at the time. It was introduced to the U.S. in spring 2002 as a 2003 model. It is the first hybrid vehicle to be certified as an Advanced Technology Partial Zero- Emissions Vehicle (AT-PZEV) from California's Air Resources Board.
The Mitsubishi Colt EV is an electric vehicle made by Mitsubishi, with in-wheel motor and lithium-ion batteries. Its chassis is from the Mitsubishi Colt.
Mitsubishi Motors is developing a next-generation electric vehicle that will use in-wheel motors and lithium-ion batteries. This program is called the Mitsubishi In-wheel motor Electric Vehicle (MIEV) concept. The company also plans to use this technology in hybrid electric and fuel cell vehicles. The in-wheel motor makes it possible to regulate drive torque and braking force independently at each wheel without the need for any transmission, drive shaft or other complex mechanical components. Since the electric drive system is housed inside the wheel itself, designers have more room to place components throughout the chassis. This makes placement of bulky items, such as the battery system, fuel cell stacks and hydrogen tanks used in hybrid and fuel cell vehicles, an easier proposition.
Lithium-ion battery technology offers superior specific energy, specific power, and life over other types of rechargeable batteries and thus is expected to contribute to higher top speeds, extended cruising ranges
The Tesla Roadster is a battery electric vehicle (BEV) sports car produced by the electric car firm Tesla Motors in California.
The Roadster was the first highway-capable all-electric vehicle in serial production for sale in the United States in the modern era. Since 2008 Tesla has sold more than 2,350 Roadsters in 31 countries through June 2012. Tesla began producing right-hand-drive Roadsters in early 2010. The Roadster has a base price of US$109,000 in the United States, GB£86,950 in the United Kingdom, A$191,888 in Australia, and €84,000 in continental Europe. As an electric vehicle, the Roadster also qualifies for several government incentives in many nations.
The Roadster is the first production automobile to use lithium-ion battery cells and the first production BEV (all-electric) to travel more than 200 miles (320 km) per charge. The world distance record of 501 km (311 mi) for a production electric car on a single charge was set by a Roadster on October 27, 2009, during the Global Green Challenge in outback Australia, in which it averaged a speed of 25 mph (40 km/h). In March 2010, a Tesla Roadster became the first electric vehicle to win the Monte Carlo Alternative Energy
The Chevrolet Volt is a plug-in hybrid vehicle manufactured by General Motors, and also sold as the Opel/Vauxhall Ampera in Europe, and marketed as the Holden Volt in Australia and New Zealand. Sales of the 2011 Chevrolet Volt commenced in the U.S. in mid-December 2010 and was released in various European and other international markets starting in September 2011. As of September 2012, the Volt and Ampera models have combined global sales of about 30,000 units, and the leading market is the U.S. with 24,345 Volts delivered, making the Chevrolet Volt the top selling plug-in electric vehicle in the United States.
The Volt is the most fuel-efficient compact car with a gasoline engine sold in the United States, as rated by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). The Volt operates as a pure battery electric vehicle until its plug-in battery capacity drops to a predetermined threshold from full charge. From there its internal combustion engine powers an electric generator to extend the vehicle's range if needed. Once the engine is running in this extended range mode, it may at times be linked mechanically (via a clutch) to assist the traction motor in propelling the car
The Tesla Model S is a full-sized electric sedan produced by Tesla Motors. Retail deliveries started in the United States in June, 2012. The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) official range for the Model S luxury model equipped with a 85 kWh lithium-ion battery pack is 265 miles (426 km), topping the Tesla Roadster and making the Model S the electric car with the greatest range available in the market. EPA's energy consumption is rated at 855 kilojoules per kilometre (38 kW·h/100 mi) for a combined fuel economy of 89 miles per gallon gasoline equivalent (2.64 L/100 km). Tesla has also scheduled the release of a base model with a smaller 40 kW·h battery expected to deliver a range of 160 miles (260 km) and mid-range model with a 60 kW·h battery pack, both slated the fourth quarter of 2012.
Tesla allocated the first 1,000 sedans off the production line to a Signature and Signature Performance limited edition, equipped with the 85 kW·h battery pack, and priced in the U.S. at US$95,400 and US$105,400 correspondingly, before any applicable U.S. federal and local government tax credits and incentives. The base Model S with a 40 kW·h battery pack starts at US$57,400 up to US$77,400