Mario & Luigi: Partners in Time, known in Japan as Mario & Luigi RPG 2x2 (マリオ&ルイージRPG2×2, Mario ando Ruīji Aru Pī Jī Tsū bai Tsū), is a role-playing game developed by AlphaDream and published by Nintendo for the Nintendo DS handheld game console in 2005. It is the second game in the Mario and Luigi RPG series, and is the sequel to Mario & Luigi: Superstar Saga for the Game Boy Advance. A successor to the game, Mario & Luigi: Bowser's Inside Story, was released in Japan on February 11, 2009, and in the US on September 14, 2009.
Although the sequel to Superstar Saga, the game's plot is unrelated to that of its predecessor, with an emphasis on the time-traveling theme, which involves the protagonists traveling between the past and present of the Mushroom Kingdom. The adventure follows Mario, Luigi, Baby Mario, and Baby Luigi as they search for Princess Peach, who has been abducted by an alien species known as the Shroobs. The gameplay centers on the co-operation between the quartet, who must use their specific qualities and skills to solve puzzles and thus progress through the game. Partners in Time features multiple role-playing game elements, but with a turn-based battle system